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Showing "When Kidney Reacts Nutritional Changes" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,100+

Effect of Vitamin B Levels on the Association Between Folic Acid Treatment and CKD Progression: A Post Hoc Analysis of a Folic Acid Interventional Trial.

In populations with folic acid fortification or supplementation, the main nutritional determinant of total homocysteine levels is vitamin B (B12) status. We aimed to evaluate the modifying effect of B12 levels on the association between folic acid treatment and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression.


Vitamin Ddeficiency is frequently present in patients affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD). Experimental studies demonstrated that Vitamin D may play a role in the pathophysiology of diseases beyond mineral bone disorders in CKD (CKD-MBD). Unfortunately, the lack of large and interventional studies focused on the so called "non-classic" effects of 25(OH) Vitamin D supplementation in CKD patients, doesn't permit to conclude definitely about the beneficial effects of this supplementation in clinical pract...

Longitudinal changes in nutritional parameters and resting energy expenditure in end-stage renal disease.

To evaluate the nutritional status, resting energy expenditure, caloric and protein intake, and evolution of biochemical parameters in three stages of chronic kidney disease: pre-dialytic, at the beginning of the dialysis treatment, and 30 days after starting treatment.

Nutritional status and clinical evolution of the elderly in home enteral nutritional therapy: a retrospective cohort study.

to evaluate the clinical and nutritional evolution of elderly patients receiving home enteral nutritional therapy.

A Neutral "Aluminocene" Sandwich-Complex: η1 vs. η5-Coordination Modes of a Pentaarylborole with ECp* (E = Al, Ga).

A pentaaryl borole (Ph*C)4BXylF [Ph* = 3,5-tBu2(C6H3); XylF = 3,5-(CF3)2(C6H3)] reacts with low-valent group 13 precursors E(I)Cp* (E = Al, Ga). With [AlCp*]4 the borole reacts as an oxidising agent accepting two electrons. The resulting unprecedented neutral η5-Cp*,η5-[(Ph*C)4BXylF] complex of Al(III) was structurally, spectroscopically and computationally probed and revealed a strong ionic bonding interaction. The formation of the heteroleptic borole-cyclopentadienyl "aluminocene" leads to significant c...

Effects of dietary intake and nutritional status on cerebral oxygenation in patients with chronic kidney disease not undergoing dialysis: A cross-sectional study.

Dietary management is highly important for the maintenance of renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) was reportedly associated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and cognitive function. However, data concerning the association between cerebral rSO2 and dietary intake of CKD patients is limited.

Interleukine 6 and C-reactive protein predict growth impairment and acute malnutrition in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease.

secondary malnutrition and systemic inflammation may impair growth and body composition in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This association has been scantily studied, particularly in pre-dialytic stages. Our aim was to correlate growth and nutritional status indicators with the serum concentration of interleukine 6 (IL-6) and ultrasensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) in children with CKD.

Metabolic Surgery Reduces the Risk of Progression From Chronic Kidney Disease to Kidney Failure.

According to the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium (CKD-PC), 1 in 4 patients age ≥ 65 in North America has some form of chronic kidney disease (CKD), while 3 in 100 will progress to kidney failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether bariatric surgery alters the progression of CKD to kidney failure in patients who are severely obese.

Associations of Urine Biomarkers with Kidney Function Decline in HIV-Infected and Uninfected Men.

HIV-infected (HIV+) persons are at increased risk of chronic kidney disease, but serum creatinine does not detect early losses in kidney function. We hypothesized that urine biomarkers of kidney damage would be associated with subsequent changes in kidney function in a contemporary cohort of HIV+ and HIV-uninfected (HIV-) men.

Coffee Consumption and Kidney Function: A Mendelian Randomization Study.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with limited strategies for prevention and treatment. Coffee is a complex mixture of chemicals, and consumption has been associated with mostly beneficial health outcomes. This work aimed to determine the impact of coffee consumption on kidney function.

Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Glomerular C4d Staining in Native Kidney Biopsies.

