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08:54 EDT 2nd April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "XFRA WIEDERAUFNAHME RESUMPTION" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28

The use of adenosine to inhibit oocyte meiotic resumption in Bos taurus during pre-IVM and its potential to improve oocyte competence.

One of the major challenges of artificial reproductive technologies is to develop new methods for producing greater numbers of embryos. An oocyte fosters the ability to develop into an embryo before oocyte meiotic resumption. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of adenosine (ADO), a purine nucleoside found in follicular fluid, on the inhibition of oocyte meiotic resumption and the production of blastocysts. The results showed the efficacy of ADO to inhibit oocyte meiotic resumption. The us...


Recurrence of Immune-Mediated Colitis Upon Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Resumption: Does Time Matter?

Evaluation of the clinical value of retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in infants: A single-center experience involving 22 consecutive patients.

Retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RLP) is 1 method for treating ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in children, but reports are more common in children than in infants younger than 2 years old. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of RLP for infants with UPJO.From January 2015 to December 2017, a retrospective analysis of 22 infants aged 2 to 24 (11.95 ± 6.00) months with UPJO who were treated with RLP in our hospital was performed. During the same period, 14 infa...


The CRL4-DCAF13 ubiquitin E3 ligase supports oocyte meiotic resumption by targeting PTEN degradation.

Cullin ring-finger ubiquitin ligase 4 (CRL4) has multiple functions in the maintenance of oocyte survival and meiotic cell cycle progression. DCAF13, a novel CRL4 adaptor, is essential for oocyte development. But the mechanisms by which CRL4-DCAF13 supports meiotic maturation remained unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that DCAF13 stimulates the meiotic resumption-coupled activation of protein synthesis in oocytes, partially by maintaining the activity of PI3K signaling pathway. CRL4-DCAF13 targets the...

Case Study: Resumption of Eumenorrhea in Parallel With High Training Load After 4 Years of Menstrual Dysfunction: A 5-Year Follow-Up of an Elite Female Cyclist.

The female athlete triad is a condition where low energy availability is typically observed together with menstrual dysfunction and/or low bone mineral density. How this condition affects maximal work capacity in endurance athletes is not clear, and the recovery time course of menses with increased energy availability with concomitant high training load is unknown. This case study of an amenorrheic elite road cyclist reports resumption of normal menstrual function after weight gain during a 5-year period (2...

Ventral pallidum is essential for cocaine relapse after voluntary abstinence in rats.

Addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder, and during recovery many people experience several relapse events as they attempt to voluntarily abstain from drug. New preclinical relapse models have emerged that capture this common human experience, and mounting evidence indicates that resumption of drug seeking after voluntary abstinence recruits neural circuits distinct from those recruited during reinstatement after experimenter-imposed abstinence or abstinence due to extinction training. Ventral pallidum (V...

IS BODY FAT PERCENTAGE A GOOD PREDICTOR OF MENSTRUAL RECOVERY IN FEMALES WITH ANOREXIA NERVOSA AFTER WEIGHT RESTORATION? A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND EXPLORATORY AND SELECTIVE META-ANALYSIS.

The resumption of menses (ROM) is an important outcome in anorexia nervosa treatment and is considered as a sign of recovery. Identification of relevant factors in its prediction is important in clinical practice. Therefore we aimed to conduct a systematic review and exploratory meta-analysis of the association between total body fat percentage (%BF) and ROM after weight restoration in adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa. The study was conducted by adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Sy...

Palatal Reconstruction after Major Surgical Excision.

Oncological excision surgery in the oral and maxillofacial area amputates important structures or open cavities (sinus, nose, mouth) which are usually "closed". The disappearance of an eye, tongue, soft palate or cheek, raises serious issues regarding the resumption of partial or total functions of that region, in terms of social reintegration of the patient. In the cephalic extremity, the reconstruction material is limited, so specialists resort to resources located away from the defect to achieve closure....

Return of Menses in Previously Overweight Patients with Eating Disorders.

Adolescents with eating disorders and a history of overweight present with higher weights, longer duration of disease, but equally severe symptomatology compared to previously normal weight patients. To better delineate treatment goals for this understudied population, we compared weight at menses resumption to premorbid maximum weight among previously overweight and normal weight patients.

The PhINEST study - Pharyngeal ICU Novel Electrical Stimulation Therapy: Study protocol of a prospective, multi-site, randomized, sham-controlled, single-blind (outcome assessor-blinded) study.

