PubMed Journals Articles About "Warns Herbal Supplement Kratom Opioid Like Harms" RSS

13:27 EST 10th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Warns Herbal Supplement Kratom Opioid Like Harms" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,700+

Use of Kratom, an Opioid-like Traditional Herb, in Pregnancy.

Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is an herbal preparation with opioid-like effects made from a tree native to Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. Increasingly, kratom is used for self-treatment of opioid use disorder and recently has been associated with a multistate outbreak of salmonellosis. Few data are available on the clinical outcomes of kratom use in pregnancy.

Treatment of Kratom Dependence With Buprenorphine-Naloxone Maintenance.

Use of the unregulated herbal supplement kratom is on the rise in the United States. We present a case series of 2 patients who developed kratom dependence and withdrawal who were successfully transitioned to buprenorphine-naloxone maintenance.

Treatment of Kratom Withdrawal and Addiction With Buprenorphine.

: In this article, we describe a middle-aged woman with a history of addiction to opioid medications who eventually became dependent on kratom. Her kratom-related withdrawal symptoms responded to a trial of buprenorphine-naloxone. Subsequently, she was maintained on this medication.

Severity of Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa Korth.) Psychological Withdrawal Symptoms.

Kratom leaves (Mitragyna speciosa Korth.) are traditionally used in Southeast Asia for their medicinal value. Self-report studies suggest that cessation from chronic kratom tea consumption (freshly brewed kratom tea) was associated with unpleasant psychological symptoms. This study sought to assess the severity of anxiety and depression during kratom cessation. Regular kratom users (N = 150) were recruited from the northern state of Penang (Malaysia) for this retrospective study. The Beck Depression Inven...

Dietary Supplement and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Are Highly Prevalent in Patients with Gastrointestinal Disorders: Results from an Online Survey.

The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread among adults in the United States to self-treat a range of disorders, including gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. This study determined the self-reported use of CAM, including dietary supplements, in managing GI symptoms among Internet users and investigated perceived effects of supplement use on GI symptoms. We used a cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design. A Qualtrics online survey was utilized to collect data through variou...

Utilization of opioid agonist therapy among incarcerated persons with opioid use disorder in Vancouver, Canada.

Inability to access opioid agonist therapy (OAT) in correctional settings has previously been reported in Vancouver, Canada, and is associated with harms among people with opioid use disorder (OUD), including overdose death. We investigated the prevalence and correlates of OAT utilization within correctional settings among incarcerated persons with OUD in Vancouver.

Modeling Health Benefits and Harms of Public Policy Responses to the US Opioid Epidemic.

To estimate health outcomes of policies to mitigate the opioid epidemic.

At-a-glance - Concurrent monitoring of opioid prescribing practices and opioid-related deaths: the context in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Timely public health surveillance is required to understand trends in opioid use and harms. Here, opioid dispensing data from the Nova Scotia Prescription Monitoring Program are presented alongside fatality data from the Nova Scotia Medical Examiner Service. Concurrent monitoring of trends in these data sources is essential to detect population-level effects (whether intended or unintended) of interventions related to opioid prescribing.

"I was a little surprised": Qualitative Insights from Patients Enrolled in a 12-Month Trial Comparing Opioids to Non-Opioid Medications for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain.

Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major public health problem. Although opioid prescribing for chronic pain has increased dramatically since the 1990s, this practice has come under scrutiny because of increases in opioid-related harms and lack of evidence for long-term effectiveness. The Strategies for Prescribing Analgesics Comparative Effectiveness (SPACE) trial was a pragmatic 12-month randomized trial comparing benefits and harms of opioid versus non-opioid medications for chronic musculoskeletal pain. ...

Acute onset/flares of dermatomyositis following ingestion of IsaLean® herbal supplement: clinical and immunostimulatory findings.

Efficacy and safety of naloxegol for opioid-induced constipation assessed by specific opioid medication, opioid dose, and duration of opioid use.

Efficacy and safety of naloxegol, a peripherally acting µ-opioid receptor antagonist that significantly reduces opioid-induced constipation (OIC), were assessed for patient subgroups defined post hoc by baseline maintenance opioid characteristics.

Arguments supporting and opposing legalization of safe consumption sites in the U.S.

Safe consumption sites are spaces where people can legally use pre-obtained drugs under medical supervision and are currently in operation in Canada, Australia and Western Europe. These sites are effective in reducing opioid overdose mortality and other harms associated with opioid use, such as HIV infection, and increasing drug treatment entry. Various U.S. communities are considering establishing safe consumption sites, however, only 29% of U.S. adults support their legalization. This purpose of this stud...

A review on the abuse of three NPS (synthetic cannabinoids, kratom, poppers) among youths in Asia.

Abuse of new psychoactive substances (NPSs) among youths is increasing at an unprecedented rate all over the world. In Asia, abuse of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs), kratom, and poppers has been reported, but up to date information related to abuse of these three NPSs is lacking. This literature review focuses on the recent abuse of these three NPS among Asian youth. Many studies have been conducted to investigate the abuse statuses of SCs in Asian youth in Turkey, Japan, and Korea, and many cases of kratom a...

