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PubMed Journals Articles About "Uranium Production Cuts Very Positive Market" RSS

00:16 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Uranium Production Cuts Very Positive Market PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Uranium Production Cuts Very Positive Market articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Uranium Production Cuts Very Positive Market" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Do carcasses of lambs finished on commercial production systems meet market standards?

This study aimed to characterize a commercial lamb finishing system using animals of undefined breed from production to slaughter by analyzing performance, carcass traits, yield of commercial cuts, and the quality and meat acceptance of different slaughter groups, as to evaluate whether this system provides the market with a standardized product. The lots were not homogeneous for yield of commercial cuts and performance and morphometric traits evaluated in vivo. The groups were heterogeneous to 75% of the 1...


Uranium record from a 3 m snow pit at Dome Argus, East Antarctica.

Understanding the distribution and transport of Uranium is important because it can lead to both chemical and radiological toxicity. This study presents the Uranium concentrations time series from 1964 to 2009 obtained from a 3 m deep snow pit at Dome Argus, East Antarctic Plateau. The data shows that Uranium concentrations vary from 0.0067 pg g-1 to 0.12 pg g-1, with a mean concentration of 0.044 pg g-1. Its mean concentration is 2-3 folds lower than at West Antarctica study sites, such as the Antarctic Pe...

Recovery of phosphorus rich krill shell biowaste for uranium immobilization: A study of sorption behavior, surface reaction, and phase transformation.

Increased generation of shrimp shell from exploitation of krill results in emerging biowaste pollution, in addition, uranium pollution has drawn public concern due to the rapid development of nuclear power, uranium mining, and nuclear fuel processing. In this study, krill shells were recovered and used as a potential natural biosorbent for uranium immobilization, thereby enabling both uranium decontamination and krill shell reutilization. Interaction of uranium with krill shell surface and their transformat...


Analysis of uranium removal capacity of anaerobic granular sludge bacterial communities under different initial pH conditions.

The bacterial community of an anaerobic granular sludge associated with uranium depletion was investigated following its exposure to uranium under different initial pH conditions (pH 4.5, 5.5, and 6.5). The highest uranium removal efficiency (98.1%) was obtained for the sample with an initial pH of 6.5, which also supported the highest bacterial community richness and diversity. Venn diagrams visualized the decrease in the number of genera present in both the inoculum and the uranium-exposed biomass as the...

Metabolism-dependent bioaccumulation of uranium by Rhodosporidium toruloides isolated from the flooding water of a former uranium mine.

Remediation of former uranium mining sites represents one of the biggest challenges worldwide that have to be solved in this century. During the last years, the search of alternative strategies involving environmentally sustainable treatments has started. Bioremediation, the use of microorganisms to clean up polluted sites in the environment, is considered one the best alternative. By means of culture-dependent methods, we isolated an indigenous yeast strain, KS5 (Rhodosporidium toruloides), directly from t...

Estimation of uranium concentration in Indian monazite samples by using HPGe semiconductor detector.

Various techniques are available for the estimation of uranium concentration in geological rock samples. In the uranium exploration program in India, the beta-gamma technique is widely used by the Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (Department of Atomic Energy) to estimate uranium concentration in natural rock or soil samples. Uranium concentration cannot be estimated accurately by the beta-gamma technique if the sample has high concentrations of thorium. Because the ratio of thorium t...

Accumulation and effects of uranium on aquatic macrophyte Nymphaea tetragona Georgi: Potential application to phytoremediation and environmental monitoring.

This study analyzed the ability of Nymphaea tetragona Georgi (N. tetragona) to accumulate water-borne uranium and any effects this could exert on this plant species. In accumulation experiments, N. tetragona was exposed (21 d) to different concentrations of uranium (0-55 mg L) and the content of uranium was determined in water and plant tissues (leaves, submerged position and plant) to determine the translocation factor (TF) and bioconcentration factor (BCF). The content of uranium in the plant and pl...

A chicken bioreactor for efficient production of functional cytokines.

The global market for protein drugs has the highest compound annual growth rate of any pharmaceutical class but their availability, especially outside of the US market, is compromised by the high cost of manufacture and validation compared to traditional chemical drugs. Improvements in transgenic technologies allow valuable proteins to be produced by genetically-modified animals; several therapeutic proteins from such animal bioreactors are already on the market after successful clinical trials and regulato...

