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PubMed Journals Articles About "Ubiquitin Proteasome System Rescuing Latency" RSS

17:37 EDT 19th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Ubiquitin Proteasome System Rescuing Latency PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Ubiquitin Proteasome System Rescuing Latency articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Ubiquitin proteasome system Rescuing latency" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

The ubiquitin-proteasome system is required for African swine fever replication.

Several viruses manipulate the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) to initiate a productive infection. Determined viral proteins are able to change the host's ubiquitin machinery and some viruses even encode their own ubiquitinating or deubiquitinating enzymes. African swine fever virus (ASFV) encodes a gene homologous to the E2 ubiquitin conjugating (UBC) enzyme. The viral ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (UBCv1) is expressed throughout ASFV infection and accumulates at late times post infection. UBCv is also pr...


Emerging Paradigm of Crosstalk between Autophagy and the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System.

Cellular protein homeostasis is maintained by two major degradation pathways, namely the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy. Until recently, the UPS and autophagy were considered to be largely independent systems targeting proteins for degradation in the proteasome and lysosome, respectively. However, the identification of crucial roles of molecular players such as ubiquitin and p62 in both of these pathways as well as the observation that blocking the UPS affects autophagy flux and vice versa ...

The Ubiquitin-proteasome System as a Regulator of Plant Immunity.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) has been shown to play vital roles in diverse plant developmental and stress responses. The UPS post-translationally modifies cellular proteins with the small molecule ubiquitin, resulting in their regulated degradation by the proteasome. Of particular importance is the role of the UPS in regulating hormone-responsive gene expression profiles, including those triggered by the immune hormone salicylic acid (SA). SA utilises components of the UPS pathway to reprogram the ...


Therapeutic Strategies against Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Cancers Using Proteasome Inhibitors.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is closely associated with several lymphomas (endemic Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma) and epithelial cancers (nasopharyngeal carcinoma and gastric carcinoma). To maintain its persistence in the host cells, the virus manipulates the ubiquitin-proteasome system to regulate viral lytic reactivation, modify cell cycle checkpoints, prevent apoptosis and evade immune surveillance. In this review, we aim to provide an overview of the mechanisms by which the...

The ubiquitin proteasome system as a potential therapeutic target for systemic sclerosis.

The present review aims to summarize available knowledge on the role of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) in the pathogenesis of scleroderma and scleroderma-related disease mechanisms. This will provide the reader with a more mechanistic understanding of disease pathogenesis and help to identify putative novel targets within the UPS for potential therapeutic intervention. Because of the heterogenous manifestations of scleroderma, we will primarily focus on conserved mechanisms that are involved in the d...

Proteasome-mediated protein degradation is enhanced by fusion ubiquitin with unstructured degron.

Methods to induce proteasomal degradation of unwanted proteins are valuable in biomedical studies and thus receive increasing attention. For efficient degradation, the proteasome requires both a ubiquitin tag, which delivers substrates to the proteasome, and an unstructured region, where the proteasome engages the substrate for unfolding and degradation. We fused two degron components into a single molecule to create a fusion protein comprising ubiquitin and Rpn4-derived unstructured region. We demonstrated...

Ubiquitin-independent protein degradation in proteasomes.

Proteasomes are large supramolecular protein complexes present in all prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, where they perform targeted degradation of intracellular proteins. Until recently, it was generally accepted that prior proteolytic degradation in proteasomes the proteins had to be targeted by ubiquitination: the ATP-dependent addition of (typically four sequential) residues of the low-molecular ubiquitin protein, involving the ubiquitin-activating enzyme, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme and ubiquitin ligas...

Pleiotropic roles of the ubiquitin-proteasome system during viral propagation.

Protein ubiquitination is a highly conserved post-translational modification affecting various biological processes including viral propagation. Ubiquitination has multiple effects on viral propagation, including viral genome uncoating, viral replication, and immune evasion. Ubiquitination of viral proteins is triggered by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). This involves the covalent attachment of the highly conserved 76 amino acid residue ubiquitin protein to target proteins by the consecutive actions ...

