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PubMed Journals Articles About "Treatment Male Anti NMDA Receptor Encephalitis Patients" RSS

06:56 EST 16th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Treatment Male Anti NMDA Receptor Encephalitis Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Treatment Male Anti NMDA Receptor Encephalitis Patients articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Treatment male anti NMDA receptor encephalitis patients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 63,000+

Fulminant course in a patient with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis with bilateral ovarian teratomas: A case report and literature review.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder that can be controlled and reversed by immunotherapy. The presentation of NMDA receptor encephalitis varies, but NMDA receptor encephalitis is seldom reported in patients with both bilateral teratomas and preexisting brain injury.


An anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis mimicking an HIV encephalitis.

The incidence of HIV associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) were reduced with the use of antiretroviral therapy. In case of neuropsychiatric symptoms, after elimination of all infections, auto-immune encephalitis could be evocated as a differential diagnosis. We describe a case of anti-N-Methyl-d-Aspartate receptor encephalitis in an HIV-1 infected woman.

Early Functional Outcomes for Pediatric Patients Diagnosed with Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis during Inpatient Rehabilitation.

The aims of the current study were to characterize the demographic and clinical presentation of pediatric patients diagnosed with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis who require inpatient rehabilitation, to examine early functional outcomes, and to investigate predictors of early recovery.


18F-FDG PET/CT in Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis: Typical Pattern and Follow-up.

We report the case of a 28-year-old woman presenting behavior disorders of subacute onset. She was referred in our institution for a suspicion of limbic encephalitis. F-FDG PET/CT did not show any mesiotemporal abnormality but depicted a decreased uptake of bilateral parietal and occipital lobes. This atypical pattern was compatible with an anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis that was later confirmed.

Thyroid Function and Autoimmune Indications in Patients with Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis.

Previous studies have shown that functional abnormalities of the thyroid are associated with the pathogenesis of several neurological diseases. However, their relationship in patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis remains to be defined.

Frequency of neuropsychiatric disturbances in anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin improves spatial memory and NMDA receptor function in aged animals.

A redox-mediated decrease in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function contributes to psychiatric diseases and impaired cognition during aging. Inflammation provides a potential source of reactive oxygen species for inducing NMDA receptor hypofunction. The present study tested the hypothesis that the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin, which improves spatial episodic memory in aging rats, would enhance NMDA receptor function through a shift in the redox state. Male F344 young and aged rats...

Anti-NMDA receptor antibody-positive meningoencephalitis with SIADH and CNS demyelination: A case report.

After a 34-year-old female developed a headache and high fever, she was diagnosed with aseptic meningitis. On admission, neurological examinations revealed cerebellar limb ataxia, horizontal gaze paretic nystagmus, and pyramidal tract signs. Laboratory tests showed hyponatremia (129 mEq/l). Five days after admission, convulsions in the upper limbs due to the severe hyponatremia (108 mEq/l) were noted. In addition, serum antidiuretic hormone levels were markedly increased to 18.5 pg/ml. Brain MRI showe...

Neuropsychological assessment as an objective tool to monitor treatment response in anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis.

We report a 1-year follow-up of a young woman with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. Management of autoimmune encephalitis remains challenging as objective and clinically relevant biomarkers are sought, which allow for the monitoring of treatment response. While further investigation is required, we believe that this case highlights the importance of following a comprehensive neuropsychological profile as a clinically relevant biomarker to guide therapeutic decision-making. By relying on the ...

Plasma cell depletion with bortezomib in the treatment of refractory NMDAR-antibody encephalitis. Rational developments in neuroimmunological treatment.

To assess the therapeutic potential of bortezomib in treatment refractory NMDA receptor (NMDAR) antibody encephalitis and its potential in other immune mediated, B-cell driven neurological diseases.

NMDA Receptor Autoantibodies in Autoimmune Encephalitis Cause a Subunit-Specific Nanoscale Redistribution of NMDA Receptors.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder mediated by autoantibodies against the GluN1 subunit of the NMDAR. Patients' antibodies cause cross-linking and internalization of NMDAR, but the synaptic events leading to depletion of NMDAR are poorly understood. Using super-resolution microscopy, we studied the effects of the autoantibodies on the nanoscale distribution of NMDAR in cultured neurons. Our findings show that, under control conditions, NMDARs form n...

Acute encephalitis - diagnosis and management.

Encephalitis, inflammation of the brain, is most commonly caused by a viral infection (especially herpes simplex virus [HSV] type 1 in the UK) although autoimmune causes, such as N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibody encephalitis, are increasingly recognised. Most patients present with a change in consciousness level and may have fever, seizures, movement disorder or focal neurological deficits. Diagnosis hinges crucially on lumbar puncture and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination, but imaging and...

Breakthrough treatment with bortezomib for a patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis.

After its discovery, anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis is now an established neuroinflammatory disorder, for which various immune-suppressive strategies have been successfully proposed. The most commonly applied therapy includes high dose cortico-steroids, as well as plasma exchange procedures (PLEX), and subsequently either oral immunosuppressants, such as azathioprine or B-cell depletion by the anti- CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab. However, in rare cases we are faced with patients who do...

