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Atherosclerosis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Atherosclerosis articles that have been published worldwide.
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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in atherosclerosis and vascular calcification. Among them, we reported that MMP10 is present in human atheroma, associated with atherosclerosis. However, it remains unclear whether MMP10 is involved in atherogenesis and vascular calcification.
Progranulin is a circulating protein that modulates inflammation and is found in atherosclerotic lesions. Here we determined whether inflammatory cell-derived progranulin impacts atherosclerosis development.
The development of atherosclerosis is tightly regulated by the innate and adaptive immune system. Communication between these two compartments occurs, among others, upon presentation of lipid antigens to the NKT cell population by CD1d-expressing antigen-presenting cells. Recent evidence states that also mast cells express CD1d and can directly communicate with NKT cells. However, no such relationship has been reported in atherosclerosis. Here, we aimed to elucidate in vivo the CD1d-mediated interaction bet...
Atherosclerosis is critically fueled by vascular inflammation through oxidized lipids and inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Genetic disruption of Tnf-α reduces atherosclerosis in experimental mouse models. However, less is known about the therapeutic potential of Tnf-α blockage by pharmacological inhibitors such as monoclonal antibodies, which are already approved for several inflammatory disorders in patients. Therefore, we investigated the effect of pharmacological TNF-α in...
The purpose of this review was to examine the role of IL-1β in the inflammatory process central to the development of atherosclerosis and to discuss current clinical evidence for treatments targeting IL-1β in coronary artery disease.
Few studies have evaluated the association of sleep duration with subclinical atherosclerosis, and with heterogeneous findings. We evaluated the association of sleep duration with the presence of coronary, carotid, and femoral subclinical atherosclerosis in healthy middle-age men with low prevalence of clinical comorbidities.
Increased oxidative stress is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. Emerging evidence highlights the role of heparanase in atherogenesis, where heparanase inhibitor PG545 reduces oxidative stress in apolipoprotein E deficient mice (E mice). Herein, we studied the effects of PG545 on atherosclerosis progression in E mice.
Atherosclerosis is a serious disease that increases the risk of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. Previous studies have demonstrated that microRNA (miR)-29c could play significant roles in atherosclerosis via regulating inflammatory processes. However, the relationship between miR-29c and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) remains unknown. This study investigated associations between miR-29c and atherosclerosis and tested whether plasma miR-29c levels could be used to detect atherosclerosis.
In the previous prospective observational study, we found that cerebral atherosclerosis is an independent predictor of acute stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, it is unknown whether intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ICAS) is important as much as extracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ECAS) in estimating the risk of post-CABG adverse events. Extending the previous study, we aimed to investigate the immediate and long-term prognostic value of the location of cerebral atheroscle...
Atherosclerosis, a multifactorial chronic disease, is the main cause of death and impairment in the world. Endothelial cells (ECs) apoptosis plays a crucial role in the onset and development of atherosclerosis, whereas the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. MicroRNA-142-3p (miR-142-3p) is a well-defined tumor suppressor in several types of cancer, while the role of miR-142-3p in ECs apoptosis and the development of atherosclerosis has yet to be elucidated. Therefore, the present study aimed to inv...
Atherosclerosis is a lipid-driven chronic inflammatory disorder of the arteries, and monocytes and macrophages play a central role in this process. Within the atherosclerotic lesion, macrophages can scavenge modified lipids and become the so-called foam cells. We previously reported that the epigenetic enzyme Kdm6b (also known as Jmjd3) controls the pro-fibrotic transcriptional profile of peritoneal foam cells. Given the importance of these cells in atherosclerosis, we now studied the effect of myeloid Kdm6...
Serum soluble Klotho (sKlotho) plays a role in cardiovascular disease in some populations. However, information regarding the effect of serum sKlotho on atherosclerosis in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) is limited. Therefore, we tested the level of serum sKlotho in MHD patients to investigate atherosclerosis disease and determine the relationship between sKlotho and atherosclerosis.
Diabetic patients with no history of cardiac infarction have a prevalence of coronary atherosclerosis and a risk of heart attack equivalent to euglycemic patients who have coronary atherosclerosis and have suffered a prior myocardial infarction. Although several murine models of diabetes have been established, none of these show indications of cardiac events. In an attempt to establish a diabetic mouse model with coronary atherosclerosis and myocardial injury, we have fed hyperglycemic ApoE:Ins2 mice a west...
