PubMed Journals Articles About "Using Both Marijuana Alcohol During Early Pregnancy Increase" RSS

04:03 EST 14th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Using both marijuana alcohol during early pregnancy increase" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Interaction with the justice system and other factors associated with pregnant women's self-report and continuation of use of marijuana.

Marijuana use in pregnancy is common and self-report of use to healthcare providers is variable. This study evaluates the relationship between prior interaction with the justice system as well as other factors associated with self-report and continuation of use of marijuana in pregnancy.

Marijuana and alcohol use among injured drivers evaluated at level I trauma centers in Arizona, 2008-2014.

We examined marijuana and alcohol use trends among drivers aged ≥16 years evaluated at Level I trauma centers before and after Arizona legalized medical marijuana in April 2011.

Investigating how perceived risk and availability of marijuana relate to marijuana use among adolescents in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay over time.

Amid changing marijuana policies in the Southern Cone, we examined relationships between marijuana-related risk factors and marijuana use among adolescents in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay from 2001 to 2016.

Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse.

Marijuana use is increasing among adults and often co-occurs with other substance use; therefore, it is important to examine whether parental marijuana use is associated with elevated risk of substance use among offspring living in the same household.

Prenatal Alcohol Screening During Pregnancy by Midwives and Nurses.

Alcohol use during pregnancy can have a variety of harmful consequences on the fetus. Lifelong effects include growth restriction, characteristic facial anomalies, and neurobehavioral dysfunction. This range of effects is known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). There is no amount, pattern, or timing of alcohol use during pregnancy proven safe for a developing embryo or fetus. Therefore, it is important to screen patients for alcohol use, inform them about alcohol's potential effects during pregnan...

State-level marijuana policies and marijuana use and marijuana use disorder among a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States, 2015-2017: Sexual identity and gender matter.

Research demonstrates an association between state-level medical marijuana laws (MMLs) and increased marijuana use (MU) and MU disorder (MUD) among adults, but has yet to explore this association among lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals, including gender differences.

My partner and my neighbourhood: The built environment and social networks' impact on alcohol consumption during early pregnancy.

Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy is responsible for negative health outcomes. The literature shows that socio-economic and lifestyle factors are both related with alcohol consumption during pregnancy; nevertheless, the role of other factors is unclear. The objective of this study is to assess the role that partners' alcohol consumption plays, that played by accessibility to alcohol, and by social influence - when considering pregnant women's behaviour as regards alcohol. It presents the results...

Depressive symptoms, ruminative thinking, marijuana use motives, and marijuana outcomes: A multiple mediation model among college students in five countries.

Previous studies have evidenced that rumination and drinking motives may mediate the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol outcomes. The present study cross-culturally examined whether a similar mediation model may extend to marijuana. Specifically, we tested distinct rumination facets (problem-focused thoughts, counterfactual thinking, repetitive thoughts, and anticipatory thoughts) and marijuana use motives (social, coping, expansion, conformity, enhancement) as double-mediators of the paths...

A comparison of frequency of alcohol and marijuana use using short message service surveying and survey questionnaires among homeless youth.

: There are several benefits to using short message service surveying (SMS) to gather data on substance use from homeless youth, including capturing data "in the moment" and verifying the timing of one behavior relative to another. Though SMS is a valuable data collection tool with highly mobile populations that otherwise are difficult to longitudinally sample, the reliability of SMS compared with surveys is largely unknown with homeless youth. Examining the reliability of SMS is important because these dat...

The impact of decriminalization on marijuana and alcohol consumption in Jamaica.

We examine whether marijuana decriminalization in Jamaica, a country that historically has had relatively widespread use of the drug, has led to an increase in its use, the frequency of use and the money spent on it. To this end, we use a national drug survey dataset with extensive information on people's use of, attitudes towards, access to marijuana. Our econometric analysis shows that awareness of the legislation has a positive correlation with the use of the substance. Worryingly, decriminalization posi...

Decreased drinking in adults with co-occurring cannabis and alcohol use disorders in a treatment trial for marijuana dependence: Evidence of a secondary benefit?

The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether cannabis dependent users who met criteria for a secondary diagnosis of alcohol use disorder (AUD) would increase their use of alcohol in response to decreasing their use of marijuana in a behavioral treatment trial for cannabis use disorder (CUD). This phenomenon is commonly known as "substance substitution." Participants were randomly assigned to one of four 9-session treatment conditions with cannabis and alcohol use measured at baseline, posttre...

More drugs, more problems? Simultaneous use of alcohol and marijuana at parties among youth and young adults.

Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use by youth and young adults often occurs at parties and may result in an increased risk of experiencing adverse consequences compared to use of either substance alone. This study sought to examine the relationship between SAM use by youth and young adults and consequences experienced at, or immediately following, parties.

Driving/riding after alcohol and marijuana use among young adults: Is residing with family protective?

