PubMed Journals Articles About "What Models Funding Best Healthy X0237 Society" RSS

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Showing "What models funding best healthy x0237 society" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 24,000+

Are We Spending Wisely? Impact of POSNA Grants on Scholarly Productivity and Future Funding Success.

The Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) funds grants to improve pediatric musculoskeletal care and maximize new knowledge through publications, presentations, and further funding. We assessed the productivity of POSNA grants by number and rate of grant-specific publications, citations, and extramural funding; determined whether project type or completion status was associated with extramural funding; and compared the success of POSNA-funded versus all other podium presentations by publica...

Economic models for sustainable interprofessional education.

Limited information exists on funding models for interprofessional education (IPE) course delivery, even though potential savings from IPE could be gained in healthcare delivery efficiencies and patient safety. Unanticipated economic barriers to implementing an IPE curriculum across programs and schools in University settings can stymie or even end movement toward collaboration and sustainable culture change. Clarity among stakeholders, including institutional leadership, faculty, and students, is necessary...

Publications as predictors of racial and ethnic differences in NIH research awards.

This research expands efforts to understand differences in NIH funding associated with the self-identified race and ethnicity of applicants. We collected data from 2,397 NIH Biographical Sketches submitted between FY 2003 and 2006 as part of new NIH R01 Type 1 applications to obtain detailed information on the applicants' training and scholarly activities, including publications. Using these data, we examined the association between an NIH R01 applicant's race or ethnicity and the probability of receiving a...

Contest models highlight inherent inefficiencies of scientific funding competitions.

Scientific research funding is allocated largely through a system of soliciting and ranking competitive grant proposals. In these competitions, the proposals themselves are not the deliverables that the funder seeks, but instead are used by the funder to screen for the most promising research ideas. Consequently, some of the funding program's impact on science is squandered because applying researchers must spend time writing proposals instead of doing science. To what extent does the community's aggregate ...

Association between commercial funding of Canadian patient groups and their views about funding of medicines: An observational study.

Patient groups represent the interest of their members when it comes to drug funding. Many patient groups receive grants from pharmaceutical companies that make products being considered for funding. This research examines whether there is an association between the positions that Canadian groups take about the products and conflicts of interest with the companies.

HIV Prevention Practices and Non-Federal Funding Among U.S. States and Non-State Regions: A Survey of HIV/AIDS Directors.

We surveyed U.S. HIV/AIDS directors or designees in states and non-state regions, regarding factors influencing HIV viral suppression: (1) non-federal prevention funding; (2) contacting newly reported patients and providers, for care linkage and partner services; (3) follow-up of non-received viral load reports, to identify untreated patients; and (4) genotype/phenotype surveillance, to monitor drug resistance. The survey was conducted April-July 2015; 50 (87.7%) participated. Eighty percent of jurisdiction...

Influence of external peer reviewer scores for funding applications on funding board decisions: a retrospective analysis of 1561 reviews.

To evaluate the influence of external peer reviewer scores on the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) research funding board decisions by the number of reviewers and type of reviewer expertise.

Civil society participation in global public private partnerships for health.

The growth of global public-private partnerships for health has opened up new spaces for civil society participation in global health governance. Such participation is often justified by the claim that civil society organizations, because of their independence and links to communities, can help address democratic deficits in global-level decision-making processes. This article examines the notion of 'civil society engagement' within major public-private partnerships for health, where civil society is often ...

Funding of cardiovascular research in the USA: Robert Califf and Peter Libby - speak about cardiovascular research funding in the United States and what the latest trends are with Mark Nicholls.

Assessing the flow to low-income urban areas of conservation and environmental funds approved by California's Proposition 84.

Government funding accounts for a large proportion of conservation and environmental improvements, and is often the result of citizen votes on state ballot measures. A key concern surrounding public investments in the environment is whether that funding serves lower-income communities, which are often the communities of greatest need. We applied three statistical methods to analyze the spatial distribution of conservation funding derived from California's Proposition 84, which distributed nearly $4 billion ...

The Society of Behavioral Medicine supports an increase in funding for Medication-Assisted-Treatment (MAT) to address the opioid crisis.

Opioid use has become an epidemic in the USA. Although there are safe uses for opioids to help manage acute pain, the effects of long-term use and any misuse of opioids can have grave outcomes, including death. To provide an empirically based "ask" for increased funding from the federal government to increase the reimbursement for and the integration of the behavioral component of Medication-Assisted-Treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorders, current policy was reviewed and important gaps in funding and trea...

Prevalence and related factors of Active and Healthy Ageing in Europe according to two models: Results from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE).

Active and Healthy Ageing (AHA) is the process of optimizing opportunities related to health, participation, and safety in order to improve quality of life. The approach most often used to measure AHA is Rowe and Kahn's Satisfactory Ageing model. Nonetheless, this model has limitations. One of the strategic objectives of the WHO Global Strategy and Action Plan (2016) is to improve Healthy Ageing measurement. Our objectives were to compare two models of assessing AHA and further compare the results by countr...

