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PubMed Journals Articles About "United Airlines Flight Diverted York Cockpit Smoke" RSS

03:23 EST 19th February 2018 | BioPortfolio

United Airlines Flight Diverted York Cockpit Smoke PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest United Airlines Flight Diverted York Cockpit Smoke articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "United Airlines Flight Diverted York Cockpit Smoke" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,700+

Key Factors Inhibiting Legislative Progress Toward Smoke-Free Coverage in Appalachia.

The Appalachian Region has among the highest rates of smoking and smoking-related illness in the United States. Strong smoke-free legislation could help protect nonsmoking residents from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. However, there is a dearth of state, county, city, and subcounty smoke-free law coverage throughout Appalachia. As of July 2016, only 21% of Appalachian residents were covered by comprehensive smoke-free laws (i.e., 100% coverage for workplaces, restaurants, and bars). Only 46% of Ap...


Wildfire smoke exposure and human health: Significant gaps in research for a growing public health issue.

Understanding the effect of wildfire smoke exposure on human health represents a unique interdisciplinary challenge to the scientific community. Population health studies indicate that wildfire smoke is a risk to human health and increases the healthcare burden of smoke-impacted areas. However, wildfire smoke composition is complex and dynamic, making characterization and modeling difficult. Furthermore, current efforts to study the effect of wildfire smoke are limited by availability of air quality measure...

A Casino goes smoke free: a longitudinal study of secondhand and thirdhand smoke pollution and exposure.

Secondhand smoke (SHS) in US casinos is common, but little is known about the residue of tobacco smoke pollutants left behind in dust and on surfaces, commonly referred to as thirdhand smoke (THS). We examined SHS and THS pollution and exposure before and during a casino smoking ban and after smoking resumed.


Experimental study on fire smoke control using water mist curtain in channel.

The hazards of the spread of fire smoke in a channel have been recognized. This paper relates to the potential use of a water mist curtain (WMC) for preventing the spread of fire smoke, focusing particularly on smoke control at the early stage of a fire, with the aim of reducing the harm of fire smoke and allowing time for people to escape. Fatal factors for occupant evacuation in a fire, such as carbon monoxide concentration, smoke temperature, and visibility, were measured in the section controlled by the...

Smoke-Free Policies in the World's 50 Busiest Airports - August 2017.

Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products causes premature death and disease, including coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer among nonsmoking adults and sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, exacerbated asthma, respiratory symptoms, and decreased lung function in children (1,2). The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that there is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke (1). Previous CDC reports on airport smoke-free policies f...

Changes in Self-Reported Smokefree Workplace Policy Coverage Among Employed Adults-United States, 2003 and 2010-2011.

The workplace is a major source of exposure to secondhand smoke from combustible tobacco products. Smokefree workplace policies protect nonsmoking workers from secondhand smoke and help workers who smoke quit. This study examined changes in self-reported smokefree workplace policy coverage among U.S. workers from 2003 to 2010-2011.

Prevalence and location of tobacco smoke exposure outside the home in adults and children in the United States.

Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is associated with many adverse health outcomes. The goal of this study was to provide insight into the prevalence and location of self-reported TSE outside the home for US adults and children.

Identification of Deceased Children of Nepal Airlines Crash through Dental Age Estimation.

Identification of victims in a disaster is a challenging process and requires use of both primary and secondary identifiers. Development of teeth is one of the routinely used methods of age estimation and helps in establishing deceased biological profile. Two children who lost their lives in 2014 in Nepal Airlines crash, were looked for the dental developmental status. One of the children had primary dentition, while the other had mixed dentition. This helped us in estimating age of these individuals reconc...

Malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde protein adducts are found exclusively in the lungs of smokers with alcohol use disorders and are associated with systemic anti-MAA antibodies.

Malondialdehyde (MDA) and acetaldehyde (AA) exist following ethanol metabolism and tobacco pyrolysis. As such, lungs of individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUD) are a target for the effects of combined alcohol and cigarette smoke metabolites. MDA and AA form a stable protein adduct, malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) adduct, known to be immunogenic, profibrotic, and proinflammatory. MAA adduct is the dominant epitope in anti-MAA antibody formation. We hypothesized that MAA-adducted protein forms in lung...

An Electronic Health Record-Based Strategy to Address Child Tobacco Smoke Exposure.

A high proportion of children presenting to pediatric urgent cares are exposed to tobacco smoke. An electronic health record-based clinical decision support system for nurses to facilitate guideline-based tobacco smoke exposure screening and counseling for caregivers who smoke was designed and evaluated.

Smoke-free signage in public parks: impacts on smoking behaviour.

Behavioural interventions, such as smoke-free signage, are used to support air quality in public outdoor spaces that are not protected by a smoke-free policy, such as states with preemptive clause legislation. However, there is little evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions. This paper is an evaluation of whether smoke-free signage posted in public parks altered smoking behaviours of park patrons.

Use of Highways in the Sky and a Virtual Pad for Landing Head Up Display Symbology to enable improved Helicopter Pilots Situation Awareness and Workload in Degraded Visual Conditions.

Flight within degraded visual conditions is a great challenge to pilots of rotary-wing craft. Environmental cues typically used to guide interpretation of speed, location and approach can become obscured, forcing the pilots to rely on data available from in-cockpit instrumentation. To ease the task of flight during degraded visual conditions, pilots require easy access to flight critical information. The current study examined the effect of "Highways in the Sky" symbology and a conformal virtual pad for lan...

Impact of U.S. Smoke-free Air Laws on Restaurant and Bar Employment, 1990-2015.

