PubMed Journals Articles About "Billion Lost Annually Because People Have Spectacles Correct" RSS

12:19 EDT 20th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "billion lost annually because people have spectacles correct" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,400+

The Repeatability of Values Measured Using the Spot Vision Screener in Healthy Children and Children with Refractive Errors.

To determine the repeatability of refractive values measured using the Spot vision screener in healthy children and children with refractive errors. This cross-sectional study included 170 eyes of 85 healthy children (normal group), and 50 eyes of 25 children wearing spectacles for refractive errors (spectacles group). The spherical equivalent value, cylindrical value, and inter-ocular differences in the spherical equivalent values were analyzed. The repeatability of the refractive values measured using th...

Cost-benefit analysis of calcium and vitamin D supplements.

If all adults with osteoporosis in the European Union (EU) and United States (US) used calcium and vitamin D supplements, it could prevent more than 500,000 fractures/year in the EU and more than 300,000/year in the US and save approximately €5.7 billion and US $3.3 billion annually.

The air quality-related health benefits of energy efficiency in the United States.

While it is known energy efficiency (EE) lowers power sector demand and emissions, study of the air quality and public health impacts of EE has been limited. Here we quantify the air quality and mortality impacts of a 12% summertime (June, July, and August) reduction in baseload electricity demand. We use the AVoided Emissions and geneRation Tool (AVERT) to simulate plant-level generation and emissions, the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model to simulate air quality, and the Environmental Benefits...

A systematic review of interventions aimed at improving the cardiovascular health of people diagnosed with personality disorders.

People with personality disorders have significantly reduced life expectancy and increased rates of cardiovascular disease compared to members of the general population. Given that more people die annually of cardiovascular disease across the globe than from any other cause, it is important to identify the evidence for interventions aimed at improving cardiovascular health among people with personality disorders.

Memory and truth: correcting errors with true feedback versus overwriting correct answers with errors.

In five experiments, we examined the conditions under which participants remembered true and false information given as feedback. Participants answered general information questions, expressed their confidence in the correctness of their answers, and were given true or false feedback. In all five experiments, participants hypercorrected when they had made a mistake; that is, they remembered better the correct feedback to errors made with high compared to low confidence. However, in none of the experiments d...

Self-adjustable Spectacle Wearing Compliance and Associated Factors among Rural School Children in Ghana.

Self-adjustable spectacles are increasingly being used in refractive service delivery programs in developing countries. Despite the success of self-refraction as a refraction technique, compliance with actual wear of adjustable spectacles has not been evaluated. Findings in this study have significant programmatic implications for the effectiveness and sustainability of this mode of correction in developing countries.

Degrees and dollars - Health costs associated with suboptimal ambient temperature exposure.

Suboptimal ambient temperature exposure significantly affects public health. Previous studies have primarily focused on risk assessment, with few examining the health outcomes from an economic perspective. To inform environmental health policies, we estimated the economic costs of health outcomes associated with suboptimal temperature in the Minneapolis/St. Paul Twin Cities Metropolitan Area. We used a distributed lag nonlinear model to estimate attributable fractions/cases for mortality, emergency departme...

The Opioid Epidemic in West Virginia.

The rate of overdose related to the use of licit and illicit opioids has drastically increased over the last decade in the United States. The epicenter has been West Virginia with the highest rates of overdoses accounting for 41.5 deaths per 100 000 people among the 33 091 deaths in 2015. The purpose of this research was to examine and analyze the cause of the opioid epidemic and subsequent responses to it in the state of West Virginia. This study conducted a literature review using 37 references that were ...

Health impacts and cost-benefit analyses of surface O and PM over the U.S. under future climate and emission scenarios.

Health impacts of surface ozone (O) and fine particulate matter (PM) are of major concern worldwide. In this work, the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program tool is applied to estimate the health and economic impacts of projected changes in O and PM in the U.S. in future (2046-2055) decade relative to current (2001-2010) decade under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 climate scenarios. Future annual-mean O reductions under RCP 4.5 prevent ~1,800 all-cause mortality, 76...

Computed tomography-based 3D modeling to provide custom 3D-printed glasses for children with craniofacial abnormalities.

Children with craniofacial malformations frequently require spectacles but have difficulty finding an acceptable fit with current offerings of pediatric spectacle frames. We describe a novel method for creating custom 3D-printed spectacle frames based on a 3D reconstruction of a prior computed tomography scan. This method offers the ability to create better-fitting spectacles to children who are not served by "off the rack" frames.

Obesity: An Emerging Threat.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified obesity as a global health threat that has nearly tripled since 1975 (WHO, 2018). In 2016, of the 7.4 billion people in the world, more than 1.9 billion adults 18 years of age and older, were overweight. African-Americans were 1.4 times as likely to be obese as non-Hispanic Whites. Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health (WHO, 2018). The risk factors associated with obesity are cardiovascular, musc...

The prevalence of intellectual disability: A comparison of national census and register records.