Driving while impaired by alcohol or drugs increases the risk of motor vehicle fatalities, the leading cause of death among young adults. The current study documented the prevalence of driving after alcohol and marijuana use in the past 2 weeks as well as the prevalence of riding with a driver who had used each substance during that time frame. We tested whether young adults who lived with family members (i.e., their parents or their children) were less likely to engage in these behaviors. Participants age...

College attendance type and subsequent alcohol and marijuana use in the U.S.

College attendance is a risk factor for frequent and heavy drinking and marijuana initiation but less is known about the extent to which risk varies by type of college attendance and across age.

A Randomized Trial of Progesterone in Women with Bleeding in Early Pregnancy.

Bleeding in early pregnancy is strongly associated with pregnancy loss. Progesterone is essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. Several small trials have suggested that progesterone therapy may improve pregnancy outcomes in women who have bleeding in early pregnancy.

Pregnancy, Fertility, Breastfeeding, and Alcohol Consumption: An Analysis of Framing and Completeness of Information Disseminated by Alcohol Industry-Funded Organizations.

Alcohol use during pregnancy can harm the developing fetus. The exact amount, pattern, and critical period of exposure necessary for harm to occur are unclear, although official guidance often emphasizes precautionary abstention. The impacts on fertility and breastfeeding are also unclear. Information on alcohol and pregnancy is disseminated by the alcohol industry-funded organizations, and there are emerging concerns about its accuracy, suggesting the need for detailed analysis.

Racial differences in the relationship between alcohol/pregnancy policies and birth outcomes and prenatal care utilization: A legal epidemiology study.

State policies regarding alcohol use during pregnancy (alcohol/pregnancy policies) have been in effect for more than 40 years. Previous research finds some policies increase adverse birth outcomes and decrease prenatal care utilization. This research examines whether effects of alcohol/pregnancy policies vary by race; the general hypothesis is that health benefits of policies are concentrated among White women and health harms of policies are concentrated among Black women.

Changes in alcohol intake during pregnancy in Spain, 1980-2014.

Even small amounts of alcohol consumed during pregnancy can have adverse effects on the embryo and the fetus. We estimated how alcohol intake among pregnant women in Spain changed between 1980 and 2014, and identified factors associated with alcohol use.

Costs associated with policies regarding alcohol use during pregnancy: Results from 1972-2015 Vital Statistics.

As of 2016, 43 US states have policies regarding alcohol use during pregnancy. A recent study found that out of eight state-level alcohol/pregnancy policies, six are significantly associated with poorer birth outcomes, and two are not associated with any outcomes. Here we estimate the excess numbers of low birthweight (LBW) and preterm births (PTB) related to these policies and their associated additional costs in the first year of life.

Trajectories of alcohol use problems based on early adolescent alcohol use: Findings from a 35 year population cohort.

Early exposure to alcohol in adolescence is associated with a range of long term harms. Better understanding of trajectories of alcohol use from adolescence to early adulthood would help target prevention strategies to high risk groups.

Trait impulsivity during early adolescence predicts steepness of alcohol use escalation across adolescence.

Alcohol use during adolescence is a significant public health concern with serious implications. Both early initiation and rate of escalation of alcohol use during adolescence forecast long-term alcohol-related difficulties and alcohol use disorders (AUDs), underscoring the need to understand psychological factors that contribute to these risk behaviors. One factor that contributes to alcohol use during adolescence is trait impulsivity. The purpose of the present prospective study was to examine association...

College students' using marijuana to sleep relates to frequency, problematic use, and sleep problems.

Given the rising rates of insufficient sleep and the popularity of marijuana, we investigated using marijuana as a sleep aid, marijuana use frequency, problematic marijuana use, and sleep problems. Participants included a convenience sample of college students who endorsed using marijuana in the past year from May to December 2013 ( = 354; 68% female, 57% White). Path analyses investigated if using marijuana to sleep predicted: (1) marijuana use outcomes and (2) sleep problems; and if sleep problems p...

Are Co-Users of Alcohol and Marijuana More Willing to Experience Consequences from Drinking? A Longitudinal Examination among First-Year College Students.

Alcohol and marijuana co-users are at heightened vulnerability for experiencing a variety of negative alcohol use outcomes including heavier alcohol use and driving under the influence. The current study explored willingness to experience negative consequences as a potential factor underlying the association between co-user status and negative consequences in an effort to guide future intervention work. From a longitudinal study of first-year college students, we examined willingness to experience consequen...

Alcohol Industry-Funded Websites Contribute to Ambiguity Regarding the Harmful Effects of Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy: A Commentary on Lim et al. (2019).

Exposure to Parental Alcohol Use Rather Than Parental Drinking Shapes Offspring's Alcohol Expectancies.

Alcohol expectancies (AE), that is, the anticipated effects of alcohol, start developing early in childhood and are important predictors of alcohol use years later. Whereas previous research has demonstrated that parental drinking relates to children's AE, this study aims to test whether exposure to parental alcohol use mediates the link between parental alcohol use and positive and negative AE among children (6 to 8 years) and early adolescents (12 to 15 years).

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