PubMed Journals Articles About "Validation Of Ingestible Capsule To Study Small Bowel" RSS

05:50 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Validation Ingestible Capsule Study Small Bowel" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 68,000+

RHEMITT Score: Predicting the Risk of Rebleeding for Patients with Mid-Gastrointestinal Bleeding Submitted to Small Bowel Capsule Endoscopy.

Small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) is the gold standard for mid-gastrointestinal bleeding (MGIB). No score has been developed to predict the risk of small bowel rebleeding after SBCE.

Analysis of small bowel angioectasia in asymptomatic individuals depending on patients' age and gender.

Small bowel angioectasia (SBA) plays an important role in the etiologies of obscure gastrointestinal haemorrhage. But the exact prevalence of the disease is unknown, especially in asymptomatic populations. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of asymptomatic angioectasia in the small bowel (SB) with magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy (MCCG). We retrospectively collected a multicentre clinical data of 508 asymptomatic patients who underwent MCCG from June 2018 to May 2019. Bowel cleanlines...

Improving Diagnostic Yield of Capsule Endoscopy in Coeliac Disease: Can Flexible Spectral Imaging Colour Enhancement Play a Role?

Flexible spectral imaging colour enhancement (FICE) is a form of virtual chromoendoscopy that is incorporated in the capsule reading software and that can be used by reviewers to enhance the delineation of lesions in the small bowel. This has been shown to be useful in the detection of pigmented (ulcers, angioectasias) lesions. However, its application to coeliac disease (CD) images from small bowel capsule endoscopies (SBCEs) has rarely been studied.

The use of small-bowel capsule endoscopy in cases of equivocal celiac disease.

Seronegative villous atrophy (SNVA), raised intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) and crypt hyperplasia on duodenal histology can be secondary to celiac disease (CD) or other causes such as medications or infections. Our aims were to assess the role of small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) in these patients and to ascertain whether findings on SBCE at diagnosis can predict disease outcome.

Predicting pathology on small bowel capsule endoscopy: a good FIT.

 Small bowel capsule endoscopy [SBCE) has an established role in investigating suspected small bowel bleeding [SSBB). Identification of a biomarker to predict pathology would maximize utility of this valuable diagnostic modality. This study aimed to investigate if fecal immunochemical test [FIT) could predict likelihood of small bowel pathology on SBCE.  Patients referred for SBCE to investigate anaemia or suspected small bowel bleeding were prospectively recruited. All patients had negative upper and ...

A case of small bowel adenocarcinoma that caused intestinal obstruction after administration of patency capsule.

An 80-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with iron deficiency anemia and exertional chest pain. Coronary artery angiography showed 90% stenosis in the middle left anterior descending branch; abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes. Although his past medical history and results of imaging studies did not suggest intestinal stenosis, assessment of intestinal patency with the PillCam® patency capsule (tag-less PC) was performed. Thirty-three hours after administration,...

Small-bowel capsule endoscopy in patients with celiac disease, axial vs. lateral/panoramic view: results from a prospective randomized trial.

Capsule enteroscopy (CE) is recommended in the management of complicated celiac disease (CD). However, published data are derived from axial- view capsule systems. No data are available about the use of the lateral/panoramic view capsules. This study aimed at evaluating the diagnostic yield (DY) and efficacy of the lateral/panoramic vs axial view capsule system in CD.

Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma: Is there a difference in survival for Crohn's versus Sporadic cases?

It is well known that Crohn's disease is a risk factor for the development of small bowel adenocarcinoma. However, the association between Crohn's disease-associated small bowel adenocarcinoma and survival is less understood. The goal of this study is to determine the impact of Crohn's disease on survival in small bowel adenocarcinoma.

Comparison of Lewis Score and Capsule Endoscopy Crohn's Disease Activity Index in Patients with Crohn's Disease.

Small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) is used to visualize mucosal inflammatory changes in the small intestine of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The Lewis score (LS) and Capsule Endoscopy Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CECDAI) are used to evaluate the visualized images. We determined the score disagreement between LS and CECDAI in patients with CD.

Deep learning algorithms for automated detection of Crohn's disease ulcers by video capsule endoscopy.

The aim of our study was to develop and evaluate a deep learning algorithm for the automated detection of small-bowel ulcers in Crohn's disease (CD) on capsule endoscopy )CE( images of individual patients.

Recurrence of Crohn's Disease After Small Bowel Transplantation: Fact or Fiction.

Small bowel transplant is an acceptable procedure for intractable Crohn's disease (CD). Some case reports and small series describe the apparent recurrence of CD in the transplanted bowel. This commentary discusses evidence in favor of and against this alleged recurrence and argues that a molecular characterization is needed to prove or disprove that inflammation emerging in the transplanted bowel is a true recurrence of the original CD.

Small bowel-small bowel intussusception with high grade obstruction due to intramural submucosal ileal hamartoma in a 5-year-old child: A case report.

Intussusception is a common cause of emergency in children. We report a unusual case of intestinal obstruction due to small bowel-small bowel intussusception with an intestinal hamartoma as the lead point.

