PubMed Journals Articles About "Validation Of PRISM-5-Op, Measure Of Addiction To Prescription Opioid Medication" RSS

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Showing "Validation PRISM Measure Addiction Prescription Opioid Medication" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,500+

Development and Validation of a Bedside Risk Assessment for Sustained Prescription Opioid Use After Surgery.

The increased use of prescription opioid medications has contributed to an epidemic of sustained opioid use, misuse, and addiction. Adults of working age are thought to be at greatest risk for prescription opioid dependence.

National Variation in Opioid Prescription Fills and Long Term Use in Opioid Naïve Patients After Urological Surgery.

Prescription opioid use is increasing, leading to increased addiction and mortality. Post-operative care is often patients' first exposure to opioids, however little data exists on national prescription patterns in urology. We aimed to examine post-discharge opioid fills after urological procedures and their association with long term use.

Prescription opioid misuse among U.S. Hispanics.

As a risk factor for addiction, heroin use, and overdose, the misuse of prescription opioids represents a critical public health challenge. While public attention has primarily centered on opioid misuse among White individuals, less attention has been devoted to opioid misuse among one of the United States' fastest-growing demographic groups: Hispanic immigrants and their descendants. This study therefore examined prescription opioid misuse among U.S. Hispanic adults, with attention to within-group differen...

Evaluating non-medical prescription opioid demand using commodity purchase tasks: test-retest reliability and incremental validity.

Non-medical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder (OUD) present a significant public health concern. Identifying behavioral mechanisms underlying OUD will assist in developing improved prevention and intervention approaches. Behavioral economic demand has been extensively evaluated as a measure of reinforcer valuation for alcohol and cigarettes, whereas prescription opioids have received comparatively little attention.

Characteristics of Opioid Prescriptions by Mohs Surgeons in the Medicare Population.

Prescription opioid use often precedes opioid misuse, abuse, and addiction.

Association of US Medical Marijuana Laws With Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use and Prescription Opioid Use Disorder.

Between 1997 and 2017, the United States saw increases in nonmedical prescription opioid use and its consequences, as well as changes in marijuana policies. Ecological-level research hypothesized that medical marijuana legalization may reduce prescription opioid use by allowing medical marijuana as an alternative.

The relationship between past 12-month suicidality and reasons for prescription opioid misuse.

Understanding reasons for prescription opioid misuse can help elucidate suicide prevention efforts. The goal of the current study is to assess associations of reasons for prescription opioid misuse subtypes and suicide-related variables. We also assessed whether prescription opioid misuse differentiates ideators from those who attempt suicide.

Medical Use and Misuse of Prescription Opioids in the US Adult Population: 2016-2017.

To characterize prescription opioid medical users and misusers among US adults. We used the 2016-2017 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health to compare medical prescription opioid users with misusers without prescriptions, misusers of own prescriptions, and misusers with both types of misuse. Multinomial logistic regressions identified substance use characteristics and mental and physical health characteristics that distinguished the groups. Among prescription opioid users, 12% were misusers; 58% of misu...

Opioid Prescription Patterns and Risk Factors Associated With Opioid Use in the Netherlands.

An increase in opioid prescription has been observed in the Netherlands. It is vital to understand this increase and to identify risk factors for opioid prescription to ensure that health interventions remain appropriately targeted.

Opioid-related beliefs and prescription modalities for postoperative pain of Dutch and American physicians.

Opioid consumption and addiction are increasing worldwide, yet the USA stands out for its high addiction rates and opioid-related deaths. Considering that patient characteristics are comparable across western countries, physicians' prescribing modalities may influence opioid consumption. We conducted a pilot study to examine opioid-related beliefs and prescription habits of Dutch and American physicians. A survey was administered to 488 physicians who routinely prescribe opioids for postoperative pain. A ...

Exploratory study examining associations between prescription opioid dose and delay discounting in patients with chronic pain.

Although some research has identified correlates of high-dose opioid prescriptions, relatively little is known about factors that lead to higher doses. Delay discounting (DD), defined as the subjective value of a reward declining as a function of the delay to that reward, is an objective measure of impulsivity. DD is commonly studied in the context of addictive behaviors, and findings consistently demonstrate greater DD among individuals with opioid use disorders. The authors conducted a preliminary investi...

A Systematic Review of the Relative Frequency and Risk Factors for Prolonged Opioid Prescription Following Surgery and Trauma Among Adults.

The aim of this study was to examine the relative frequency of and risk factors for prolonged opioid prescription (Rx_3-6: ≥1 opioid prescription of any length between 3 and 6 months postevent) and long-term opioid prescription (Rx_>6: ≥1 opioid prescription of any length >6 months postevent) after surgery/trauma.

Provider perceptions of system-level opioid prescribing and addiction treatment policies.

Stakeholders have implemented a multitude of system-level policies to address the U.S. opioid overdose epidemic. Because opioid prescribing partly fueled the crisis and because prescribing of medications for opioid addiction treatment is a key prevention strategy, it is critical to understand prescriber perceptions of policies in these domains. This article reviews prescriber awareness and opinions of the following system-level policies: opioid prescribing guidelines, prescription drug monitoring programs (...

Prescription opioid misuse among middle-aged and older adults in the United States, 2015-2016.