Atherosclerosis involves activation of the IRAK1/TRAF6/NF-κB inflammatory cascade, which is negatively regulated by miR146a. Previous studies showed that the TT genotype of rs2431697, located near the miR-146a gene, drives lower miR-146a transcription and predicts adverse cardiovascular events in anticoagulated atrial fibrillation patients. Moreover, systemic miR-146a administration protects mice from atherosclerosis. Here we evaluated the ability of miR-146a expression in the hematopoietic component to re...
Diets enriched with tree nuts have been demonstrated to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis-related cardiovascular events. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) shares common risk factors with atherosclerosis and AAA patients commonly have atherosclerosis related cardiovascular events. AAA has some distinct pathological and clinical characteristics to those of atherosclerosis. No previous study has examined the effect of a diet enriched with tree nuts on experimental or clinical AAA. This study investigated the ef...
Inflammation is critical in the pathobiology of atherosclerosis. An essential player in the inflammatory process in atherosclerosis are macrophages that scavenge oxidatively modified low-density lipoproteins (OxLDL) deposited in the subendothelium of systemic arteries that secrete a myriad of pro-inflammatory mediators. Here, we identified that a subunit of the Skp-Cullin-F-box ubiquitin E3 ligase apparatus, termed FBXO3, modulates the inflammatory response in atherosclerosis. Specifically, individuals with...
Atherosclerosis is a progressive inflammatory disease and is the main underlying mechanism of coronary artery disease (CAD). Immune system cells and cytokines play pivotal roles in the development of atherosclerosis. Several studies have shown the role of microRNA in the inflammatory processes of atherosclerosis, and miR-342-5p has been shown to be involved in macrophage activation during atherosclerosis and cytokine secretion. But until now, there has been no data regarding the association of miR-342-5p wi...
Introduction: In recent years, a stroke has been the cause of high lethality, long-term and sustained disability, the problem of which is still far from being resolved. The root cause of stroke is atherosclerosis. The aim: Study of neurotrophic and neuroprotective functions of apoE in rat brain tissue in experimental atherosclerosis.
Cardiovascular disease mortality rates have begun to rise in the United States. Based on the large body of supportive evidence, we propose a proof-of-concept, first-in-human trial to cure atherosclerosis: CURing Early ATHEROsclerosis (CURE ATHERO). This trial is based on a model of intensive induction therapy for extensive, if not complete, plaque regression, followed by intermittent maintenance therapy. An extensive body of evidence has demonstrated the causal role of apolipoprotein B lipoproteins in ather...
Atherosclerosis is a major cause of cardiovascular disease. Monocyte-endothelial cell interactions are partly mediated by expression of monocyte CX3CR1 and endothelial cell fractalkine (CX3CL1). Interrupting the interaction between this ligand-receptor pair should reduce monocyte binding to the endothelial wall and reduce atherosclerosis. We sought to reduce atherosclerosis by preventing monocyte-endothelial cell interactions through use of a long-acting CX3CR1 agonist.
While the commensal microbiota is considered an important regulator of immunity and metabolism, the mechanisms controlling the interplay between diet, cytokine signaling, and the microbiota in atherosclerosis remains unknown. In this issue of Immunity, Fatkhullina et al. (2018) demonstrate that interlukin-23-22 axis regulates diet-induced atherosclerosis by repressing pro-atherogenic microbiota.
Atherosclerosis occurs as a result of a chronic inflammatory response in the arterial wall associated with an increased uptake of low-density lipoprotein by macrophages and the subsequent transformation of this lipoprotein into foam cells. It has been found that miR-188-3p can suppress autophagy and myocardial infarction. Therefore, we conducted the present study with determining the suppressive role played by miR-188-3p in atherosclerosis.
Correlation between coronary atherosclerosis calcification and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume in patients with nephropathy was investigated. A total of 529 patients with high risk of coronary atherosclerotic nephropathy were selected from August 2013 to September 2016 in Xianyang Central Hospital to serve as research subjects, and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent coronary artery and EAT examination using dual-source CT. Correlation between EAT and severity of...