PubMed Journals Articles About "Atheroma" RSS

13:14 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Atheroma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Atheroma articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "atheroma" PubMed Articles, all 12

The association between carotid atheroma and cerebral cortex structure at age 73.

To examine the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and cerebral cortical thickness and investigate whether cortical thickness mediates the relationship between carotid atheroma and relative cognitive decline.

Severe infrarenal atheroma load in open aortic aneurysm repair is not a risk factor for postoperative Acute Kidney Injury.

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) after open aortic repair is subject to multiple patient- and operation-related variables. Hostile neck morphology in open aneurysm repair is thought to contribute to this AKI risk post-operatively. The aim of this study was to evaluate if large neck atheroma is a possible risk factor in the postoperative development of AKI.

Microcalcifications, Their Genesis, Growth, and Biomechanical Stability in Fibrous Cap Rupture.

For many decades, cardiovascular calcification has been considered as a passive process, accompanying atheroma progression, correlated with plaque burden, and apparently without a major role on plaque vulnerability. Clinical and pathological analyses have previously focused on the total amount of calcification (calcified area in a whole atheroma cross section) and whether more calcification means higher risk of plaque rupture or not. However, this paradigm has been changing in the last decade or so. Recent ...

Matrix metalloproteinase-10 deficiency delays atherosclerosis progression and plaque calcification.

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in atherosclerosis and vascular calcification. Among them, we reported that MMP10 is present in human atheroma, associated with atherosclerosis. However, it remains unclear whether MMP10 is involved in atherogenesis and vascular calcification.

All-trans retinoic acid effectively reduces atheroma plaque size in a rabbit model of high-fat-induced atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis (AS) is one of the most prevalent causes of death around the world. Since there are different types of risk factors, different types of medications focus on preventing atheromas and plaques from establishing or on preventing established plaques from growing.

Elevated level of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is associated with reduced coronary atheroma burden.

Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), a key enzyme in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), has been associated with atheroprotection. However, its relation to plaque characteristics has not been confirmed to date. We aimed to determine the relationship between plasma LCAT mass concentration and plaque burden in a multi-center imaging study.

Prevalence and Distribution of Atherosclerosis in a Low- to Intermediate-Risk Population: Assessment with Whole-Body MR Angiography.

Purpose To quantify the burden and distribution of asymptomatic atherosclerosis in a population with a low to intermediate risk of cardiovascular disease. Materials and Methods Between June 2008 and February 2013, 1528 participants with 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease less than 20% were prospectively enrolled. They underwent whole-body magnetic resonance (MR) angiography at 3.0 T by using a two-injection, four-station acquisition technique. Thirty-one arterial segments were scored according to maximu...

Hydroxychloroquine partially prevents endothelial dysfunction induced by anti-beta-2-GPI antibodies in an in vivo mouse model of antiphospholipid syndrome.

Antiphospholipid syndrome is associated with endothelial dysfunction, which leads to thrombosis and early atheroma. Given that hydroxychloroquine has anti-thrombotic properties in lupus, we hypothesized that it could reduce endothelial dysfunction in an animal model of antiphospholipid syndrome. We evaluated the effect of hydroxychloroquine in preventing endothelial dysfunction in a mouse model of antiphospholipid syndrome.

Application of a Simple Quantitative Assessment of Atherosclerotic Lesions in Freshly Isolated Aortas from Rabbits.

Rabbits are widely used for the study of atherosclerosis; however, the lack of a unified and quantitative analysis of atheroma limits data interpretation and comparisons between laboratories. In this study, we applied a simple quantitative method, referred to as the oil red O (ORO) dye-eluting method, for analysis of atherosclerotic plaques in freshly isolated aortas. It employs ORO staining of the plaques followed by elution of the dye that is subjected to quantitative measurement. Atherosclerosis was indu...

The potential contribution and role of a blood platelets in autoimmune thyroid diseases.

The blood platelets are multifunctional blood cells which are involved in the initiation of atheroma, endothelial dysfunction, and modulation of inflammatory and immune responses in the pathophysiology of many diseases. Because of their multifaceted pro-inflammatory activity, platelets may be involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs), such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease. The aim of this study was to assess the level of activation and response ability of platelets in...

Vascular Involvement in Axial Spondyloarthropathies.

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease that involves the entheses, causing inflammatory pain and functional impairments. Patients may experience extraarticular manifestations such as uveitis, psoriasis, and inflammatory bowel disease. These, together with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis and the development of spinal fusion, are the main determinants of adverse disease outcomes. As with many systemic inflammatory diseases, AS is associated with exces...

Chondroitin Sulphate Attenuates Atherosclerosis in ApoE Knockout Mice Involving Cellular Regulation of the Inflammatory Response.

Chondroitin sulphate (CS) has long been used to treat osteoarthritis. Some investigations have also shown that the treatment with CS could reduce coronary events in patients with heart disease but no studies have identified the mechanistic role of these therapeutic effects. We aimed to investigate how the treatment with CS can interfere with the progress of atherosclerosis. The aortic arch, thoracic aorta and serum were obtained from apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout mice fed for 10 weeks with high-fat diet ...

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