PubMed Journals Articles About "Uptake Genetic Testing Children Lynch Syndrome Variant Carriers" RSS

18:21 EDT 19th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Uptake genetic testing children Lynch syndrome variant carriers" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

Universal Screening for Lynch Syndrome in Endometrial Cancers: Frequency of Germline Mutations and Identification of Patients with Lynch-Like Syndrome.

Lynch syndrome (LS) is an inherited clinical syndrome characterized by a high risk of colorectal, endometrial (lifetime risk of up to 60%), ovarian and urinary tract cancers. The diagnosis is confirmed by identification of germline mutations in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, MSH6, or EPCAM. In 2015, our institution implemented universal screening of endometrial cancer hysterectomy specimens by MMR immunohistochemistry (IHC) with reflex MLH1 promoter hypermethylation analysis for tumor...

Identification and Management of TP53 Gene Carriers Detected Through Multigene Panel Testing.

The increasing use of multigene panel tests may reveal an unexpected pathogenic variant in the tumor protein p53 (TP53) gene among individuals who do not meet clinical criteria for Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Among a registry-based sample of individuals with a pathogenic (P) or likely pathogenic (LP) variant in TP53, we sought to characterize the original clinical context in which genetic testing was performed, the personal and family history and whether they met clinical LFS criteria, and the follow-up car...

Cancer risk and survival in path_MMR carriers by gene and gender up to 75 years of age: a report from the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database.

Most patients with path_MMR gene variants (Lynch syndrome (LS)) now survive both their first and subsequent cancers, resulting in a growing number of older patients with LS for whom limited information exists with respect to cancer risk and survival.

Genetic Testing for Cardiomyopathies in Clinical Practice.

Cardiac genetic testing for inherited cardiomyopathies has become a routine aspect of care. Advances in genetic testing technologies have made testing more comprehensive and affordable. With this increase come greater understanding of the genetic basis of these diseases, but also shines a light on the challenges. Ability to ascertain whether a rare variant is causative of disease is problematic. A genetic diagnosis in a family can offer an invaluable tool for cascade genetic testing of at-risk relatives and...

Lynch Syndrome: Genomics Update and Imaging Review.

Lynch syndrome is the most common hereditary cancer syndrome, the most common cause of heritable colorectal cancer, and the only known heritable cause of endometrial cancer. Other cancers associated with Lynch syndrome include cancers of the ovary, stomach, urothelial tract, and small bowel, and less frequently, cancers of the brain, biliary tract, pancreas, and prostate. The oncogenic tendency of Lynch syndrome stems from a set of genomic alterations of mismatch repair proteins. Defunct mismatch repair pro...

Lynch Syndrome and Muir-Torre Syndrome: An update and review on the genetics, epidemiology, and management of two related disorders.

Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC), also known as Lynch Syndrome, is an autosomal dominant, tumor predisposing disorder usuallycaused by germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. A subset of HNPCC, Muir-Torre Syndrome (MTS) also involves MMR gene defects and is generally accepted as a variant of HNPCC. MTS is typicallycharacterized by at least one visceral malignancy and one cutaneous neoplasm of sebaceous differentiation, with or without keratoacanthomas. In either version of the di...

Association of Genetic Predisposition With Solitary Schwannoma or Meningioma in Children and Young Adults.

Meningiomas and schwannomas are usually sporadic, isolated tumors occurring in adults older than 60 years and are rare in children and young adults. Multiple schwannomas and/or meningiomas are more frequently associated with a tumor suppressor syndrome and, accordingly, trigger genetic testing, whereas solitary tumors do not. Nevertheless, apparently sporadic tumors in young patients may herald a genetic syndrome.

A rare ANOS1 variant in siblings with Kallmann syndrome identified by whole exome sequencing.

