PubMed Journals Articles About "Which Combination Procedures Would Your Best Choice Provide" RSS

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Showing "Which combination procedures would your best choice provide" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Dissecting drug effects in preclinical models of impulsive choice: emphasis on glutamatergic compounds.

Impulsive choice is often measured with delay discounting paradigms. Because there are multiple discounting procedures, as well as different statistical analyses that can be applied to data generated from these paradigms, there are some inconsistencies in the literature regarding drug effects on impulsive choice.

Virtual Reality as a Distraction Intervention to Relieve Pain and Distress During Medical Procedures: A Comprehensive Literature Review.

This review aims to provide a framework for evaluating the utility of virtual reality (VR) as a distraction intervention to alleviate pain and distress during medical procedures. We firstly describe the theoretical bases underlying the VR analgesic and anxiolytic effects and define the main factors contributing to its efficacy, which largely emerged from studies on healthy volunteers. Then, we provide a comprehensive overview of the clinical trials using VR distraction during different medical procedures, s...

Melioration revisited: A systematic replication of Vaughan (1981).

Organisms that behave so as to forfeit a relatively higher overall rate of reinforcement in favor of a relatively lower rate are said to engage in suboptimal choice. Suboptimal choice has been linked with maladaptive behavior in humans. Melioration theory offers one explanatory framework for suboptimal choice. Melioration theory suggests behavior is controlled by differences in local reinforcer rates between alternatives. Vaughan (1981) arranged two experimental conditions in which maximizing the overall ra...

A case report of frozen elephant trunk combined with endovascular treatment for acute aortic dissection of Kommerell's diverticulum involving right aortic arch and descending aorta.

Acute aortic dissection of Kommerell's diverticulum in the right aortic arch is extremely rare. There are several different procedures for the disease. With advances in endovascular treatment, hybrid surgical and endovascular management may provide a treatment of choice for this kind of disease.

Taxing cognitive capacities reduces choice consistency rather than preference: A model-based test.

How do people make preferential choices in situations where their cognitive capacities are limited? Many studies link the manipulation of cognitive resources to qualitative changes in preferences. However, there is a widely overlooked alternative hypothesis, namely, that a reduction in cognitive capacities leads to an increase in choice inconsistency. We developed a mathematical model and followed a hierarchical Bayesian estimation approach to test to what extent a reduction in cognitive capacities leads to...

Anaesthetic issues in robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery.

Over the past decade there has been an exponential increase in the number of robotic-assisted surgical procedures performed in Australia and internationally. Despite this growth, there are no level I or II studies examining the anaesthetic implications of these procedures. Available observational studies provide insight into the significant challenges for the anaesthetist. Most anaesthetic considerations overlap with those of non-robotic surgery. However, issues with limited patient access and extremes of p...

Safety and Efficacy of a Halobetasol/Tazarotene Fixed Combination in the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis: Results of two Phase 3 randomized controlled trials.

Topical corticosteroids are the mainstay of psoriasis treatment; long-term safety concerns limit use. Combination with tazarotene may optimize efficacy, minimizing safety/tolerability concerns, In patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis treated with HP/TAZ lotion, improvement is noted within 2 weeks with few adverse effects observed after 8 weeks., HP/TAZ lotion may provide a realistic topical option for psoriasis management.

General practice tasters for foundation doctors.

General practice (GP) is currently not viewed positively as a career choice, compared with other specialties, with GP training programmes struggling to fill posts. Opportunities to change this mindset in the early years of training are limited. Trainees may find themselves applying for entry into GP specialty training just 3-4 months after completing Foundation Year 1 (FY1), yet there are few GP attachments during FY1 that can provide experience of primary care and positively inform career choice.

Eye bank procedures: donor selection criteria.

Eye banks use sterile procedures to manipulate the eye, antiseptic measures for ocular surface decontamination, and rigorous criteria for donor selection to minimize the possibility of disease transmission due to corneal grafting. Donor selection focuses on analysis of medical records and specific post-mortem serological tests. To guide and standardize procedures, eye bank associations and government agencies provide lists of absolute and relative contraindications for use of the tissue based on donor healt...

Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex Updates Chosen Value According to Choice Set Size.

Having chosen an item typically increases the subjective value of the chosen item, and people generally enjoy making choices from larger choice sets. However, having too many items to choose from can reduce the value of chosen items, for example, because of conflict or choice difficulty. In this study, we investigated the effects of choice set size on behavioral and neural value updating (revaluation) of the chosen item. In the scanner, participants selected items from choice sets of various sizes (one, two...

Good Choice, Bad Judgment: How Choice Under Uncertainty Generates Overoptimism.

We examine a fundamental feature of choice under uncertainty: Overestimating an alternative makes one more likely to choose it. If people are naive to this structural feature, then they will tend to have erroneously inflated expectations for the alternatives they choose. In contrast to theories of motivated reasoning, this theory suggests that individuals will overestimate chosen alternatives even before they make their choice. In four studies, we found that students and managers exhibited behavior consiste...

