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12:10 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Updating Measles Guidelines HCWs" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,900+

Measles immunity in an Italian teaching hospital.

Healthcare workers (HCWs) have an increased exposure risk to measles, which can put them, their patients and their relatives at risk of infection. In Italy, 4617 cases of measles were reported in 2017; 302 involving HCWs. According to the Italian National Immunization and Prevention Plan, all HCWs should have demonstrable evidence of immunity to measles.

Measles Outbreak in a Highly Vaccinated Population - Israel, July-August 2017.

On August 6, 2017, the Israeli Defense Force Public Heath Branch (IDFPHB) was notified of two suspected measles cases. IDFPHB conducted an epidemiologic investigation, which identified nine measles cases in a population with high measles vaccination coverage. All measles patients had signs and symptoms consistent with modified measles (i.e., less severe disease with milder rash, fever, or both, with or without other mild typical measles symptoms). A total of 1,392 contacts were identified, and 162 received ...

The Clinical Impact and Cost-effectiveness of MMR Vaccination to Prevent Measles Importations among US International Travelers.

Measles importations and subsequent spread from US travelers returning from abroad are responsible for most measles cases in the US. Increasing measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination among departing US travelers could reduce the clinical impact and costs of measles in the US.

Studies into the mechanism of measles-associated immune suppression during a measles outbreak in the Netherlands.

Measles causes a transient immune suppression, leading to increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections. In experimentally infected non-human primates (NHPs) measles virus (MV) infects and depletes pre-existing memory lymphocytes, causing immune amnesia. A measles outbreak in the Dutch Orthodox Protestant community provided a unique opportunity to study the pathogenesis of measles immune suppression in unvaccinated children. In peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of prodromal measles patients, ...

Public Health Responses during Measles Outbreaks in Elimination Settings: Strategies and Challenges.

In late September 2016, the Americas became the first region in the world to have eliminated endemic transmission of measles virus. Several other countries have also verified measles elimination, and countries in all six World Health Organization regions have adopted measles elimination goals. The public health strategies used to respond to measles outbreaks in elimination settings are thus becoming relevant to more countries. This review highlights the strategies used to limit measles spread in elimination...

The SCARE 2018 Statement: Updating Consensus Surgical CAse REport (SCARE) Guidelines.

The SCARE Guidelines were published in 2016 to provide a structure for reporting surgical case reports. Since their publication, SCARE guidelines have been widely endorsed by authors, journal editors, and reviewers, and have helped to improve reporting transparency of case reports across a range of surgical specialties. In order to encourage further progress in reporting quality, the SCARE guidelines must themselves be kept up to date. We completed a Delphi consensus exercise to update the SCARE guidelines.

Measles in Children.

Measles, which until recently had been a rare disease in the United States, is re-emerging in our communities due to a combination of increased global mobility and decreased vaccinations across the country. As providers, we need to reacquaint ourselves with this disease so that we may diagnose it as well as educate our patients on how to prevent it. With public resistance to vaccinations on the rise, it is also important to be prepared to answer questions about the measles vaccine, its efficacy, and its sid...

Follicle and Sebaceous Gland Multinucleated Cells in Measles.

We report the case of a 32-year-old man with measles in which skin biopsy helped to establish a definitive diagnosis. Follicular involvement is a common histopathologic feature of measles. Multinucleated epidermal and follicular cells are distinctive findings.

Measles Seroprevalence and Vaccine Responses in HIV-Infected Adolescents and Adults: A Systematic Review.

The World Health Organization recommends an additional dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) for HIV-infected children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) following immune reconstitution. We conducted a systematic review to synthesize available evidence regarding measles seroprevalence and measles vaccine immunogenicity, efficacy, and safety in HIV-infected adolescents and adults to provide the evidence base for recommendations on the need for measles vaccination.

Measles control in a measles-eliminated country, Japan.

Maternal measles antibodies and their influence on all-cause mortality following measles vaccination: an alternative to measure very low maternal antibody levels.

It was previously shown by hemagglutination inhibition that measles-vaccination in the presence of maternal measles antibodies was associated with reduced all-cause mortality. We confirmed this serological association using a multiplexed immunoassay as a sensitive alternative and estimated a threshold concentration (28.7 mIU/ml), that correlates with lower all-cause mortality (p=0.02).

Progress Toward Regional Measles Elimination - Worldwide, 2000-2017.

In 2010, the World Health Assembly set three milestones for measles prevention to be achieved by 2015: 1) increase routine coverage with the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) among children aged 1 year to ≥90% at the national level and to ≥80% in every district; 2) reduce global annual measles incidence to less than five cases per million population; and 3) reduce global measles mortality by 95% from the 2000 estimate (1).* In 2012, the World Health Assembly endorsed the Global Vaccine Act...

The PROCESS 2018 Statement: Updating Consensus Preferred Reporting Of CasE Series in Surgery (PROCESS) Guidelines.

The PROCESS guidelines were published in 2016 to provide a structure for reporting surgical case series. The PROCESS guidelines have since been widely endorsed by a number of journals. The requirement to report compliance with each item outlined in the PROCESS statement has improved the reporting transparency of case series across a number of surgical specialties. Here, we undertook a new Delphi consensus exercise to update the PROCESS guidelines.