Kallmann syndrome is a rare genetic condition causing congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. It presents with delayed puberty, anosmia, and infertility. Here, we set out to identify a causative DNA variant for Kallmann syndrome in two affected brothers of Hispanic ancestry. The male siblings presented with a clinical diagnosis of Kallmann syndrome (anosmia, delayed puberty, azoospermia, and undetectable luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone levels). Genetic variations were investigated by ...

Reproductive genetic carrier screening for cystic fibrosis, fragile X syndrome, and spinal muscular atrophy in Australia: outcomes of 12,000 tests.

PurposeTo describe our experience of offering simultaneous genetic carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF), fragile X syndrome (FXS), and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).MethodsCarrier screening is offered through general practice, obstetrics, fertility, and genetics settings before or in early pregnancy. Carriers are offered genetic counseling with prenatal/preimplantation genetic diagnosis available to those at increased risk.ResultsScreening of 12,000 individuals revealed 610 carriers (5.08%; 1 in 20): ...

Corticotroph pituitary carcinoma in a patient with Lynch syndrome (LS) and pituitary tumors in a nationwide LS cohort.

Lynch syndrome is a cancer predisposing syndrome caused by germline mutations in genes involved in DNA mismatch repair (MMR). Patients are at high risk for several types of cancer, but pituitary tumors have not previously been reported.

A Commentary on Commercial Genetic Testing and the Future of the Genetic Counseling Profession.

Commercial genetic testing laboratories are increasingly employing genetic counselors. As a result, the role of these or many genetic counselors is shifting from primarily direct patient counseling in clinics and hospitals to more laboratory-centered activities that involve case coordination, customer liaison, variant classification, marketing, and sales. Given the importance of these commercial entities to the genetic counseling profession, this commentary examines the current financial situation of four ...

Feasibility of Segmental Colectomy Followed by Endoscopic Surveillance as a Treatment Strategy for Colorectal Cancer Patients with Lynch Syndrome.

Initial surgical procedures for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with Lynch syndrome remain controversial. This study assessed the validity of segmental colectomy (SGC) followed by endoscopic surveillance as a treatment strategy for CRC patients with Lynch syndrome.

Contribution of MLH1 constitutional methylation for Lynch syndrome diagnosis in patients with tumor MLH1 downregulation.

Constitutional epimutation of the two major mismatch repair genes, MLH1 and MSH2, has been identified as an alternative mechanism that predisposes to the development of Lynch syndrome. In the present work, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MLH1 constitutional methylation in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with abnormal expression of the MLH1 protein in their tumors. In a series of 38 patients who met clinical criteria for Lynch syndrome genetic testing, with loss of MLH1 expression in the tumor and...

Haplotype analysis suggest that the MLH1 c.2059C > T mutation is a Swedish founder mutation.

Lynch syndrome (LS) predisposes to a spectrum of cancers and increases the lifetime risk of developing colorectal- or endometrial cancer to over 50%. Lynch syndrome is dominantly inherited and is caused by defects in DNA mismatch-repair genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 or PMS2, with the vast majority detected in MLH1 and MSH2. Recurrent LS-associated variants observed in apparently unrelated individuals, have either arisen de novo in different families due to mutation hotspots, or are inherited from a founder (a comm...

Importance of PCR-based Tumor Testing in the Evaluation of Lynch Syndrome-associated Endometrial Cancer.

Lynch syndrome (LS) is a hereditary cancer syndrome caused by a germline mutation in a DNA mismatch repair gene, usually MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2. The most common cancers associated with LS are colorectal adenocarcinoma and endometrial carcinoma. Identification of women with LS-associated endometrial cancer is important, as these women and their affected siblings and children are at-risk of developing these same cancers. Germline testing of all endometrial cancer patients is not cost effective, and screeni...

Yield and Costs of Evaluating Children with Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome.

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) clinical guidelines recommend an algorithm of basic testing for standard patients, and more targeted testing, including laboratory and imaging studies, in the presence of specific red flags. The cost effectiveness of this screening of children with suspected CVS is lacking.

