PubMed Journals Articles About "WarmSmart Warming Protocol" RSS

23:16 EDT 16th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "WarmSmart Warming Protocol" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,700+

Improvement in Ovarian Tissue Quality with Supplementation of Antifreeze Protein during Warming of Vitrified Mouse Ovarian Tissue.

Ice easily recrystallizes during warming after vitrification, and antifreeze protein (AFP) can inhibit the re-crystallization. However, no study has evaluated the effect of AFP treatment only thereon during warming. This study sought to compare AFP treatment protocols: a conventional protocol with AFP treatment during vitrification and first-step warming and a new protocol with AFP treatment during the first-step warming only. According to the protocols, 10 mg/mL of LeIBP (a type of AFP) was used. Five-week...

Effects of Seasonal Asymmetric Warming on Soil CO Release in Karst Region.

Seasonal asymmetric warming is one of the distinguishing features of global warming. However, if this feature is not considered in studying the effects of global changes on terrestrial ecosystems, it might probably cause misunderstanding of these studies. The releasing features of soil CO in Karst regions under various warming scenarios were simulated following a four-year continuous warming period using infrared radiators. A total of six treatments was arranged:no warming (ambient temp, CK); symmetric warm...

Effects of warming and nitrogen addition on community production and biomass allocation in an alpine meadow.

A long-term experiment, involving exogenous N addition and simulated warming, was conducted in an alpine meadow in Damxung, northern Tibet, to study how warming and N addition influence community production and biomass allocation. The results showed that warming resulted in a warm but dry microsite, that was, air temperature increased by 1.6 ℃ and soil surface temperature increased by 1.4 ℃, and soil water content decreased by 4.7%. Under no N addition treatments, warming significantly decreased plant a...

Transgenerational interactions between pesticide exposure and warming in a vector mosquito.

While transgenerational plasticity may buffer ectotherms to warming and pesticides separately, it remains unknown how combined exposure to warming and pesticides in the parental generation shapes the vulnerability to these stressors in the offspring. We studied the transgenerational effects of single and combined exposure to warming (4°C increase) and the pesticide chlorpyrifos on life-history traits of the vector mosquito . Parental exposure to a single stressor, either warming or the pesticide, had negat...

Irrigation reduces the negative effect of global warming on winter wheat yield and greenhouse gas intensity.

Global warming may exacerbate drought, decrease crop yield and affect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in semi-arid regions. However, the interactive effects of increases in temperature and water availability on winter wheat yield and GHG emissions in semi-arid climates are not well-understood. Here, we report on a two-year field experiment that examined the effects of a mean soil temperature increase of ~2 °C (at 5 cm depth) with and without additional irrigation on wheat yield and GHG emissions. Infrar...

Neuroscience: A 'Skin Warming' Circuit that Promotes Sleep and Body Cooling.

Skin and body warming help initiate sleep, but the underlying neural mechanisms remain unclear. New research in mice shows that skin warming recruits a previously unidentified hypothalamic circuit that functions to promote sleep and body cooling.

No Evidence of Increased Infection Risk with Forced-Air Warming Devices: A Systematic Review.

Forced-air warming devices have been reported to present a potential risk for surgical site infections (SSIs) and periprosthetic joint infections. Due to a lack of consensus, we reviewed the infection risk of forced-air warming devices.

Widespread asymmetric response of soil heterotrophic respiration to warming and cooling.

Soil is the largest organic carbon (C) pool in terrestrial ecosystems. Periodic changes in environmental temperature occur diurnally and seasonally; yet, the response of soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition to varying temperatures remains unclear. In this study, we conducted a modified incubation experiment using soils from 16 forest ecosystems in China with periodically and continuously varying incubation temperature to investigate how heterotrophic respiration (R) responds to different temperature patt...

Plants regulate the effects of experimental warming on the soil microbial community in an alpine scrub ecosystem.

Information on how soil microbial communities respond to warming is still scarce for alpine scrub ecosystems. We conducted a field experiment with two plant treatments (plant removal or undisturbed) subjected to warmed or unwarmed conditions to examine the effects of warming and plant removal on soil microbial community structures during the growing season in a Sibiraea angustata scrubland of the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The results indicate that experimental warming significantly influenced soil mi...

Vitrification of germinal-vesicle stage equine oocytes: Effect of cryoprotectant exposure time on in-vitro embryo production.

Previous studies have found low rates of blastocyst development (0-11%) after vitrification of germinal vesicle (GV)-stage equine oocytes. In this study, we systematically evaluated a short (non-equilibrating) system for GV-stage oocyte vitrification. In Exp. 1, we assessed oocyte volume in cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) exposed to components of a short protocol, using 2% each of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol in the first solution (VS1); 17.5% of each plus 0.3 M trehalose in the second solution (V...

Effects of Ambient Temperature and Forced-air Warming on Intraoperative Core Temperature: A Factorial Randomized Trial.

The effect of ambient temperature, with and without active warming, on intraoperative core temperature remains poorly characterized. The authors determined the effect of ambient temperature on core temperature changes with and without forced-air warming.

The metabolic theory of ecology and the cost of parasitism.

With over 1 million species on earth, each biologically unique, do we have any hope of understanding whether species will persist in a warming world? We might, because it turns out that there is surprising regularity in how warming accelerates the major metabolic processes that power life. A persistent challenge has been to understand ecological effects of temperature in the context of species interactions, especially when individuals not only experience temperature but also mortality due to parasitism or p...

Effects of short-term warming and nitrogen addition on the quantity and quality of dissolved organic matter in a subtropical Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation.

