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PubMed Journals Articles About "Translating Language Behavior With Artificially Intelligent Motion Capture" RSS

05:02 EDT 17th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Translating Language Behavior With Artificially Intelligent Motion Capture PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Translating Language Behavior With Artificially Intelligent Motion Capture articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Translating language behavior with artificially intelligent motion capture" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Should Watson Be Consulted for a Second Opinion?

This article discusses ethical responsibility and legal liability issues regarding use of IBM Watson for clinical decision making. In a case, a patient presents with symptoms of leukemia. Benefits and limitations of using Watson or other intelligent clinical decision-making tools are considered, along with precautions that should be taken before consulting artificially intelligent systems. Guidance for health care professionals and organizations using artificially intelligent tools to diagnose and to develo...


The Use of Artificially Intelligent Self-Diagnosing Digital Platforms by the General Public: Scoping Review.

Self-diagnosis is the process of diagnosing or identifying a medical condition in oneself. Artificially intelligent digital platforms for self-diagnosis are becoming widely available and are used by the general public; however, little is known about the body of knowledge surrounding this technology.

Measurement of the total body center of gravity during sit-to-stand motion using a markerless motion capture system.

In order to evaluate the movement strategy in sit-to-stand (STS) motion, it is necessary to measure the center of gravity (COG). However, there is no established method for enabling this using convenience device in the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to validate the measurement of the COG during the STS motion using an inexpensive, portable and markerless motion capture system (MLS).


Association of language, behavior, and parental stress in young children with a language disorder.

Several studies show that language problems, child behavior problems, and parental stress can co-occur in children. Still, little is known about how these domains are related in toddlers with a language disorder (LD).

Auditory capture of visual apparent motion, both laterally and looming.

Traditional tests of multisensory stimuli typically support that vision dominates spatial judgments and audition dominates temporal ones. Here, we examine if unambiguous auditory spatial cues can capture ambiguous visual ones in judgments of direction of apparent motion. The visual motion judgments include both lateral movement and movement in depth, each when coupled with auditory stimuli moving at one of four rates. Experiment 1 tested lateral visual movement judgments (leftward vs rightward) coupled with...

Discovery and recognition of motion primitives in human activities.

We present a novel framework for the automatic discovery and recognition of motion primitives in videos of human activities. Given the 3D pose of a human in a video, human motion primitives are discovered by optimizing the 'motion flux', a quantity which captures the motion variation of a group of skeletal joints. A normalization of the primitives is proposed in order to make them invariant with respect to a subject anatomical variations and data sampling rate. The discovered primitives are unknown and unla...

Three-dimensional motion capture data during repetitive overarm throwing practice.

Three-dimensional motion capture analysis is considered the gold standard for any movement research. Motion capture data were recorded for 7 healthy female participants with no prior throwing experience to investigate the learning process for overarm throwing during a selected period. Participants were monitored 3 times a week for 5 weeks. Each session consisted of 15 dominant and 15 nondominant hand side overarm throws. A total of 3,150 trials were recorded and preprocessed (labeling reflective markers) fo...

Follow the Smoke: Immersive Display of Motion Data With Synthesized Smoke.

With the development of motion capture and graphics technology, visual feedback becomes increasingly important for tasks such as motion training. In order to engage users with immersive visual feedback, we introduce smoke simulation to enhance the motion display. Boundary conditions in the smoke simulation are designed to produce smoke which follows and implies the corresponding complex human motion. We also synthesize multilayer smoke, which is shown to be useful for emphasizing the motion of specified lim...

Use of intelligent applications to reduce household food waste.

Household food waste is gaining an increasing emphasis worldwide. Multiple factors have been identified that contribute to household food waste including a lack of consumer understanding of durability coding and expiration dates on food. The aim of research is to review the evolution of date labeling and associated on-pack information, its interrelationship with household food waste, and potential future developments in intelligent applications to address food waste, transparency of communication and food s...

A CNN-based Method for Intent Recognition Using Inertial Measurement Units and Intelligent Lower Limb Prosthesis.

Powered intelligent lower limb prosthesis can actuate the knee and ankle joints, allowing transfemoral amputees to perform seamless transitions between locomotion states with the help of an intent recognition system. However, prior intent recognition studies often installed multiple sensors on the prosthesis, and they employed machine learning techniques to analyze time-series data with empirical features. We alternatively propose a novel method for training an intent recognition system that provides natura...

To freeze or not to freeze: A culture-sensitive motion capture approach to detecting deceit.

We present a new signal for detecting deception: full body motion. Previous work on detecting deception from body movement has relied either on human judges or on specific gestures (such as fidgeting or gaze aversion) that are coded by humans. While this research has helped to build the foundation of the field, results are often characterized by inconsistent and contradictory findings, with small-stakes lies under lab conditions detected at rates little better than guessing. We examine whether a full body m...

Measuring clinically relevant knee motion with a self-calibrated wearable sensor.

Low-cost sensors provide a unique opportunity to continuously monitor patient progress during rehabilitation; however, these sensors have yet to demonstrate the fidelity and lack the calibration paradigms necessary to be viable tools for clinical research. The purpose of this study was to validate a low-cost wearable sensor that accurately measured peak knee extension during clinical exercises and needed no additional equipment for calibration. Sagittal plane knee motion was quantified using a 9-axis motion...

Use of clear and nonstigmatizing language is necessary in addiction medicine.