Amino acid-level signal-to-noise analysis of incidentally identified variants in genes associated with long QT syndrome during pediatric whole exome sequencing reflects background genetic noise.

Due to rapid expansion of clinical genetic testing, an increasing number of genetic variants of undetermined significance are being identified in children with unclear diagnostic value. Variants found in genes associated with heritable channelopathies, such as long QT syndrome (LQTS), are particularly difficult to interpret given the risk of sudden cardiac death associated with pathologic mutations.

Current evidence-based recommendations on investigating children with global developmental delay.

Global developmental delay (GDD) affects 1%-3% of the population of children under 5 years of age, making it one of the most common conditions presenting in paediatric clinics; causes are exogenous, genetic (non-metabolic) or genetic (metabolic). Recent advances in biotechnology and genetic testing mean that the investigations available to perform for children under 5 years are increasing and are more sensitive than previously. This change in availability and type of testing necessitates an update in the ...

Role of Genetic Testing for Inherited Prostate Cancer Risk: Philadelphia Prostate Cancer Consensus Conference 2017.

Purpose Guidelines are limited for genetic testing for prostate cancer (PCA). The goal of this conference was to develop an expert consensus-driven working framework for comprehensive genetic evaluation of inherited PCA in the multigene testing era addressing genetic counseling, testing, and genetically informed management. Methods An expert consensus conference was convened including key stakeholders to address genetic counseling and testing, PCA screening, and management informed by evidence review. Resul...

Hereditary arrhythmias and cardiomyopathies: decision-making about genetic testing.

The modern field of clinical genetics has advanced beyond the traditional teachings familiar to most practicing cardiologists. Increased understanding of the roles of genetic testing may improve uptake and appropriateness of use.

Attitudes Toward and Uptake of Prenatal Genetic Screening and Testing in Twin Pregnancies.

The rate of twinning is rising and since the introduction of non-invasive prenatal testing, interest in and uptake of genetic screening and testing in twin pregnancies has not been investigated. This study aimed to explore the attitudes toward and uptake of current prenatal genetic screening and diagnostic testing options for fetal aneuploidy in twin pregnancies. Women being seen for genetic counseling with twin gestations were recruited for participation in a descriptive study with questionnaire (n = 4...

Genetic anticipation in Swedish Lynch syndrome families.

Among hereditary colorectal cancer predisposing syndromes, Lynch syndrome (LS) caused by mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 or PMS2 is the most common. Patients with LS have an increased risk of early onset colon and endometrial cancer, but also other tumors that generally have an earlier onset compared to the general population. However, age at first primary cancer varies within families and genetic anticipation, i.e. decreasing age at onset in successive generations, has been suggeste...

Targeted next-generation sequencing analysis in couples at increased risk for autosomal recessive disorders.

Many of the genetic childhood disorders leading to death in the pre- or neonatal period or during early childhood follow autosomal recessive modes of inheritance and bear specific challenges for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnostics. Parents are carriers but clinically unaffected, and diseases are rare but have recurrence risks of 25% in the same family. Often, affected children (or fetuses) die before a genetic diagnosis can be established, post-mortem analysis and phenotypic descriptions are insuffi...

Colorectal cancer surveillance in Portuguese families with lynch syndrome: a cohort study.

Lynch syndrome (LS) is associated with a high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to assess the cumulative risk for the development of colorectal adenomas or carcinomas in a LS CRC surveillance program and to audit the quality of the endoscopic procedures.

Health problems in females carriers of premutation in the FMR1 gene.

Premutation in the FMR1 gene occur in the general population with an estimated prevalence 1 in 130-260 females and 1 in 250-810 males. Carriers of premutation are at risk of development of spectrum of neurological, psychiatric and immunological disorders in adulthood. Fragile X-associated disease caused by dynamic mutation (expansion of CGG repeats) can be divided into three disorders: FXS - Fragile X syndrome, FXPOI - Fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency, FXTAS -Fragile X-associated tremor/at...

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