Secondhand smoke exposure is responsible for an estimated 50,000 deaths per year among nonsmokers in the U.S. Smoke-free air laws reduce secondhand smoke exposure but often encounter opposition over concerns about their economic impact. Expansion of these laws has stagnated and efforts to weaken existing laws may exacerbate existing disparities in exposure. Studies at the state and local levels have found that smoke-free air laws do not generally have an adverse effect, but there are no recent estimates of ...

Detection and Separation of Smoke From Single Image Frames.

This paper proposes novel methods for detecting and separating smoke from a single image frame. Specifically, an image formation model is derived based on the atmospheric scattering models. The separation of a frame into quasi-smoke and quasi-background components is formulated as convex optimization that solves a sparse representation problem using dual dictionaries for the smoke and background components, respectively. A novel feature is constructed as a concatenation of the respective sparse coefficients...

Establishing Smoke-Free Homes in the Indigenous Populations of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States: A Systematic Literature Review.

A smoke-free home can have multiple benefits by reducing exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS), supporting quit attempts among active smokers, and discouraging adolescents from taking up smoking. The aim of this review was to summarize the literature on the establishment of smoke-free homes in Indigenous populations and identify the supporting influences and barriers, using the Social Cognitive Theory lens. A search of the Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration and PyscINFO databases and manual searches of re...

Cigarette Smoke Regulates the Competitive Interactions between NRF2 and BACH1 for Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction.

Cigarette smoke has been shown to trigger aberrant signaling pathways and pathophysiological processes; however, the regulatory mechanisms underlying smoke-induced gene expression remain to be established. Herein, we observed that two smoke-responsive genes, HO-1 and CYP1A1, are robustly induced upon smoke by different mechanisms in human bronchial epithelia. CYP1A1 is mediated by aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling, while induction of HO-1 is regulated by oxidative stress, and suppressed by N-acetylcystein...

Role of outstretched fore legs of flying beetles revealed and demonstrated by remote leg stimulation in free flight.

In flight, many insects fold their forelegs tightly close to the body, which naturally decreases drag or air resistance. However, flying beetles stretch out their forelegs for some reason. Why do they adopt this posture in flight? Here, we show the role of the stretched forelegs in beetle Mecynorrhina torquata flight. Using leg motion tracking and electromyography in flight, we found that the forelegs were voluntarily swung clockwise in yaw to induce counter-clockwise rotation of the body for turning left, ...

Major depression and secondhand smoke exposure.

Epidemiological studies have consistently linked smoking to poor mental health. Among non-smokers, some studies have also reported associations between secondhand smoke exposure and psychological symptoms. However, an association between secondhand smoke exposure and depressive disorders has not been well established.

Can bats can sense smoke during deep torpor?

While torpor is a beneficial energy-saving strategy, it may incur costs if an animal is unable to respond appropriately to external stimuli, which is particularly true when it is necessary to escape from threats such as fire. We aimed to determine whether torpid bats, which are potentially threatened because they must fly to escape, can sense smoke and whether respiration rate (RR), heart rate (HR) and reaction time of torpid bats prior to and following smoke introduction is temperature-dependent. To test t...

Cigarette Smoke Induces Activation of Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes.

Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exposure to cigarette smoke may stimulate inflammatory response and activate polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) thus resulting in secretion of cellular proteases. The aim of our study was to explore the effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on the release of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) from PMN.

The aerodynamics of flight in an insect flight-mill.

Predicting the dispersal of pest insects is important for pest management schemes. Flight-mills provide a simple way to evaluate the flight potential of insects, but there are several complications in relating tethered-flight to natural flight. We used high-speed video to evaluate the effect of flight-mill design on flight of the red palm weevil (Rynchophorous ferruginneus) in four variants of a flight-mill. Two variants had the rotating radial arm pivoted on the main shaft of the rotation axis, allowing fr...

Quantitating Volatile Phenols in Cabernet Franc Berries and Wine after On-Vine Exposure to Smoke from a Simulated Forest Fire.

Smoke-taint is a wine defect linked to organoleptic volatile phenols (VPs) in Vitis vinifera L. berries that have been exposed to smoke from wildland fires. Herein, the levels of smoke-taint-associated VPs are reported in Cabernet Franc berries from veraison to commercial maturity and in wine after primary fermentation following on-vine exposure to simulated wildland fire smoke. VPs increased after smoke exposure, were rapidly stored as acid-labile conjugates, and the levels of both free VPs and conjugated ...

Hip and knee arthroplasty utilization and outcomes in the United States and Canada: an analysis of New York and Ontario administrative data.

Total knee and total hip arthroplasty (TKA and THA) are common and effective surgical procedures. We compared utilization and short-term outcomes of primary TKA and THA in adjacent regions of Canada and the United States.

Does Adding Information on Toxic Constituents to Cigarette Pack Warnings Increase Smokers' Perceptions About the Health Risks of Smoking? A Longitudinal Study in Australia, Canada, Mexico, and the United States.

Health warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packs in Australia, Canada, Mexico, and the United States include varying information about toxic cigarette smoke constituents and smoking-related health risks. HWL information changed more recently in Australia, Canada, and Mexico than in the United States.

Environmental tobacco smoke and peripheral arterial disease: A review.

Despite worldwide reductions in active smoking, non-smokers continue to be exposed to environmental tobacco smoke, especially at home or workplace. There is a well-recognised association between active smoking and peripheral arterial disease, however, a relationship to environmental tobacco smoke exposure is less substantiated. The aims of this paper are to review the literature regarding the association between environmental tobacco smoke and peripheral arterial disease and identify the public health impli...


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