PubMed Journals Articles About "Twin Study Finds Genetics Affects Where Children Look" RSS

05:41 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Twin study finds genetics affects where children look" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 67,000+

Spontaneous Version of Fetal Presentation in Twin Pregnancies During Third Trimester: Longitudinal Assessment.

Little is known about longitudinal changes of the first twin presentation in twin gestations. This is a retrospective cohort study including 411 women who were admitted consecutively and delivered live-born twins at 36 weeks of gestation or more. Longitudinal assessment of the first twin presentation was conducted during gestation and at birth in all cases. Gestational age at antenatal assessment was divided into two intervals: early-third trimester (28-31 weeks) and mid-third trimester (32-35 weeks). Fetal...

THG volume 21 issue 3 Cover and Back matter.

THG volume 21 issue 3 Cover and Front matter.

A Multimethodological Study of Preschoolers' Preferences for Aggressive Television and Video Games.

The association between aggressive media and related behavior is complicated, and the role of underlying genetics has not been adequately explored. A better understanding of the role of genetics on the relationship between aggressive media and behavior, especially in young children, is critical. Using a twin/triplets sample (N = 184 children), the authors investigated the association between preschoolers' preferred media choices and their aggressive behaviors. A multimeasure methodology was utilized, examin...

Differential models of twin correlations in skew for body-mass index (BMI).

Body Mass Index (BMI), like most human phenotypes, is substantially heritable. However, BMI is not normally distributed; the skew appears to be structural, and increases as a function of age. Moreover, twin correlations for BMI commonly violate the assumptions of the most common variety of the classical twin model, with the MZ twin correlation greater than twice the DZ correlation. This study aimed to decompose twin correlations for BMI using more general skew-t distributions.

Metataxonomic Analysis of Individuals at BMI Extremes and Monozygotic Twins Discordant for BMI.

The human gut microbiota has been demonstrated to be associated with a number of host phenotypes, including obesity and a number of obesity-associated phenotypes. This study is aimed at further understanding and describing the relationship between the gut microbiota and obesity-associated measurements obtained from human participants.

Etiologies of the Relationships Among Body Mass Index and Cold-Heat Patterns: A Twin Study.

The phenotypic relationships between body mass index (BMI) and cold-heat patterns have been frequently reported, but the etiology of these relationships remains unknown. We previously demonstrated that the cold pattern (CP) and the heat pattern (HP) were heritable traits. In the present study, we explored underlying genetic and environmental structures of the relationships among BMI and the CP and the HP. Twins (N = 1,752) drawn from the South Korean twin registry completed a cold-heat pattern questionnaire...

Inter-twin delivery interval, short-term perinatal outcomes and risk of caesarean for the second twin.

To examine the association between inter-twin delivery interval and short-term perinatal outcomes of the second twin after vaginal delivery of the first twin.

For submission to the Journal of Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Human Reproduction.

To describe the morbidity and mortality and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in children born from a Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) pregnancy treated using laser fetoscopy in Toulouse.

Maternal functional hemodynamics in uncomplicated twin pregnancies: a longitudinal study using impedance cardiography.

Longitudinal studies of maternal hemodynamics in twin pregnancy are scarce and preload reserve in twin pregnancies has not been studied. Thus, we aimed to investigate serial changes in maternal systemic hemodynamics from first to third trimester, and cardiovascular response to passive leg raising to evaluate preload reserve using impedance cardiography in a cohort of uncomplicated twin pregnancies.

The Effect of Chorionicity on Maternal Cardiac Adaptation to Uncomplicated Twin Pregnancy: A Prospective Longitudinal Study.

The objective of this study was to longitudinally evaluate maternal echocardiographic findings in uncomplicated twin gestations according to chorionicity.

Twin-Image-Free Holography: A Compressive Sensing Approach.

Holographic reconstruction is troubled by the phase-conjugate wave front arising from Hermitian symmetry of the complex field. The so-called twin image obfuscates the reconstruction in solving the inverse problem. Here we quantitatively reveal how and how much the twin image affects the reconstruction and propose a compressive sensing (CS) approach to reconstruct a hologram completely free from the twin image. Using the canonical basis, the incoherence condition of CS is naturally satisfied by the Fourier t...

Surveillance and genetic characterization of rotavirus strains circulating in four states of North Indian children.

Acute gastroenteritis due to Rotavirus (RV) infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and young children worldwide. In India, around 0.1 million death annually reported due to RV illness. So, to assess the disease burden continuous surveillance of the circulating genotypes is needed. This study aimed to ascertain the genetic variance of 429 rotavirus positive specimens observed during the period October 2013-September 2014 at four study centers from North India. Out of 1057 patients e...

