PubMed Journals Articles About "Youth Suicides Increased After Reasons Release" RSS

09:12 EST 13th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Youth Suicides Increased After Reasons Release" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,000+

Association of Increased Youth Suicides in the United States With the Release of 13 Reasons Why.

On March 31, 2017, Netflix released the show 13 Reasons Why, sparking immediate criticism from suicide prevention organizations for not following media recommendations for responsible suicide portrayal and for possible suicide contagion by media. To date, little research has been conducted into the associations between the show and suicide counts among its young target audience.

Are young female suicides increasing? A comparison of sex-specific rates and characteristics of youth suicides in Australia over 2004-2014.

Australian mortality statistics suggest that young female suicides have increased since 2004 in comparison to young males, a pattern documented across other Western high-income countries. This may indicate a need for more targeted and multifaceted youth suicide prevention efforts. However, sex-based time trends are yet to be tested empirically within a comprehensive Australian sample. The aim of this study was to examine changes over time in sex-based rates and characteristics of all suicides among young pe...

The Changing Characteristics of African-American Adolescent Suicides, 2001-2017.

African-American (AA) adolescents (13-19 years of age) have disproportionately higher rates of suicide. In this study, to explore the nature of suicidal deaths and suicide attempts in African- American adolescents, we utilized the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) and the Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) database from years 2001 to 2017. The rate of AA male suicides increased by 60% and for AA females increased by 182% from 2001 to 2017. Suicides were the second leading cau...

Problems posed by the Werther effect as a 'net effect': a comment on recent scholarly work on the effects of .

Recent research estimated that an additional 195 suicides among 10- to 17-year-old youths occurred following the release of the television series 13 Reasons Why. There is an underrecognised aspect in this line of research that this effect represents a net effect based on different possible underlying patterns (e.g. +195/-0 or +395/-200).

Female Youth Suicides on the Rise, Narrowing Gap with Young Males.

Girls ages 10 to 14 show the greatest increase in suicide rates.

Suicides in Greece before and during the period of austerity by sex and age group: Relationship to unemployment and economic variables.

There is disagreement on the specific mechanism through which the economic recession increased suicides in Greece. Unemployment is considered by many authors to be the determining factor but the data are inconclusive and often negative, especially concerning the temporal relationship between onset of increase in unemployment and increase in suicides AIMS: The aim of this paper was to clarify the specific role of unemployment as well as of other socioeconomic variables on specific age-by-gender groups concer...

Distribution of bone injuries in cases of non-natural death: A retrospective, encompassing study from 2008 to 2017.

For this study all autopsy reports of non-natural deaths performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine at the University of Cologne from a 10-year period (2008-2017) were examined in regards to the manner of non-natural death and their frequency and distribution of bone injuries (BI). 2026 cases (220 homicides, 421 suicides, 760 accidents, 393 possible suicides, 232 possible accidents) were reviewed. The highest frequency of BI was registered within homicides with 89.1%, second being accidents (79.3%), while...

Maternal suicide during pregnancy and the first postpartum year in Austria: Findings from 2004 to 2017.

Suicide is one of the leading causes of maternal death during pregnancy and the first postpartum year. This retrospective investigation aimed at characterizing suicides in Austria during pregnancy and the first postpartum year between 2004 and 2017. We identified 10 suicides of pregnant/ postpartal women in that period, all of whom used violent methods, resulting in a maternal suicide rate of 0.89 per 100,000 birth events. The comparably low number of found suicides is arguably attributable to methodologica...

Fathers' alcohol use and suicidal behaviour in offspring during youth and young adulthood.

To examine the association between various indicators of father's alcohol use and suicidal behaviour in offspring during youth and young adulthood METHODS: The study is based on a cohort of 68 910 Swedish citizens that were born between 1970 and 1985 and have fathers that participated in conscription for compulsory military training in 1969/70. Information on fathers' alcohol use was collected during conscription. Offspring was followed for suicide attempts or completed suicides (thru linkage with National ...

A 12-Week Electronic Mentoring Employment Preparation Intervention for Youth With Physical Disabilities: Pilot Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial.

Youth with disabilities are at high risk of unemployment compared with youth without disabilities. They often encounter challenges in accessing vocational programs that meet their needs. One promising approach that could help to address barriers that youth encounter while also enhancing social support is through electronic mentoring (e-mentoring). Although there is an increase in e-mentoring for youth with disabilities, little is known about its impact for youth with physical disabilities.

Emotional and behavioral problems among sexual minority youth in Thailand.

Sexual minority youth (SMY) had more risk behaviors and mental health problems than heterosexual youth. Relatively little research has differentiated among lesbian/gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth.

The Role of Parent Engagement in Overcoming Barriers to Care for Youth Returning Home After Incarceration.

We sought to understand the role of parent engagement in overcoming barriers to care for youth re-entering the community following incarceration. For this mixed methods study, we conducted quantitative surveys on healthcare needs and access with youth (n = 50) at 1-month post-incarceration, and semi-structured interviews with a subset of these youth (n = 27) and their parents (n = 34) at 1, 3, and 6-months post-incarceration (total 94 interviews). Differences by race/ethnicity and gender were as...

Rethinking suicides as mental accidents: Towards a new paradigm.

