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PubMed Journals Articles About "Waste Recycling Algae Proposes Decentralized Treatment System" RSS

10:29 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Waste recycling algae proposes decentralized treatment system" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

Smart Food Waste Recycling Bin (S-FRB) to turn food waste into green energy resources.

Effective treatment of food waste is inherently difficult due to several factors, including its heterogeneous composition, high moisture content, and low heating value. To address these issues, this study aims to convert food waste into an energy resource using naturally occurring fermentative microorganisms embedded in wooden biochips (bio-catalysis), utilizing a "Smart Food Waste Recycling Bin" (S-FRB) system. High-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis identified the major aerobic and facultatively...


Environmental pollution and human body burden from improper recycling of e-waste in China: A short-review.

E-waste generation has become a serious environmental challenge worldwide. The global quantity of e-waste was estimated 44.7 million metric tons (Mt) in 2016. The improper recycling of e-waste is still a challenging issue in developing countries.

Accounting embodied economic potential of healthcare waste recycling-a case study from Pakistan.

Proper management of healthcare wastes is a key concern across resource-constrained countries in South Asia. Existing scientific research on this topic usually involves epidemiological and behavioral studies. Similarly, environmental impact assessment of healthcare wastes is mainly conducted from an end-user or anthropocentric point of view. In this study, we took a novel approach by analyzing healthcare wastes using an ecocentric position. Here, we utilize a case study of a general public hospital in a maj...


Trace metals in e-waste lead to serious health risk through consumption of rice growing near an abandoned e-waste recycling site: Comparisons with PBDEs and AHFRs.

Despite the endeavour to eradicate informal e-waste recycling, remediation of polluted sites is not mandatory in many developing countries and thus the hazard of pollutants remaining in soil is often overlooked. It is noteworthy that a majority of previous studies only analysed a few pollutants in e-waste to reflect the impact of informal e-waste recycling. However, the actual impact may have been largely underestimated since e-waste contains various groups of pollutants and the effect of some emerging poll...

Recycling of marble waste: A review based on strength of concrete containing marble waste.

It is necessary to prioritize recycling applications to contribute to the marble industry, ecology, and economy. In the current study, it is seen that the waste marble is used extensively in concrete instead of aggregate and cement. Thus, the aim involved minimizing the harmful effects of waste marble on the environment. Furthermore, the effects of waste marble on the strength of concrete were investigated. Recycling options for waste marble were explored in detail based on a review of previous studies. The...

Organophosphorus esters (OPEs) in PM in urban and e-waste recycling regions in southern China: concentrations, sources, and emissions.

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are novel ubiquitous contaminants that are attracting growing concern, but their emissions into the environment are still poorly understood. In this study, 12 OPEs were measured in fine particulate matter (PM) at 20 industrial sites in an urban region and four e-waste recycling facilities in a rural region in southern China. There was no significant difference in the concentrations of ∑OPEs between the urban region (519-62,747 pg/m, median = 2854 pg/m) and the rural e-was...

Occurrence of organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in wild insects from a former e-waste recycling site in the Guangdong province, South China.

Due to the fast growth of the electronic industry, a large quantity of electronic waste (e-waste) is generated worldwide and then often inappropriately dismantled and disposed of. In a pilot study, the occurrence of organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers (PFRs) was investigated for the first time in several wild insect species collected from a former e-waste recycling site in the Guangdong province, South China. TEHP was the most abundant PFR (average concentration of 5.8 ng/g ww), followed by...

Disaster waste management after the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake: A mini-review of earthquake waste management and the Kumamoto experience.

Millions of tons of debris can be generated by natural disasters, impacting the surrounding environment and posing health risks to the public. Proper handling and treatment of such waste is essential to overcome potential hazards as well as to reduce the burden on natural resources during the reconstruction phase. Disaster waste management can have social, economic, and environmental benefits if planned effectively. This mini-review focuses on the destruction caused and debris generated by the 2016 Kumamoto...

From waste to resource: A systems dynamics and stakeholder analysis of phosphorus recycling from municipal wastewater in Europe.