The language used has an impact on clinician attitudes and behaviors. In particular, the use of stigmatizing language or language reducing individuals in treatment to a given behavior has a negative impact on clinician attitudes, perception of people, perception of the disorders and treatment options. In addiction medicine, using clear, non-stigmatizing and scientifically appropriate language aims at delivering better care, increases treatment access, improves communication between health care professionals...

Real-Time Observation of Carbon Oxidation by Driven Motion of Catalytic Ceria Nanoparticles within Low Pressure Oxygen.

Carbon particulate matter (PM) is an undesirable aerosol pollutant formed from combustors such as power plants, refineries, and engines. The most common and effective method of mitigating PM emission is the capture of particulates using a filter, before particles are released into the atmosphere. In order to develop and improve advanced filtering materials, a better understanding is required of their chemical and mechanical behavior. We report on a novel phenomenon on the mobility and oxidation behavior of ...

Role of language control during interbrain phase synchronization of cross-language communication.

The inhibitory control (IC) model proposes that language control plays an important role in suppressing cross-language interference within a bilingual individual's cross-language output. However, it may also play a role in dynamic interactive communication. Accordingly, the current study used the electroencephalogram (EEG) to simultaneously record neural oscillations from 13 paired unbalanced Chinese-English bilinguals during cooperative picture-naming in either first language (L1) or second language (L2) a...

Development of a Mobile Motion Capture (MO2CA) System for Future Military Application.

State-of-the-art three-dimensional motion analysis systems, which are utilized to predict, diagnose, and treat many musculoskeletal and neurological disorders, are expensive and space consuming. These systems have only been widely used in large research facilities because of their lack of this transportability. Since device portability is a critically important in the military, most small military hospitals are therefore deprived of these systems. The purpose of this study was to develop a mobile motion cap...

The Pathway to Intelligence: Using Stimuli-Responsive Materials as Building Blocks for Constructing Smart and Functional Systems.

Systems that are intelligent have the ability to sense their surroundings, analyze, and respond accordingly. In nature, many biological systems are considered intelligent (e.g., humans, animals, and cells). For man-made systems, artificial intelligence is achieved by massively sophisticated electronic machines (e.g., computers and robots operated by advanced algorithms). On the other hand, freestanding materials (i.e., not tethered to a power supply) are usually passive and static. Hence, herein, the questi...

How Should Clinicians Communicate With Patients About the Roles of Artificially Intelligent Team Members?

This commentary responds to a hypothetical case involving an assistive artificial intelligence (AI) surgical device and focuses on potential harms emerging from interactions between humans and AI systems. Informed consent and responsibility-specifically, how responsibility should be distributed among professionals, technology companies, and other stakeholders-for uses of AI in health care are discussed.

Deliberate reasoning is not affected by language.

Millions of people use a second language every day. Does this have an effect on their decision-making? Are decisions in a second language more deliberate? Two mechanisms have been proposed: reduced emotionality or increased deliberation. Most studies so far used problems where both mechanisms could contribute to a foreign language effect. Here, we aimed to identify whether deliberate reasoning increases for problems that are devoid of any emotional connotation when using a second language or having to switc...

Affordable gait analysis using augmented reality markers.

A typical optical based gait analysis laboratory uses expensive stereophotogrammetric motion capture systems. The study aims to propose and validate an affordable gait analysis method using augmented reality (AR) markers with a single action camera. Image processing software calculates the position and orientation of the AR markers. Anatomical landmark calibration is applied on the subject to calibrate each of the anatomical points with respect to their corresponding AR markers. This way, anatomical points ...

Language and behavioral outcomes of treatment with pulse-dose prednisone for electrical status epilepticus in sleep (ESES).

Few studies have examined treatment response in electrical status epilepticus in sleep (ESES), and fewer still have evaluated the effect of corticosteroid treatment employing a pulse-dose regimen. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of pulse-dose prednisone in treating language and behavioral disturbances that often accompany ESES. The sample included 17 patients age 5 to 10 years at time of baseline electroencephalogram (EEG) and neuropsychological assessments. For all patients, focal,...

Retrospective correction of motion-affected MR images using deep learning frameworks.

Motion is 1 extrinsic source for imaging artifacts in MRI that can strongly deteriorate image quality and, thus, impair diagnostic accuracy. In addition to involuntary physiological motion such as respiration and cardiac motion, intended and accidental patient movements can occur. Any impairment by motion artifacts can reduce the reliability and precision of the diagnosis and a motion-free reacquisition can become time- and cost-intensive. Numerous motion correction strategies have been proposed to reduce o...

Neuroendocrine Modulation of Predator Avoidance/Prey Capture Tradeoffs: Role of Tectal NPY2R Receptors.

The optic tectum rapidly inhibits food intake when a visual threat is present. Anatomical and electrophysiological evidence support a role for neuropeptide Y (NPY), originating from cells in the thalamus, in the tectal inhibition of prey capture. Here we test the hypothesis that tectal NPY receptor type 2 (NPY2R) influences prey-capture and predator-avoidance responses in the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis. We tested two questions: 1) Does tectal NPY administration decrease food intake and alter prey-c...

Public Health Nutrition: Translating Research into Practice.

Learning bioinspired joint geometry from motion capture data of bat flight.

Bioinspired robotic systems are often designed by assuming that the kinematics of the biological system of interest are well approximated by an open kinematic chain subject to box constraints. These box-constrains are typically generated by designer interpretation of biomotion and anatomical studies or pragmatic fabrication constraints. In contrast to this standard design paradigm, this paper presents a methodology for learning joint geometry which restricts the range of motion of generic ball joints to onl...


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