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Unexpected Role Immuno Oncology SCCOHT PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Unexpected Role Immuno Oncology SCCOHT articles that have been published worldwide.
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Immuno-oncology therapies represent a new treatment opportunity for patients affected by metastatic melanoma. The purpose of this study was to estimate the costs of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with the new anti-PD1 immuno-oncology therapies, with the anti-CTLA-4 immuno-oncology therapy and with the combined therapy (CTLA4 + anti-PD1) in patients affected by metastatic melanoma.
Immuno-oncology has undoubtedly started a new era in the treatment of malignant diseases. Within a short time immunotherapeutic therapy concepts have become part of the standard therapy for many tumors. Already, immunotherapy is one of the most potent therapeutic options for the treatment of many malignancies. Despite its impressive achievements, there is still a significant need for improvement and many aspects of the practical application of immunotherapeutic modalities of therapy are unclear. If it succe...
The unprecedented success of immuno-oncology (I-O) agents targeting the cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 and programmed death-1/programmed death-ligand 1 pathways has stimulated the rapid development of other I-O agents against novel immune targets. Bristol-Myers Squibb has designed a novel phase II platform trial, the Fast Real-time Assessment of Combination Therapies in Immuno-ONcology (FRACTION) Program, to efficiently identify promising combinations for patients with specific malignancies. ...
The clinical nurse leader (CNL) role has evolved since the American Association of Colleges of Nursing published a white paper on the role in 2007. Since then, various publications have evaluated the role of CNLs in enhancing quality outcomes for patients. The introduction of the CNL role in the oncology setting, although occurring with variability across the United States, provides a unique opportunity to explore the benefits of this role in cancer care outcomes.
Immunotherapy is revolutionizing the treatment of cancer. It can achieve unprecedented responses in advanced-stage patients, including complete cures and long-term survival. However, immunotherapy also has limitations, such as its relatively low response rates and the development of severe side effects. These drawbacks are gradually being overcome by improving our understanding of the immune system, as well as by establishing combination regimens in which immunotherapy is combined with other treatment modal...
In the era of personalized and precision medicine, informatics technologies utilizing machine learning (ML) and quantitative imaging are witnessing a rapidly increasing role in medicine in general and in oncology in particular. This expanding role ranges from computer-aided diagnosis to decision support of treatments with the potential to transform the current landscape of cancer management. In this review, we aim to provide an overview of ML methodologies and imaging informatics techniques and their recent...
Interstitial pneumonia (IP) is one of the potentially fatal adverse events for lymphoma patients undergoing immuno-chemotherapy. However, the risk factors and predictive markers remain unclear for this complication. This retrospective study aims to explore whether the change of absolute monocyte count (AMC) during immuno-chemotherapy is correlated with IP occurrence and progression. A total of 500 lymphoma patients receiving immuno-chemotherapy from 2014 to 2016 were enrolled in this investigation. IP was g...
Immuno-oncological therapy concepts have already achieved great success in the treatment of a number of advanced malignancies, thereby rapidly gaining access to clinical practice. Immuncheckpoint inhibitors are also being reviewed in the adjuvant setting. In malignant melanoma, they have already shown efficacy. Different combination strategies of Immuncheckpoint inhibitors are currently undergoing clinical evaluation to further improve treatment outcomes. However, this has so far also been associated with a...
In 2008, recommendations from the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death identified large variations in the quality and safety of delivery of systemic anti-cancer therapy. In 49% of cases it was felt there was room for improvement and in 27% of cases treatment actually caused or hastened death. Every hospital with an emergency department and/or specialist oncology beds should therefore have a fully functioning acute oncology service to align acute oncology with urgent care. Many patien...
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is considered a systemic disease and surgery is generally not recommended to treat it. High heterogeneity within the tumor and preoperative diagnostic capabilities can sometimes fail to identify SCLC correctly, leading to a subset of unexpected SCLC patients that are diagnosed only after pulmonary resections.
CD73 is an ectoenzyme involved in the production of adenosine. It exerts immunosuppressive and protumoral roles and has emerged as a potential immuno-oncology target.
Pioneering work has unraveled the role of the immune system in the development and control of cancer. This knowledge has set the basis for the successful implementation of immunotherapy into the standard of care for a large number of cancer types. Based on response rates and prolongation of overall survival, immunotherapeutic approaches have been approved in a growing number of tumor diseases. Activation or therapeutic utilization of T cells represent the basis of these concepts. Checkpoint inhibitory anti...
The ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73 are cell surface enzymes that catabolize the breakdown of extracellular ATP into adenosine. As such, they constitute critical components of the extracellular purinergic pathway and play important roles in maintaining tissue and immune homeostasis. With the coming of age of cancer immunotherapy, ectonucleotidases and adenosine receptors have emerged as novel therapeutic targets to enhance antitumor immune responses. With early-phase clinical trials showing promising result...
The immune system plays dual roles in response to cancer. The host immune system protects against tumor formation via immunosurveillance; however, recognition of the tumor by immune cells also induces sculpting mechanisms leading to a Darwinian selection of tumor cell variants with reduced immunogenicity. Cancer immunoediting is the concept used to describe the complex interplay between tumor cells and the immune system. This concept, commonly referred to as the three E's, is encompassed by 3 distinct phase...
Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common hematologic malignancy with an increasing incidence and prevalence. The wide array of effective antimyeloma agents have transformed MM into a chronic condition for some patients, requiring long-term management planning. Immunomodulatory drugs and proteasome inhibitors have played a pivotal role in defining the most effective regimens for both transplantation-eligible and transplantation-ineligible subgroups. Nevertheless, recent approvals of immunotherapies in...
health practitioners, especially oncology nurses, play an important role in assessing and managing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Oncology nurses need adequate knowledge and skills to optimally assess and manage CINV in oncology settings.
Immuno-related hemocytopenia (IRH) is defined as idiopathic cytopenia of undetermined significance (ICUS) patients with autoantibodies. In our previous studies, we found that IgG1 levels were increased in IRH patients and might cause the destruction of hematopoietic cells.
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an enzyme of interest in immuno-oncology because of the immunosuppressive effects that result from its role in tryptophan catabolism. IDO is upregulated in malignancy and is associated with poor prognosis in multiple cancer types. IDO inhibitors have been developed to target IDO, both directly and indirectly. Pre-clinical data have shown combined IDO and checkpoint inhibition to be an efficacious strategy for tumor control. Clinical trials of IDO inhibitors with chemothe...
Peritoneal metastasis (PM) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) without distant spread are rare. The related prognosis is poor without standard treatment available. The role of cytoreduction surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is poorly documented.
The classical development of drugs has progressively faded away, and we are currently in an era of seamless drug-development, where first-inhuman trials include unusually big expansion cohorts in the search for early signs of activity and rapid regulatory approval. The fierce competition between different pharmaceutical companies and the hype for immune combinations obliges us to question the current way in which we are evaluating these drugs. In this review, we discuss critical issues and caveats in immuno...
A key issue in immuno-oncology is how to optimize and combine antibody therapies for improved efficacy. In this issue of Immunity, Buchan et al. (2018) reveal the importance of antibody Fc region, Fc receptor availability, and sequence of administration for optimal cancer therapy with antibodies targeting the co-stimulatory receptor 4-1BB.