PubMed Journals Articles About "Xoma Novartis Partner Beta MAbs Related" RSS

04:56 EDT 19th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Xoma Novartis partner beta mAbs related" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Quality of partner support moderates positive affect in cancer patients.

In the present study we examined whether four support quality-related characteristics moderate the impact of received partner support on cancer patients' positive affect. The support quality-related characteristics were: patients' perception regarding the willingness of their partners to offer support, patients' perception that partner support is certain, patients' satisfaction with partner relationship and overall patients' satisfaction with partner support.

The lifespan trajectory of neural oscillatory activity in the motor system.

Numerous studies connect beta oscillations in the motor cortices to volitional movement, and beta is known to be aberrant in multiple movement disorders. However, the dynamic interplay between these beta oscillations, motor performance, and spontaneous beta power (e.g., during rest) in the motor cortices remains unknown. This study utilized magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate these three parameters and their lifespan trajectory in 57 healthy participants aged 9-75 years old. Movement-related beta ac...

Conformational Fingerprinting Using Monoclonal Antibodies
(on the Example of Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme-ACE).

During the past 30 years my laboratory has generated 40+ monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed to structural and conformational epitopes on human ACE as well as ACE from rats, mice and other species. These mAbs were successfully used for detection and quantification of ACE by ELISA, Western blotting, flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. In all these applications mainly single mAbs were used. We hypothesized that we can obtain a completely new kind of information about ACE structure and function if we us...

Antibody drug quantitation in coexistence with anti-drug antibodies on nSMOL bioanalysis.

Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are developed for treatment of diverse cancers and autoimmune diseases. For expansion of mAbs approval against unapproved diseases and pharmaceutical development, pharmacokinetics study is very important. Bioanalysis provides one of the most essential index against pharmacokinetics information. So far, we developed useful method for bioanalysis of mAbs in plasma or serum, nSMOL: nano-surface and molecular-orientation limited proteolysis. This method can provide accur...

Recombinant Monoclonal Antibodies, from Tumor Targeting to Cancer Immunotherapy: A Critical Overview.

In view of the explosion of the present clinical use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), not only in the treatment of cancer, but also of autoimmune diseases, I was asked to review the development of mAbs in tumor diagnosis and therapy, with some illustrations of our own contribution in the field. The initial use of radiolabeled mAbs for tumor targeting and radioimmunotherapy led to the extensive clinical application of unlabeled, "humanized" mAbs for cancer therapy, which I describe with a critical perspectiv...


To determine whether oral beta-blockers (BBs) are associated with the development of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).

Consistent efficacy of daclizumab beta across patient demographic and disease activity subgroups in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Daclizumab beta is a humanized monoclonal antibody specific for the human interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (CD25). In two pivotal studies in relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), patients treated with daclizumab beta exhibited lower annualized relapse rates (ARR) when compared with placebo or with intramuscular (IM) interferon beta-1a.

Brain Beta-Catenin Signalling During Stress and Depression.

Beta-catenin is a protein with dual functions in the cell, playing a role in both adhesion between cells as well as gene transcription via the canonical Wnt signalling pathway. In the canonical Wnt signalling pathway, beta-catenin again plays multiple roles. In the embryonic stage, the regulation of beta-catenin levels activates genes that govern cell proliferation and differentiation. In an adult organism, beta-catenin continues to regulate the cell cycle - as a result over-expression of beta-catenin may l...

Diversity patterns of microbial eukaryotes mirror those of bacteria in Antarctic cryoconite holes.

Ice-lidded cryoconite holes on glaciers in the Taylor Valley, Antarctica, provide a unique system of natural mesocosms for studying community structure and assembly. We used high-throughput DNA sequencing to characterize both microbial eukaryotic communities and bacterial communities within cryoconite holes across three glaciers to study similarities in their spatial patterns. We expected that the alpha (phylogenetic diversity) and beta (pairwise community dissimilarity) diversity patterns of eukaryotes in ...

Humility, Forgiveness, and Emerging Adult Female Romantic Relationships.

Among a sample of emerging adult females (N = 152) we empirically examined the role of humility and forgiveness in romantic relationships. We specifically tested a model linking perceived humility to relationship satisfaction with self-forgiveness and partner-forgiveness. Participants in a romantic relationship completed measures of self-reported humility, self-forgiveness, partner-forgiveness, and relationship satisfaction. Serial mediation analyses were conducted using path analysis to test the followin...

Pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and brain retention of a bispecific antibody-based PET radioligand for imaging of amyloid-β.

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have not been used as positron emission tomography (PET) ligands for in vivo imaging of the brain because of their limited passage across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). However, due to their high affinity and specificity, mAbs may be an attractive option for brain PET if their brain distribution can be facilitated. In the present study, a F(ab')2 fragment of the amyloid-beta (Aβ) protofibril selective mAb158 was chemically conjugated to the transferrin receptor (TfR) antibody 8...

Patent trend and competitive analysis of cancer immunotherapy in the United States.

Immunotherapy has brought high hopes for cancer treatment, and attracted tremendous resources from the biopharmaceutical community. Here we analyze cancer immunotherapy-related patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in the past decade (2006-2016). A total of 2,229 patents were identified in 13 subfields. The growth of patent number in this field has outpaced the background rate, with cytokine-related therapies, immune checkpoint inhibitors, and natural killer cell therapies growing...

