PubMed Journals Articles About "Treatment Targets With Advanced Prostate Cancers" RSS

10:49 EDT 21st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Treatment targets with advanced prostate cancers" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 36,000+

Emerging therapeutic targets for patients with advanced prostate cancer.

Although recent advances in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) have significantly improved patient outcomes, advanced prostate cancer is still associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, particularly in patients who develop resistance after multiple lines of therapy. Various cell signaling, DNA repair, and epigenetic enzymatic pathways are being targeted with small-molecule inhibitors in order to identify treatment strategies for patients with CRPC. In this review, we disc...

Novel Targets and Precision Medicine for Prostate Cancer-Part 2: Tumor Profiling and Personalized Therapy in Patients With Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

Despite advances in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), options remain limited and non-curative; thus, prostate cancer remains one of the deadliest cancers in men. The discovery of novel therapeutic targets is needed to improve outcomes for men with metastatic CRPC. Precision/personalized medicine creates new opportunities to discover these targets. With an increase in the use of next-generation sequencing and tumor profiling, potentially clinically relevant tumor mutations are bei...

Second brazilian consensus on the treatment of advanced prostate cancer - a SBOC-SBU-SBRT panel review.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the fi fth leading cause of cancer deaths. In Brazil, it is likewise the second most common cancer among men, second only to non-melanoma skin cancers. The aim of this consensus is to align different opinions and interpretations of the medical literature in a practical and patient-oriented approach. The fi rst Brazilian Consensus on the Treatment of Advanced Prostate Cancer was published in 2017, with the goal of reducing the heterogeneity of therapeutic ...

Therapeutic advances in hormone-dependent cancers: focus on prostate, breast, and ovarian cancers.

Hormonal cancers affect over 400,000 men and women, and contribute collectively to over 100,000 deaths in the United States alone. Thanks to advances in the understanding of these cancers at the molecular level and to the discovery of several disease-modifying therapeutics, the last decade has seen a plateauing or even a decreasing trend in the number of deaths from these cancers. These advanced therapeutics not only effectively slow the growth of hormonal cancers, but also provide an insight on how these c...

Optimization of therapies for men with advanced prostate cancer: a review of recent developments with a look toward the future.

Summarizes the rapid progress being made in treatment of advanced prostate cancer.

A case of synchronous advanced gastric cancer and locally advanced prostate cancer with combined laparoscopic and robotic surgery: A case report.

The optimal management strategy for synchronous gastric cancer (GC) and prostate cancer (PCa) remains unclear, particularly in cases in which two cancers are progressive.

Role of Estrogen in Androgen-Induced Prostate Carcinogenesis in NBL Rats.

Androgens are thought to cause prostate cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Data from animal studies suggest that for androgens to cause prostate cancer, they must be aromatized to estrogen and act in concert with estrogen metabolites. We tested the hypothesis that androgen-receptor and estrogen receptor-mediated effects of androgen and estrogen are necessary, as well as genotoxicity of estrogen metabolites. NBL rats were treated with androgenic and estrogenic compounds for 16-75 weeks throu...

Management of advanced prostate cancer in a middle-income country: real-world consideration of the Advanced Prostate Cancer Consensus Conference (APCCC) 2017.

The Malaysian Advanced Prostate Cancer Consensus Conference (MyAPCCC 2018) was held to discuss the generalisability of consensus from the Advanced Prostate Cancer Consensus Conference (APCCC 2017) in Malaysia, a middle-income country. Questions that are relevant to the local clinical setting were chosen for voting. Twenty-two local key opinion leaders from urology and oncology met for the voting session.

High miR-182 Levels Associate with Low-Risk Prostate Cancer.

A subset of men with prostate cancer develops aggressive disease. We sought to determine if miR-182, a microRNA with reported oncogenic functions in prostate, associates with biochemical recurrence and aggressive disease. Prostate epithelial miR-182 expression was quantified via in situ hybridization of two prostate tissue microarrays and by laser-capture microdissection of prostate epithelium. MiR-182 was significantly higher in cancer epithelium than adjacent benign epithelium (P < 0.0001). The ratio of c...

New therapeutic strategies in advanced stage breast and tubo-ovarian cancers.

New targeted therapies modify therapeutic strategies for advanced stage breast and tubo-ovarian cancers. Chemotherapy and endocrine therapy remain the cornerstones of breast cancer treatment. Inhibitors of CDK4/6, mTOR and PI3K are associated with endocrine therapy to increase its effectiveness. PARP inhibitors outperform chemotherapy in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Immunotherapy integrates into the treatment of triple-negative cancers with very promising results. For tubo-ovarian cancers, the concept of «...

Early versus deferred standard androgen suppression therapy for advanced hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.

Standard androgen suppression therapy (AST) using surgical or medical castration is considered a mainstay of advanced hormone-sensitive prostate cancer treatment. AST can be initiated early when disease is asymptomatic or deferred when patients suffer symptoms of disseminated prostate cancer.

Characterization of the ERG-regulated Kinome in Prostate Cancer Identifies TNIK as a Potential Therapeutic Target.

Approximately 50% of prostate cancers harbor the TMPRSS2:ERG fusion, resulting in elevated expression of the ERG transcription factor. Despite the identification of this subclass of prostate cancers, no personalized therapeutic strategies have achieved clinical implementation. Kinases are attractive therapeutic targets as signaling networks are commonly perturbed in cancers. The impact of elevated ERG expression on kinase signaling networks in prostate cancer has not been investigated. Resolution of this is...

