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21:27 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Year Startup Inspired Health Scare Sells Million" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

The SCARE 2018 Statement: Updating Consensus Surgical CAse REport (SCARE) Guidelines.

The SCARE Guidelines were published in 2016 to provide a structure for reporting surgical case reports. Since their publication, SCARE guidelines have been widely endorsed by authors, journal editors, and reviewers, and have helped to improve reporting transparency of case reports across a range of surgical specialties. In order to encourage further progress in reporting quality, the SCARE guidelines must themselves be kept up to date. We completed a Delphi consensus exercise to update the SCARE guidelines.

Editor's introduction: How would you spend $100 million a year on preventive health?

Health needs in local government policies in Poland in the context of anti-smoking health policy programs.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every year tobacco smoking kills around 5.4 million people worldwide. Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases and cancer. In Poland, an average of 67,000 people die every year on account of smoking.

Proton pump inhibitors prescriptions in France: Main trends from 2006 to 2016 on French health insurance database.

Because national data on proton pump inbibitors (PPIs) consumption in France are scarce and because there is a growing literature on potential adverse drug reaction induced by this pharmacological class, we would like to more describe the main evolution of PPI use and the main characteristics of its users in France. We used a 1/97th representative sample of beneficiaries of the French health insurance called "échantillon généraliste des bénéficiaires" (EGB) to describe PPIs' use over time (duration of...

Tobacco Product Use Among Adults - United States, 2017.

Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and causes adverse health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, and multiple types of cancer (1). Although cigarette smoking among U.S. adults has declined considerably, tobacco products have evolved in recent years to include various combustible, noncombustible, and electronic products (1,2). To assess recent national estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults aged ≥18 years, CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Natio...

Vaccination Innovation: New Technologies Are Leading the Way to Vaccines That Work Better, Hurt Less.

Children in developing countries often don't receive their full set of basic vaccines, which leaves them at risk for diseases that can cause serious illness and even death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), data from 2016 show that approximately 19.5 million infants globally were not fully vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, and some 1.5 million children die from vaccine-preventable illnesses each year [1]. And when it comes to seasonal influenza vaccines, they can be diff...

High-rate anaerobic treatment of wastewater from soft drink industry: Methods, performance and experiences.

At an Austrian soft drink company, an expanded granular sludge bed reactor for anaerobic wastewater treatment was inoculated with sludge from paper and food industries. Detailed online monitoring and laboratory examinations were carried out during startup and subsequent phases, which included a period of inhibition after ca. 80 days during which reactor degradative performance diminished suddenly, following a period of increased effluent VFA. After dosing iron chloride (FeCl) and micronutrients and reducing...

The impact of power generation emissions on ambient PM pollution and human health in China and India.

Emissions from power plants in China and India contain a myriad of fine particulate matter (PM, PM ≤ 2.5 μm in diameter) precursors, posing significant health risks among large, densely settled populations. Studies isolating the contributions of various source classes and geographic regions are limited in China and India, but such information could be helpful for policy makers attempting to identify efficient mitigation strategies. We quantified the impact of power generation emissions on annual me...

Investigation of health literacy and affecting factors of nursing students.

Health literacy (HL) is a concept that concerns individuals, as well as health systems and health professionals. This study was conducted to determine health literacy and affecting factors of nursing students. A descriptive-cross sectional design was used. First and fourth year nursing students were included in the study (n = 303). A questionnaire and the Adult Health Literacy Scale were used for collection of the data. Most (84.8%) of the students were female and 60.4% were studying in their first year...

Determining Physical and Mental Health Conditions Present in Older Adult Refugees: A Mini-Review.

In 2017, there were over 65 million displaced persons at the global level, with approximately 23 million of these people living as refugees around the world. In this same year, the US resettled 53,716 refugees, with the State of Utah receiving 954 of those refugees. Refugees, in general, often face health-related challenges upon resettlement. Since the health of aging refugee men and women is of growing concern, host communities face significant challenges in accommodating the health needs of a diverse refu...

Cost-effectiveness of the recombinant zoster vaccine in the German population aged ≥60 years old.

Each year, around 300,000 Herpes Zoster (HZ) cases are observed in the German population, resulting in costs over €182 million to society. The objective of this study was to estimate the potential public health and economic impact of the new Adjuvanted Recombinant Zoster Vaccine (RZV, Shingrix) in the German population ≥ 60 years of age (YOA) and to identify the optimal age of vaccination. We used a static, multi-cohort Markov model that followed a hypothetical cohort of 1 million people ≥ 60 YOA l...

The removal of DAA restrictions in Europe - one step closer to eliminating HCV as a major public health threat.

Of ∼10.2 million people with chronic HCV infection in Europe, most are living in Eastern Europe (6.7 million) followed by Western Europe (2.3 million) and Central Europe (1.2 million). HCV transmission continues to occur - mainly through injection drug use and to a lesser degree, via nosocomial transmission - in parallel with an increasing HCV-related liver disease burden, the result of an ageing population infected during peak HCV epidemics decades prior. In 2016, the World Health Organization set target...

