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PubMed Journals Articles About "Ubiquitin Proteasome System Rescuing Latency" RSS

00:50 EDT 19th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Ubiquitin Proteasome System Rescuing Latency PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Ubiquitin Proteasome System Rescuing Latency articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Ubiquitin proteasome system Rescuing latency" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

The Ubiquitin-proteasome System as a Regulator of Plant Immunity.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) has been shown to play vital roles in diverse plant developmental and stress responses. The UPS post-translationally modifies cellular proteins with the small molecule ubiquitin, resulting in their regulated degradation by the proteasome. Of particular importance is the role of the UPS in regulating hormone-responsive gene expression profiles, including those triggered by the immune hormone salicylic acid (SA). SA utilises components of the UPS pathway to reprogram the ...


The ubiquitin proteasome system as a potential therapeutic target for systemic sclerosis.

The present review aims to summarize available knowledge on the role of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) in the pathogenesis of scleroderma and scleroderma-related disease mechanisms. This will provide the reader with a more mechanistic understanding of disease pathogenesis and help to identify putative novel targets within the UPS for potential therapeutic intervention. Because of the heterogenous manifestations of scleroderma, we will primarily focus on conserved mechanisms that are involved in the d...

Proteasome-mediated protein degradation is enhanced by fusion ubiquitin with unstructured degron.

Methods to induce proteasomal degradation of unwanted proteins are valuable in biomedical studies and thus receive increasing attention. For efficient degradation, the proteasome requires both a ubiquitin tag, which delivers substrates to the proteasome, and an unstructured region, where the proteasome engages the substrate for unfolding and degradation. We fused two degron components into a single molecule to create a fusion protein comprising ubiquitin and Rpn4-derived unstructured region. We demonstrated...


Borneol and Luteolin from Chrysanthemum morifolium Regulates Ubiquitin-Signal Degradation.

Targeting the two degradation systems, ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and ubiquitin-signal autophagy-lysosome system, plays an important function in cancer prevention. Borneol is called an "upper guiding drug". Luteolin has demonstrated anti-cancer activity. That borneol regulates luteolin can be sufficient to serve as an alternative strategy. Borneol activates luteolin to inhibit E1 and 20S activity (IC50 = 118.8 ± 15.7 M) and perturb the 26S proteasome structure in vitro. Borneol regulates luteolin to i...

Ubiquitin-independent protein degradation in proteasomes.

Proteasomes are large supramolecular protein complexes present in all prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, where they perform targeted degradation of intracellular proteins. Until recently, it was generally accepted that prior proteolytic degradation in proteasomes the proteins had to be targeted by ubiquitination: the ATP-dependent addition of (typically four sequential) residues of the low-molecular ubiquitin protein, involving the ubiquitin-activating enzyme, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme and ubiquitin ligas...

Pleiotropic roles of the ubiquitin-proteasome system during viral propagation.

Protein ubiquitination is a highly conserved post-translational modification affecting various biological processes including viral propagation. Ubiquitination has multiple effects on viral propagation, including viral genome uncoating, viral replication, and immune evasion. Ubiquitination of viral proteins is triggered by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). This involves the covalent attachment of the highly conserved 76 amino acid residue ubiquitin protein to target proteins by the consecutive actions ...

Technical Note: Characterization of Clinical Linear Accelerator Triggering Latency for Motion Management System Development.

Latencies for motion management systems have previously been presented as guidelines for system development and implementation. These guidelines consider the overall system latency, including data acquisition, algorithm processing, and linac triggering time. However, during system development, the triggering latency of the clinical linear accelerator is often considered fixed. This paper presents a method to decouple the linac-only triggering latency from the total system latency such that latency can be co...

At Long Last, a C-Terminal Bookend for the Ubiquitin Code.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system controls the stability of myriad protein substrates via short sequence motifs called degrons. Studies by Koren et al. (2018) and Lin et al. (2018) have uncovered a broad new class of degrons located at the extreme C terminus of substrates.