Since its beginnings, suicide research has made great progress in terms of empirical findings. However, in contrast to empirical knowledge, the theoretical understanding of suicides has shown only minimal progress. Missing interdisciplinary bridges and the lack of a unifying paradigm have been major obstacles. This paper examines the starting points for a rethink.

A 4-Week Electronic-Mentoring Employment Intervention for Youth With Physical Disabilities: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Youth with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty and be unemployed compared with youth without disabilities. Such trends are often a result of a lack of support, inaccessible jobs, environmental barriers, and discriminatory attitudes toward people with disabilities. Youth with disabilities also face barriers in accessing vocational preparation programs. One encouraging way that could help address challenges that youth encounter is by providing support through electronic mentoring (e-mentoring).

Dissociation and other clinical phenomena in youth with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) compared to youth with epilepsy.

To compare youth with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) to youth with epilepsy on demographic and clinical features and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC).

The Prospective Impact of Family Functioning and Parenting Practices on Court-Involved Youth's Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior.

Court-involved youth exhibit high rates of psychiatric symptoms, substance use, and delinquency, yet little is known about the contributing roles of caregiver and family factors. The current study examined whether family functioning and parental monitoring mediate the relationship between caregiver and youth psychiatric symptoms (at first court contact) and youth substance use and delinquency (two years later). Participants were 400 first-time offending court-involved youth (M = 14.5 years; 57.3% male; ...

"You can't chain a dog to a porch": a multisite qualitative analysis of youth narratives of parental approaches to substance use.

Reducing harms of youth substance use is a global priority, with parents identified as a key target for efforts to mitigate these harms. Much of the research informing parental responses to youth substance use are grounded in abstinence and critiqued as ineffective and unresponsive to youth contexts. Parental provision of substances, particularly alcohol, is a widely used approach, which some parents adopt in an attempt to minimize substance use harms; however, research indicates that this practice may actu...

Participatory Survey Data Analysis as Catalyst for Empowering Youth as School Health Change Agents.

Addressing and preventing the major health issues affecting American adolescents requires collaborative and authentic youth participation. Our current time reflects a pendulum shift toward authentic youth voice and democratic participation in school wellness and reform. In this application article, we outline and describe a youth-adult partnership curriculum to engage youth as change agents in their school community through youth-led research activities with publicly available and locally derived data from ...

LGBTQ Youth-Serving Community-Based Organizations: Who Participates and What Difference Does it Make?

LGBTQ youth are at greater risk for compromised health, yet large-scale health promotion programs for LGBTQ young people have been slow to develop. LGBTQ community-based organizations-which provide LGBTQ-focused support and services-have existed for decades, but have not been a focus of the LGBTQ youth health literature. The current study used a contemporary sample of LGBTQ youth (age 15-21; M = 18.81; n = 1045) to examine who participates in LGBTQ community-based organizations, and the association ...

Poverty and youth disability in China: Results from a large, nationwide, population-based survey.

Youth with disability contribute to a high burden of disease but are often neglected. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of disability and its association with poverty among Chinese youth aged 15-24 years.

Clustering suicides: A data-driven, exploratory machine learning approach.

Methods of suicide have received considerable attention in suicide research. The common approach to differentiate methods of suicide is the classification into "violent" versus "non-violent" method. Interestingly, since the proposition of this dichotomous differentiation, no further efforts have been made to question the validity of such a classification of suicides. This study aimed to challenge the traditional separation into "violent" and "non-violent" suicides by generating a cluster analysis with a dat...

What's in a Pronoun?: The Ungovernability and Misgendering of Trans Native Kids in Juvenile Justice in Washington State.

Recognition of transgender identities and best practices in care for trans youth in juvenile justice settings have been gaining increased visibility. However, in interviews with juvenile justice defense attorneys, I have found that even attorneys who want to be supportive and affirming of transgender youth struggle with consistently affirming the youth's pronouns, especially in the case of Native trans youth. In this article, I will explore the ways that systems of "justice" are not set up to recognize tran...

Youth physical health and years in American homeschools: are they related?

Homeschooling is a growing trend in the USA and abroad with both reported consequences and benefits to youth physical health. The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in youth physical health could be related to the number of years a student spends in homeschool. Body composition (body mass index and body fat), muscular fitness (lower extremity, abdominal and upper extremity) and cardiorespiratory fitness (Progressive Aerobic Capacity Endurance Run) were assessed in 211 youth ages 5-17. Data...

Coping and Stress Reactivity as Moderators of Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Youth's Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms.

Youth's responses to stress are a central feature of risk and resilience across development. The current study examined whether youth coping and stress reactivity moderate the association of current maternal depressive symptoms with youth's internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Mothers (M = 41.58, SD = 6.18) with a wide range of depressive symptoms and their children ages 9-15 (M = 12.25, SD = 1.89, 45.3% girls) completed measures of youth symptoms and coping and automatic responses to s...

Knowledge, behaviors, and social factors that influence pregnancy weight gain among youth ages 16-24 years.

The vast majority (50-75%) of youth (≤ 21 years old) who become pregnant gain more weight during pregnancy than is recommended by the National Academy of Medicine. Excess weight gain during pregnancy is a strong risk factor for long term obesity among mothers and their infants. There is a significant gap in our understanding of youth's knowledge and behavior related to weight gain during pregnancy. In order to develop effective interventions for pregnant youth, it is necessary to understand their distinct...

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