Routine C4d staining in renal transplantation has stimulated its use in kidney biopsies with glomerulonephritis (GN). Methodical description on staining patterns in the native kidney is not available.

In medical inpatients at nutritional risk, individualized nutritional support reduced adverse clinical outcomes.

Mendelian randomisation for nutritional psychiatry.

Nutritional psychiatry is a growing area of research, with several nutritional factors implicated in the cause of psychiatric ill-health. However, nutritional research is highly complex, with multiple potential factors involved, highly confounded exposures and small effect sizes for individual nutrients. This Personal View considers whether Mendelian randomisation provides a solution to these difficulties, by investigating causality in a low-risk and low-cost way. We reviewed studies using Mendelian randomi...

Association of Nutritional Support With Clinical Outcomes Among Medical Inpatients Who Are Malnourished or at Nutritional Risk: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Malnutrition affects a considerable proportion of the medical inpatient population. There is uncertainty regarding whether use of nutritional support during hospitalization in these patients positively alters their clinical outcomes.

Racial disparities and factors associated with pregnancy in kidney transplant recipients in the United States.

Although kidney transplant improves reproductive function in women with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), pregnancy in kidney transplant recipients' remains challenging due to the risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes.

Single Varietal Dry Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Pastas: Nutritional Profile and Consumer Acceptability.

Dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are a nutrient dense food rich in protein, dietary fiber, minerals, and folate. Consumption of dry beans is relatively low in the United States and this may be due in part to the lack of diversity in bean products beyond whole seeds. Products that incorporate beans in new forms, such as flours, offer the potential to increase dry bean utilization. In this study whole dry beans were milled into flour and used to make gluten free fresh pastas. Six bean varieties each from a ...

Test-retest reliability of the Mini Nutritional Assessment and its relationship with quality of life in patients with stroke.

Malnutrition is one of commonly issues in patients with stroke. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is a widely used measure for assessing nutritional status in patients with stroke. A nutritional measure with acceptable test-retest reliability allows clinicians to consistently assess patients' nutritional status. Knowledge of the relationship between nutritional status and quality of life (QOL) could guide clinicians to improve QOL in patients with stroke more effectively. This study aimed to examine tes...

Association Between APOL1 Genotype and Need for Kidney Replacement Therapy in Patients Without Diabetes: Does Age Matter?

Kidney and blood pressure abnormalities 6 years after acute kidney injury in critically ill children: a prospective cohort study.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) children may be associated with long-term chronic kidney disease or hypertension.

Kinetics of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Endothelin 1 Levels in Acute Kidney Injury.

A Multicenter Study of Nutritional Adequacy in Neonatal and Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support.

Malnutrition in critically ill patients is common in neonates and children, including those that receive extracorporeal life support (ECLS). We hypothesize that nutritional adequacy is highly variable, overall nutritional adequacy is poor, and enteral nutrition is underutilized in this population.

Erratum Regarding "Fasting Urinary Osmolality, CKD Progression, and Mortality: A Prospective Observational Study" (Am J Kidney Dis. 2019;735:596-604).

Multi-faceted approaches to discovering and predicting microbial nutritional interactions.

Nearly all microbes rely on other species in their environment to provide nutrients they are unable to produce. Nutritional interactions include not only the exchange of carbon and nitrogen compounds, but also amino acids and cofactors. Interactions involving cross-feeding of cobamides, the vitamin B family of cofactors, have been developed as a model for nutritional interactions across species and environments. In addition to experimental studies, new developments in culture-independent methodologies such ...

Vitamin K1 Inhibition of Renal Crystal Formation through Matrix Gla Protein in the Kidney.

Vitamin K (VK) plays a major role in modifying the binding of calcium in bones and blood vessels. Understanding the effect of VK on crystal formation in the kidney would contribute to advancing the treatment and prevention of kidney stones.

Infection rate among nutritional therapies for acute pancreatitis: A systematic review with network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Infection in acute pancreatitis (AP) is associated with nutritional therapies including naso-gastric (NG), naso-jejunal (NJ), and total parenteral nutrition (TPN). To examine infections among NG, NJ, TPN, and no nutritional support (NNS) in treating patients with AP.

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