PubMed Journals Articles About "What Word Brexit Comfy Says Biotech" RSS

15:59 EDT 16th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "What Word Brexit Comfy says Biotech" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 425

Attitudes to Brexit: A Survey of Nursing and Midwifery Students.

In a referendum on 23nd June 2016 the people of the UK voted to leave the European Union (EU). The phenomenon known as Brexit did not come out of nowhere: according to Clarke, Whiteley and Goodwin (2017), it marked a culmination of social and political trends emerging over many years. Moreover, there is resonance far beyond the UK, with tensions between an increasingly globalised society and national autonomy, between young and old, and between 'liberals' and 'authoritarians' (Ford & Goodwin, 2014). Such fo...

Biotech Crop Planting Resumes High Adoption in 2016.

The global area of biotech crops in 2016 increased from 179.7 million hectares to 185.1 million hectares, a 3% increase equivalent to 5.4 million hectares. Some 26 countries planted biotech crops, 19 of which were developing countries and seven were industrial. Information and data collected from various credible sources showed variations from the previous year. Fluctuations in biotech crop area (both increases and decreases) are influenced by factors including, among others, acceptance and commercializatio...

'Bioexit': navigating the policy and regulatory pathways for the biotechnology industry in a post-Brexit landscape.

The withdrawal of the UK from the European Union (EU) is a complicated event. Although implications vary by industry, the biotechnology sector is especially vulnerable to the consequences of Brexit. Accordingly, here we evaluate potential repercussions under four post-Brexit political pathways: European Economic Area (EEA) affiliation (Norwegian Model); (negotiated bilateral access (Swiss Model); limited participation in EU Customs Union (Turkish Model); or independence under the World Trade Organization (W...

Influences on and consequences of parafoveal preview in reading.

During reading, information is extracted from upcoming words to the right of the currently fixated word, which facilitates recognition of those words when they are later fixated. According to the foveal load hypothesis (Henderson & Ferreira, 1990), this parafoveal preview benefit depends on how difficult the currently fixated word is to recognize. Furthermore, there is evidence that the influence of lexical variables (frequency and predictability) on word processing changes when no preview of that word is a...

Green as a cbemcuru: modal as well as amodal color cues can help to solve anagrams.

Embodied cognition theories have been getting much support in recent years from studies showing that multimodal experiential traces are activated during language comprehension. However, there are almost no studies examining this influence in the opposite direction. Here, we investigated the influence of modal (physical color patch) and amodal (color word) cues on anagram solving times. We manipulated the association between the color cue and the solution word's referent color (e.g., finding the solution wor...

Concerns about supply of medicines post-Brexit.

Brexit poses serious threats to the availability and affordability of food in the United Kingdom.

Brexit will have profound implications for health and health policy yet, while much attention has focused on health professionals, medicines and health protection, the risk of food insecurity, and thus health, has received less attention. We identify five major threats to the availability and affordability of food supplies. These are a lack of regulatory alignment restricting ability to import foods from the EU and beyond, a shortage of agricultural labour in the UK, increased prices of imported foods due t...

Rent increase hits Europe's drug regulator before Brexit move.

Effects of word length on eye guidance differ for young and older Chinese readers.

Effects of word length on where and for how long readers fixate within text are preserved in older age for alphabetic languages like English that use spaces to demarcate word boundaries. However, word length effects for older readers of naturally unspaced, character-based languages like Chinese are unknown. Accordingly, we examined age differences in eye movements for short (2-character) and long (4-character) words during Chinese reading. Word length effects on eye-fixation times were greater for older tha...

Wind of Change: Brexit and European Rehabilitation.

Word count as an indicator of suicide risk in an inpatient setting.

The current study replicates a previously used methodology with a suicidal inpatient sample regarding word counts generated by participants writing about suicidal constructs. Word counts (i.e., the number of written words) on the Suicide Status Form from initial sessions with suicidal inpatients were compared to self-rated suicide risk scores as well as to continuous and repeated measures of hopelessness and suicide ideation assessed over the course of inpatient care. Results showed that higher word counts ...

The effect of load on spatial attention depends on preview: Evidence from a readingstudy.

