PubMed Journals Articles About "USDA Launches Genomics Blueprint Initiative Enhance Sustainable Farming" RSS

03:43 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "USDA launches genomics blueprint initiative enhance sustainable farming" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,000+

The adoption of sustainable practices: A supplier's perspective.

Suppliers' adoption of sustainable practices plays a critical role for global companies to improve environmental performance. Based on the absorptive capacity theory, this study empirically explores how suppliers' knowledge bases and power relationships influence their adoption of sustainability practices. A longitudinal case study with eight suppliers has been conducted. We find that the adoption of leading sustainable practices requires a supplier's good knowledge base whereas a supplier can adopt imitati...

An International Summit in Human Genetics and Genomics: Empowering clinical practice and research in developing countries.

To help fill the knowledge gap in human genetics and genomics, an International Summit (IS) in Human Genetics and Genomics was conceived and organized by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as a 5-year initiative, from 2016 to 2020. In its first 3 years, 71 professionals from 34 countries received training.

Microbial taxonomic, nitrogen cycling, and phosphorus recycling community composition during long-term organic greenhouse farming.

Understanding the interplay between the farming system and soil microbiomes could aid the design of a sustainable and efficient farming system. A comparative greenhouse experiment consisting of organic (ORG), integrated (INT), and conventional (CON) farming systems was established in northern China in 2002. The effects of 12 years of organic farming on soil microbiomes were explored by metagenomic and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing analyses. Long-term ORG shifted the community composition of dominant phy...

Diversity and sustainability of pig farm types in the northern mountains of Vietnam.

Pig farming systems in Vietnam are very diverse but little is known about this diversity. In particular, the different livestock farming systems currently in operation do not have the same capacity to be sustainable. The study aims to categorize farming systems involving pig production and investigate their sustainability. Data were collected from 160 family pig farms and 2 large-scale farms in Mai Son district of Son La province (northwest of Vietnam) using stratified random sampling. The multiple factor a...

Influence of livelihood assets, experienced shocks and perceived risks on smallholder coffee farming practices in Peru.

Smallholder farmers might adopt different farming practices to cope with multiple stressors depending on their livelihood assets, and with varying environmental and economic outcomes. Ongoing global change is triggering stronger and different stressors that threaten conventional farming practices; however, this could be resolved if livelihood assets that drive decision making are actionable and thus can be modified. This study assessed the influence of farmers' livelihood assets, risk perception, and shocks...

Advancing the Sustainability of US Agriculture through Long-Term Research.

Agriculture in the United States must respond to escalating demands for productivity and efficiency, as well as pressures to improve its stewardship of natural resources. Growing global population and changing diets, combined with a greater societal awareness of agriculture's role in delivering ecosystem services beyond food, feed, fiber, and energy production, require a comprehensive perspective on where and how US agriculture can be sustainably intensified, that is, made more productive without exacerbati...

Organic farming at local and landscape scales fosters biological pest control in vineyards.

While organic farming practices, which are often promoted as models of ecological intensification, generally enhance biodiversity, their effects on the delivery of ecosystem services, such as biological pest control, are still unknown. Here, using a multi-scale hierarchical design in southwestern France, we examined the effects of organic farming and seminatural habitats at the local and landscape scales on biological control services of three pests, including weeds and insects, in 42 vineyards. Organic far...

A Neuroethics Framework for the Australian Brain Initiative.

Neuroethics is central to the Australian Brain Initiative's aim to sustain a thriving and responsible neurotechnology industry. Diverse and inclusive community and stakeholder engagement and a trans-disciplinary approach to neuroethics will be key to the success of the Australian Brain Initiative.

Ireland launches new oral health policy.

Clinical Educator as Coach: Supporting Staff to Meet Quality and Safety Competencies.

Direct care nurses are frequently motivated to enhance practice processes but do not always understand the sequential steps that create sustainable improvement. Focusing on a local clinical problem and coaching staff through the steps for sustainable improvement as a learning activity builds competency. Framing learning activities in the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) competencies provides structure that supports the lifelong learning required for competent clinical practice. This article de...

BDA launches updated tool for special care and paediatric dentistry.

Periop Briefing launches two new article series based on reader feedback.

Personal growth Initiative: A robust and malleable predictor of treatment outcome for depressed partial hospital patients.

Current methods for treating depressive disorders ineffectively treat large portions of patients. We need to identify malleable factors that predict treatment outcome and can be modified prior to or concurrently with treatment to enhance outcomes. We examined personal growth initiative (PGI) as a malleable predictor of treatment outcome for depressed patients in partial hospital treatment.

Global medical device company launches new iTero element 5D imaging system.

Culturable endophytic fungal communities associated with plants in organic and conventional farming systems and their effects on plant growth.

