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PubMed Journals Articles About "Vitae Pharmaceuticals, Inc." RSS

04:46 EDT 22nd July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Vitae Pharmaceuticals, Inc. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Vitae Pharmaceuticals, Inc. articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Vitae Pharmaceuticals" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 328

Starmerella camargoi f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella ilheusensis f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella litoralis f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella opuntiae f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella roubikii f.a., sp. nov. and Starmerella vitae f.a., sp. nov., isolated from flowers and bees, and transfer of related Candida species to the genus Starmerella as new combinations.

Six novel yeast species, Starmerella camargoi f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella ilheusensis f.a., sp. nov., Starmerella litoralis f.a., Starmerella opuntiae f.a., sp. nov., sp. nov., Starmerella roubikii f.a., sp. nov. and Starmerella vitae f.a, sp. nov. are proposed to accommodate 19 isolates recovered from ephemeral flowers or bees in Brazil, Costa Rica and Belize. Sequence analysis of the ITS-5.8S region (when available) and the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit of the rRNA gene showed that the six novel yeas...


Letter--Incorporating Real-World Evidence and Patient Value Criteria into Value-Based Frameworks for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma.

Orlowski has received research funding from Amgen, BioTheryX, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene Corporation, and Takeda Pharmaceuticals; honoraria from Amgen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene Corporation, Janssen, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, and Onyx Pharmaceuticals; and is a member of advisory boards for Amgen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene Corporation, Incyte, Kite, Legend Biotech, Sanofi-Aventis, and Takeda Pharmaceuticals.

Genetics of familial hypercholesterolemia: a tool for development of novel lipid lowering pharmaceuticals?

Familial hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high LDL cholesterol and an elevated risk to develop coronary heart disease. Mutations in LDL receptor-mediated cholesterol uptake are the main cause of familial hypercholesterolemia. However, multiple mutations in various other genes are also associated with high LDL cholesterol and even familial hypercholesterolemia. Thus, pharmaceuticals that target these genes and proteins might be attractive treatment options to reduce LDL cholesterol. This review provi...


Post-production handling and administration of protein pharmaceuticals and potential instability issues.

The safety and efficacy of protein pharmaceuticals depend not only on biological activity, but also on purity levels. Impurities may be process related due to limitations in manufacturing, or product related caused by protein degradation occurring throughout the life history of a product. Although the pharmaceutical biotechnology industry has made great progress in improving bulk and drug product manufacturing as well as company-controlled storage and transportation conditions to minimize the level of degra...

Impact of Pharmaceuticals on the Environment: Risk Assessment Using QSAR Modeling Approach.

An extensive use of pharmaceuticals and the widespread practices of their erroneous disposal measures have made these products contaminants of emerging concern (CEC). Especially, active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are ubiquitously detected in surface water and soil, mainly in the aquatic compartment, where they do affect the living systems. Unfortunately, there is a huge gap in the availability of ecotoxicological data on pharmaceuticals' environmental behavior and ecotoxicity which force EMEA (Europe...

A General Strategy for Site-Selective Incorporation of Deuterium and Tritium into Pyridines, Diazines and Pharmaceuticals.

Methods to incorporate deuterium and tritium atoms into organic molecules are valuable for medicinal chemistry. The prevalence of pyridines and diazines in pharmaceuticals means that new ways to label these heterocycles will present opportunities in drug design and facilitate absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) studies. A broadly applicable protocol is presented wherein pyridines, diazines and pharmaceuticals are converted into heterocyclic phosphonium salts and then isotopically label...

From Oxiranes to Oligomers: Architectures of US FDA Approved Pharmaceuticals Containing Oxygen Heterocycles.

Oxygen heterocycles are the second most common type of heterocycles that appear as structural components of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pharmaceuticals. Analysis of our database of drugs approved through 2017, reveals 311 distinct pharmaceuticals containing at least one oxygen heterocycle. Most prevalent among these are pyranoses, with furanoses, macrolactones, morpholines, and dioxolanes rounding out the top five. The main body of this perspective is organized according to ring-size, com...

Environmental concentrations of pharmaceuticals directly affect phytoplankton and effects propagate through trophic interactions.

Pharmaceuticals are found in freshwater ecosystems where even low concentrations in the range of ng Lmay affect aquatic organisms. In the current study, we investigated the effects of chronic exposure to three pharmaceuticals on two microalgae, a potential modulation of the effects by additional inorganic phosphorus (P) limitation, and a potential propagation of the pharmaceuticals' effect across a trophic interaction. The latter considers that pharmaceuticals are bioaccumulated by algae, potentially metabo...

