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PubMed Journals Articles About "Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop" RSS

00:39 EDT 25th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,200+

Coupling individual kernel-filling processes with source-sink interactions into GREENLAB-Maize.

Failure to account for the variation of kernel growth in a cereal crop simulation model may cause serious deviations in the estimates of crop yield. The goal of this research was to revise the GREENLAB-Maize model to incorporate source- and sink-limited allocation approaches to simulate the dry matter accumulation of individual kernels of an ear (GREENLAB-Maize-Kernel).


Effect of mixed maize-legume silages on milk quality and quantity from lactating smallholder dairy cows.

The study investigated the effect of the following maize:legume (70:30) mixed crop silages: maize:cowpea, maize:velvet bean, and maize:lablab on milk production during the 2016 dry season. Using a 5 × 5 double Latin square design, five Holstein-Friesian crossbred cows in early lactation (30 ± 15 days) and five Jersey crossbred cows in early lactation (25 ± 10 days) were given the supplementary mixed crop silage diets at 0.5 kg/l of milk produced over 105 days. Commercial dairy meal and so...

Genome-wide association analysis of lead accumulation in maize.

Large phenotypic variations in the lead (Pb) concentration were observed in grains and leaves of maize plants. A further understanding of inheritance of Pb accumulation may facilitate improvement of low-Pb-accumulating cultivars in maize. A genome-wide association study was conducted in a population of 269 maize accessions with 43,737 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The Pb concentrations in leaves and kernels of 269 accessions were collected in pot-culture and field experiments in years of 2015 and ...


Bedding additives reduce ammonia emission and improve crop N uptake after soil application of solid cattle manure.

This study examined the influences of three potential additives, i.e., lava meal, sandy soil top-layer and zeolite (used in animal bedding) amended solid cattle manures on (i) ammonia (NH3), dinitrous oxide (N2O), carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions and (ii) maize crop or grassland apparent N recovery (ANR). Diffusion samplers were installed at 20 cm height on grassland surface to measure the concentrations of NH3 from the manures. A photoacoustic gas monitor was used to quantitate the fluxes...

Control of Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg and Fumonisins by Using a Combination of Crop Protection Products and Fertilization.

Fusarium verticillioides is the most common fungal pathogen associated with maize ear rot in Tanzania. In a two-year trial, we investigated the efficacy of crop protection (insecticide and/or fungicide) and fertilizer (nitrogen and/or phosphorus) treatments in reducing the occurrence of F. verticillioides and its mycotoxins in maize grown in Tanzania. Seasonal differences were seen to have a substantial influence on the incidence and severity of insect infestation, Fusarium ear and kernel rot, biomass of F....

Estimating plant distance in maize using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).

Distance between rows and plants are essential parameters that affect the final grain yield in row crops. This paper presents the results of research intended to develop a novel method to quantify the distance between maize plants at field scale using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). Using this method, we can recognize maize plants as objects and calculate the distance between plants. We initially developed our method by training an algorithm in an indoor facility with plastic corn plants. Then, the method...

The combination of compost or biochar with urea and NBPT can improve nitrogen-use efficiency in maize.

The addition of organic residues to agricultural soils has been used as a practical alternative to improve crop quality and health. The objective of this work was to evaluate maize physiological and nutritional responses to the application of compost and biochar combined with urea (N) and N-(n-butyl) thiophosphoric triamide (NBPT). The experiment was performed in plastic pots with 3 kg of soil under greenhouse conditions for 30 days. The compost and biochar were applied at the rate of 0.3 ton ha-1, using an...

Greenhouse gas emissions and energy efficiencies for soybeans and maize cultivated in different agronomic zones: A case study of Argentina.

Of all human activities, agriculture has one of the highest environmental impacts, particularly related to Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, energy use and land use change. Soybean and maize are two of the most commercialized agricultural commodities worldwide. Argentina contributes significantly to this trade, being the third major producer of soybeans, the first exporter of soymeal and soybean oil, and the third exporter of maize. Despite the economic importance of these crops and the products derived, ther...

Phenotyping Crop Root Crowns: General Guidance and Specific Protocols for Maize, Wheat, and Soybean.

Root crown phenotyping allows measuring many parameters that describe the top portion of crop root systems and can be used for the basis of genome-wide association studies, QTL analysis, and physiology studies. Root crown phenotyping is a relatively simple process, with the major steps being excavation, transport, soil removal, and measurements. On the other hand, all steps require substantial manual labor and occur outside in challenging environments, and many factors influence the ultimate success of app...

microRNA528 Affects Lodging Resistance of Maize by Regulating Lignin Biosynthesis under Nitrogen-Luxury Conditions.

Lodging under N-luxury conditions substantially reduces crop yield and seed quality. However, the molecular mechanisms of plant lodging resistance remain largely unclear, especially in maize. We report here that the expression of ZmmiR528, a monocot-specific miRNA, is induced by nitrogen (N) luxury but reduced by N deficiency. Thioacidolysis and acetyl bromide (AcBr) analysis showed that N luxury significantly reduced the generation of H, G, and S monomers and the total lignin content of maize shoots. We fu...

Vitamin D levels in children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder.

Recent studies showed that vitamin D deficiency may lead to dysfunctional changes in the brain and may be associated with neuropsychiatric diseases.

Oral vitamin Bversus intramuscular vitamin Bfor vitamin Bdeficiency.

Vitamin Bdeficiency is common, and the incidence increases with age. Most people with vitamin Bdeficiency are treated in primary care with intramuscular (IM) vitamin B. Doctors may not be prescribing oral vitamin Bformulations because they may be unaware of this option or have concerns regarding its effectiveness.

Vitamin D status in adult patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer in Cape Town, South Africa: a cross-sectional study.