Quantification and Validation of Measures for Risky and Delayed Food and Monetary Outcome Choices.

Probability discounting (PD) measures risky choice patterns between smaller, more certain vs. larger, less certain outcomes. PD is associated with obesity as well as higher intake of foods high in fat and sugar. We developed and validated a brief PD task specifically for food-related choices-the Probabilistic Food Choice Questionnaire (PFCQ). We also validated a brief, existing PD monetary measure, the Probabilistic Monetary Choice Questionnaire (PMCQ) by comparing it to a titrating PD task. Participants (N...

One decade of rectal prolapse surgery: a national study.

We aimed to investigate the development of common procedures used as treatment for rectal prolapse over a decade and to determine if the choice of primary operation affects the reoperation rate.

A Systematic Look at Environmental Modulation and Its Impact in Brain Development.

Several experimental procedures are currently used to investigate the impact of the environment on brain plasticity under physiological and pathological conditions. The available methodologies are aimed at obtaining global or specific reductions or intensifications of the stimuli, with initial standardization in animal models being paralleled by translational applications to humans. More procedures can be combined together or applied in series to obtain powerful experimental paradigms, and the choice of a g...

The Optimization of the Prevascularization Procedures for Improving Subcutaneous Islet Engraftment.

Subcutaneous islet transplantation (SC Tx) is associated with minimal invasiveness, but poor vascularization. Thus, the optimization of the prevascularization procedures is crucial for improving the outcomes. Although the effectiveness of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was reported, the optimal procedures remain unclear. We sought to optimize the prevascularization procedures including the use of a novel scaffold, recombinant peptide (RCP).

Eating less or more - Mindset induced changes in neural correlates of pre-meal planning.

Obesity develops due to an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. Besides the decision about what to eat, daily energy intake might be even more dependent on the decision about the portion size to be consumed. For decisions between different foods, attentional focus is considered to play a key role in the choice selection. In the current study, we investigated the attentional modulation of portion size selection during pre-meal planning. We designed a functional magnetic resonance task in which he...

Trial of Music, Sucrose, and Combination Therapy for Pain Relief during Heel Prick Procedures in Neonates.

To compare the effectiveness of music, oral sucrose, and combination therapy for pain relief in neonates undergoing a heel prick procedure.

Quantifying male and female pheromone-based mate choice in Caenorhabditis nematodes using a novel microfluidic technique.

Pheromone cues are an important component of intersexual communication, particularly in regards to mate choice. Caenorhabditis nematodes predominant rely on pheromone production for mate finding and mate choice. Here we describe a new microfluidic paradigm for studying mate choice in nematodes. Specifically, the Pheromone Arena allows for a constant flow of odorants, including pheromones and other small molecules, to be passed in real time from signaling worms to those making a choice without any physical c...

Patient Preferences in Subglottic Stenosis Treatment: A Discrete Choice Experiment.

Objectives Subglottic stenosis can be addressed with several different surgical techniques, but patient preferences for these treatment modalities are poorly understood. Economic methods are increasingly being used to understand how patients make decisions. The objective of this pilot study was to assess preferences in subglottic stenosis treatment using patient-centric stated preference techniques. Study Design Discrete choice experiment (DCE). Setting Academic research facility. Subjects and Methods A com...

Combination pharmacotherapy for the treatment of fibromyalgia in adults.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic widespread pain condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Current pharmacotherapies are often ineffective and poorly tolerated. Combining different agents could provide superior pain relief and possibly also fewer side effects.

Imaging for structural heart procedures: focus on computed tomography.

The success and continued rapid clinical integration of transcatheter valve technologies relies on imaging modalities to guide safe and effective device deployment. In particular, cardiac imaging, using both echocardiography and CT, is an integral resource for the multidisciplinary team. These modalities can provide valuable insight for the proceduralist at each stage of transcatheter-based valve insertion, as they can be used reliably to define the anatomy of interest and its relationship to surrounding st...

The effect of hydrocortisone administration on intertemporal choice.

Intertemporal choices - decisions involving trade-offs of outcomes at different points in time - are often made under stress. Stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, resulting in the release of corticosteroids. Recent studies provide evidence that corticosteroids can induce rapid non-genomic effects focused on immediate resolution of the stressful situation, followed by slower genomic effects focused on long-term recovery after stress. It remains unknown, however, how corticosteroids...

Determinants of choice of delivery place: Testing rational choice theory and habitus theory.

The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places.

The Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) Simulator: An Alternative Method to Train and Assess Competence in Breast Augmentation Procedures.

Surgical residents' exposure to aesthetic procedures remains limited in residency training. The development of the Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) simulator aims to provide an adjunctive training method and assessment tool to complement the evolving competency-based surgical curriculum.

The Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) Simulator: An Alternative Method to Train and Assess Competence in Breast Augmentation Procedures.

Surgical residents' exposure to aesthetic procedures remains limited in residency training. The development of the Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) simulator aims to provide an adjunctive training method and assessment tool to complement the evolving competency-based surgical curriculum.

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