New toxicogenetic insights and ranking of the selected pharmaceuticals belong to the three different classes: A toxicity estimation to confirmation approach.

Tetracycline hydrochloride (TH), indomethacin (IM), and bezafibrate (BF) belong to the three different important classes of pharmaceuticals, which are well known for their toxicity and environmental concerns. However, studies are still elusive to highlight the mechanistic toxicity of these pharmaceuticals and rank them using both, the toxicity prediction and confirmation approaches. Therefore, we employed the next generation toxicity testing in 21st century (TOX21) tools and estimated the in vitro/vivo toxi...

Spatial patterns of pharmaceuticals and wastewater tracers in the Hudson River Estuary.

The widespread use of pharmaceuticals by human populations results in their sustained discharge to surface waters via wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). In this study, 16 highly prescribed pharmaceuticals were quantified along a 250 km transect of the Hudson River Estuary and New York Harbor to describe their sources and spatial patterns. Sampling was conducted over two dry weather periods in May and July 2016, at 72 sites which included mid-channel and nearshore sites, as well as locations influenced b...

Urbanization gradient of selected pharmaceuticals in surface water at a watershed scale.

Ubiquitous detection of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment around the world raises a great public concern. Aquatic residuals of pharmaceuticals have been assumed to relate to land use patterns and various human activities within a catchment or watershed. This study generated a gradient of human activity in the Jiulong River watershed, southeastern China by urban land use percentage in 20 research subwatersheds. Thirty-three compounds from three-category pharmaceuticals [26 compounds of 5 antibiotic ...

Advanced oxidation process-mediated removal of pharmaceuticals from water: A review.

Pharmaceuticals, which are frequently detected in natural and wastewater bodies as well as drinking water have attracted considerable attention, because they do not readily biodegrade and may persist and remain toxic. As a result, pharmaceutical residues pose on-going and potential health and environmental risks. To tackle these emerging contaminants, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) such as photo-Fenton, sonolysis, electrochemical oxidation, radiation and ozonation etc. have been applied to remove pharm...

Pediatric Poisonings: The Risk of Over-the-Counter Pharmaceuticals.

Every week in the United States, 56% of children younger than age 18 years and 82% of adults take at least one medication. Nonprescription medications, including acetaminophen and ibuprofen, are among the most commonly used pharmaceuticals across all age groups. Use of nonprescription medications, traditionally available over-the-counter, has become ubiquitous. Unfortunately, with such abundant use there is an associated risk for therapeutic misuse, intentional misuse, and even abuse. [Pediatr Ann. 2017;46(...

Unveiling the important roles of coexisting contaminants on photochemical transformations of pharmaceuticals: Fibrate drugs as a case study.

Pharmaceuticals are a group of ubiquitous emerging pollutants, many of which have been shown to undergo efficient photolysis in the environment. Photochemically produced reactive intermediates (PPRIs) sensitized by the pharmaceuticals in sunlit natural waters may induce photodegradation of coexisting compounds. In this study, the roles of coexisting contaminants on the phototransformation of pharmaceuticals were unveiled with the fibrate drugs gemfibrozil (GMF), fenofibrate (FNF), and fenofibric acid (FNFA)...

Application of liquid-liquid microextraction for the effective separation and simultaneous determination of 11 pharmaceuticals in wastewater samples using HPLC-MS/MS.

A dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method for the simultaneous determination of 11 pharmaceuticals has been developed. The method is based on a microextraction procedure applied to wastewater samples from different regions of Hungary followed by high performance liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry. The effect of the nature of the extractant, dispersive solvent, different additives and extraction time were examined on the extraction efficiently of the dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction...

Concentrating mixtures of neuroactive pharmaceuticals and altered neurotransmitter levels in the brain of fish exposed to a wastewater effluent.

Fish can be exposed to a variety of neuroactive pharmaceuticals via the effluent discharges from wastewater treatment plants and concerns have arisen regarding their potential impacts on fish behaviour and ecology. In this study, we investigated the uptake of 14 neuroactive pharmaceuticals from a treated wastewater effluent into blood plasma and brain regions of roach (Rutilus rutilus) after exposure for 15days. We show that a complex mixture of pharmaceuticals including, 6 selective serotonin reuptake inhi...

Pharmaceutical manufacturing facility discharges can substantially increase the pharmaceutical load to U.S. wastewaters.