Clinical significance of IgM and IgA class anti-NMDAR antibodies in herpes simplex encephalitis.

Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is a devastating disease, often leaving patients with severe disabilities. It has been shown that IgG anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies appear in approximately 25% of HSE patients and could be associated with impaired recovery of cognitive performance.

Multistage neurorehabilitation of an adolescent with severe anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis: a case report.

We report on a 15-year-old girl with severe anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis who had initial poor prognostic factors. We delineate the unique challenges faced in the rehabilitation of our patient including sleep disruption and food aversion. After 20 months of hospitalization and intensive rehabilitation, there was a significant improvement in functional abilities and self-care skills. However, she had residual neurocognitive deficits, visual perceptual, and motor coordination difficulties th...

Heterogenous treatment for anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children leads to different outcomes 6-12 months after diagnosis.

Recommended first line treatment in anti-NMDAR encephalitis includes steroids, IVIG, or plasma exchange. However, IVIG is non-reimbursable through Thailand's Universal Health Coverage. This study investigated outcomes from different treatments for anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Nineteen children in three treatments group: steroid alone, IVIG alone, and IVIG and steroid were reviewed. IVIG was administered to 13 (68%) and 6 (32%) only received steroids. Those receiving IVIG treatment with or without steroids had g...

The Challenge of Integrating Care in Dual Diagnosis; Anti-NMDA-Receptor Encephalitis; Presentation And Outcome In 3 Cases Referred For Complex Specialist Rehabilitation Services.

The successful implementation of an integrated care pathway (ICP) for any given condition is a challenge. Even more challenging is successful ICP implementation for individuals who have multiple co-morbidities. This is further compounded when there are dual mental health and physical disabilities that require integrated working across multiple disciplines, specialties, institutions and organisations. Anti-NMDA-Receptor encephalitis (aNMDARe) is a relatively new diagnostic entity with patients typically pres...

Coexistence of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome and autoimmune encephalitis with anti-CRMP5/CV2 and anti-GABAB receptor antibodies in small cell lung cancer: A case report.

Autoimmune encephalitis and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome are classic paraneoplastic neurological conditions common in patients with small cell lung cancer.

Confusional state in a pregnant woman: A case of NMDA receptor encephalitis during pregnancy.

We report the case of a pregnant female presenting with behavioral change and hallucinations followed by focal seizures with impaired awareness. EEG revealed generalized slowing interspersed with extreme delta-brush pattern and MRI brain was normal. Both Serum and CSF anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies were positive. Patient had a prolonged hospital stay with full recovery and delivered a healthy baby, highlighting the significance of early diagnosis and management in this disorder.

Anti-NMDAR encephalitis as a serious adverse event probably related to yellow fever vaccination.

We present a case of a 17-year-old female with anti-NMDAR encephalitis probably associated with vaccination against yellow fever. Her symptoms occurred 27 days after vaccination against yellow fever. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis manifested as acute psychosis, memory loss and catatonia following fever with complex partial epileptic seizures. Interictal electroencephalogram showed slow-wave delta background activity with "delta brushes". The diagnosis was confirmed by NMDAR antibody positivity in serum and cerebro...

EGFR gene copy number decreases during anti-EGFR antibody therapy in colorectal cancer.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene copy number (GCN) increase is associated with a favourable anti-EGFR antibody treatment response in RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer. However, there are limited comparative data regarding the EGFR GCN in primary colorectal cancer tumours and corresponding metastases or the effect of anti-EGFR antibody treatment on EGFR GCN in recurrent disease. Additionally, little is known about the potential EGFR GCN changes during anti-EGFR therapy in comparison to o...

Beyond the limbic system: disruption and functional compensation of large-scale brain networks in patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis.

Hippocampal inflammation in anti-LGI1 encephalitis causes memory deficits, seizures and behavioural abnormalities. Recent findings suggest that extralimbic brain areas are additionally affected and that patients also suffer from non-limbic cognitive symptoms. Moreover, up to 60% of patients show no structural MRI abnormalities in the acute disease stage. We therefore investigated whether functional connectivity analyses can identify brain network changes underlying disease-related symptoms.

Fast changes of NMDA and AMPA receptor activity under acute hyperammonemia in vitro.

It was established in experiments on cell cultures of neurons and astrocytes that ammonium ions at concentrations of 4 - 8 mM cause hyperexcitation of the neuronal network, as a result of which there is a disturbance of calcium homeostasis, which can lead to the death of neurons. In the present study, we investigated the effect of toxic doses of ammonium (8 mM NHCl) on the activity of NMDA and AMPA receptors and the role of these receptors in spontaneous synchronous activity (SSA). In a control experime...

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis relapse in the brainstem.

Autoimmune encephalitis associated with two antibodies.

•In patients presenting with clinical manifestations of encephalitis without clinical or laboratory signs of infection, an autoimmune etiology should be suspected.•Antibodies for various neural antigens may coexist, thus a complete and clinically-guided autoimmune panel must be done in suspected cases of autoimmune encephalitis.•Tumor resection, if applicable, combined with high dose steroids and immunotherapy are effective treatment strategies for autoimmune encephalitis with coexisting antibodies.


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