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PubMed Journals Articles About "Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop" RSS

00:06 EDT 22nd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Vitamin Maize Could Lead More Nutritious Crop" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,200+

Coupling individual kernel-filling processes with source-sink interactions into GREENLAB-Maize.

Failure to account for the variation of kernel growth in a cereal crop simulation model may cause serious deviations in the estimates of crop yield. The goal of this research was to revise the GREENLAB-Maize model to incorporate source- and sink-limited allocation approaches to simulate the dry matter accumulation of individual kernels of an ear (GREENLAB-Maize-Kernel).


Effect of mixed maize-legume silages on milk quality and quantity from lactating smallholder dairy cows.

The study investigated the effect of the following maize:legume (70:30) mixed crop silages: maize:cowpea, maize:velvet bean, and maize:lablab on milk production during the 2016 dry season. Using a 5 × 5 double Latin square design, five Holstein-Friesian crossbred cows in early lactation (30 ± 15 days) and five Jersey crossbred cows in early lactation (25 ± 10 days) were given the supplementary mixed crop silage diets at 0.5 kg/l of milk produced over 105 days. Commercial dairy meal and so...

Estimating plant distance in maize using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).

Distance between rows and plants are essential parameters that affect the final grain yield in row crops. This paper presents the results of research intended to develop a novel method to quantify the distance between maize plants at field scale using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). Using this method, we can recognize maize plants as objects and calculate the distance between plants. We initially developed our method by training an algorithm in an indoor facility with plastic corn plants. Then, the method...


The combination of compost or biochar with urea and NBPT can improve nitrogen-use efficiency in maize.

The addition of organic residues to agricultural soils has been used as a practical alternative to improve crop quality and health. The objective of this work was to evaluate maize physiological and nutritional responses to the application of compost and biochar combined with urea (N) and N-(n-butyl) thiophosphoric triamide (NBPT). The experiment was performed in plastic pots with 3 kg of soil under greenhouse conditions for 30 days. The compost and biochar were applied at the rate of 0.3 ton ha-1, using an...

Phenotyping Crop Root Crowns: General Guidance and Specific Protocols for Maize, Wheat, and Soybean.

Root crown phenotyping allows measuring many parameters that describe the top portion of crop root systems and can be used for the basis of genome-wide association studies, QTL analysis, and physiology studies. Root crown phenotyping is a relatively simple process, with the major steps being excavation, transport, soil removal, and measurements. On the other hand, all steps require substantial manual labor and occur outside in challenging environments, and many factors influence the ultimate success of app...

Advancing Agrobacterium-Based Crop Transformation and Genome Modification Technology for Agricultural Biotechnology.

The last decade has seen significant strides in Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation technology. This has not only expanded the number of crop species that can be transformed by Agrobacterium, but has also made it possible to routinely transform several recalcitrant crop species including cereals (e.g., maize, sorghum, and wheat). However, the technology is limited by the random nature of DNA insertions, genotype dependency, low frequency of quality events, and variation in gene expression arising fr...

microRNA528 Affects Lodging Resistance of Maize by Regulating Lignin Biosynthesis under Nitrogen-Luxury Conditions.

Lodging under N-luxury conditions substantially reduces crop yield and seed quality. However, the molecular mechanisms of plant lodging resistance remain largely unclear, especially in maize. We report here that the expression of ZmmiR528, a monocot-specific miRNA, is induced by nitrogen (N) luxury but reduced by N deficiency. Thioacidolysis and acetyl bromide (AcBr) analysis showed that N luxury significantly reduced the generation of H, G, and S monomers and the total lignin content of maize shoots. We fu...

Effect of Organic Manure Substitution of Synthetic Nitrogen on Crop Yield and NO Emission in the Winter Wheat-Summer Maize Rotation System.

Controlling agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, such as NO, is important in mitigating global climate warming. Through monitoring the dynamics of NO emission fluxes, we investigated the effect of organic nitrogen (N) substitution of synthetic N on NO emissions and the yield of winter wheat and summer maize in the Guanzhong Plain of Shaanxi Province, China. The study involved six treatments, consisting of no fertilizer (CK), synthetic N, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) fertilizers alone (NPK), 75% NPK+2...