Funding for Abstinence-Only Education and Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention: Does State Ideology Affect Outcomes?

To examine the relationship between adolescent pregnancy-prevention and sexuality and abstinence-only education funding and adolescent birthrates over time. Also, to determine whether state ideology plays a moderating role on adolescent reproductive health, that is, whether the funding has its intended effect at reducing the number of adolescent births in conservative but not in liberal states.

Funding for radiation research: past, present and future.

For more than a century, ionizing radiation has been indispensable mainly in medicine and industry. Radiation research is a multidisciplinary field that investigates radiation effects. Radiation research was very active in the mid- to late 20th century, but has then faced challenges, during which time funding has fluctuated widely. Here we review historical changes in funding situations in the field of radiation research, particularly in Canada, European Union countries, Japan, South Korea, and the US. We a...

Correction to: Effectiveness of Rotigotine plus intensive and goal‑based rehabilitation versus Rotigotine alone in "de‑novo" Parkinsonian subjects: a randomized controlled trial with 18‑month follow‑up.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The funding information was incorrect. The corrected funding information is given below.

Grant Funding Needs Parallel the Start-Up Venture: An Analogy for Translational Research Success.

This editorial offers some ways to think about how best to position a research group for funding, by examining the parallels between what is needed for translational grants versus industry start-ups.

Industry funding effect on positive results of probiotic use in the management of acute diarrhea: a systematized review.

Several investigations have found that industry-funded studies tend to inform results favoring the sponsored products. The pressure to demonstrate that a drug or a product causes a favorable outcome may result in investigation biases from industry-funded research. One example of this could be found in the probiotic research funded by the industry. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of industry funding on positive outcomes of the use of probiotics in the management of acute diarrhea. A systematiz...

Comparison of different methods of chemical loop gain measurement during tidal ventilation in awake healthy subjects.

The loop gain (LG) is defined as the ratio of a ventilatory response over the perturbation in ventilation, and it is used to analyze ventilatory control stability. The LG can be derived from minute ventilation (V), end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) and PETO2 values. Several methods of LG assessment have been developed, which have never been compared. We evaluated the computability, the short term repeatability and the agreement of six published (or slightly modified) models for LG determination. These models included...

Simple Inclusion of Complex Diagnostic Algorithms in Infectious Disease Models for Economic Evaluation.

Cost-effectiveness models for infectious disease interventions often require transmission models that capture the indirect benefits from averted subsequent infections. Compartmental models based on ordinary differential equations are commonly used in this context. Decision trees are frequently used in cost-effectiveness modeling and are well suited to describing diagnostic algorithms. However, complex decision trees are laborious to specify as compartmental models and cumbersome to adapt, limiting the detai...

Crowdfunding scientific research: Descriptive insights and correlates of funding success.

Crowdfunding has gained traction as a mechanism to raise resources for entrepreneurial and artistic projects, yet there is little systematic evidence on the potential of crowdfunding for scientific research. We first briefly review prior research on crowdfunding and give an overview of dedicated platforms for crowdfunding research. We then analyze data from over 700 campaigns on the largest dedicated platform, Our descriptive analysis provides insights regarding the creators seeking funding,...

Early detection of Parkinson's disease through patient questionnaire and predictive modelling.

Early detection of Parkinson's disease (PD) is important which can enable early initiation of therapeutic interventions and management strategies. However, methods for early detection still remain an unmet clinical need in PD. In this study, we use the Patient Questionnaire (PQ) portion from the widely used Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) to develop prediction models that can classify early PD from healthy normal using machine learning techniques that are becom...

Do healthcare financing systems influence hospital efficiency? A metafrontier approach for the case of Mexico.

The objective of this article is to discuss the impact of healthcare financing systems on the efficiency of Mexican hospitals. The Mexican healthcare system is undergoing a process of transformation to establish conditions for allocating limited health resources in order to achieve efficiency and transparency; in this line, there is a concern about the implications of different funding options. In terms of financing arrangements, the Mexican health system is divided into three categories (one private and tw...

Evaluation of stakeholder views on peer review of NIHR applications for funding: a qualitative study.

Innovations resulting from research have both national and global impact, so selecting the most promising research studies to fund is crucial. Peer review of research funding applications is part of the selection process, and requires considerable resources. This study aimed to elicit stakeholder opinions about which factors contribute to and influence effective peer review of funding applications to the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), and to identify possible minor improvements to current...

An analytical method to create patient-specific deformed bone models using X-ray images and a healthy bone model.

Generation of patient-specific bone models from X-ray images is useful for various medical applications such as total hip replacement, implant manufacturing, knee kinematic studies and deformity correction. These models may provide valuable information required for a more reliable operation. In this work, we propose a new algorithm for generating patient-specific 3D models of femur and tibia with deformity, using only a generic healthy bone model and some simple measurements taken on the X-ray images of the...

Correction to: The effect of routine training on the self-efficacy of informal caregivers of colorectal cancer patients.

The "NCI Grant No. 5R25CA116339, Outcomes Research Branch of the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health" is not included in the Funding information. The below is the correct "Funding/Support".

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