Access to Treatment for Hepatitis B Virus Infection - Worldwide, 2016.

Worldwide, an estimated 257 million persons are living with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (1). To achieve the World Health Organization (WHO) goals for elimination of HBV infection worldwide by 2030, defined by WHO as 90% reduction in incidence and 65% reduction in mortality, access to treatment will be crucial. WHO estimated the care cascade* for HBV infection, globally and by WHO Region. The patent and licensing status of entecavir and tenofovir, two WHO-recommended medicines for HBV treatment...

A Year of Proud Achievements for The Journal of Rural Health: The Article of the Year, Top Reviewers, and Citation Impact Factor.

Snakebite incidence in two townships in Mandalay Division, Myanmar.

The global incidence of snakebite is estimated at more than 2.5 million cases annually, with greater than 100,000 deaths. Historically, Myanmar has one of the highest incidences of venomous snakebites. In order to improve the health outcomes of snakebite patients in Myanmar, access to accurate snakebite incidence data is crucial. The last population-based study in Myanmar was conducted more than a decade ago. In 2014, the Ministry of Health and Sports data from health facilities indicated an incidence of ab...

Estimated burden of serious human fungal diseases in Turkey.

The current number of fungal infections occurring each year in Turkey is unknown. We estimated the burden of serious human fungal diseases based on the population at risk, existing epidemiological data from 1920 to 2017, and modelling previously described by the LIFE program Among the population of Turkey (80.8 million in 2017), approximately 1,785,811 (2.21%) people are estimated to suffer from a serious fungal infection each year. The model used predicts high prevalences of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis ...

Commonwealth Fund Tracks U.S. Health Care Trends.

Four million lose health coverage and many low-income adults now lack insurance.

A descriptive system for the Infant health-related Quality of life Instrument (IQI): Measuring health with a mobile app.

The assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for health outcomes research, disease modeling studies and comparisons of different healthcare interventions. Yet, only a few tools are available to assess HRQoL in 0-1-year-old infants. Furthermore, there is a need for an instrument able to assess HRQoL with a single, standardized, overall score in the first year of life. Here we described the development of the Infant health-related Quality of life Instrument (IQI), a generic, preferenc...

Osteoarthritis treatment: Decreasing pain, improving mobility.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common articular disease. The condition results in bone-on-bone contact, stiffness, pain, and decreased mobility. By the year 2050, 40 million individuals will be severely disabled because of OA, and there will be over 130 million individuals suffering from OA worldwide.

Emergency Department Directors Are Willing to Expand Reproductive Health Services for Adolescents.

Nearly 20 million adolescents receive emergency department (ED) care each year, many of whom have untreated reproductive health issues. ED visits represent an opportunity to provide appropriate care, however ED physician reproductive healthcare practices and capabilities in the United States have not been described. We sought to characterize pediatric ED director's individual practice and ED system resources for providing adolescent reproductive healthcare.

Temporal changes in diet quality and the associated economic burden in Canada.

A high-quality diet is associated with a reduced of risk of chronic disease and all-cause mortality. In this study, we assessed changes in diet quality and the associated economic burden in the Canadian population between 2004 and 2015. We used a prevalence-based cost-of-illness approach. We first calculated the diet quality using the Healthy Eating Index-Canada-2010 (HEI-C-2010) and 24-hour recall data from the Canadian Community Health Surveys (CCHS) on nutrition (CCHS 2004 cycle 2.2 and the CCHS-NU 2015)...

Islam and Motivation to Quit Smoking: Public Health Policy Implications.

In the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office some 14 years ago, a 'religiously inspired approach' was proposed to combat tobacco use. This promoted a useful debate in the region. The purpose of this paper is to argue the need to identify the role which Islamic beliefs and teachings play (1) in influencing individual motivation to quit smoking and (2) in gaining support for public policies to reduce smoking. Ramadan and Hajj are taken as key points. These, it is argued, are times when Muslim religious m...

Evaluating Behavioral Health Surveillance Systems.

In 2015, more than 27 million people in the United States reported that they currently used illicit drugs or misused prescription drugs, and more than 66 million reported binge drinking during the previous month. Data from public health surveillance systems on drug and alcohol abuse are crucial for developing and evaluating interventions to prevent and control such behavior. However, public health surveillance for behavioral health in the United States has been hindered by organizational issues and other fa...

Did Performing Community Health Needs Assessments Increase Community Health Program Spending by North Carolina's Tax-Exempt Hospitals?

As of March 23, 2012, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires tax-exempt hospitals to conduct a Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) every 3 years. This study assessed whether the IRS CHNA mandate incentivized North Carolina's tax-exempt hospitals to increase investments in community health programs. The authors gathered the 2012-2016 community benefit reports of 53 North Carolina private, nonprofit hospitals from the North Carolina Hospital Association. Community benefit spending data from the year...

Geographic differences in the prevalence of hypertension in Uganda: Results of a national epidemiological study.

Hypertension accounts for more than 212 million global disability-adjusted life-years, and more than 15 million in sub-Saharan Africa. Identifying factors underlying the escalating burden of hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa may inform delivery of targeted public health interventions.

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