Oral vitamin Bversus intramuscular vitamin Bfor vitamin Bdeficiency.

Vitamin Bdeficiency is common, and the incidence increases with age. Most people with vitamin Bdeficiency are treated in primary care with intramuscular (IM) vitamin B. Doctors may not be prescribing oral vitamin Bformulations because they may be unaware of this option or have concerns regarding its effectiveness.

Vitamin E status and its determinants in patients with cystic fibrosis.

The risk of vitamin E deficiency is of primary concern in cystic fibrosis patients. However, early diagnosis and routine vitamin E supplementation can lead to its normal or even high levels. In the present study, we assessed vitamin E status in a large group of cystic fibrosis patients. Moreover, we also aimed to establish determinants of its body resources in cystic fibrosis patients.

Vitamin D supplementation improves testicular function in diabetic rats via PPAR-γ/TGF- β1/NF-κB.

Vitamin D deficiency can lead to male hypogonadism in diabetes mellitus,but the target organs and the mechanism driving the disorder are unclear. This experiment was designed to study the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and hypogonadism in diabetes mellitus.

Comparative analysis of the male inflorescence transcriptome profiles of an ms22 mutant of maize.

In modern agricultural production, maize is the most successful crop utilizing heterosis. 712C-ms22 is an important male sterile material in maize. In this study, we performed transcriptome sequencing analysis of the V10 stage of male inflorescence. Through this analysis, 27.63 million raw reads were obtained, and trimming of the raw data revealed 26.63 million clean reads, with an average match rate of 94.64%. Using Tophat software, we matched these clean reads to the maize reference genome. The abundance ...

Vitamin D status in adult patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer in Cape Town, South Africa: a cross-sectional study.

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the most important environmental risk factor for the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). UV radiation is, however, also vital in the formation of vitamin D in humans. Strict sun protection advised to skin cancer patients may lead to vitamin D deficiency, yet vitamin D may have a protective effect against cancer formation.

Intercropping wheat and maize increases the uptake of phthalic acid esters by plant roots from soils.

Whether crop intercropping can affect the uptake of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) by plant roots from soils is unclear. In this study, we compare the PAE uptake by plant roots between the wheat/maize intercropping and the wheat and maize monocropping in a field work. We show that the PAE bioconcentration factors of wheat and maize roots are remarkably higher under wheat/maize intercropping than under monocropping, indicating that intercropping may significantly increase the biouptake of PAEs as compared to mo...

Modulating the antioxidant system by exogenous 2-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy) triethylamine in maize seedlings exposed to polyethylene glycol-simulated drought stress.

Maize (Zea mays L.), an important agricultural crop, suffers from drought stress frequently during its growth period, thus leading to a decline in yield. 2-(3,4-Dichlorophenoxy) triethylamine (DCPTA) regulates many aspects of plant development; however, its effects on crop stress tolerance are poorly understood. We pre-treated maize seedlings by adding DCPTA to a hydroponic solution and then subjected the seedlings to a drought condition [15% polyethylene glycol (PEG)-6000 treatment]. The activities of supe...

Assessment of climate change impact on yield of major crops in the Banas River Basin, India.

Crop growth models like AquaCrop are useful in understanding the impact of climate change on crop production considering the various projections from global circulation models and regional climate models. The present study aims to assess the climate change impact on yield of major crops in the Banas River Basin i.e., wheat, barley and maize. Banas basin is part of the semi-arid region of Rajasthan state in India. AquaCrop model is used to calculate the yield of all the three crops for a historical period of...

Rotary tillage in rotation with plowing tillage improves soil properties and crop yield in a wheat-maize cropping system.

Soil rotational tillage is an effective measure to overcome the problems caused by long-term of a single tillage, but the effect of the interval time of rotational tillage practices is not very well understood. Therefore, we conducted a 3-year field study in a wheat-maize cropping system to evaluate the effects of rotary tillage (RT) in rotation with plowing tillage (PT) on soil properties in northern China. Four practices were designed as follows: 3 years of RT to a depth of 10-15 cm (3RT), 3 years of PT t...