Uranium distribution in groundwater and assessment of age dependent radiation dose in Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Pathankot districts of Punjab, India.

A comprehensive study of seasonal variation of uranium distribution in groundwater of Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Pathankot districts of Punjab, India and assessment of associated radiological risks, chemical risks and effective radiation dose for different age groups, was conducted to determine its health impact on humans residing in these regions. Physicochemical parameters such as pH, EC, TDS, total hardness and contents of various anions such as carbonates/bicarbonates, chlorides, fluorides, nitrates, sulph...

Development of clearance verification equipment for uranium-bearing waste.

Dismantled materials generated from nuclear facilities are reused or directed to repository sites. If scrap metals with complicated shapes can be cleared, the amounts of radioactive waste can be reduced. A clearance verification system is constructed to determine the amount of uranium in decontaminated metals in a drum using the 1.001 MeV gamma rays of Pa, produced in the decay of U. The experimental study with simulated waste drums demonstrated that the quantification errors of uranium fall within 25% ...

Determination of the isotopic composition of single sub-micrometer-sized uranium particles by laser ablation coupled with multi-collector ICPMS.

A multi-collector inductively coupled plasma (MC-ICP) mass spectrometer coupled to a UV ns-laser ablation (LA) system was used to measure uranium isotopic ratios ( U/ U, U/ U and U/ U) in single uranium particles of various sizes and isotopic compositions, including home-made sub-micrometric natural uranium particles of narrow size distribution (415 ± 60 nm).

C-H Bond Addition Across a Transient Uranium Nitrido and Formation of a Parent Uranium Imido Complex.

Uranium complexes in the +3 and +4 oxidation states were prepared using the anionic PN- (PN- = (N-(2-(diisopropylphosphino)-4-methylphenyl)-2,4,6-trimethylanilide) ligand framework. New complexes include the halide starting materials, (PN)2UIIII (1) and (PN)2UIVCl2 (2), which both yield (PN)2UIV(N3)2 (3) by reaction with NaN3. Compound 3 was reduced with potassium graphite to produce a putative, transient uranium nitride that underwent an intramolecular C-H activation to form a rare example of a parent imid...

Uranium exposure of human dopaminergic cells results in low cytotoxicity, accumulation within sub-cytoplasmic regions, and down regulation of MAO-B.

Natural uranium is an ubiquitous element present in the environment and human exposure to low levels of uranium is unavoidable. Although the main target of acute uranium toxicity is the kidney, some concerns have been recently raised about neurological effects of chronic exposure to low levels of uranium. Only very few studies have addressed the molecular mechanisms of uranium neurotoxicity, indicating that the cholinergic and dopaminergic systems could be altered. The main objective of this study was to in...

Simultaneous Determination of Uranium and Depleted Uranium Isotopic Ratio Using Inductively Coupled Mass Spectrometry.

We have developed and validated a method for the simultaneous quantitative measurement of total uranium (TU) and uranium U/ U isotopic ratio (UIR) in urine by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) using a Thermo Scientific iCAP-Q instrument. The performance characteristics of the assay were determined to be in compliance with clinical laboratory standards. The assay was linear in the concentration range of 1.0 to 500.0 ng/liter TU. The method was precise and accurate with limits of detectio...

Elevated serum chemokines are independently associated with both endometriosis and uranium exposure.

Endometriosis is a complex disease impacted by the hormonal and immune systems. Cytokines and chemokines are serum biomarkers that maybe useful to develop a noninvasive disease diagnosis. Individuals in the Fernald Community Cohort were exposed to uranium, a heavy metal with radioactive properties and estrogenic potential; therefore, serum samples from women in this cohort with or without uranium and with or without endometriosis were compared for alterations in chemokine, cytokine, and matrix metalloprotei...

Contrasting the quality traits of aged bolar blade, topside and striploin cuts sourced from dark cutting and control Australian beef carcasses.

The bolar blade, striploin and topside cuts from dark cutting (DC) and normal (nDC) beef carcasses were compared in terms of their eating quality, oxidation and colour traits. Carcass grades were assigned so that striploins assessed to have pH > 5.7 were classified DC. Cuts were aged (14 and 28 d) before their shear force, sarcomere length, ultimate pH, particle size, TBARS, drip and cooking losses, and colour stability traits were analysed. DC effects on tenderness traits were not uniform across all cu...

Estimation and mapping of radioactive heat production by aerial spectrometric gamma and fractal modeling techniques in the Syrian desert (Area-1), Syria.