Recycling Phosphorus (P) from urban wastewater can secure part of domestic agricultural P supply and contribute to a circular P supply chain. In this paper, we use literature review, stakeholder interviews and analysis, and systems dynamics for the capital cities of Stockholm and Budapest as case studies. We find that political support is a prerequisite for developing the P recycling sector, and policy makers are the most influential stakeholders. P criticality is the main driver for political support. P ex...

Phagotrophic microalgae production from waste activated sludge under non-sterile conditions.

In this study waste activated sludge (WAS) was sonicated to release bacteria-sized volatile solids (VS) from flocs, after initial pH adjustment to 10 for higher energy efficiency. The released VS supported growth of phagotrophic alga Ochromonas danica. Initial-rate growth experiments confirmed the Monod-type kinetics but the specific cell growth rate, μ, correlated with the prey-to-predator ratio, i.e., the ratio of (fed VS concentration)-to-(initial O. danica concentration), significantly better than wit...

Finite-Time Decentralized Control of IT2 T-S Fuzzy Interconnected Systems With Discontinuous Interconnections.

This paper investigates the finite-time decentralized control problem for interconnected systems with discontinuous interconnections. By using the interval type-2 Takagi-Sugeno (IT2 T-S) fuzzy model, a unified IT2 T-S fuzzy interconnected system is provided, in which the global system is described as a fuzzy blending of local subsystems under IF-THEN rules. In addition, based on the differential inclusion theory, the solutions of such discontinuous system are defined in the sense of Filippov. In order to st...

Improvement of the chemical recycling process of waste carbon fibre reinforced plastics using a mechanochemical process: Influence of process parameters.

We present the experimental results of an optimal recycling method for waste carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRPs) that is based on the application of a set of unit mechanochemical processes. The objectives of this study were to highlight the influence of process factors that are inherent in the chemical recycling process of waste CFRP. We investigated the influence of the soaking period, the application of a catalyst and impurities on the recycling process and recovery efficiency of the waste CFRP. Diff...

Exploring "Internet+Recycling": Mass balance and life cycle assessment of a waste management system associated with a mobile application.

Individual users cannot readily access the collection channels is a persistent problem in municipal solid waste (MSW) management, resulting in low MSW collection rates. A new waste management model, "Internet+Recycling", has come into being; this model enables individuals to arrange collection appointment through various online platforms, then the collectors pick up the waste on-site. It is believed that "Internet+Recycling" can be a solution to mitigate the collection barrier in MSW management, as it provi...

Occurrence and distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in soils from an e-waste recycling area in northern China.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are widespread persistent organic pollutants (POPs) because of their extensive use in diverse electronic products, which have posed great threats to human health and ecosystem. In this study, a total of 54 soil samples were collected from an e-waste recycling area in Tianjin, northern China for analyzing the occurrence and distribution of 14 PBDE congeners. The concentrations of BDE 209, ∑PBDEs and ∑PBDEs in the soils from Ziya e-waste recycling area were 2.9-2666...

Hazardous aluminum dross characterization and recycling strategies: A critical review.

By finding appropriate recycling approaches, the volume of wastes, corresponding disposal cost, and the pollution of environment could be diminished. Also, such promising approaches can result in the conservation of natural sources and economic benefits. Aluminum dross as a hazardous solid waste in aluminum production industries has caused serious environmental and public health challenges. Various methods have been introduced for management, utilization, and recycling of the waste. The present review descr...

Global nitrogen and phosphorus in urban waste water based on the Shared Socio-economic pathways.

This paper presents global estimates of nutrient discharge from households to surface water based on the relationships between income and human emissions represented by protein consumption, degree of connection to sewerage systems, presence of wastewater treatment plants and their level of nutrient removal efficiency. These relationships were used to construct scenarios for discharge of nutrients with waste water based on the five Shared Socio-economic Pathways for the period from 1970 to 2050. The number o...

Design and experimental realization of a robust decentralized PI controller for a coupled tank system.

