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12:57 EDT 21st March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "University Maryland Dedicates James Clark Hall Transforming Region" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,600+

Growth of the James Cook University Medical Program: Maintaining quality, continuing the vision, developing postgraduate pathways.

James Cook University (JCU) enrolled its first cohort of 64 in 2000 into a 6-year undergraduate medical program aimed at producing graduates capable of meeting the needs of North Queensland, Australia, with a focus on rural, remote, Indigenous and tropical health. The school's 1465 graduates over 13 cohorts who have a pattern of practice likely to meet the region's health needs. The JCU course was the first new Australian medical program for 25 years. The number of Australian medical schools has since dou...

Transport Signatures of the Hall Viscosity.

Hall viscosity is a nondissipative response function describing momentum transport in two-dimensional systems with broken parity. It is quantized in the quantum Hall regime, and contains information about the topological order of the quantum Hall state. Hall viscosity can distinguish different quantum Hall states with identical Hall conductances, but different topological order. To date, an experimentally accessible signature of Hall viscosity is lacking. We exploit the fact that Hall viscosity contributes ...

"Perplexed in the extreme": The Holt-James controversy of 1902.

Although William James never again reprised his lectures on psychology for teachers at Harvard, he spent most of the 1890s presenting them throughout the country. For all his complaints about them, this was a fine source of income and he used the opportunity to revise and refine them over the rest of the decade. By the end of the 1890s, he was prepared to put the talks down in book form, and turned to his long-time publisher, Henry Holt. The two men first became acquainted with each other when James agreed ...

Interview with Prof. Shannon N. Conley, James Madison University. Why Does Social Context of Technology Matter?

The rebirthing of the Kevin O' Day animal slides collection.

The Kevin O Day Animal Slides Collection consists of over a thousand slides of exotic and rare animal eye samples collected with the aid of Dr O'Day's contacts at University of Melbourne and the Healesville Wildlife Sanctuary including Professor Wood Jones (Melbourne University), Sir James Barrett (first president of Ophthalmological Society of Australia), and Sir Colin McKenzie.

Success rates of Hall technique crowns in primary molars: a retrospective pilot study.

The purpose of this retrospective observational study was to assess success rates, both clinical and radiographic, of stainless steel crowns (SSCs) placed on primary molars using the Hall technique. A retrospective analysis was performed on recorded data of patients with any primary molar treated with an SSC that was placed using the Hall technique at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry during 2011-2015. The primary outcome measure was the success or failure of the SSCs placed with the Hall techniqu...

A nontrivial crossover in topological Hall effect regimes.

We propose a new theory of the topological Hall effect (THE) in systems with non-collinear magnetization textures such as magnetic skyrmions. We solve the problem of electron scattering on a magnetic skyrmion exactly, for an arbitrary strength of exchange interaction and the skyrmion size. We report the existence of different regimes of THE and resolve the apparent contradiction between the adiabatic Berry phase theoretical approach and the perturbation theory for THE. We traced how the topological charge H...

Investigating Anisotropic Quantum Hall States with Bimetric Geometry.

We construct a low energy effective theory of anisotropic fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states. We develop a formalism similar to that used in the bimetric approach to massive gravity, and apply it to describe Abelian anisotropic FQH states in the presence of external electromagnetic and geometric backgrounds. We derive a relationship between the shift, the Hall viscosity, and a new quantized coupling to anisotropy, which we term anisospin. We verify this relationship by numerically computing the Hall visco...

Strong Enhancement of the Spin Hall Effect by Spin Fluctuations near the Curie Point of Fe_{x}Pt_{1-x} Alloys.

Robust spin Hall effects (SHE) have recently been observed in nonmagnetic heavy metal systems with strong spin-orbit interactions. These SHE are either attributed to an intrinsic band-structure effect or to extrinsic spin-dependent scattering from impurities, namely, side jump or skew scattering. Here we report on an extraordinarily strong spin Hall effect, attributable to spin fluctuations, in ferromagnetic Fe_{x}Pt_{1-x} alloys near their Curie point, tunable with x. This results in a dampinglike spin-orb...

3D Quantum Hall Effect of Fermi Arcs in Topological Semimetals.

The quantum Hall effect is usually observed in 2D systems. We show that the Fermi arcs can give rise to a distinctive 3D quantum Hall effect in topological semimetals. Because of the topological constraint, the Fermi arc at a single surface has an open Fermi surface, which cannot host the quantum Hall effect. Via a "wormhole" tunneling assisted by the Weyl nodes, the Fermi arcs at opposite surfaces can form a complete Fermi loop and support the quantum Hall effect. The edge states of the Fermi arcs show a u...

Maryland Action Coalition: Academic Progression Takes Several Pathways.

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the Maryland Action Coalition academic progression activities.

Safety and Feasibility of Early Physical Therapy for Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator: University of Maryland Medical Center Experience.

To examine the feasibility and safety of mobilizing patients while on extracorporeal membranous oxygenation support.

Exciton Hall effect in monolayer MoS2.

The spontaneous Hall effect driven by the quantum Berry phase (which serves as an internal magnetic flux in momentum space) manifests the topological nature of quasiparticles and can be used to control the information flow, such as spin and valley. We report a Hall effect of excitons (fundamental composite particles of electrons and holes that dominate optical responses in semiconductors). By polarization-resolved photoluminescence mapping, we directly observed the Hall effect of excitons in monolayer MoS2 ...