Post-extubation dysphagia is commonly observed in ICU patients and associated with increased aspiration rates, delayed resumption of oral intake/ malnutrition, prolonged ICU and hospital length of stay, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality. Conventional therapeutic approaches are limited. Pharyngeal electrical stimulation (PES) was previously shown to improve swallowing function and airway safety in severely dysphagic tracheostomised stroke patients.

Melatonin improves development, mitochondrial function and promotes the meiotic resumption of sheep oocytes from in vitro grown secondary follicles.

The aim of this study was to evaluate follicular survival and development of ovine isolated secondary follicles cultured in medium containing fixed or sequential concentrations of melatonin and further oocyte maturation. Isolated secondary follicles were cultured for 18 days in α-MEM alone (control) or with different concentrations of melatonin (100, 500 or 1000 pg/mL) or sequential concentrations of melatonin (Mel Seq: Day 6 = 100; Day 12 = 500; Day 18 = 1000 pg/mL). The percentages of morphologic...

Immune-checkpoint inhibitors induced diarrhea and colitis: a review of incidence, pathogenesis and management.

Diarrhea and colitis are among the most commonly encountered immune-mediated adverse events among patients receiving antiprogrammed cell death protein/ligand-1 (PD-1/L1) as well as anticytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) antibodies. With growing indications and widespread use of immune checkpoint inhibitors, it is imperative to summarize the current body of evidence concerning the incidence, pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnostic challenges, and treatment options currently available for the...

N-acetyl-l-cysteine protects porcine oocytes undergoing meiotic resumption from heat stress.

Heat stress (HS) is a notable risk factor for female reproductive performance. In particular, impaired oocyte maturation was thought to contribute largely to the HS-induced reproductive dysfunctions. In this study, we confirmed that oocytes undergoing GVBD were much susceptible to HS, and thus compromising subsequent embryonic development. Using N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), we found supplementation of a relatively high dose NAC during in vitro maturation, can protect oocytes from HS-induced complications, and...

Reverse transcriptase inhibitors promote the remodeling of nuclear architecture and induce autophagy in prostate cancer cells.

Emerging data indicate that the reverse transcriptase (RT) protein encoded by LINE-1 transposable elements is a promising cancer target. Nonnucleoside RT inhibitors, e.g. efavirenz (EFV) and SPV122.2, reduce proliferation and promote differentiation of cancer cells, concomitant with a global reprogramming of the transcription profile. Both inhibitors have therapeutic anticancer efficacy in animal models. Here we have sought to clarify the mechanisms of RT inhibitors in cancer cells. We report that exposure ...

Phospholipase Cζ (PLCζ) versus postacrosomal sheath WW domain-binding protein (PAWP): Which molecule will survive as a sperm factor?

During mammalian fertilization, sperm is fused with the oocyte's membrane, triggering the resumption of meiosis from the metaphase II arrest, the extrusion of the second polar body, and the exocytosis of cortical granules; these events are collectively called 'oocyte activation.' In all species studied to date, the transient rise in the cytosolic level of calcium (in particular, the repeated calcium increases called 'calcium oscillations' in mammals) is required for these events. Researchers have focused on...

Long noncoding RNA enhances the malignant characteristics of osteosarcoma by acting as a competing endogenous RNA on microRNA-376a thereby upregulating dickkopf-1.

The expression levels and detailed functions of in osteosarcoma (OS) have not yet been explored. This study aimed to measure expression in OS tissues and cell lines, investigate its specific roles in the aggressive characteristics of OS cells in vitro and in vivo, and elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of action. expression was high in OS tissue samples and cell lines; overexpression correlated with the clinical stage, distant metastasis, and shorter overall survival of the patients. A knockdown inhi...

Polycomb Group Proteins Regulate Chromatin Architecture in Mouse Oocytes and Early Embryos.

In mammals, chromatin organization undergoes drastic reorganization during oocyte development. However, the dynamics of three-dimensional chromatin structure in this process is poorly characterized. Using low-input Hi-C (genome-wide chromatin conformation capture), we found that a unique chromatin organization gradually appears during mouse oocyte growth. Oocytes at late stages show self-interacting, cohesin-independent compartmental domains marked by H3K27me3, therefore termed Polycomb-associating domains ...

CHTF18 ensures the quantity and quality of the ovarian reserve†.

