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Twin Study Finds Genetics Affects Where Children Look PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Twin Study Finds Genetics Affects Where Children Look articles that have been published worldwide.
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Little is known about longitudinal changes of the first twin presentation in twin gestations. This is a retrospective cohort study including 411 women who were admitted consecutively and delivered live-born twins at 36 weeks of gestation or more. Longitudinal assessment of the first twin presentation was conducted during gestation and at birth in all cases. Gestational age at antenatal assessment was divided into two intervals: early-third trimester (28-31 weeks) and mid-third trimester (32-35 weeks). Fetal...
The ABCD twin study will elucidate the genetic and environmental contributions to a wide range of mental and physical health outcomes in children, including substance use, brain and behavioral development, and their interrelationship. Comparisons within and between monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, further powered by multiple assessments, provide information about genetic and environmental contributions to developmental associations, and enable stronger tests of causal hypotheses, than do comparisons in...
The association between aggressive media and related behavior is complicated, and the role of underlying genetics has not been adequately explored. A better understanding of the role of genetics on the relationship between aggressive media and behavior, especially in young children, is critical. Using a twin/triplets sample (N = 184 children), the authors investigated the association between preschoolers' preferred media choices and their aggressive behaviors. A multimeasure methodology was utilized, examin...
Body Mass Index (BMI), like most human phenotypes, is substantially heritable. However, BMI is not normally distributed; the skew appears to be structural, and increases as a function of age. Moreover, twin correlations for BMI commonly violate the assumptions of the most common variety of the classical twin model, with the MZ twin correlation greater than twice the DZ correlation. This study aimed to decompose twin correlations for BMI using more general skew-t distributions.
The significance of polyhydramnios of one twin in the absence of oligohydramnios of the cotwin in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies (polyhydramnios affecting a recipient-like twin [PART]) is unknown. Our aim is to assess the risk of progression to twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with PART, progression to ≥ stage II TTTS, and neonatal survival.
The human gut microbiota has been demonstrated to be associated with a number of host phenotypes, including obesity and a number of obesity-associated phenotypes. This study is aimed at further understanding and describing the relationship between the gut microbiota and obesity-associated measurements obtained from human participants.
We evaluated risk factors for birthweight discordance in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies without twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).
The phenotypic relationships between body mass index (BMI) and cold-heat patterns have been frequently reported, but the etiology of these relationships remains unknown. We previously demonstrated that the cold pattern (CP) and the heat pattern (HP) were heritable traits. In the present study, we explored underlying genetic and environmental structures of the relationships among BMI and the CP and the HP. Twins (N = 1,752) drawn from the South Korean twin registry completed a cold-heat pattern questionnaire...
Twin vaginal delivery presents a unique clinical challenge for obstetricians. The twin birth study demonstrated the safety of planned vaginal delivery regarding neonatal outcomes. However, that study lacked description of the risk factors associated with and the outcome of unplanned cesarean section. The aim of this study is to identify potential risk factors for cesarean section and delivery related neonatal morbidity and mortality in women with twin pregnancy attempting vaginal delivery.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has limited monozygotic (MZ) twin concordance, implying a role for other pathogenic factors than genetic variation, such as epigenetic changes. Using the disease discordant twin model, we investigated genome-wide DNA methylation changes in sorted CD4+ T-cells, monocytes, granulocytes and B-cells in twin pairs with at least one SLE-affected twin.
There is increasing recognition that some preschool-aged children suffer from mental health conditions, but little is known about the treatment they receive. Using the 2014 MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database (N = 1,987,759) the study finds that only a small proportion of preschool-aged children receive any behavioral interventions, including psychotherapy, in conjunction with having a filled psychiatric prescription. Nearly all of the preschool-aged children who had psychotropic prescr...
To describe the morbidity and mortality and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in children born from a Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) pregnancy treated using laser fetoscopy in Toulouse.
Acute gastroenteritis due to Rotavirus (RV) infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and young children worldwide. In India, around 0.1 million death annually reported due to RV illness. So, to assess the disease burden continuous surveillance of the circulating genotypes is needed. This study aimed to ascertain the genetic variance of 429 rotavirus positive specimens observed during the period October 2013-September 2014 at four study centers from North India. Out of 1057 patients e...
Rotavirus A (RVA) is a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans and animals worldwide. As a result of the segmented nature of the rotavirus genome, genetic reassortment commonly occurs. This study aims to clarify the genetic characteristics of RVAs circulating in Indonesia. From June 2015 through August 2016, stool samples were collected from 134 children aged
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dual language experience affects procedural learning ability in typically developing children and in children with specific language impairment (SLI).
To compare, in women with twin pregnancy with the first twin in cephalic position, neonatal morbidity and mortality rates after planned Ceasarean delivery (CD) versus planned vaginal delivery (VD).
Wohlmuth et al.1 described changes in ductus venosus waveforms (DV-FVW) in 149 pairs of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies referred for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) requiring fetoscopic laser surgery. We hypotesize that DV-FVW might also change after placental laser ablation.
This study evaluated the life quality of Chinese parents of preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their association with child social impairment and childcare burden. The participants included 406 families of children with ASD and 513 families with typically developing (TD) children. The findings indicated that parents in the ASD group had a lower quality of life than parents in the TD group, whereas only mother of children with ASD experienced a greater childcare burden than mother wit...
Incidental septostomy, or inadvertent perforation of the twins' dividing membranes, can create a functional monoamniotic twin pregnancy. Our aim was to describe the perinatal outcomes and antenatal management of patients with incidental septostomy after laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).
Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) is increasingly used to help infertile couples to have children around the world. A number of studies have been published reporting an increased risk of major malformations in children born following ART, especially an increased incidence of epigenetic diseases (ED). This study aimed to assess the incidence of epigenetic diseases with affected imprinting genes in infants or children from pregnancies obtained through IVF/ICSI compared to infants or children from pregn...
Diarrhea is a waterborne disease that affects children, especially those under 5 years of age. The objective of this study was to identify the spatial patterns of distribution of diarrheal disease in under 5-year-old children in the State of Tocantins, Brazil, from 2008 to 2013.