Adults ≥50 years of age have high rates of prescription opioid use. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence and correlates of prescription opioid misuse among middle-aged and older adults in the United States who use prescription opioids. Data from adults age ≥ 50 from the two most recent cohorts (2015 and 2016) of the National Survey of Drug Use and Health were examined (N = 17,608). Characteristics of past-year prescription opioid misusers, including demographics, substance u...

News Media Reporting On Medication Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder Amid The Opioid Epidemic.

Medications such as methadone and buprenorphine are effective treatments for opioid use disorder (OUD), but levels of use remain low. Given the importance of the news media as a source of health information for the public and its role in shaping knowledge about these medications, we examined reporting on OUD medication treatment amid the opioid crisis. Analyzing news media reporting can provide insight into the public dialogue around this issue. Standardized search terms were used to query high-circulation/...

Opioid prescription patterns in Germany and the global opioid epidemic: Systematic review of available evidence.

Opioids are one of the most important and effective drug classes in pain medicine with a key role in most medical fields. The increase of opioid prescription over time has led to higher numbers of prescription opioid misuse, abuse and opioid-related deaths in most developed OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries around the world. Whilst reliable data on the prevalence of opioid treatment is accessible for many countries, data on Germany specifically is still scarce. Consider...

Patterns of Prescription Opioid Use in Women With Endometriosis: Evaluating Prolonged Use, Daily Dose, and Concomitant Use With Benzodiazepines.

To examine opioid use, opioid prescribing patterns, and timing of the first opioid prescription in endometriosis patients compared with matched women in the control group without endometriosis.

Prevention of Opioid Abuse and Treatment of Opioid Addiction: Current Status and Future Possibilities.

Prescription opioid medications have seen a dramatic rise in misuse and abuse, leading regulators and scientists to develop policies and abuse-deterrent technologies to combat the current opioid epidemic. These abuse-deterrent formulations (ADFs) are intended to deter physical and chemical tampering of opioid-based products, while still providing safe and effective delivery for therapeutic purposes. Even though formulations with varying abuse-deterrent technologies have been approved, questions remain about...

Potential uses of naltrexone in emergency department patients with opioid use disorder.

Despite widespread recognition of the opioid crisis, opioid overdose remains a common reason for Emergency Department (ED) utilization. Treatment for these patients after stabilization often involves the provision of information for outpatient treatment options. Ideally, an ED visit for overdose would present an opportunity to start treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) immediately. Although widely recognized as effective, opioid agonist therapy with methadone and buprenorphine commonly referred to as "me...

Family member opioid prescriptions and opioid use disorder.

It is recognized that family members are a major source of diverted opioids. Yet it is not known how family member opioid prescriptions predict the development of an opioid use disorder (OUD).We conducted an observational study using commercial health care claims to investigate the association between a family member opioid prescription and an individual having an OUD-related claim in a large sample of patients with commercial insurance. We found that individuals had higher odds of having an OUD when a fami...

Prevalence of Maternal Risk Factors related to Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in a Commercial Claims Database: 2011-2015.

Despite the rising incidence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS), data evaluating trends in maternal risk-factors associated with NAS are not available for recent years, a period characterized by declining opioid-prescriptions. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of opioid- and non-opioid related- factors associated with NAS, and by mutually-exclusive subgroups of deliveries without prescription-opioid use, with prescription-opioid use, and with opioid-use disorder (OUD).

Perioperative Pain Management and Avoidance of Long-term Opioid Use.

The opioid epidemic continues to be a problem in the United States and prescription opioid overdose fatalities continue to rise. Chronic opioid use threatens military readiness and puts service members at risk for medical separation from military service. Orthopedic surgeons commonly prescribe opioid medications for postsurgical patients. Long-term opioid use can be the result of acute, postoperative opioid intake. Overprescribing may increase the risk of long-term opioid use, medication diversion and adver...

Prescription opioid misuse, sources of opioids and reasons for opioid misuse among reproductive aged parenting women with major depressive episode.

The impact of the opioid epidemic has been particularly hard on reproductive-aged parenting women. Yet, very little is known about opioid use, opioid misuse and opioid use disorder among parenting women with major depressive episode (MDE). Information on sources of opioids intended for misuse and reasons for opioid misuse among this population is also lacking. Using the 2015-2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the study estimates a multinomial logistic regression model to investigate the associatio...

The 2018 Chitranjan S. Ranawat, MD Award: Developing and Implementing a Novel Institutional Guideline Strategy Reduced Postoperative Opioid Prescribing After TKA and THA.

Opioid prescription management is challenging for orthopaedic surgeons, and we lack evidence-based guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing. Our institution recently developed opioid prescription guidelines for patients undergoing several common orthopaedic procedures including TKA and THA in an effort to reduce and standardize prescribing patterns.

Factors associated with potentially problematic opioid prescriptions among individuals with private insurance and medicaid.

If opioid analgesics are prescribed and used inappropriately, they can lead to addiction and other adverse effects. In this study, we (1) examine factors associated with potentially problematic opioid prescriptions and (2) quantify the link between potentially problematic prescriptions and the development of opioid use disorder. We found that older age; female sex; having back pain, arthritis, or migraine; hydrocodone prescription; previous pharmacotherapy for opioid use disorder; and frequent emergency dep...

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