Discharges from pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities (PMFs) previously have been identified as important sources of pharmaceuticals to the environment. Yet few studies are available to establish the influence of PMFs on the pharmaceutical source contribution to wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and waterways at the national scale. Consequently, a national network of 13 WWTPs receiving PMF discharges, six WWTPs with no PMF input, and one WWTP that transitioned through a PMF closure were selected from ac...

The fate and risk assessment of psychiatric pharmaceuticals from psychiatric hospital effluent.

Psychiatric pharmaceuticals are gaining public attention because of increasing reports of their occurrence in environment and their potential impact on ecosystems and human health. This work studied the occurrence and fate of 15 selected psychiatric pharmaceuticals from 3 psychiatric hospitals effluent in Shanghai and investigated the effect of hospitals effluent on surface water, groundwater, soil and plant. Amitriptyline (83.57ng) and lorazepam (22.26ng) showed the highest concentration and were found fre...

Application of prioritization approaches to optimize environmental monitoring and testing of pharmaceuticals.

Pharmaceuticals are ubiquitous in the natural environment with concentrations expected to rise as human population increases. Environmental risk assessments are available for a small portion of pharmaceuticals in use, raising concerns over the potential risks posed by other drugs that have little or no data. With >1900 active pharmaceutical ingredients in use, it would be a major task to test all of the compounds with little or no data. Desk-based prioritization studies provide a potential solution by ident...

Third International Electronic Conference on Medicinal Chemistry (ECMC-3).

The third International Electronic Conference on Medicinal Chemistry, organized and sponsored by MDPI AG, publisher, and the journal Pharmaceuticals, took place in November 2017 on the SciForum website (www.sciforum.net/conference/ecmc-3). Around 300 authors from 34 different countries participated at the event, which hosted more than 70 presentations, keynotes, videos, and posters. A short description of some works presented during that scientific meeting is disclosed in this report.

Evaluating In Vitro-In Vivo Extrapolation of Toxicokinetics.

Prioritizing the risk posed by thousands of chemicals potentially present in the environment requires exposure, toxicity, and toxicokinetic (TK) data, which are often unavailable. Relatively high throughput, in vitro TK (HTTK) assays and in vitro-to-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) methods have been developed to predict TK, but most of the in vivo TK data available to benchmark these methods are from pharmaceuticals. Here we report on new, in vivo rat TK experiments for 26 non-pharmaceutical chemicals with env...

Occurrence, elimination, enantiomeric distribution and intra-day variations of chiral pharmaceuticals in major wastewater treatment plants in Beijing, China.

The occurrence, eliminations, enantiomeric distribution and intra-day variations of five chiral pharmaceuticals (three beta-blockers and two antidepressants) were investigated in eight major WWTPs in Beijing, China. The results revealed that metoprolol (MTP) and venlafaxine (VFX) were of the highest concentrations among the five determined pharmaceuticals with mean concentrations of 803 ng L and 408 ng L, respectively in influents, and 354 ng L and 165 ng L in effluents, respectively. Their ...

Liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry determination of six pharmaceuticals in vegetal biota. Uptake study in Lavandula dentata.

A procedure based on microwave assisted extraction for the determination of 6 pharmaceuticals in samples of Lavandula dentata, Salicornia ramosissima and Juncus sp. by liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF/MS) was optimized and validated. Best results were obtained using microwave assisted extraction of 1.0g of homogeneous lyophilized samples and 5mL of a mixture ACN:H2O (1:1 v/v) as extracting solvent. Analytical recoveries ranged from 60 to 107% with relative standard ...

Pharmaceuticals residues in selected tropical surface water bodies from Selangor (Malaysia): Occurrence and potential risk assessments.

This study investigated the occurrence of nine pharmaceuticals (amoxicillin, caffeine, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, dexamethasone, diclofenac, nitrofurazone, sulfamethoxazole, and triclosan) and to evaluate potential risks (human health and ecotoxicological) in Lui, Gombak and Selangor (Malaysia) rivers using commercial competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) kit assays. Physicochemical properties of these rivers showed the surface samples belong to Class II of Malaysian National Water Qual...

The Scientific Analysis of Factors of Physical Accessibility of Medications as Exemplified by the Sakhalin Oblast. Part II.

The Sakhalin oblast is considered as a detailed example of physical accessibility of pharmaceuticals with regards to time-space factors and assortment accessibility. The conclusions are made concerning universality of factors of accessibility and availability of characteristics to be taken into account in every subject. The analysis of factors of accessibility in the subject permits to establish risk zones preventing accessibility of pharmaceuticals to population.


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