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Witty Named Head Pharmacy Benefit Firm Optum PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Witty Named Head Pharmacy Benefit Firm Optum articles that have been published worldwide.
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To establish whether undertaking cross-sector pharmacy apprenticeship training to become a pharmacy assistant equally split across the two main pharmacy sectors improves training experience and cross-sector understanding.
(i) To provide a preliminary indication of the performance of pharmacy undergraduate students and pre-registration pharmacy trainees in the Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA). (ii) To determine the feasibility of administering and delivering the PSA in schools of pharmacy. (iii) To examine the potential relevance of the PSA and associated training materials to pharmacy education. (iv) To assess the attitudes of the cohort towards the PSA and their readiness to prescribe.
To evaluate whether adults enrolled in commercial health insurance plans that provide reimbursement for herpes zoster vaccine (HZV) and pneumococcal vaccine (PV) through the medical and pharmacy benefits have higher vaccination rates compared with those whose health plans cover vaccines under the medical benefit alone.
Self-care advice and management of minor ailments have long been provided in community pharmacies across England. However, formal pharmacy minor ailment service provision is geographically variable and has yet to gain recognition and political support as a valued sustainable service for nationwide adoption and commissioning.
This paper estimates the effect of job loss on mortality for older male workers with a strong labor force attachment. Using Dutch administrative data, we find that job loss due to firm closure increased the probability of death within five years by a sizable 0.60 percentage points. Importantly, this effect is estimated using a model that controls for firm-level worker characteristics, such as lagged firm-level annual average mortality rates. On the mechanism driving the effect of job loss on mortality, we p...
The aim of this study was to explore Queensland hospital pharmacists' and pharmacy technicians' knowledge and understanding of the impact of pharmaceuticals on the environment and the handling of pharmaceutical waste.
Limited studies have investigated geographic accessibility to a nearby community pharmacy for elderly which is an essential determinant of the access to medications and pharmacy services. This research identified pharmacy deserts and investigated availability of different types of community pharmacies and their services for elderly enrolled in a State Pharmaceutical Assistance Program (SPAP).
While some incremental and fragmented progress has been made in recent years, assessing the quality of care provided by pharmacists and pharmacy organizations remains an elusive goal. Revisiting the simple, elegant model of quality assessment originally proposed by physician and scholar Avedis Donabedian can assist pharmacy quality managers to develop a more comprehensive approach to measuring, monitoring, and managing the quality of care.
The Healthy Living Pharmacy framework, introduced in England in 2008, provides a tailored approach to the implementation of pharmacy services locally, facilitated by qualified 'Health Champions' (HCs). The study aimed to evaluate the perceived value of the 1-day level 2 HC training by assessing knowledge and confidence of HC pre- and post-training, and changes in practice. The views of additional stakeholders on factors that either obstructed or facilitated pharmacy engagement are also explored.
Faculties of Pharmacy worldwide have to adapt their curriculum to accreditation criteria. The present study explored how the Association of Faculties of Pharmacy of Canada's (AFPC's) 2010 Educational Outcomes are perceived and taught at the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy (LDFP). These outcomes were adapted from the CanMeds Physician Competency Framework which describes both medical expert and non-expert roles.
Adult vaccination rates in the United States are consistently lower than the National Healthy People 2020 goals. Barriers to adult vaccination include inconsistency of insurance coverage of adult vaccines and difficulty in accessing vaccines. To help address the gap in adult access to vaccines, in 2016 the Department of Health Care Services--which administers the Medi-Cal program (California’s version of Medicaid)--implemented the All Plan Letter (APL) 16-009, which requires coverage of recommended adult ...
Pharmacovigilance started about 170 years ago, although it was not yet named as such at that time. It is structured activity in the professional health field, with important social and commercial implications aimed at monitoring the risk/benefit ratio of drugs, improving patient's safety and the quality of life. In this commentary we report the milestones of pharmacovigilance up to the present day, in order to understand all the steps that have characterized the historical evolution; from the first report...