Adult Small Bowel Intussusception and Resolution Captured on Pelvic Ultrasound.

While abdominal pain is one of the leading causes for ED visits, intestinal intussusception is an infrequent etiology in adults. We present the case of a 22-year-old woman with five days of left lower quadrant abdominal pain with initial workup investigating for a genitourinary source utilizing pelvic ultrasound which revealed small bowel-small bowel intussusception. During the study, resolution of the intussusception correlated temporally with the patient's symptoms. Transient small bowel intussusception ...

Understanding the Motion of Hard-shell Capsules in Dry Powder Inhalers.

The delivery of small drug particles from a dry powder inhaler (DPI) into the patient's peripheral airways requires the dispersion of the powder. In DPIs that contain a rotating pierced capsule, the capsule's motion is paramount to powder dispersion. Previous studies have simplified the capsule motion in an Aerolizer® inhaler as a constant rotation around a fixed center. The present work examines deviations from this simplified motion and describes the capsule collisions with the surrounding inhaler walls....

In vivo characterization of enTRinsic™ Drug Delivery Technology capsule after intake in fed state: A cross-validation approach using salivary tracer technique in comparison to MRI.

The instability of various small molecules, vaccines and peptides in the human stomach is a complex challenge for oral drug delivery. Recently, a novel gastro-resistant capsule - the enTRinsic™ Drug Delivery Technology capsule - has been developed. In this work, the salivary tracer technique based on caffeine has been applied to study the in vivo disintegration of enTRinsic™ capsules in 16 healthy volunteers. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to visualize GI transit and to verify th...

Trends in incidence of small bowel cancer according to histology: a population-based study.

Small bowel cancer is not a single entity. Population-based studies taking into account histological diversity are scarce. The aim of this study was to report on their trends in incidence by histology in France over the past 20 years.

Automatic Detection of Small Bowel Tumors in Wireless Capsule Endoscopy Images Using Ensemble Learning.

Wireless Capsule Endoscopy (WCE) is a minimally invasive diagnosis tool for lesion detection in the gastrointestinal tract, reaching places where conventional endoscopy is unable to. However, the significant amount of acquired data leads to difficulties in the diagnosis by the physicians; which can be eased with computer assistance. This paper addresses a method for the automatic detection of tumors in WCE by using a two-step based procedure: Region of Interest selection and classification.

Intussuscepted Metachronous small bowel tumor after treatment for colorectal adenocarcinoma.

Small Bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) is a rare malignant neoplasm without specific signs or symptoms. It's been associated with late stage disease presentations. Midterm outcomes have suggested that after successful removal of colorectal carcinoma, there is higher risk for developing a further primary (metachronous) colorectal tumor. However when it comes to small bowel, metachronous carcinomas are unusual.

A rare case of brain metastasis from poorly differentiated small bowel adenocarcinoma.

Small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) accounts for

Small bowel adenocarcinoma incarcerated within an inguinal hernia.

Small bowel adenocarcinomas are rare malignant tumors that account for less than 2% of gastrointestinal malignancies. In addition, tumor incarceration in an inguinal hernia is also rare entity. We herein report a first case of small bowel adenocarcinoma incarcerated within an inguinal hernia.

Closure of mesenteric defects is associated with a higher incidence of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions after laparoscopic antecolic Roux-en-y gastric bypass: a retrospective cohort study.

Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a frequent complication after laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGB).

Is Tapering Enteroplasty an Alternative to Resection of Dilated Bowel in Small Intestinal Atresia?

Intestinal atresia is a congenital defect resulting in intestinal discontinuity and can be associated with significant morbidity related to intestinal failure. The bowel proximal to the atresia is often significantly dilated and dysfunctional. The treatment approaches of this dilated bowel include resection with primary anastomosis versus tapering enteroplasty with preservation of bowel length. The purpose of this study was to compare these two approaches in regard to bowel function as characterized by the ...

Small bowel diaphragm disease from long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory use.

Small bowel diaphragm disease (SBDD) is characterised by circumferential lesions of short length (

A Single Small Bowel Hemangioma Detected by Video Capsule Endoscopy in a Patient Presenting with Iron-deficiency Anemia - Two Case Reports.

Hemangioma of the small intestine is a rare vascular malformation which mostly presents as occult gastrointestinal bleeding and iron-deficiency anemia. Patients are often asymptomatic except of fatigue due to anemia. Hemangiomas can arise anywhere in the luminal gastrointestinal tract, with jejunum as the most commonly involved site. They are very hard to recognize mostly due to their localization. Video capsule endoscopy and balloon-assisted enteroscopy have very much improved preoperative diagnostics and ...

Assessment and validation of a screening questionnaire for the diagnosis of pediatric bladder and bowel dysfunction.

Pediatric bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) is a common problem in children. However, the current ability to diagnosis and quantify pediatric BBD is limited as only a few validated instruments exist. In addition, the current questionnaires are limited by their lack of psychometric processing and methods of validation. To address these issues, the authors developed a new questionnaire to objectively diagnose pediatric BBD symptoms. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of this newly devised objecti...

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