Metabolomics workflow for lung cancer: Discovery of biomarkers.

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Due to the limitations of current diagnostic techniques and methods, most lung cancers are diagnosed at the advanced stage, which is not conducive to early treatment. The rise of metabolomics has provided new ideas for the early diagnosis of lung cancer. As a method for the comprehensive analysis of endogenous metabolites of the biological system, metabolomics has shown significant application potential for the early diagnosis and individualized tr...

Characterization and PI-RADS version 2 assessment of prostate cancers missed by prebiopsy 3-T multiparametric MRI: Correlation with whole-mount thin-section histopathology.

To determine the clinical and histopathologic characteristics of missed prostate cancers and their Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) score on a pre-biopsy MRI and subsequent MR-ultrasound (US) fusion biopsy.

KLF4, A Gene Regulating Prostate Stem Cell Homeostasis, Is a Barrier to Malignant Progression and Predictor of Good Prognosis in Prostate Cancer.

There is a considerable need to identify those individuals with prostate cancer who have indolent disease. We propose that genes that control adult stem cell homeostasis in organs with slow turnover, such as the prostate, control cancer fate. One such gene, KLF4, overexpressed in murine prostate stem cells, regulates their homeostasis, blocks malignant transformation, and controls the self-renewal of tumor-initiating cells. KLF4 loss induces the molecular features of aggressive cancer and converts PIN lesio...

Osteopontin as a Multifaceted Driver of Bone Metastasis and Drug Resistance.

Metastasis to bone frequently occurs in majority of patients with advanced breast cancer and prostate cancer, leading to devastating skeletal-related events and substantially reducing the survival of patients. Currently, the crosstalk between tumor cells and the bone stromal compartment was widely investigated for bone metastasis and the resistance to many conventional therapeutic methods. Osteopontin (OPN), also known as SPP1 (secreted phosphoprotein 1), a secreted and chemokine-like glyco-phosphoprotein i...

Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and nab-Paclitaxel for the Treatment of Advanced Biliary Tract Cancers: A Phase 2 Clinical Trial.

Administration of gemcitabine-cisplatin, the current standard therapy for advanced biliary tract cancers, results in median progression-free survival and overall survival of 8.0 and 11.7 months, respectively. New treatments offering improved survival outcomes are therefore needed.

Surgical treatment of prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant neoplasms. In Hungary, 4000-4500 men are diagnosed annually, which is below the European incidence. In contrast, the Hungarian prostate cancer mortality clearly exceeds the EU average. This is probably due to the lack of awareness and early recognition of prostate cancer. At an early stage, prostate cancer can be cured, 5-year survival is almost 100%, while in metastatic form it is only 28%. There are several treatment options available for pro...

Phase 1/2 study of fractionated dose lutetium-177-labeled anti-prostate-specific membrane antigen monoclonal antibody J591 ( Lu-J591) for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is radiosensitive. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is selectively overexpressed on advanced, castration-resistant tumors. Lutetium-177-labeled anti-PSMA monoclonal antibody J591 ( Lu-J591) targets prostate cancer with efficacy and dose-response/toxicity data when delivered as a single dose. Dose fractionation may allow higher doses to be administered safely.

Long non-coding RNA SAP30L-AS1 promotes prostate cancer growth through repressing SAP30L.

Accumulating evidences have demonstrated the importance of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in initiation and progression of various cancers, including prostate cancer. LncRNA SAP30L-AS1 is previously identified in the plasma of prostate cancer patients. In this study, we further investigated the expression of SAP30L-AS1 in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines. Moreover, we explored the biological roles and mechanisms of action of SAP30L-AS1 in prostate cancer. The expression of SAP30L-AS1 is found to be in...

Integrating Novel Targets and Precision Medicine Into Prostate Cancer Care-Part 1: The Non-Androgen-Targetable Pathways in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in men. Although the overall survival of patients with metastatic prostate cancer has improved with the addition of second-generation hormone therapy, most men will develop progressive disease, eventually leading to death. Novel therapeutic mechanisms are needed to improve treatments and outcomes in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Biomarker-driven treatments such as targeted therapies and immuno-oncologic agents are currently ...

A novel androgen-reduced prostate-specific lncRNA, PSLNR, inhibits prostate-cancer progression in part by regulating the p53-dependent pathway.

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common cancers in males in China. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) reportedly play crucial roles in human cancer progression in many studies. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying PCa progression remain unclear.

Improving Treatment for Advanced Prostate Cancer.

MiR-515-5p acts as a tumor suppressor via targeting TRIP13 in prostate cancer.

MiR-515-5p has been suggested to function as tumor suppressor in various human cancers. However, the role of miR-515-5p in prostate cancer was still unclear. In this study, we observed miR-515-5p expression was reduced in prostate cancer tissues and prostate cancer cell lines compared with paired adjacent normal prostatic tissues and normal human prostate epithelial cell lines, respectively. Furthermore, we found miR-515-5p was negatively correlated with TRIP13 mRNA and protein expression in prostate cancer...

PTEN-deficient prostate cancer is associated with an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment mediated by increased expression of IDO1 and infiltrating FoxP3+ T regulatory cells.

Accumulating evidence shows that tumor cell-specific genomic changes can influence the cross talk between cancer cells and the surrounding tumor microenvironment (TME). Loss of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene is observed in 20% to 30% of prostate cancers (PCa) when first detected and the rate increases with PCa progression and advanced disease. Recent findings implicate a role for PTEN in cellular type I interferon response and immunosuppression in PCa. However, the way that PTEN inactivation alters antitumo...

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