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the most important environmental risk factor for the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). UV radiation is, however, also vital in the formation of vitamin D in humans. Strict sun protection advised to skin cancer patients may lead to vitamin D deficiency, yet vitamin D may have a protective effect against cancer formation.

Stable isotope evidences for identifying crop water uptake in a typical winter wheat-summer maize rotation field in the North China Plain.

Better managing agricultural water resources, which are increasingly stressed by climate change and anthropogenic activities, is difficult, particularly because of variations in water uptake patterns associated with crop type and growth stage. Thus, the stable isotopes δ(18)O and δ(2)H were employed to investigate the water uptake patterns of a summer maize (Zea mays L.) and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) rotation system in the North China Plain. Based on the soil water content, soil layers were divi...

Cropping System Conversion led to Organic Carbon Change in China's Mollisols Regions.

Land use change driven by diet, globalization, and technology advancement have greatly influenced agricultural production and environment in the mollisols region of China, with a marked impact on the depletion of soil organic matter, a signature property of mollisols. Here we report findings on soil organic carbon (SOC) change in three different cropping systems (soybean, soybean/maize, corn) in Northeast China during a 10-year time span. The results indicated that the decline rate of SOC in recent ten year...

Comparison Of Different Formulations Of Vitamin D.

Vitamin D Deficiency (VDD) is responsible for a wide spectrum of clinical diseases and vitamin D deficiency prevalence is frightening in most parts of the world including Pakistan. Therefore, supplementations of vitamin D are used in the population at high risk for the prevention and the treatment of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D supplementation comes in various formulations both oral and intramuscular. Cholecalciferol is the most commonly used preparation which is given through these routes of administra...

Assessment of climate change impact on yield of major crops in the Banas River Basin, India.

Crop growth models like AquaCrop are useful in understanding the impact of climate change on crop production considering the various projections from global circulation models and regional climate models. The present study aims to assess the climate change impact on yield of major crops in the Banas River Basin i.e., wheat, barley and maize. Banas basin is part of the semi-arid region of Rajasthan state in India. AquaCrop model is used to calculate the yield of all the three crops for a historical period of...

Rotary tillage in rotation with plowing tillage improves soil properties and crop yield in a wheat-maize cropping system.

Soil rotational tillage is an effective measure to overcome the problems caused by long-term of a single tillage, but the effect of the interval time of rotational tillage practices is not very well understood. Therefore, we conducted a 3-year field study in a wheat-maize cropping system to evaluate the effects of rotary tillage (RT) in rotation with plowing tillage (PT) on soil properties in northern China. Four practices were designed as follows: 3 years of RT to a depth of 10-15 cm (3RT), 3 years of PT t...

All together now, a magical mystery tour of the maize shoot meristem.

Crop yield improvement requires optimization of shoot architecture, and can be facilitated by understanding shoot apical meristem (SAM) development. Maize, as one of the most important cereal crops worldwide, is also a model system and has significantly contributed to our fundamental understanding of SAM development. In this review, we focus on recent progress and will discuss communication between different meristem regulators, including CLAVATA receptors and ligands, transcription factors, small RNAs and ...

S-25OHD is Associated with Hand Grip Strength and Myopathy at Five Years in Girls: An Odense Child Cohort Study.

Severe vitamin D deficiency may lead to myopathy in adults. Little is known about vitamin D and muscle strength in children.

Is Vitamin D Supplementation Effective for Low Back Pain? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide. Current intervention strategies are failing to reduce the enormous global burden of LBP and are prompting researchers to investigate alternative management strategies, such as vitamin D supplementation. Vitamin D supplementation appears to down regulate pro-inflammatory cytokines which lead to pain and up regulate anti-inflammatory cytokines that reduce inflammation. These mechanisms might explain the increasing interest in t...

Impact of Conventional and Integrated Management Systems on the Water-Soluble Vitamin Content in Potatoes, Field Beans and Cereals.

The reduction of the environmental footprint of crop production without compromising crop yield and their nutritional value is a key goal for improving the sustainability of agriculture. In 2009, the Balruddery Farm Platform was established at The James Hutton Institute as a long-term experimental platform for cross-disciplinary research of crops using two agricultural ecosystems. Crops representative of UK agriculture were grown under conventional and integrated management systems, and analyzed for their w...

The expression of detoxification genes in two maize cultivars by interaction of isoxadifen-ethyl and nicosulfuron.

Herbicide safeners protect crop plants from herbicide phytotoxicity, but an understanding of their molecular mechanisms is still lacking. We investigated the effects of the safener isoxadifen-ethyl and/or nicosulfuron on the expression of 10 genes, 8 glutathione transferases (GSTs), 1 glutathione transporter and 1 multidrug resistance protein gene in two maize cultivars. Nicosulfuron and isoxadifen-ethyl induce different detoxification enzyme genes. The expression analyses of the 10 genes revealed that most...

Alternate partial root-zone drip irrigation improves water- and nitrogen- use efficiencies of sweet-waxy maize with nitrogen fertigation.

Alternate partial root-zone drip irrigation (ADI) or fertigation has favorable effect on crop water- and nitrogen- use efficiencies (WUE and NUE). However, the advantage of combined application of ADI and nitrogen fertigation on crop WUE and NUE remains unclear. A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of three irrigation methods (CDI conventional drip irrigation (both halves of pot irrigated), ADI (both halves of pot alternatively irrigated) and FDI fixed partial root-zone drip irrigation (...

Vitamin D pathway gene polymorphisms and hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic hepatitis C-affected patients treated with new drugs.

Since HCV infection may lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and vitamin D (deficiency) is related to cancer, we investigated if SNPs in genes involved in vitamin D pathway could predict HCV-related HCC presence in patients treated with new anti-HCV drugs.


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