Community pharmacy practice in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) faces many challenges. In KSA, there is a lack of empirical research about medication safety in this setting.
Community pharmacy is an ideal setting to monitor medication adherence, however, barriers to pharmacist-led interventions exist. Preparing future pharmacists for enhanced roles may overcome such barriers. Our objective was to identify medication monitoring attitudes and contextual factors that influence adherence monitoring by pharmacy interns to inform educational activities on medication adherence.
Background Clinical pharmacy is key to the quality use of medicines. While there are different approaches in different countries, international perspectives may inform health service development. The Vietnamese Ministry of Health introduced a legal regulation of clinical pharmacy services in December 2012. Objective To describe the services, and to explore reported barriers and facilitators in implementing clinical pharmacy activities in Vietnamese hospitals after the introduction of Vietnamese Ministry of ...
This study describes the first empirical head-to-head comparison of EQ-5D-3L (3L) and EQ-5D-5L (5L) value sets for multiple countries.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of FIRM ablation with PVAI vs PVAI plus posterior wall isolation (PWI) and non-PV trigger ablation in persistent (PeAF) and long-standing persistent AF (LSPAF) patients. The procedure time was recorded to be 180.6 ± 35.9 and 124.03 ± 45.4 minutes in the FIRM+PVI and PVI + PWI + non-PV trigger ablation group respectively. At 24-month follow-up, 24% (95% CI 8.7%-37.8%) in the FIRM-ablation group and 48% (95% CI 27.6-63.3%) ...
Humans are susceptible to traumatic brain injuries from rapid head rotations that shear and stretch the brain tissue. Conversely, animals such as woodpeckers intentionally undergo repetitive head impacts without apparent injury. Here, we represent the head as the end-effector of a rigid linkage cervical spine model to quantify how head angular accelerations are affected by the linkage positioning (head-neck configuration) and the soft tissue properties (muscles, ligaments, tendons).
Lichen myxedematosus is condition characterized by localized areas of dermal deposition of mucin, presenting with firm papules localized to few areas of the body. The condition needs to be excluded from scleromyxedema, which, in addition to the firm papular eruption, has areas of induration and is usually associated with a monoclonal gammopathyand systemic symptoms. We present a 62-year-old woman with a several-year history of asymptomatic, firm papules over the face and arms with no evidence of thyroid dis...
Background The detection, assessment and prevention of adverse drug reactions along the product's life cycle is known as pharmacovigilance. German pharmacists are obliged by law to conduct pharmacovigilance measures, a specific training is not required. Objectives To assess the knowledge, contribution and perception of German pharmacy professionals regarding pharmacovigilance activities, in order to identify their needs to report better on the issue. Setting A semi-quantitative survey among German pharmacy ...
Radial head replacement should be indicated in all cases of radial head fractures when open reduction and internal fixation is anticipated to be difficult or impossible. Although excellent therapeutic results have been ob-tained, this procedure, like any other surgical procedures, may be associated with severe complications, includ-ing contractures, ossification or aseptic synovitis. In these cases, removal of the prosthetic radial head has al-ways been a safe and popular solution producing a satisfactory c...
The aim was to provide a comprehensive overview (using pertinent examples) of the various ways that Google Trends and Google data could inform pharmacy practice. The objectives were to: examine what type of information people search for in relation to a common class of medicines; ascertain where people are directed to (websites) following an initial search for a medicine or medical condition; and establish information about when they search.
Federal regulations governing access to levonorgestrel (LNG) emergency contraception (EC) have evolved since its introduction in the 1990s. LNG EC was initially available by prescription only, but is now available over-the-counter to consumers of all ages. Nonetheless, consumers seeking EC in their communities may face ongoing barriers to access including low stock and inaccurate information provided by pharmacy staff. We conducted a review of LNG EC secret shopper studies to describe changes in EC access a...