Association between the North Carolina Medical Board opioid guideline update and opioid prescriptions in Medicare Part D beneficiaries.

To examine if North Carolina (NC) opioid prescribing guidelines were associated with changes in opioid prescribing.

Transitions of Care for Postoperative Opioid Prescribing in Previously Opioid-Naïve Patients in the USA: a Retrospective Review.

New persistent opioid use is a common postoperative complication, with 6% of previously opioid-naïve patients continuing to fill opioid prescriptions 3-6 months after surgery. Despite these risks, it is unknown which specialties prescribe opioids to these vulnerable patients.

Clinical Strategies for the Treatment and Management of Patients Prescribed Long-term Opioid Therapy.

Across diverse health care systems, growing recognition of the harms associated with long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) for chronic pain has catalyzed substantial changes to policy and practice designed to promote safer prescribing and patient care. Although clear goals have been defined, how clinics and providers should most effectively implement these changes has been less well defined, and facilities and providers have had substantial flexibility to innovate.

Opioid Use After ICU Admission Among Elderly Chronic Opioid Users in Ontario: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Critical illness is often associated with painful procedures and prolonged opioid infusions, raising the concern that chronic opioid users may be exposed to escalating doses that are continued after hospital discharge. We sought to assess patterns of opioid use after intensive care among elderly patients identified as chronic opioid users prior to hospitalization.

DNA barcoding of Aristolochia plants and development of species-specific multiplex PCR to aid HPTLC in ascertainment of Aristolochia herbal materials.

The anecdotal evidence is outstanding on the uses of Aristolochia plants as traditional medicines and dietary supplements in many regions of the world. However, herbal materials derived from Aristolochia species have been identified as potent human carcinogens since the first case of severe renal disease after ingesting these herbal preparations. Any products containing Aristolochia species have thus been banned on many continents, including Europe, America and Asia. Therefore, the development of a method t...

The Impact of Patient Characteristics and Postoperative Opioid Exposure on Prolonged Postoperative Opioid Use: An Integrative Review.

The United States is experiencing an opioid overdose crisis. Research suggests prolonged postoperative opioid use, a common complication following surgery, is associated with opioid misuse, which, in turn, is the greatest risk factor of heroin misuse. The objective of this review is to evaluate how postoperative opioid exposure relates to prolonged use and to identify factors that predict prolonged postoperative opioid use.

Patterns of Initial Opioid Prescribing to Opioid-Naive Patients.

To determine the proportion of initial opioid prescriptions for opioid-naive patients prescribed by surgeons, dentists, and emergency physicians. We hypothesized that the percentage of such prescriptions grew as scrutiny of primary care and pain medicine opioid prescribing increased and guidelines were developed.

Opioid Consumption After Knee Arthroscopy.

The opioid epidemic in the United States has placed increased pressure on physicians to engage in responsible opioid prescribing practices. However, surgeons currently have little information to guide their postoperative prescription decision-making. The purpose of this study was to assess opioid consumption after knee arthroscopy and identify preoperative factors that may predict higher opioid usage.

Determination of synthetic pharmaceutical adulterants in herbal weight gain supplements sold in herb shops, Tehran, Iran.

Nowadays with the growing popularity of herbal remedies across the world, large sections of population rely on herbal drug practitioners for their primary care. Therefore there is a need to ensure about the safety of herbal drugs and to detect adulteration with undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredients. Herbal drugs are used as first-line drug therapy in some instances. Unfortunately even if there are claims as to be natural, undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredients have been detected in these supple...

National Trends and Factors Associated With Inpatient Mortality in Adult Patients With Opioid Overdose.

The prevalence of opioid misuse and opioid-related mortality has increased dramatically over the past decade. There is limited evidence on factors associated with mortality from opioid overdose in the inpatient setting. The primary objective was to report national trends in opioid overdose and mortality. The secondary objectives were to explore factors associated with inpatient mortality and report differences in prescription opioid overdose (POD) versus illicit opioid overdose (IOD) cohorts.

Opioid use: Case-control analyses of worker's compensation data.

Working-age adults are disproportionately impacted by opioid misuse. Factors associated with opioid misuse in people with workers compensation (WC) claims are not well studied. WC in some states is a "captured" market making it a more efficient site for researching the opioids epidemic. A pilot study was conducted to identify factors associated with opioid use using a large WC insurer's claims in Utah.

U.S. county prevalence of retail prescription opioid sales and opioid-related hospitalizations from 2011 to 2014.

The role of prescription opioids in the opioid crisis has been well established. How the prevalence of prescription opioids relates to opioid hospitalizations has been understudied. Hospitalizations due to opioids are a distinct indicator of opioid misuse, have cost implications for health care systems, and may be an entry point into substance use treatment.

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