Increasing temperature and nitrogen (N) deposition are two large-scale changes projected to occur over the coming decades. The effects of these changes on dissolved organic matter (DOM) are largely unknown. This study aimed to assess the effects of warming and N addition on the quantity and quality of DOM from a subtropical Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation. Between 2014 and 2016, soil solutions were collected from 0-15, 15-30, and 30-60 cm depths by using a negative pressure sampling method. The quantity ...

Acceleration of phenological advance and warming with latitude over the past century.

In the Northern Hemisphere, springtime events are frequently reported as advancing more rapidly at higher latitudes, presumably due to an acceleration of warming with latitude. However, this assumption has not been investigated in an analytical framework that simultaneously examines acceleration of warming with latitude while accounting for variation in phenological time series characteristics that might also co-vary with latitude. We analyzed 743 phenological trend estimates spanning 86 years and 42.6 degr...

A recovery time after warming restores mitochondrial function and improves developmental competence of vitrified ovine oocytes.

The aim of the present study was to assess the ability of vitrified/warmed oocyte to recover from vitrification-induced damages after warming. In vitro matured, vitrified/warmed ovine oocytes were assessed for developmental competence, mitochondrial activity and distribution, ATP, ROS and catalase levels during 6 h of in vitro culture using fresh oocytes as control. ATP content in vitrified oocytes was lower than control during 4 h of post warming culture (p 

Effects of water warming and acidification on bioconcentration, metabolization and depuration of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds in marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis).

Warming and acidification are expected impacts of climate change to the marine environment. Besides, organisms that live in coastal areas, such as bivalves, can also be exposed to anthropogenic pollutants like pharmaceuticals (PhACs) and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs). In this study, the effects of warming and acidification on the bioconcentration, metabolization and depuration of five PhACs (sotalol, sulfamethoxazole, venlafaxine, carbamazepine and citalopram) and two EDCs (methylparaben and triclos...

Trends in historical mercury deposition inferred from lake sediment cores across a climate gradient in the Canadian High Arctic.

Recent climate change may be enhancing mercury fluxes to Arctic lake sediments, confounding the use of sediment cores to reconstruct histories of atmospheric deposition. Assessing the independent effects of climate warming on mercury sequestration is challenging due to temporal overlap between warming temperatures and increased long-range transport of atmospheric mercury following the Industrial Revolution. We address this challenge by examining mercury trends in short cores (the last several hundred years)...

A protocol for non-operative management of uncomplicated appendicitis.

We developed a protocol to identify candidates for non-operative management (NOM) of uncomplicated appendicitis. Our objective was to evaluate protocol efficacy with the null hypothesis that clinical outcomes, hospital readmission rates, and hospital charges would be unchanged after protocol implementation.

Warming in the Arctic Captured by productivity variability at an Arctic Fjord over the past two centuries.

Arctic fjords feature among some of the most climate-sensitive regions on the planet. The site of this study-Kongsfjorden-is one such fjord in which sedimentation and sediment geochemistry reflect climate-mediated changes in glacial melt and marine primary productivity. Here, we have shown that the fjord is particularly sensitive to the changing melt dynamics of the surrounding glaciers which are a direct consequence of warming/cooling in the region and is reflected in the productivity at the fjord. Warming...

Different responses of ecosystem carbon exchange to warming in three types of alpine grassland on the central Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.

Climate is a driver of terrestrial ecosystem carbon exchange, which is an important product of ecosystem function. The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau has recently been subjected to a marked increase in temperature as a consequence of global warming. To explore the effects of warming on carbon exchange in grassland ecosystems, we conducted a whole-year warming experiment between 2012 and 2014 using open-top chambers placed in an alpine meadow, an alpine steppe, and a cultivated grassland on the central Qinghai-Tibe...

Physiological resilience of a temperate soft coral to ocean warming and acidification.

Atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO ) is increasing at an unprecedented rate and subsequently leading to ocean acidification. Concomitantly, ocean warming is intensifying, leading to serious and predictable biological impairments over marine biota. Reef-building corals have proven to be very vulnerable to climate change, but little is known about the resilience of non-reef-building species. In this study, we investigated the effects of ocean warming and acidification on the antioxidant enzyme a...

Experimental warming advances phenology of groundlayer plants at the boreal-temperate forest ecotone.

Changes to plant phenology have been linked to warmer temperatures caused by climate change. Despite the importance of the groundlayer to community and forest dynamics, few warming experiments have focused on herbaceous plant and shrub phenology.

Pathways regulating decreased soil respiration with warming in a biocrust-dominated dryland.

A positive soil carbon (C)-climate feedback is embedded into the climatic models of the IPCC. However, recent global syntheses indicate that the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration (R ) in drylands, the largest biome on Earth, is actually lower in warmed than in control plots. Consequently, soil C losses with future warming are expected to be low compared with other biomes. Nevertheless, the empirical basis for these global extrapolations is still poor in drylands, due to the low number of field exp...

Boosted nutritional quality of food by CO enrichment fails to offset energy demand of herbivores under ocean warming, causing energy depletion and mortality.

The CO-boosted trophic transfer from primary producers to herbivores has been increasingly discovered at natural CO vents and in laboratory experiments. Despite the emerging knowledge of this boosting effect, we do not know the extent to which it may be enhanced or dampened by ocean warming. We investigated whether ocean acidification and warming enhance the nutritional quality (C:N ratio) and energy content of turf algae, which is speculated to drive higher feeding rate, greater energy budget and eventuall...

Ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, biological activities, and therapeutic applications of Alpinia oxyphylla Miquel: A review.

Fructus Alpiniae oxyphyllae (A. oxyphylla) is an important medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible fruit, but also as an important traditional medicine for benefiting cognitive performance and alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. Such as; warming kidney, securing essence and arresting polyuria, as well as warming the spleen and stopping diarrhea and saliva.

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