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PubMed Journals Articles About "Unrest Growing Zimbabwe Tanks Close Capital" RSS

09:48 EDT 25th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Unrest Growing Zimbabwe Tanks Close Capital PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Unrest Growing Zimbabwe Tanks Close Capital articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Unrest Growing Zimbabwe Tanks Close Capital" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,100+

Looters or political protesters? Attributions for civil unrest in American cities.

Civil unrest and riots in the U.S. engender considerable attention. Much of the civil unrest from the 1960s, and recent incidents, likely result from many factors, including poverty, police practices, and negative motivations of some unrest participants. However, not all observers view these events from the same perspective. We contend that individuals often interpret events through social identities, such as race and partisanship, and thus causal attributions for unrest differ widely. We employ data from t...


HIV infection in patients with sexually transmitted infections in Zimbabwe - Results from the Zimbabwe STI etiology study.

HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) frequently co-occur. We conducted HIV diagnostic testing in an assessment of the etiologies of major STI syndromes in Zimbabwe.

A tale of two Harlems: Gentrification, social capital, and implications for aging in place.

Increasingly, older adults desire to remain in their communities for as long as possible, referred to as "aging in place". While much of the aging in place literature focuses on housing specifically, there is a growing sense that social capital and community connectedness are important to the aging in place experience. The current study explores social capital in a gentrifying community to better understand the effects of rapid neighborhood change on older, African American adults.


Measuring wealth in rural communities: Lessons from the Sanitation, Hygiene, Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial.

Poverty and human capital development are inextricably linked and therefore research on human capital typically incorporates measures of economic well-being. In the context of randomized trials of health interventions, for example, such measures are used to: 1) assess baseline balance; 2) estimate covariate-adjusted analyses; and 3) conduct subgroup analyses. Many factors characterize economic well-being, however, and analysts often generate summary measures such as indices of household socio-economic statu...

What is the association between social capital and diabetes mellitus? A systematic review.

Social capital has been included as an element that could influence the self-perception of health, mortality and mental diseases. We systematically reviewed papers that studied the influence of social capital in the control of diabetes mellitus (DM). We included studies published up to Feb. 16, 2017, without restriction of time or year of publication. Quantitative studies were included since they presented one well-defined parameter to evaluate DM and specifically measured social capital. We used the PRISMA...

The emerging health impact of voluntary medical male circumcision in Zimbabwe: An evaluation using three epidemiological models.

Zimbabwe adopted voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as a priority HIV prevention strategy in 2007 and began implementation in 2009. We evaluated the costs and impact of this VMMC program to date and in future.

"Who'll do all these if I'm not around?": Bonding social capital and health and well-being of inpatients.

Although social capital influences health-related decisions and behavioural patterns in many developing countries, minimal attention has been paid to the nuances of its effect on healthcare. This paper examines how bonding social capital affects healthcare delivery for inpatients in Ghana.

Association Between Community Social Capital and Hospital Readmission Rates.

Hospital readmissions remain frequent, and are partly attributable to patients' social needs. The authors sought to examine whether local community levels of social capital are associated with hospital readmission rates. Social capital refers to the connections among members of a society that foster norms of reciprocity and trust, which may influence the availability of support for postdischarge recovery after hospitalization. Associations between hospital-wide, risk-stratified readmission rates for hospita...

Social Capital, Community Capacity, and Health.

The capacity to practice health behavior is different for each individual. Community capacity and social capital deal with understanding the relationship between community members and with the factors that promote or delay collective activities. This study examines existing literature in relation to social capital, health, and community capacity. Bonding social capital shows the average value of the extent to which individuals trust each other and participate in groups, whereas bridging social capital shows...

Is community social capital associated with subjective symptoms of dementia among older people? A cross-sectional study in Japan.

Many studies have reported the preventive effects of community social capital on health outcomes, such as mortality and incidence of diseases. However, evidence on the association between community social capital and dementia-related outcomes remains sparse. The present study examined the contextual association of social capital with subjective symptoms of dementia among community-dwelling older adults in Japan, using a population-based, large-scale questionnaire survey.

Estimating the prevalence of Brucellosis in cattle in Zimbabwe from samples submitted to the Central Veterinary Laboratory between 2010 and 2014.

Brucellosis is a disease caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Brucella, which is endemic in sub-Saharan African countries, including Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe has a widespread dairy industry with peri-urban dairy establishments built in order to improve milk availability to rural communities. This study has been the first attempt to estimate the prevalence of brucellosis in Zimbabwe as a whole, using samples submitted to the Central veterinary laboratory between 2010 and 2014. A total of 156 farms were tested...

Serosurveillance of Coxiellosis (Q-fever) and Brucellosis in goats in selected provinces of Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Goat raising is a growing industry in Lao People's Democratic Republic, with minimal disease investigation to date especially zoonoses. This study determined the proportional seropositivity of two zoonotic diseases: Q fever (causative agent Coxiella burnetii) and Brucellosis (Brucella species) in goats across five provinces (Vientiane Capital, Xayaboury, Xiengkhuang, Savannakhet and Attapeu). A total of 1458 goat serum samples were tested using commercial indirect ELISA for both pathogens, plus Rose Bengal ...

Social capital interventions in public health: A systematic review.