I Have, Therefore I Love: Status Quo Preference in Mate Choice.

Decades of research indicate that individuals adhere to existing states ("status quo bias") and value them more ("endowment effect"). The present work is the first to investigate status quo preference within the context of trade-offs in mate choice. Across seven studies (total N = 1,567), participants indicated whether they would prefer remaining with a current partner possessing a particular set of traits (e.g., high trustworthiness, low attractiveness) or switching to an alternative partner possessing opp...

Google, Novartis back Medicxi's ambitions.

Novel mouse monoclonal antibodies specifically recognize Aspergillus fumigatus galactomannan.

A panel of specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against synthetic pentasaccharide β-D-Galf-(1→5)-[β-D-Galf-(1→5)]3-α-D-Manp, structurally related to Aspergillus fumigatus galactomannan, was generated using mice immunized with synthetic pentasaccharide-BSA conjugate and by hybridoma technology. Two selected mAbs, 7B8 and 8G4, could bind with the initial pentasaccharide with affinity constants of approximately 5.3 nM and 6.4 nM, respectively, based on surface plasmon resonance-based biosensor assay. T...

Identification of unique B virus (Macacine Herpesvirus 1) epitopes of zoonotic and macaque isolates using monoclonal antibodies.

Our overall aim is to develop epitope-based assays for accurate differential diagnosis of B virus zoonotic infections in humans. Antibodies to cross-reacting epitopes on human-simplexviruses continue to confound the interpretation of current assays where abundant antibodies exist from previous infections with HSV types 1 and 2. To find B virus-specific epitopes we cloned ten monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) from the hybridomas we produced. Our unique collection of rare human sera from symptomatic and asymptomat...

First approval in sight for Novartis' CAR-T therapy after panel vote.

Theranostics Using Antibodies and Antibody-Related Therapeutics.

In theranostics, radiolabeled compounds are used to determine a treatment strategy by combining therapeutics and diagnostics in the same agent. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and antibody-related therapeutics represent a rapidly expanding group of cancer medicines. Theranostic approaches using these drugs in oncology are particularly interesting because antibodies are designed against specific targets on the tumor cell membrane and immune cells as well as targets in the tumor microenvironment. In addition, th...

Piperacillin-tazobactam as alternative to carbapenems for ICU patients.

Several studies suggest that alternatives to carbapenems, and particulary beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations, can be used for therapy of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE)-related infections in non-ICU patients. Little is known concerning ICU patients in whom achieving the desired plasmatic pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target may be difficult. Also, in vitro susceptibility to beta-lactamase inhibitors might not translate into clinical efficacy. ...

Gamma and beta bursts during working memory readout suggest roles in its volitional control.

Working memory (WM) activity is not as stationary or sustained as previously thought. There are brief bursts of gamma (~50-120 Hz) and beta (~20-35 Hz) oscillations, the former linked to stimulus information in spiking. We examined these dynamics in relation to readout and control mechanisms of WM. Monkeys held sequences of two objects in WM to match to subsequent sequences. Changes in beta and gamma bursting suggested their distinct roles. In anticipation of having to use an object for the match decisi...

Metformin, beta-cell development, and novel processes following beta-cell ablation in zebrafish.

Type 1 and 2 diabetes are characterized by a loss of insulin-producing beta-cells. Current treatments help maintain blood glucose levels but cannot provide a cure. As such, a vital target for the cure of diabetes is a way to restore beta-cell mass. The drug metformin can protect cultured beta-cells/islets from hyperglycemia-induced dysfunction and death. Further, treatment of pregnant mice with metformin results in an enhanced beta-cell fraction in the embryos; however, whether this occurs via a direct effe...

CGRP Monoclonal Antibodies for Migraine: Rationale and Progress.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide abundant in the trigeminal system and widely expressed in both the peripheral and central nervous systems, has recently emerged as a promising target for migraine management. While known as a potent arterial vasodilator, the role of CGRP in migraine is likely mediated by modulating nociception and sustaining neurogenic inflammation that leads to further peripheral and central pain sensitization. Functional blockade of CGRP, which involves either CGRP re...

Novartis trial validates inflammasome as chronic disease driver.

Quantification of Bisoprolol and Metoprolol in Simultaneous Human Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid Samples.

Bisoprolol and metoprolol are moderately lipophilic, beta(1)-selective betablockers reported to cause adverse effects in the central nervous system (CNS), such as sleep disturbance, suggesting that both drugs may reach relevant concentrations in the brain. CNS beta(2)-receptor blockade has been suspected to be related to such effects. The higher molecular size of bisoprolol (325 Dalton) and the higher beta(1)-selectivity compared to metoprolol (267 Dalton) would suggest a lower rate of CNS effects.

Predicting temporal variation in zooplankton beta diversity is challenging.

Beta diversity, the spatial variation in species composition, has been related to different explanatory variables, including environmental heterogeneity, productivity and connectivity. Using a long-term time series of zooplankton data collected over 62 months in a tropical reservoir (Ribeirão das Lajes Reservoir, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil), we tested whether beta diversity (as measured across six sites distributed along the main axis of the reservoir) was correlated with environmental heterogeneity (spa...

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