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Witty Named Head Pharmacy Benefit Firm Optum PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Witty Named Head Pharmacy Benefit Firm Optum articles that have been published worldwide.
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To establish whether undertaking cross-sector pharmacy apprenticeship training to become a pharmacy assistant equally split across the two main pharmacy sectors improves training experience and cross-sector understanding.
(i) To provide a preliminary indication of the performance of pharmacy undergraduate students and pre-registration pharmacy trainees in the Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA). (ii) To determine the feasibility of administering and delivering the PSA in schools of pharmacy. (iii) To examine the potential relevance of the PSA and associated training materials to pharmacy education. (iv) To assess the attitudes of the cohort towards the PSA and their readiness to prescribe.
To evaluate whether adults enrolled in commercial health insurance plans that provide reimbursement for herpes zoster vaccine (HZV) and pneumococcal vaccine (PV) through the medical and pharmacy benefits have higher vaccination rates compared with those whose health plans cover vaccines under the medical benefit alone.
This paper estimates the effect of job loss on mortality for older male workers with a strong labor force attachment. Using Dutch administrative data, we find that job loss due to firm closure increased the probability of death within five years by a sizable 0.60 percentage points. Importantly, this effect is estimated using a model that controls for firm-level worker characteristics, such as lagged firm-level annual average mortality rates. On the mechanism driving the effect of job loss on mortality, we p...
Self-care advice and management of minor ailments have long been provided in community pharmacies across England. However, formal pharmacy minor ailment service provision is geographically variable and has yet to gain recognition and political support as a valued sustainable service for nationwide adoption and commissioning.
The aim of this study was to explore Queensland hospital pharmacists' and pharmacy technicians' knowledge and understanding of the impact of pharmaceuticals on the environment and the handling of pharmaceutical waste.
Limited studies have investigated geographic accessibility to a nearby community pharmacy for elderly which is an essential determinant of the access to medications and pharmacy services. This research identified pharmacy deserts and investigated availability of different types of community pharmacies and their services for elderly enrolled in a State Pharmaceutical Assistance Program (SPAP).
The Healthy Living Pharmacy framework, introduced in England in 2008, provides a tailored approach to the implementation of pharmacy services locally, facilitated by qualified 'Health Champions' (HCs). The study aimed to evaluate the perceived value of the 1-day level 2 HC training by assessing knowledge and confidence of HC pre- and post-training, and changes in practice. The views of additional stakeholders on factors that either obstructed or facilitated pharmacy engagement are also explored.
Adult vaccination rates in the United States are consistently lower than the National Healthy People 2020 goals. Barriers to adult vaccination include inconsistency of insurance coverage of adult vaccines and difficulty in accessing vaccines. To help address the gap in adult access to vaccines, in 2016 the Department of Health Care Services--which administers the Medi-Cal program (California’s version of Medicaid)--implemented the All Plan Letter (APL) 16-009, which requires coverage of recommended adult ...
Faculties of Pharmacy worldwide have to adapt their curriculum to accreditation criteria. The present study explored how the Association of Faculties of Pharmacy of Canada's (AFPC's) 2010 Educational Outcomes are perceived and taught at the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy (LDFP). These outcomes were adapted from the CanMeds Physician Competency Framework which describes both medical expert and non-expert roles.
Clinical pharmacy services improve patient safety, outcomes, and care quality; however, UK clinical pharmacy services face limited resources, insufficient capacity, and patients who present with increasingly complex medication regimes and morbidities. These indicate a need for the prioritization of pharmacy services. Several prioritization tools have been developed; however, there has been no comprehensive review of such tools to date.
Pharmacovigilance started about 170 years ago, although it was not yet named as such at that time. It is structured activity in the professional health field, with important social and commercial implications aimed at monitoring the risk/benefit ratio of drugs, improving patient's safety and the quality of life. In this commentary we report the milestones of pharmacovigilance up to the present day, in order to understand all the steps that have characterized the historical evolution; from the first report...
Community pharmacy practice in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) faces many challenges. In KSA, there is a lack of empirical research about medication safety in this setting.
Community pharmacy is an ideal setting to monitor medication adherence, however, barriers to pharmacist-led interventions exist. Preparing future pharmacists for enhanced roles may overcome such barriers. Our objective was to identify medication monitoring attitudes and contextual factors that influence adherence monitoring by pharmacy interns to inform educational activities on medication adherence.
The accessibility of services within community pharmacies provides an ideal opportunity to manage minor ailments, yet over £1.1 billion is spent by the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom (UK) in managing minor ailments in high cost settings. There is a need to review the evidence base around clinical effectiveness of pharmacy-based management of minor ailments since the absence of such may lead to under-utilisation of pharmacy services and non-implementation of available pharmacy service m...
The International Academy of Compounding Pharmacists Foundation held a student essay contest in the Spring of 2018. Two great submissions were chosen to receive an award. This article features one of the chosen essays, which discusses some of the challenges that compounding pharmacies face in the competitive profession of pharmacy.
Recently, several jurisdictions have pursued legislative and regulatory changes to allow pharmacy-based influenza management models in which pharmacists can initiate appropriate antiviral therapy in community pharmacy settings. While studies have been published in Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Norway and the United States, concerns have been expressed over pharmacist training, the accuracy of rapid influenza diagnostic tests, and the potential impact on antimicrobial resistance, among others. Studies have dem...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of FIRM ablation with PVAI vs PVAI plus posterior wall isolation (PWI) and non-PV trigger ablation in persistent (PeAF) and long-standing persistent AF (LSPAF) patients. The procedure time was recorded to be 180.6 ± 35.9 and 124.03 ± 45.4 minutes in the FIRM+PVI and PVI + PWI + non-PV trigger ablation group respectively. At 24-month follow-up, 24% (95% CI 8.7%-37.8%) in the FIRM-ablation group and 48% (95% CI 27.6-63.3%) ...
The biomechanical characteristics of anatomic radial head prostheses have not been completely investigated. We compared and analyzed the contact kinematic characteristics of the native radial head and radial head prostheses replicating the native head contour, using a real-time flexion simulation model.
Saudi Arabia has shown rapid growth in its pharmacy workforce and pharmacy education over the last decade. The health indicators demonstrate an increased need for medications and, thus, the accessibility of pharmacies. Since pharmacists are considered the most accessible health care professionals, the country has experienced a continuous demand to produce more pharmacists.
Humans are susceptible to traumatic brain injuries from rapid head rotations that shear and stretch the brain tissue. Conversely, animals such as woodpeckers intentionally undergo repetitive head impacts without apparent injury. Here, we represent the head as the end-effector of a rigid linkage cervical spine model to quantify how head angular accelerations are affected by the linkage positioning (head-neck configuration) and the soft tissue properties (muscles, ligaments, tendons).
The main aim of this study is to examine the impact of board meeting frequency on firm performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. Data used for the study were spawned from annual reports of the deposit money banks listed on Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) market. We employed a panel regression to test the significant association amid variables. Our main empirical result shows a positive association amid board meeting frequency and firm performance. Although, our findings also show that board size was posit...