Letter to 'Placental mesenchymal dysplasia with severe fetal growth restriction in one placenta of a dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy': Study on twin placenta as a natural experiment.

Associations between risk factors for schizophrenia and concordance in four monozygotic twin samples.

Concordance for schizophrenia is high in monozygotic twins but the extent to which concordance varies according to the presence of other schizophrenia risk factors is not well established. We aimed to investigate this in systematically ascertained twin samples. DSM-III-R/DSM-IV diagnoses were made from original data or published case histories from four systematically ascertained monozygotic twin samples. Probandwise concordance for schizophrenia was calculated according to the presence of psychotic disorde...

Parental perceptions of child labour and human rights: A comparative study of rural and urban Ghana.

Considering the inherently hazardous nature of some artisanal fishing and farm work in Ghana, there is sometimes a thin line between what is considered child work and child labour. I drew on literature exploring cultural relativism and human rights and the concept of the margin of appreciation in considering whether child labour violates human rights. I aimed to establish parental perceptions of child labour and human rights in rural and urban Ghana amongst 60 government officials, NGO representatives, and ...

Equine-like G3 rotavirus strains as predominant strains among children in Indonesia in 2015-2016.

Rotavirus A (RVA) is a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans and animals worldwide. As a result of the segmented nature of the rotavirus genome, genetic reassortment commonly occurs. This study aims to clarify the genetic characteristics of RVAs circulating in Indonesia. From June 2015 through August 2016, stool samples were collected from 134 children aged

Impact of Daycare Center Attendance on Children's Development.

The number of preschool places outside the family for young children has considerably increased in recent years in Germany. The study investigates how attendance of a preschool affects children's development taking sociodemographic factors into account.

Increased Body Fat Mass and Androgen Metabolism - a Twin Study in Healthy Young Women.

Obesity may alter serum steroid concentrations and metabolism. We investigated this in healthy young women with increased body fat and their leaner co-twin sisters. Design Age and genetic background both strongly influence serum steroid levels and body composition. This is a cross-sectional study of 13 female monozygotic twin pairs (age, 23-36 years), ten of which were discordant for body mass index (median difference in body weight between the co-twins, 19 kg).

Social impairment of children with autism spectrum disorder affects parental quality of life in different ways.

This study evaluated the life quality of Chinese parents of preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their association with child social impairment and childcare burden. The participants included 406 families of children with ASD and 513 families with typically developing (TD) children. The findings indicated that parents in the ASD group had a lower quality of life than parents in the TD group, whereas only mother of children with ASD experienced a greater childcare burden than mother wit...

Assisted Reproductive Technologies and imprinting disorders: Results of a study from a French congenital malformations registry.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) is increasingly used to help infertile couples to have children around the world. A number of studies have been published reporting an increased risk of major malformations in children born following ART, especially an increased incidence of epigenetic diseases (ED). This study aimed to assess the incidence of epigenetic diseases with affected imprinting genes in infants or children from pregnancies obtained through IVF/ICSI compared to infants or children from pregn...

Socio-environmental factors and diarrheal diseases in under five-year old children in the state of Tocantins, Brazil.

Diarrhea is a waterborne disease that affects children, especially those under 5 years of age. The objective of this study was to identify the spatial patterns of distribution of diarrheal disease in under 5-year-old children in the State of Tocantins, Brazil, from 2008 to 2013.

Long-Term Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Monochorionic Twins after Laser Therapy or Umbilical Cord Occlusion for Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome.

We sought to assess the incidence of severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in monochorionic twins treated for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and compare it to the incidence in uncomplicated monochorionic twins.

Heritability of neural reactions to social exclusion and prosocial compensation in middle childhood.

Experiencing and observing social exclusion and inclusion, as well as prosocial behavior, are important aspects of social relationships in childhood. However, it is currently unknown to what extent these processes and their neural correlates differ in heritability. We investigated influences of genetics and environment on experiencing social exclusion and compensating for social exclusion of others with the Prosocial Cyberball Game using fMRI in a twin sample (aged 7-9; N = 500). Neuroimaging analyses (...

Predictive accuracy of the Southwest Thames Obstetric Research Collaborative (STORK) chorionicity-specific twin growth charts for stillbirth: a validation study.

Twin pregnancy is associated with 2-3 fold increased risk of stillbirth compared to singletons. Despite the fact that the growth pattern has been shown to differ in twins compared to singletons, it is controversial whether twin-specific growth charts should be routinely used. A major goal of prenatal ultrasound is to identify fetuses suffering from growth restriction at risk of stillbirth. The main aim of this study was to compare the performance of chorionicity-specific twin charts with singleton charts, b...

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