Inactivation of USP14 Perturbs Ubiquitin Homeostasis and Delays the Cell Cycle in Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts and in Fruit Fly Drosophila.

The 26S proteasome is the key proteolytic complex for recognition and degradation of polyubiquitinated target substrates in eukaryotes. Among numerous proteasome-associated proteins, a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB) USP14 has been identified as an endogenous inhibitor of the proteasome. Here, we explored the complex regulatory functions of USP14 that involve ubiquitin (Ub) homeostasis and substrate degradation in flies and mammals.

TRIM24 mediates the interaction of the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) with the proteasome.

The nuclear retinoic acid (RA) receptors (RARα, β and γ) are ligand-dependent regulators of transcription. Upon activation by RA, they are recruited at the promoters of target genes together with several coregulators. Then they are degraded by the ubiquitin proteasome system. Here we report that the degradation of the RARα subtype involves ubiquitination and the tripartite motif protein TRIM24, which was originally identified as a ligand-dependent corepressor of RARα. We show that in response to RA, TR...

Proteasome inhibitors: structure and function.

Since 2003, the US Food and Drug Administration approval of bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, has changed the management of hematologic malignancies and dramatically improved outcomes for patients with multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma. Since that time, two additional proteasome inhibitors (carfilzomib and ixazomib) have been approved, with other agents and combinations currently under investigation. Proteasomes degrade ubiquitinated proteins or substrates through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway,...

Structure and Function of the 26S Proteasome.

As the endpoint for the ubiquitin-proteasome system, the 26S proteasome is the principal proteolytic machine responsible for regulated protein degradation in eukaryotic cells. The proteasome's cellular functions range from general protein homeostasis and stress response to the control of vital processes such as cell division and signal transduction. To reliably process all the proteins presented to it in the complex cellular environment, the proteasome must combine high promiscuity with exceptional substrat...

Role of p53 circuitry in tumorigenesis: A brief review.

Maintenance of genome integrity under the stressed condition is paramount for normal functioning of cells in the multicellular organisms. Cells are programmed to protect their genome through specialized adaptive mechanisms which will help decide their fate under stressed conditions. These mechanisms are the outcome of activation of the intricate circuitries that are regulated by the p53 master protein. In this paper, we provided a comprehensive review on p53, p53 homologues and their isoforms, including a d...

Dual Function of USP14 Deubiquitinase in Cellular Proteasomal Activity and Autophagic Flux.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system and the autophagy-lysosome system are two major intracellular proteolytic pathways in eukaryotes. Although several biochemical mechanisms underlying the crosstalk between them have been suggested, little is known about the effect of enhanced proteasome activity on autophagic flux. Here, we found that upregulation of proteasome activity, which was achieved through the inhibition of USP14, significantly impaired cellular autophagic flux, especially at the autophagosome-lysosome...

Angiotensin II Regulates Th1 T Cell Differentiation Through Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor-PKA-Mediated Activation of Proteasome.

Naive CD4+ T cells differentiate into T helper cells (Th1 and Th2) that play an essential role in the cardiovascular diseases. However, the molecular mechanism by which angiotensin II (Ang II) promotes Th1 differentiation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether the Ang II-induced Th1 differentiation regulated by ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS).

Repertoire of plant RING E3 ubiquitin ligases revisited: New groups counting gene families and single genes.

E3 ubiquitin ligases of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) mediate recognition of substrates and later transfer the ubiquitin (Ub). They are the most expanded components of the system. The Really Interesting New Gene (RING) domain contains 40-60 residues that are highly represented among E3 ubiquitin ligases. The Arabidopsis thaliana E3 ubiquitin ligases with a RING finger primarily contain RING-HC or RING-H2 type domains or less frequently RING-v, RING-C2, RING-D, RING-S/T and RING-G type domains. Our p...

Essential function of VCP/p97 in infection cycle of the nucleopolyhedrovirus AcMNPV in Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 cells.