All together now, a magical mystery tour of the maize shoot meristem.

Crop yield improvement requires optimization of shoot architecture, and can be facilitated by understanding shoot apical meristem (SAM) development. Maize, as one of the most important cereal crops worldwide, is also a model system and has significantly contributed to our fundamental understanding of SAM development. In this review, we focus on recent progress and will discuss communication between different meristem regulators, including CLAVATA receptors and ligands, transcription factors, small RNAs and ...

Combinatorial interaction of two adjacent cis-active promoter regions mediates the synergistic induction of Bt2 gene by sucrose and ABA in maize endosperm.

The accumulation of starch in cereal endosperm is a key process that determines crop yield and quality. Research has reported that sucrose and abscisic acid (ABA) synergistically regulate the synthesis of crop starch. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms behind this synergistic effect. In this study, the effect of sucrose and ABA on starch synthesis in maize endosperm was investigated. The starch content, the ADP-Glc pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) concentration, and the expression of AGPase-e...

Is Vitamin D Supplementation Effective for Low Back Pain? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide. Current intervention strategies are failing to reduce the enormous global burden of LBP and are prompting researchers to investigate alternative management strategies, such as vitamin D supplementation. Vitamin D supplementation appears to down regulate pro-inflammatory cytokines which lead to pain and up regulate anti-inflammatory cytokines that reduce inflammation. These mechanisms might explain the increasing interest in t...

S-25OHD is Associated with Hand Grip Strength and Myopathy at Five Years in Girls: An Odense Child Cohort Study.

Severe vitamin D deficiency may lead to myopathy in adults. Little is known about vitamin D and muscle strength in children.

Canopy warming accelerates development in soybean and maize, offsetting the delay in soybean reproductive development by elevated CO concentrations.

Increases in atmospheric CO concentrations ([CO ]) and surface temperature are known to individually have effects on crop development and yield but their interactive effects have not been adequately investigated under field conditions. We evaluated the impacts of elevated [CO ] with and without canopy warming as a function of development in soybean and maize using infrared heating arrays nested within Free Air CO enrichment plots over three growing seasons. Vegetative development accelerated in soybean with...

The expression of detoxification genes in two maize cultivars by interaction of isoxadifen-ethyl and nicosulfuron.

Herbicide safeners protect crop plants from herbicide phytotoxicity, but an understanding of their molecular mechanisms is still lacking. We investigated the effects of the safener isoxadifen-ethyl and/or nicosulfuron on the expression of 10 genes, 8 glutathione transferases (GSTs), 1 glutathione transporter and 1 multidrug resistance protein gene in two maize cultivars. Nicosulfuron and isoxadifen-ethyl induce different detoxification enzyme genes. The expression analyses of the 10 genes revealed that most...

Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth and Uptake of La and Pb by Maize Grown in La and Pb-Contaminated Soil.

A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (CE) and (RI) on AM colonization rate, biomass, nutrient uptake, C:N:P stoichiometry, and the uptake and transport of lanthanum (La) and lead (Pb) by maize ( L.) grown in La-and Pb-contaminated soils (combined La-Pb concentrations of 50, 200, and 800 mg·kg). The aim was to provide a scientific basis for the remediation of soils contaminated by rare earth elements and heavy metals. The results indicat...

Novel method for in situ investigation into graphene quantum dots effects on the adsorption of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by crop leaf surfaces.

Nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) are PAH derivatives with more toxic effects to ecosystem, and the partitioning of NPAHs in crop system constitutes the potential exposure to human health through the dietary pathway. In the present study, a novel method for in situ detection of 9-nitroanthracene (9-NAnt) and 3-nitrofluoranthene (3-NFla) adsorbed onto the leaf surfaces of living soybean and maize seedlings was established based on the fiber-optic fluorimetry combined with graphene quantum dot...


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