As compared to organic farming system, conventional farming system relies on higher inputs of synthetic agrochemicals, which may reduce the abundance, diversity, and beneficial effects of plant endophytic fungal communities. This study compares the diversity and abundance of culturable endophytic fungal communities associated with four plant species -corn, tomato, pepper, and watermelon grown in separate organic and conventional fields. In all, 740 fungal isolates were identified, of which 550 were from the...

The Bundled Payment Initiative for Hip Fracture Arthroplasty Patients: One Institution's Experience.

Analyze the effectiveness of a BPCI (Bundle Payments for Care Improvement) initiative at a large urban medical center for hip fracture patients included in the bundle payment program with respect to improving patient outcomes and reducing cost DESIGN:: Retrospective cohort SETTING:: Single Academic Institution PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Patients discharged with the DRG codes 469-470 performed for hip fractures between July 2011 and September 2014 were evaluated. A BPCI initiative focused on optimizing care coo...

Soil Chemistry and the One Health Initiative: Introduction to the Special Section.

Population growth and technical and social changes have always exerted pressure on environmental quality. However, we are experiencing unprecedented change in the rate and scale of human impacts on the environment. The One Health Initiative recognizes that improving the quality of life for humans and other animal species requires a holistic and integrated framework to seek multidisciplinary solutions to global environmental quality challenges. This special section is designed to elucidate the connections am...

Furthering Precision Medicine Genomics with Healthy Living Medicine.

The Precision Medicine Initiative seeks to develop new approaches for disease treatment and prevention that considers the individual variation in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. To date, the focus has been on genetic drivers of disease risk and development but have now begun to incorporate lifestyle induced changes in phenotype to enhance treatments. Healthy Living Medicine is an emerging paradigm that focuses on moving more and sitting less, consuming a healthy diet, maintaining body wei...

An Integrated Systems Approach Unveils New Aspects of Microoxia-Mediated Regulation in .

The adaptation of rhizobia from the free-living state in soil to the endosymbiotic state comprises several physiological changes in order to cope with the extremely low oxygen availability (microoxia) within nodules. To uncover cellular functions required for bacterial adaptation to microoxia directly at the protein level, we applied a systems biology approach on the key rhizobial model and soybean endosymbiont USDA 110 (formerly USDA 110). As a first step, the complete genome of 1104, the model strain u...

Challenges and Opportunities for Cancer Predisposition Cascade Screening for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer and Lynch Syndrome in Switzerland: Findings from an International Workshop.

An international workshop on cancer predisposition cascade genetic screening for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) and Lynch syndrome (LS) took place in Switzerland, with leading researchers and clinicians in cascade screening and hereditary cancer from different disciplines. The purpose of the workshop was to enhance the implementation of cascade genetic screening in Switzerland. Participants discussed the challenges and opportunities associated with cascade screening for HBOC and LS in Switzerla...

Promoting Healthy Environments In Afterschool Settings: The LiveWell Greenville Afterschool Initiative.

LiveWell Greenville, a multi-organization community coalition, launched an initiative in 2011 to help afterschool programs promote environments that decrease the risk of obesity among children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to describe changes in nutrition and physical activity environments, policies, and practices among 37 afterschool programs after their participation in the LiveWell Greenville Afterschool Initiative.

The economic value of mussel farming for uncertain nutrient removal in the Baltic Sea.

Mussel farming has been recognised as a low cost option for mitigating damage caused by eutrophication in the Baltic Sea. However, uncertain nutrient removal owing to weather and environmental conditions at the mussel farm site has not been previously considered. The purpose of this study was to estimate whether mussel farming has cost advantages even in conditions of uncertainty. To this end, the replacement cost method was used for the valuation of ecosystem services and a numerical cost minimisation mode...

Student Leadership Development Initiative: A Pilot for a Sustainable, Replicable Model for Incorporating Leadership into Medical Education.

Today's medical students are tomorrow's leaders. As leadership training becomes incorporated into undergraduate medical education, there is a need for validated educational models that are both effective and replicable.

Elucidation of the microbial diversity in rivers in south-west Victoria, Australia impacted by rural agricultural contamination (dairy farming).

We assessed the water quality of south-west Victorian rivers impacted by the dairy industry using traditional water quality assessment together with culture-dependent (colilert/enterolert) and also culture-independent (next generation sequencing) microbial methods. The aim of the study was to identify relationships/associations between dairy farming intensity and water contamination. Water samples with high total and faecal coliforms (>1000 MPN cfu/100 ml), and with high nitrogen levels (TN) were observed...

Reaching Green: Heterocycle Synthesis by Transition Metal-Catalyzed C-H Functionalization in Sustainable Medium.

Catalytic C-H functionalization has emerged as an efficient alternative to traditional coupling reactions. However, some of these reactions depend on the environmentally harmful solvents, weakening the overall green nature of these methods. As organic processes consume a large amount of solvents, the use of less harmful solvents enhance the sustainability of these reactions. Herein, we present an overview of transition metal-catalyzed C-H functionalization reactions for the synthesis of heterocycles in sust...

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