Despite two decades of research on social capital and health, intervention studies remain scarce. We performed a systematic review on social capital interventions in public health and searched the Pubmed and PsychInfo databases. The majority of interventions we identified focused on individual level change (e.g. encouraging social participation), as opposed to community level change. We included 17 manuscripts in the systematic review. We categorized studies according to the role of social capital in the in...

A comparative study of social capital and hospital readmission in older adults.

Numerous factors contribute to hospital readmissions of older adults. The role social capital may play in preventing hospital readmissions is unknown. The aim of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to determine if levels of personal social capital differ in two groups of patients aged 65 and older, those readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of discharge and those not readmitted. Participants in this study (N = 106) were community-dwelling older adults discharged from 11 hospitals in the Mid...

Social capital and Internet use in an age-comparative perspective with a focus on later life.

Older adults (aged 65+) are still less likely to adopt the Internet when compared to other age groups, although their usage is increasing. To explore the societal effects of Internet usage, scholars have been using social capital as an analytical tool. Social capital pertains to the resources that are potentially available in one's social ties. As the Internet becomes a prominent source of information, communication, and participation in industrialized countries, it is critical to study how it affects socia...

The relationship between cultural capital and lifestyle health behaviours in young people: a systematic review.

While the universal prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours is high, cultural capital as a non-material resource shaping individuals' tastes can provide a substantial insight into different lifestyle behaviour choices. The aim of the present systematic review was to examine the evidence on the association between the three forms of cultural capital and lifestyle health behaviours.

Do Multiple Forms of Social Capital Mediate the Relationship Between Parental Violence and Children's Maladaptive Behaviors?

Many things can harm children's well-being. Among them, exposure to parental violence makes children vulnerable and often leads to aggression and/or depression. However, not all children who have suffered parental violence show aggressive behavior or depressive mood. Social capital, defined as resources accruing from interpersonal relationships, was proposed to significantly mediate the relationships among adverse experiences and their negative impacts. In previous studies, social capital accrued from paren...

Present-day monitoring underestimates the risk of exposure to pathogenic bacteria from cold water storage tanks.

Water-borne bacteria, found in cold water storage tanks, are causative agents for various human infections and diseases including Legionnaires' disease. Consequently, regular microbiological monitoring of tank water is undertaken as part of the regulatory framework used to control pathogenic bacteria. A key assumption is that a small volume of water taken from under the ball valve (where there is easy access to the stored water) will be representative of the entire tank. To test the reliability of this meas...

How well does the process of screening and diagnosis work for HIV-infected persons identified with presumptive tuberculosis who are attending HIV care and treatment clinics in Harare city, Zimbabwe?

Intensified TB case finding is recommended for all HIV-infected persons regularly attending HIV care and treatment clinics. The authors aimed to determine how well this system worked among HIV-infected patients diagnosed with presumptive TB in 14 health facilities of Harare province, Zimbabwe, between January and December 2016.

Resident Wellness and Social Support: Development and Cognitive Validation of a Resident Social Capital Assessment Tool.

The purpose of this study is to develop and generate validity evidence for an instrument to measure social capital in residents.

Evidence suggests a need to rethink social capital and social capital interventions.

In the 21 years since social capital first appeared in the public health literature, the evidence base has grown enormously, now reaching 28 systematic reviews encompassing more than 850 individual studies. We summarise this evidence and explain why conclusions relating to both the relationship between social capital and health, and the effectiveness of interventions to promote population health remain elusive and contradictory. A critical factor is the inadequate way that context is treated in the research...

Pupillary Unrest in Ambient Light and Prediction of Opioid Responsiveness: Case Report on Its Utility in the Management of 2 Patients With Challenging Acute Pain Conditions.

Pupillary unrest in ambient light (PUAL), the normal pattern of pupil diameter fluctuation present in awake humans, has been proposed as a marker of central opioid effect. We report 2 cases in which PUAL identified the appropriate pain management for 2 patients, each with unique, challenging acute pain conditions. In both cases, PUAL accurately predicted opioid responsiveness, suggesting an effective, individualized analgesic approach for both patients.

Community health worker support to improve HIV treatment outcomes for older children and adolescents in Zimbabwe: a process evaluation of the ZENITH trial.

Community health worker (CHW)-delivered support visits to children living with HIV and their caregivers significantly reduced odds of virological failure among the children in the ZENITH trial conducted in Zimbabwe. We conducted a process evaluation to assess fidelity, acceptability, and feasibility of this intervention to identify lessons that could inform replication and scale-up of this approach.

Evaluation of ecological sustainability based on a revised three-dimensional ecological footprint model in Shandong Province, China.

This study used the revised three-dimensional ecological footprint model (3DEF), to calculate the status of sustainable ecological development in Shandong Province in 2010-2015, analyze dynamic changes in sustainability characteristics, and explore factors affecting sustainable development. The results showed the following (Wackernagel & Rees, 1996). Seventeen prefecture-level cities featured varying degrees of ecological deficits, and ecological development was unsustainable in all cities (Wackernagel et a...

Children's education and parental old age survival - Quasi-experimental evidence on the intergenerational effects of human capital investment.

While a large literature has investigated the role of parental human capital on children's well-being, relatively little is known regarding the effects of human capital investment in children on long run outcomes of parents. In this study we explore the human capital variations created by the 1974 Tanzania education reform to estimate the effect of children's primary schooling attainment on parental survival. Using 5,026,315 census records from 1988, 2002, and 2012, we show that the 1974 reform resulted in ...


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