Measles vaccination in an increasingly immunized and developed world.

Increased measles immunization has led to a significant decline in measles incidence and mortality. During 2016 it is estimated that fewer than 100,000 died from measles for the first time in recorded history. In highly immunized countries measles epidemiology has changed. Threats to national elimination goals and public health include aging cohorts of naïve people that exist from imperfect vaccination rates during the early years of immunization programs. This may be complemented by some loss of immunity ...

Progress Toward Measles Elimination - Western Pacific Region, 2013-2017.

In 2005, the Regional Committee for the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region (WPR)* established a goal for measles elimination by 2012 (1). To achieve this goal, the 37 WPR countries and areas implemented the recommended strategies in the WPR Plan of Action for Measles Elimination (2) and the Field Guidelines for Measles Elimination (3). The strategies include 1) achieving and maintaining ≥95% coverage with 2 doses of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) through routine immunization services...

Monitoring the age-specificity of measles transmissions during 2009-2016 in Southern China.

Despite several immunization efforts, China saw a resurgence of measles in 2012. Monitoring of transmissions of individuals from different age groups could offer information that would be valuable for planning adequate disease control strategies. We compared the age-specific effective reproductive numbers (R) of measles during 2009-2016 in Guangdong, China.

Assessment of vaccine effectiveness during measles outbreak in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2014-2015.

Between February 2014 and September 2015 a large measles outbreak (5,084 cases) occurred in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H). The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of routine measles vaccination in the FB&H.

Use of the revised World Health Organization cluster survey methodology to classify measles-rubella vaccination campaign coverage in 47 counties in Kenya, 2016.

To achieve measles elimination, two doses of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) are provided through routine immunization services or vaccination campaigns. In May 2016, Kenya conducted a measles-rubella (MR) vaccination campaign targeting 19 million children aged 9 months-14 years, with a goal of achieving ≥95% coverage. We conducted a post-campaign cluster survey to estimate national coverage and classify coverage in Kenya's 47 counties.

Feasibility of using postal and web-based surveys to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis among health care workers in South Africa.

Health Care Workers (HCWs) are among the highest risk groups for contracting tuberculosis (TB), which is ranked the third most common occupational health disease in South Africa. Little is known about the true extent of the burden of TB among South African HCWs and current surveillance approaches are inadequate. The study aimed to determine the feasibility of using postal and web-based surveys accessed through registries of registered professionals to estimate the prevalence of TB among HCWs in South Africa...

Serial testing of healthcare workers for latent tuberculosis infection and long-term follow up for development of active tuberculosis.

Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection due to occupational exposure. It is important to diagnose TB infections in HCWs to prevent nosocomial transmission, particularly among immunocompromised patients.

Fever and Rash: Revisiting Measles.

Fever and rash are a common combination of symptoms in the young adult patient. The etiologic investigation is usually oriented towards the most common diseases, but atypical presentations of less frequent conditions should also be recalled. We describe the case of a 44 year-old Portuguese woman who presented with fever, conjunctivitis, cough and rash, rapidly evolving to hepatitis and extensive pneumonia with respiratory failure. Although she claimed to be vaccinated according to the national immunisati...

Treatment efficiency of a hybrid constructed wetland system for municipal wastewater and its suitability for crop irrigation.

Design and implementation of wastewater treatment is inevitable due to toxic effects of wastewater irrigation on crops, soil and human health. Current investigation is the pioneer attempt on full-scale hybrid constructed wetland system (HCWS) built for municipal wastewater treatment from Pakistan. HCWS was comprised of vertical sub-surface flow constructed wetland (VSSF-CW) and five phyto-treatment ponds connected in series. Higher environmental risk was associated with untreated municipal wastewater usage ...

Prevalence and determinants of latent tuberculosis infection among frontline tuberculosis healthcare workers in southeastern China: a multilevel analysis by individuals and health facilities.

Healthcare workers (HCWs) suffered high risks for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and the baseline prevalence of LTBI remain unknown among frontline TB HCWs in southeastern China. We ained to assess the prevalence of LTBI among TB HCWs and to analyze associated factors for LTBI at both individual and institutional levels.

Measles high school vaccination program, 2014-2015: online survey of parents in NSW, Australia.

In 2014, a high school-based measles supplementary immunisation activity (SIA) took place in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, in response to a large number of adolescents being identified as undervaccinated or unvaccinated against measles. The program focused on areas of NSW where previous measles outbreaks had occurred and where large numbers of undervaccinated adolescents lived. More than 11 000 students were vaccinated in 2014, and the program continued in 2015, when more than 4000 students in Years 11 ...

hCD46 receptor is not required for measles vaccine Schwarz strain replication in vivo: Type-I IFN is the species barrier in mice.

Measles virus has been successfully attenuated on chicken embryo cells to obtain a highly efficient and safe live attenuated vaccine, administered thus far to billions of children. Measles virus attenuation has long been described to involve a modification of cellular tropism with the use of human CD46 ubiquitous receptor. Nevertheless, the use of this receptor in vivo is not obvious. In this study we use four different mouse models to decipher the respective part of hCD46 receptor and type-I interferon res...

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