The number and quality of oocytes, as well as the decline in both of these parameters with age, determines reproductive potential in women. However, the underlying mechanisms of this diminution are incompletely understood. Previously, we identified novel roles for CHTF18 (Chromosome Transmission Fidelity Factor 18), a component of the conserved Replication Factor C-like complex, in male fertility and gametogenesis. Currently, we reveal crucial roles for CHTF18 in female meiosis and oocyte development. Chtf1...

Commentary on article: Adrenal crisis in treated patients with Cushing's syndrome.

A study has examined the rates of adrenal crises in patients treated with pituitary or adrenal surgery. Rates were substantial (approximately 9 per 100 patient years), perhaps representing suppression of corticotrope ACTH secretion and deprivation of normal corticotrope number postoperatively. Hormone withdrawal syndrome may have contributed to the rates of apparent adrenal crises given the definition used. Higher rates were seen in patients given relatively high dose glucocorticoids postoperatively in one ...

Changes of histone H3 lysine 23 acetylation and methylation in porcine somatic cells, oocytes and preimplantation embryos.

Histone modifications play important roles in regulating the expression of developmental genes during preimplantation embryonic development. Here, we analyzed the temporal and spatial distribution of the acetylation and mono-, di- and tri-methylations of noncanonical histone H3 at lysine 23 (H3K23ac, H3K23me1, H3K23me2 and H3K23me3) during porcine oocyte maturation and pre-implantation development, as well as in porcine fetal fibroblasts. H3K23ac, -me1, -me2 and -me3 were enhanced in EdU-positive fetal fibr...

Fork Cleavage-Religation Cycle and Active Transcription Mediate Replication Restart after Fork Stalling at Co-transcriptional R-Loops.

Formation of co-transcriptional R-loops underlies replication fork stalling upon head-on transcription-replication encounters. Here, we demonstrate that RAD51-dependent replication fork reversal induced by R-loops is followed by the restart of semiconservative DNA replication mediated by RECQ1 and RECQ5 helicases, MUS81/EME1 endonuclease, RAD52 strand-annealing factor, the DNA ligase IV (LIG4)/XRCC4 complex, and the non-catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase δ, POLD3. RECQ5 disrupts RAD51 filaments assembled ...

A new mechanism of the protamine-dependent hypotension after cardiopulmonary bypass and the role of calcium.

Heparin and protamine are two indispensable agents of cardiopulmonary bypass surgery with effects on the cardiovascular and hematological system. Heparin is used as an anticoagulant in open heart surgery; whereas protamine is used to neutralize heparin effects when surgery is terminated. Protamine is given in order to neutralize heparin effects after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery and it causes hypotension in patients. However, the mechanism of this side effect is not clearly known. Current mechanism is tha...

Histone deposition promotes recombination-dependent replication at arrested forks.

Replication stress poses a serious threat to genome stability. Recombination-Dependent-Replication (RDR) promotes DNA synthesis resumption from arrested forks. Despite the identification of chromatin restoration pathways after DNA repair, crosstalk coupling RDR and chromatin assembly is largely unexplored. The fission yeast Chromatin Assembly Factor-1, CAF-1, is known to promote RDR. Here, we addressed the contribution of histone deposition to RDR. We expressed a mutated histone, H3-H113D, to genetically al...

Characterization and control of oocyte large-scale chromatin configuration in different cattle breeds.

Differences in reproductive physiology between cattle breeds may help to explain distinct responses to assisted reproductive techniques and to define breed-specific protocols with improved efficiency. Germinal vesicle (GV) stage oocytes are characterized by increasing levels of chromatin compaction enclosed within the nucleus (graded from GV0 to GV3), associated with different developmental competence. The first objective of this study was to characterize chromatin configuration of GV stage oocytes recovere...

Activation of Preoptic GABAergic or Glutamatergic Neurons Modulates Sleep-Wake Architecture, but Not Anesthetic State Transitions.

The precise mechanism of general anesthesia remains unclear. In the last two decades, there has been considerable focus on the hypothesis that anesthetics co-opt the neural mechanisms regulating sleep. This hypothesis is supported by ample correlative evidence at the level of sleep-promoting nuclei, but causal investigations of potent inhaled anesthetics have not been conducted. Here, we tested the hypothesis that chemogenetic activation of discrete neuronal subpopulations within the median preoptic nucleus...


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