Violent Death Reporting in Maryland: Demographic Variability in Data Completeness.

To analyze the completeness of precipitating circumstance information recorded in the Maryland Violent Death Reporting System and identify limitations that could affect the system's utility.

Book Reviews Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine ( 10th edn ) Ian B Wilkinson , Tim Raine , Kate Wiles , Anna Goodhart , Catriona Hall , Harriet O'Neill Oxford University Press 2017 Price £29.99 . Pp 904 ISBN 9780199689903 Textbook of Critical Care ( 7th edn ) Jean-Louis Vincent , Edward Abraham , Patrick Kochanek , Frederick Moore , Mitchell Fink Elsevier 2017 Price £176.99 . Pp 1408 ISBN 9780

Impact of Auditory Integrative Training (AIT) on Transforming Growth Factor Beta 1 (TGF-β1) and Its Effect on Behavioural and Social Emotions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

To explore the impact of auditory integrative training (AIT) on inflammatory biomarker transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and to assess its effect on social behaviours in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Broadband Photonic Spin Hall Meta-Lens.

Meta-lens represents a promising solution for optical communications and information processing owing to its miniaturization capability and unique optical properties. Here, spin Hall meta-lens is demonstrated to manipulate photonic spin-dependent splitting induced by spin-orbital interaction in transverse and longitudinal directions simultaneously at visible wavelengths, with low dispersion and more than 90% diffraction efficiency. The broadband dielectric spin Hall meta-lens is achieved by integrating two ...

Interplay of Chiral and Helical States in a Quantum Spin Hall Insulator Lateral Junction.

We study the electronic transport across an electrostatically gated lateral junction in a HgTe quantum well, a canonical 2D topological insulator, with and without an applied magnetic field. We control the carrier density inside and outside a junction region independently and hence tune the number and nature of 1D edge modes propagating in each of those regions. Outside the bulk gap, the magnetic field drives the system to the quantum Hall regime, and chiral states propagate at the edge. In this regime, we ...

Outcomes of Ventral Hernia Repair With Concomitant Panniculectomy.

Combined ventral hernia repair and panniculectomy (VHR/PAN) is controversial, and the safety profile including anticipated complications has been questioned. We present a retrospective case series review of patients from the University of Maryland Medical Center to help surgeons counsel patients on the risks and benefits of this procedure.

Enhancing the Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect by Magnetic Codoping in a Topological Insulator.

The quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect, which has been realized in magnetic topological insulators (TIs), is the key to applications of dissipationless quantum Hall edge states in electronic devices. However, investigations and utilizations of the QAH effect are limited by the ultralow temperatures needed to reach full quantization-usually below 100 mK in either Cr- or V-doped (Bi,Sb)2 Te3 of the two experimentally confirmed QAH materials. Here it is shown that by codoping Cr and V magnetic elements in (Bi...

The first report of the ante-mortem diagnosis of Ollulanus tricuspis infection in two dogs.

NOTE Internal Medicine The first report of the ante-mortem diagnosis of Ollulanus tricuspis infection in two dogs Daiki KATO(1)), Mariko OISHI(1)), Koichi OHNO(1)*), Ko NAKASHIMA(1)), Atsuhito WADA(1)), Tatsushi MORITA(2)), Soichi IMAI(2)), Masaya TSUBOI(3)), James K. CHAMBERS(3)), Kazuyuki UCHIDA(3)) and Hajime TSUJIMOTO(1))(1))Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan (2))Division of...

Topological Phase Transitions in the Photonic Spin Hall Effect.

The recent synthesis of two-dimensional staggered materials opens up burgeoning opportunities to study optical spin-orbit interactions in semiconducting Dirac-like systems. We unveil topological phase transitions in the photonic spin Hall effect in the graphene family materials. It is shown that an external static electric field and a high frequency circularly polarized laser allow for active on-demand manipulation of electromagnetic beam shifts. The spin Hall effect of light presents a rich dependence with...

Anomalous Hall Effect in Type-I Weyl Metals.

We study the ac anomalous Hall conductivity σ_{xy}(ω) of a Weyl semimetal with broken time-reversal symmetry. Even in the absence of free carriers these materials exhibit a "universal" anomalous Hall response determined solely by the locations of the Weyl nodes. We show that the free carriers, which are generically present in an undoped Weyl semimetal, give an additional contribution to the ac Hall conductivity. We elucidate the phy146sical mechanism of the effect and develop a microscopic theory of the f...

Covariant Conservation Laws and the Spin Hall Effect in Dirac-Rashba Systems.

We present a theoretical analysis of two-dimensional Dirac-Rashba systems in the presence of disorder and external perturbations. We unveil a set of exact symmetry relations (Ward identities) that impose strong constraints on the spin dynamics of Dirac fermions subject to proximity-induced interactions. This allows us to demonstrate that an arbitrary dilute concentration of scalar impurities results in the total suppression of nonequilibrium spin Hall currents when only Rashba spin-orbit coupling is present...

Microscopic origin of the valley Hall effect in transition metal dichalcogenides revealed by wavelength dependent mapping.

The band structure of many semiconducting monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) possesses two degenerate valleys, with equal and opposite Berry curvature. It has been predicted that, when illuminated with circularly polarized light, interband transitions generate an unbalanced non-equilibrium population of electrons and holes in these valleys, resulting in a finite Hall voltage at zero magnetic field when a current flows through the system. This is the so-called valley Hall effect that has recen...

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