The protein VCP/p97 (also named CDC48 and TER94) belongs to a type II subfamily of the AAA + ATPases and controls cellular proteostasis by acting upstream of proteasomes in the ubiquitin-proteasome protein degradation pathway. The function of VCP/p97 in the baculovirus infection cycle in insect cells remains unknown. Here, we identified VCP/p97 in the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells and analyzed the replication of the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus, AcMNPV, in Sf9 c...

RHRK is responsible for Ubiquitin specific protease 48 nuclear translocation which can stabilize NF-κB (p65) in the nucleus.

The transcription factor NF-κB is a key regulator of cellular processes. A mechanism that contributes to timely termination of NF-κB activity is UPS-dependent degradation of p65 in the nucleus or on chromatin. The ubiquitin-specific protease that takes part in this process and its molecular mechanisms are shown in previous study, but which structural feature of USP48 was responsible for these effects is unknown. Here, we show that maybe the stability of NF-κB is controlled by proteasome-mediated degradat...

Proteasome-mediated proteostasis: Novel medicinal and pharmacological strategies for diseases.

Proteins actively participate in a wide range of cellular physiological functions. But aggregation of proteins results in cytotoxicity, and unwanted aggregation of misfolded proteins often causes many diseases. During abnormal protein aggregation events, cells try to cope against such deleterious consequences because of the remarkable functional attempts of two distinct proteolytic mechanisms. These tightly regulative and signaling mechanisms are autophagy pathway and ubiquitin proteasome system. Proteasome...

A fluorescence polarization-based competition assay for measuring interactions between unlabeled ubiquitin chains and UCH37•RPN13.

Ubiquitin chains regulate distinct signaling events through cooperative interactions with effector proteins and deubiquitinases. Measuring the strength of these interactions is often challenging; either large amounts of material are required or one of the binding partners must be labeled for detection. We sought to develop a label-free method for measuring binding of ubiquitin chains to the proteasome-associated deubiquitinase UCH37 and its binding partner RPN13. The method we describe here is based on a fl...

Androgen receptor polyglutamine expansion drives age-dependent quality control defects and muscle dysfunction.

Skeletal muscle has emerged as a critical, disease-relevant target tissue in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy, a degenerative disorder of the neuromuscular system caused by a CAG/polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion in the androgen receptor (AR) gene. Here, we used RNA-Seq to identify pathways that are disrupted in diseased muscle using AR113Q knock-in mice. This analysis unexpectedly identified significantly diminished expression of numerous ubiquitin-proteasome pathway genes in AR113Q muscle, encoding approx...

Proteasome limits plasticity-related signaling to the nucleus in the hippocampus.

Proteolysis by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway has pleiotropic effects on both induction and maintenance of long-term synaptic plasticity. In this study, we examined the effect of proteasome inhibition on signaling to the nucleus during late-phase long-term potentiation. When a subthreshold L-LTP induction protocol was used, proteasome inhibition led to a significant increase in phosphorylated CREB (pCREB) in the nucleus. Inhibitors of cAMP-dependent protein kinase/protein kinase A, extracellular signal-re...

Ubiquitin System.

Ever since the discovery of ubiquitin in 1975[...].

Potential involvement of ubiquitin-proteasome system dysfunction associated with oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is an important intracellular proteolytic pathway responsible for the degradation of proteins and oxidative damage; hence it plays a central role in maintaining homeostasis of red blood cells (RBCs). The present study investigated the levels of polyubiquitination, the function of proteasomes and effect of hydroxycarbamide (HC) therapy in RBCs from sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. Polyubiquitinated proteins were found to be elevated in untreated SCD (UT-SCD) patients ...

RA190, a Proteasome Subunit ADRM1 Inhibitor, Suppresses Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma by Inducing NF-KB-Mediated Cell Apoptosis.

Effective drug treatment for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is currently lacking. Therefore, there is an urgent need for new targets and new drugs that can prolong patient survival. Recently targeting the ubiquitin proteasome pathway has become an attractive anti-cancer strategy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of and identify the potential mechanisms involved in targeting the proteasome subunit ADRM1 for ICC.


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