Regulation of Mammalian DNA Replication via the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System.

Proper regulation of DNA replication ensures the faithful transmission of genetic material essential for optimal cellular and organismal physiology. Central to this regulation is the activity of a set of enzymes that induce or reverse posttranslational modifications of various proteins critical for the initiation, progression, and termination of DNA replication. This is particularly important when DNA replication proceeds in cancer cells with elevated rates of genomic instability and increased proliferative...

A small-molecule inhibitor of the ubiquitin activating enzyme for cancer treatment.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) comprises a network of enzymes that is responsible for maintaining cellular protein homeostasis. The therapeutic potential of this pathway has been validated by the clinical successes of a number of UPS modulators, including proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory imide drugs (IMiDs). Here we identified TAK-243 (formerly known as MLN7243) as a potent, mechanism-based small-molecule inhibitor of the ubiquitin activating enzyme (UAE), the primary mammalian E1 enzyme th...

Overexpression of ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1) in boys with cryptorchidism.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system regulate p53, caspase and Bcl-2 family proteins, and is crucial for the degradation of the defective germ cells in testes. Purpose: to evaluate the concentration of ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1) in the blood plasma of boys with cryptorchidism and if there is any correlation with patient age.

Proteasome-independent functions of lysine-63 polyubiquitination in plants.

Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. References SUMMARY: Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification essential for the regulation of eukaryotic proteins, having an impact on protein fate, function, localization or activity. What originally appeared to be a simple system to regulate protein turnover by the 26S proteasome is now known to be the most intricate regulatory process cells have evolved. Ubiquitin can be arranged in countless chain assemblies, triggering various cellular outcomes. Poly...

At Long Last, a C-Terminal Bookend for the Ubiquitin Code.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system controls the stability of myriad protein substrates via short sequence motifs called degrons. Studies by Koren et al. (2018) and Lin et al. (2018) have uncovered a broad new class of degrons located at the extreme C terminus of substrates.

Inactivation of USP14 Perturbs Ubiquitin Homeostasis and Delays the Cell Cycle in Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts and in Fruit Fly Drosophila.

The 26S proteasome is the key proteolytic complex for recognition and degradation of polyubiquitinated target substrates in eukaryotes. Among numerous proteasome-associated proteins, a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB) USP14 has been identified as an endogenous inhibitor of the proteasome. Here, we explored the complex regulatory functions of USP14 that involve ubiquitin (Ub) homeostasis and substrate degradation in flies and mammals.

TRIM24 mediates the interaction of the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) with the proteasome.

The nuclear retinoic acid (RA) receptors (RARα, β and γ) are ligand-dependent regulators of transcription. Upon activation by RA, they are recruited at the promoters of target genes together with several coregulators. Then they are degraded by the ubiquitin proteasome system. Here we report that the degradation of the RARα subtype involves ubiquitination and the tripartite motif protein TRIM24, which was originally identified as a ligand-dependent corepressor of RARα. We show that in response to RA, TR...

Analysis of defective protein ubiquitylation associated to adriamycin resistant cells.

DNA damage activated by Adriamycin (ADR) promotes ubiquitin-proteasome system-mediated proteolysis by stimulating both the activity of ubiquitylating enzymes and the proteasome. In ADR-resistant breast cancer MCF7 (MCF7(ADR)) cells, protein ubiquitylation is significantly reduced compared to the parental MCF7 cells. Here, we used tandem ubiquitin-binding entities (TUBEs) to analyze the ubiquitylation pattern observed in MCF7 or MCF7(ADR) cells. While in MCF7, the level of total ubiquitylation increased up t...

Effects of Commonly Used Pesticides in China on the Mitochondria and Ubiquitin-Proteasome System in Parkinson's Disease.

Evidence continues to accumulate that pesticides are the leading candidates of environmental toxins that may contribute to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. The mechanisms, however, remain largely unclear. According to epidemiological studies, we selected nine representative pesticides (paraquat, rotenone, chlorpyrifos, pendimethalin, endosulfan, fenpyroximate, tebufenpyrad, trichlorphon and carbaryl) which are commonly used in China and detected the effects of the pesticides on mitochondria and ubiq...