Radioactive heat production (HP) in the Syrian desert (Area-1) is estimated by using the available data of aerial spectrometric gamma technique. The HP is separately well characterized for 10 geological units, which are identified on the already established Area-1 scored map. Fractal technique combined with concentration-number (C-N) model and log-log graphs is used to map total radioactivity, equivalent uranium, and HP in Area-1. The HP in Area-1 varies between a minimum of 0 and a maximum of 7.23 μw/m,...

Carbon and blue water footprints of California sheep production.

While the environmental impacts of livestock production, such as greenhouse gas emissions and water usage, have been studied for a variety of U.S. livestock production systems, the environmental impact of U.S. sheep production is still unknown. A cradle-to-farm gate life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted according to international standards (ISO 14040/44), analyzing the impacts of case studies representing five different meat sheep production systems in California, and focusing on carbon footprint (carbo...

Interaction of uranium(VI) with α-amylase and its implication for the enzyme activity.

Due to its chemo- and radiotoxicity, the incorporation of uranium into human body via ingestion potentially poses a serious health risk. When ingested, the gastrointestinal fluids are the primary media to interact with uranium, eventually influencing and even determining its biochemical behavior in the gastrointestinal tract and thereafter. The chemical interactions between uranium and the components of gastrointestinal fluids are, however, poorly understood to date. In this study, the complexation of urani...

Characterization of fractional cuts of co-solvent enhanced lignocellulosic fractionation lignin isolated by sequential precipitation.

Lignin valorization is significantly hindered by the intrinsic heterogeneity of its complex structures and variability of biomass feedstocks. Fractionation of lignin can overcome these challenges by producing functionally distinct lignin cuts that can be further tailored to end products. Herein, lignin was extracted and depolymerized from poplar by the co-solvent enhanced lignocellulosic fractionation method with renewable THF to obtain CELF lignin. Several solvents were screened to separate soluble and ins...

Heavy and Guilty: Isolation of a TMTAA-Based Radical in Uranium bis-TMTAA Complexes.

We report the synthesis, characterization, and electronic structure studies of a series of thorium(IV) and uranium(IV) bis-tetramethyltetraazaannulene complexes. These sandwich complexes show remarkable stability towards air and moisture, even at elevated temperatures. Electrochemical studies show the uranium complex to be stable in three different oxidation states; isolation of the oxidized species revealed a rare case of a non-innocent TMTAA ligand.

Structural features of uranium-protein complexes.

Uranium toxicity depends on its chemical properties rather than on its radioactivity and involves its interaction with macromolecules. Here, a systematic survey of the structural features of the uranyl sites observed in protein crystal structures deposited in the Protein Data Bank is reported. Beside the two uranyl oxygens, which occupy the axial positions, uranium tends to be coordinated by five other oxygen atoms, which occupy the equatorial vertices of a pentagonal bipyramid. Even if one or more of these...

Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and costs of production of diesel and jet fuel from municipal solid waste.

This paper quantifies and compares the life cycle GHG emissions and costs of production of diesel and jet fuel derived from municipal solid waste (MSW) in the United States via three thermochemical conversion pathways: conventional gasification and Fischer-Tropsch (FT MD), plasma gasification and Fischer-Tropsch (Plasma FT MD) and, conventional gasification, catalytic alcohol synthesis and alcohol-to-jet upgrading (ATJ MD). We use expanded system boundaries to capture the change in existing MSW use and disp...

Chaotic and fast audiovisuals increase attentional scope but decrease conscious processing.

Audiovisual cuts involve spatial, temporal, and action narrative leaps. They can even change the meaning of the narrative through film editing. Many cuts are not consciously perceived, others are, just as we perceive or not the changes in real events. In this paper, we analyze the effects of cuts and different editing styles on 36 subjects, using electroencephalographic (EEG) techniques and the projection of stimuli with different audiovisual style of edition but the same narrative. Eyeblinks, event-related...

Effects of market type and time of purchase on oxidative status and descriptive off-odors and off-flavors of beef in Vietnam.

The objective of the current study was to determine the effects of market type (super market - SM, indoor market - IM, open market - OM) and sampling time (at the opening - T0 and 4 h after the opening - T4) on antioxidant capacity, lipid oxidation, and descriptive sensory attributes of beef in Vietnam. Values of FC and TEAC were greater in OM beef than IM and SM (P 


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