This paper presents design and realization of a robust decentralized PI controller for regulating the level of a coupled tank system. The proposed controller is designed based on a predefined reference transfer function model in which we adopt a frequency matching of actual and reference models. Realization of control algorithms for a multivariable system is often complicated owing to uncertainties in the process dynamics. In this paper, initially a frequency response fitting model reduction technique is ad...

Bio-hydrogen production by co-digestion of domestic wastewater and biodiesel industry effluent.

The increasing water crisis makes fresh water a valuable resource, which must be used wisely. However, with growing population and inefficient waste treatment systems, the amount of wastewater dispelled in rivers is increasing abominably. Utilizing this freely available waste-water along with biodiesel industry waste- crude glycerol for bio-hydrogen production is being reported here. The bacterial cultures of Bacillus thuringiensis strain EGU45 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain CD16 produced2.4-3.0 L H2...

Bio-electrochemical system (BES) as an innovative approach for sustainable waste management in petroleum industry.

Petroleum industry is one of the largest and fast growing industries due to the ever increasing global energy demands. Petroleum refinery produces huge quantities of wastes like oily sludge, wastewater, volatile organic compounds, waste catalyst, heavy metals, etc., because of its high capacity and continuous operation of many units. Major challenge to this industry is to manage the huge quantities of waste generated from different processes due to the complexity of waste as well as changing stringent envir...

Quantitative Evaluation of an Integrated System for Valorization of Wastewater Algae as Bio-oil, Fuel Gas, and Fertilizer Products.

Algal systems have emerged as a promising strategy for simultaneous treatment and valorization of wastewater. However, further advancement and real-world implementation are hindered by the limited knowledge on the full energetic and nutrient product potentials of such systems and the corresponding value of these products. In this work, an aqueous-based system for the conversion of wastewater-derived algae and upgrading of crude products was designed and demonstrated. Bio-oil, fuel gas, and fertilizer produc...

Microalgae cultivation and nutrients removal from sewage sludge after ozonizing in algal-bacteria system.

The feasibility of growing algae in concentrated wastewater generated from sludge ozonation for simultaneous nutrients removal and biomass production was studied. The effects of bacteria addition into microalgae on nutrients removal, biomass yield and settleability, the growth rate of algae and concentrations of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and soluble microbial products (SMP) were investigated. The results showed that the growth rate of algae in algal-bacteria system (0.2182) was improved than ...

Co-evolutionary simulation study of multiple stakeholders in the take-out waste recycling industry chain.

Take-out waste causes severe environmental pollution and wastes resources; thus, recycling of take-out waste is an urgent problem that must be addressed. From the co-evolutionary viewpoint, we used evolutionary game theory to build a tripartite game model involving government, consumers and enterprises, and then made simulation analysis using Vensim software, exploring the evolutionary equilibrium and the main driving factors. The simulation results showed that (1) no matter what government's, consumers' or...

Delineating the plastic waste status in the State of Qatar: Potential opportunities, recovery and recycling routes.

The Qatar's national vision (QNV2030) underlines an unequivocal commitment to maintaining harmony between the three inter-dependent pillars of sustainable development: economic growth, social development and environmental management. Nonetheless, it seems that the country is set on a trajectory of unparalleled and rapid development that most waste management and environmental experts would, possibly, characterise as unsustainable; in addition it seems to repeat many of the "errors" that have been made in ot...

Air pollution and body burden of persistent organic pollutants at an electronic waste recycling area of China.

This paper reviews the concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in atmosphere of an electronic waste (e-waste) recycling town, Guiyu, in Southeast China, focusing on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We assess the evidence for the association between air pollution and human body burden, to provide an indication of the severity of respiratory exposur...

A national survey on attitudes and barriers on recycling and environmental sustainability efforts among Canadian anesthesiologists: an opportunity for knowledge translation.

Anesthesia-related activities produce 25% of all operating room (OR) waste and contribute to environmental pollution and climate change. The aim of this study was to document Canadian anesthesiologists' current practice, attitudes towards, and perceived barriers regarding recycling of OR waste and environmental sustainability efforts.


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