Intracellular protein degradation: From a vague idea thru the lysosome and the ubiquitin-proteasome system and onto human diseases and drug targeting.

Between the 1950s and 1980s, scientists were focusing mostly on how the genetic code is transcribed to RNA and translated to proteins, but how proteins are degraded has remained a neglected research area. With the discovery of the lysosome by Christian de Duve it was assumed that cellular proteins are degraded within this organelle. Yet, several independent lines of experimental evidence strongly suggested that intracellular proteolysis is largely non-lysosomal, but the mechanisms involved remained obscure....

Structure and Function of the 26S Proteasome.

As the endpoint for the ubiquitin-proteasome system, the 26S proteasome is the principal proteolytic machine responsible for regulated protein degradation in eukaryotic cells. The proteasome's cellular functions range from general protein homeostasis and stress response to the control of vital processes such as cell division and signal transduction. To reliably process all the proteins presented to it in the complex cellular environment, the proteasome must combine high promiscuity with exceptional substrat...

Ubiquitin-proteasome pathway as a target for therapeutic strategies.

In Eukaryota, the majority of intracellular proteins are degraded by the ubiquitin-26S proteasome pathway. Through degradation of proteins tagged with polyubiquitin chains, the 26S proteasomes, multicatalytic proteolytic complexes, participate in regulation of key cellular processes such as cell cycle, proliferation and cell differentiation, apoptosis, transcription, signal transduction, morphogenesis, immune response, response to stress and to extracellular effectors, modulation of cell-surface receptors, ...

Hijacking of the Ubiquitin/Proteasome Pathway by the HIV Auxiliary Proteins.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) ensures regulation of the protein pool in the cell by ubiquitination of proteins followed by their degradation by the proteasome. It plays a central role in the cell under normal physiological conditions as well as during viral infections. On the one hand, the UPS can be used by the cell to degrade viral proteins, thereby restricting the viral infection. On the other hand, it can also be subverted by the virus to its own advantage, notably to induce degradation of cellu...

Angiotensin II Regulates Th1 T Cell Differentiation Through Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor-PKA-Mediated Activation of Proteasome.

Naive CD4+ T cells differentiate into T helper cells (Th1 and Th2) that play an essential role in the cardiovascular diseases. However, the molecular mechanism by which angiotensin II (Ang II) promotes Th1 differentiation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether the Ang II-induced Th1 differentiation regulated by ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS).

Essential function of VCP/p97 in infection cycle of the nucleopolyhedrovirus AcMNPV in Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 cells.

The protein VCP/p97 (also named CDC48 and TER94) belongs to a type II subfamily of the AAA + ATPases and controls cellular proteostasis by acting upstream of proteasomes in the ubiquitin-proteasome protein degradation pathway. The function of VCP/p97 in the baculovirus infection cycle in insect cells remains unknown. Here, we identified VCP/p97 in the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells and analyzed the replication of the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus, AcMNPV, in Sf9 c...

Treatment with proteasome inhibitor bortezomib decreases organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B3-mediated transport in a substrate-dependent manner.

OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 mediate hepatic uptake of many drugs (e.g., statins) and can mediate transporter-mediated drug-drug-interactions (DDIs). Bortezomib is the first-in-class proteasome inhibitor drug approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of multiple myeloma. The potential of bortezomib to cause OATP-mediated DDIs has not been assessed. The current study investigated the involvement of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) in OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 degradation and determined the e...

RHRK is responsible for Ubiquitin specific protease 48 nuclear translocation which can stabilize NF-κB (p65) in the nucleus.

The transcription factor NF-κB is a key regulator of cellular processes. A mechanism that contributes to timely termination of NF-κB activity is UPS-dependent degradation of p65 in the nucleus or on chromatin. The ubiquitin-specific protease that takes part in this process and its molecular mechanisms are shown in previous study, but which structural feature of USP48 was responsible for these effects is unknown. Here, we show that maybe the stability of NF-κB is controlled by proteasome-mediated degradat...


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