The spatio-temporal distribution of covert attention has usually been studied under unfamiliar tasks with static viewing. It is important to extend this work to familiar tasks such as reading where sequential eye movements are made. Our previous work with reading showed that covert spatial attention around the gaze location is affected by the fixated word frequency, or the processing load exerted by the word, as early as 40 ms into the fixation. Here, we hypothesised that this early effect of frequency is o...

Uninformative contexts support word learning for high-skill spellers.

The current study investigated how high-skill spellers and low-skill spellers incidentally learn words during reading. The purpose of the study was to determine whether readers can use uninformative contexts to support word learning after forming a lexical representation for a novel word, consistent with instance-based resonance processes. Previous research has found that uninformative contexts damage word learning; however, there may have been insufficient exposure to informative contexts (only one) prior ...

Language Does Matter: But There is More to Language Than Vocabulary and Directed Speech.

In response to Golinkoff, Hoff, Rowe, Tamis-LeMonda, and Hirsh-Pasek's (2018) commentary, we clarify our goals, outline points of agreement and disagreement between our respective positions, and address the inadvertently harmful consequences of the word gap claim. We maintain that our study constitutes a serious empirical challenge to the word gap. Our findings do not support Hart and Risley's claim under their definition of the verbal environment; when more expansive definitions were applied, the word gap ...

Word Learning: Associations or Hypothesis Testing?

Children learn thousands of words in the first years of life, but the process supporting this feat is largely unknown. New neuroimaging results indicate that learning a word may be sudden rather than gradual, supported by hippocampal memory.

Word segmentation by alternating colors facilitates eye guidance in Chinese reading.

During sentence reading, low spatial frequency information afforded by spaces between words is the primary factor for eye guidance in spaced writing systems, whereas saccade generation for unspaced writing systems is less clear and under debate. In the present study, we investigated whether word-boundary information, provided by alternating colors (consistent or inconsistent with word-boundary information) influences saccade-target selection in Chinese. In Experiment 1, as compared to a baseline (i.e., unif...

Theta oscillations mediate pre-activation of highly expected word initial phonemes.

Prediction has been proposed to be a fundamental neurocognitive mechanism. However, its role in language comprehension is currently under debate. In this magnetoencephalography study we aimed to find evidence of word-form phonological pre-activation and to characterize the oscillatory mechanisms supporting this. Participants were presented firstly with a picture of an object, and then, after a delay (fixed or variable), they heard the corresponding word. Target words could contain a phoneme substitution, an...

ERP Indicators of L2 Proficiency in Word-to-text Integration Processes.

Studies of bilingual proficiency have largely focused on word and sentence processing, whereas the text level has received relatively little attention. We examined on-line second language (L2) text comprehension in relation to L2 proficiency with ERPs recorded on critical words separated across a sentence boundary from their co-referential antecedents. The integration processes on the critical words were designed to reflect different levels of text representation: word-form, word-meaning, and situational le...

Second-quarter biotech job picture.

The impact of inverted text on visual word processing: An fMRI study.

Visual word recognition has been studied for decades. One question that has received limited attention is how different text presentation orientations disrupt word recognition. By examining how word recognition processes may be disrupted by different text orientations it is hoped that new insights can be gained concerning the process. Here, we examined the impact of rotating and inverting text on the neural network responsible for visual word recognition focusing primarily on a region of the occipto-tempora...

Research biotech patenting 2017.

Public biotech in 2017-the numbers.

Gates unveils biotech-within-a-charity.

Word Mode: a crowding-free reading protocol for individuals with macular disease.

Central retinal loss through macular disease markedly reduces the ability to read largely because identification of a word using peripheral vision is negatively influenced by nearby text, a phenomenon termed visual crowding. Here, we present a novel peripheral reading protocol, termed Word Mode, that eliminates crowding by presenting each word in isolation but in a position that mimics its natural position in the line of text being read, with each new word elicited using a self-paced button press. We used a...

Word Learning in Children With Cochlear Implants: Examining Performance Relative to Hearing Peers and Relations With Age at Implantation.

This study had two key objectives. First, to examine whether children who receive cochlear implants (CIs) before the age of 3 years and who are experienced implant users (mean length of CI use = 6 years; range = 4 to 9 years) show deficits on a word learning task relative to their hearing peers. Second, to examine whether variation in age at implantation within the first 3 years of life relates to later word learning abilities.

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