International prevalence rates for intellectual disability vary widely with estimates often based on samples. In Ireland people with an intellectual disability are identified in the national census. Moreover, a national register of people receiving or requiring intellectual disability services is maintained and updated annually.

From evidence to clinical practice: myopia control among children in refraction clinics.

Over the past decade, breakthrough has been made on myopia progression control with a lot of evidence from clinical trials, but the effective clinical application of many of them remained immature. Though refraction clinics have been set up in many specialized hospitals offering spectacles to correct refractive error, there was few protocol or standard of treatment for reducing myopia progression. This commentary reviews the latest and essential publications and presents critical advice on applying the rese...

Use of a Natural Porcine Extracellular Matrix With Negative Pressure Wound Therapy Hastens the Healing Rate in Stage 4 Pressure Ulcers.

Chronic wounds are physically debilitating and painful and are responsible for the addition of more than $25 billion annually in health care costs in the United States. Extracellular matrix (ECM) replacements have been demonstrated to aid in wound healing by providing an optimal environment to facilitate the healing process.

The importance of digitalisation in urology.

The Internet has shaped and changed society like no other technology. Culturally, the emergence of the Internet is being described as having the same impact on society as the invention of printing. In 2018, more than 4 billion people had access to the Internet. Among all Internet users, approximately 80 % search the Internet for health-related information, with cancer being the most frequently searched condition. Patients rate the Internet as the second most helpful source of information, outranked only b...

Incidence and Geographic Distribution of Injuries Due to Falls Among Pediatric Communities of Maryland.

Falls are the leading cause of pediatric injury and account for the majority of emergency department injury visits, costing US $5 billion in medical costs annually. Epidemiology of pediatric falls has primarily been studied at single hospital centers and has not been analyzed statewide. We assessed pediatric falls across Maryland and geographically mapped them by census tract and block group.

Economics of Beta-Cell Replacement Therapy.

Type 1 diabetes impacts 1.3 million people in the USA with a total direct lifetime medical cost of $133.7 billion. Management requires a mix of daily exogenous insulin administration and frequent glucose monitoring. Decision-making by the individual can be burdensome.

The association of pain interference and opioid use with healthcare utilization and costs, and wage loss among adults with osteoarthritis in the United States.

To examine associations of opioid use and pain interference with activities (PIA), healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs, and wage loss in noninstitutionalized adults with osteoarthritis in the United States (US). Adults with osteoarthritis identified from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey for 2011/2013/2015 were stratified by no-opioid use with no/mild PIA, no-opioid use with moderate/severe PIA, opioid use with no/mild PIA, and opioid use with moderate/severe PIA. Outcomes included annualize...

Proactive Suicide Prevention Online (PSPO): Machine Identification and Crisis Management for Chinese Social Media Users With Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors.

Suicide is a great public health challenge. Two hundred million people attempt suicide in China annually. Existing suicide prevention programs require the help-seeking initiative of suicidal individuals, but many of them have a low motivation to seek the required help. We propose that a proactive and targeted suicide prevention strategy can prompt more people with suicidal thoughts and behaviors to seek help.

Measuring Alcohol Outlet Density: An Overview of Strategies for Public Health Practitioners.

Excessive alcohol use is responsible for 88 000 deaths in the United States annually and cost the United States $249 billion in 2010. There is strong scientific evidence that regulating alcohol outlet density is an effective intervention for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms, but there is no standard method for measuring this exposure.

P-values and significance: The null hypothesis that they are not related is correct.

False signals and therapeutic optimism have led medicine down many a wrong pathway. Apart from the unnecessary costs of care and redundant research expenditure and efforts this has caused, therapies which were eventually discontinued may have come at a staggering cost of lives lost. Still most statistical information in the medical literature is presented with its p-values and little else. The use of p

Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy in Vulnerable Populations-- People Who Inject Drugs and the Homeless.

Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) programs can provide high-value care but may be challenging in people who inject drugs (PWID) and homeless individuals. We conducted a single-center, retrospective, cohort study of adults who received OPAT at an urban, public health hospital from January 1, 2015 to April 30, 2016, grouped by PWID and housing status. Outcomes included clinical cure, length of stay, secondary bacteremia, line-tampering, and readmission. A total of 596 patients (homeless PWID ...

An evaluation of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allografts for pressure ulcer treatment: a case series.

Pressure ulcers (PU; also known as pressure injuries) affect about three million adults in the US and cost an estimated $11 billion dollars annually to treat. Prevention is most desirable, however, once a patient develops a PU, the focus shifts to effective treatment and rapid closure to improve health outcomes. We sought to evaluate outcomes in 10 patients with category II and III PUs treated with dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) allografts.

Improving the Follow-Up Completion Rate of Community-Dwelling Individuals Who Screened Positive for Colorectal Cancer.

Early screening and early treatment of colorectal cancer increases the 5-year-survival rate of early stage cancer by 90%. However, a lack of knowledge regarding screening opportunities among community residents affects their willingness to seek medical help and delays treatment. The World Health Organization estimated that deaths from colorectal cancer in the next 20 years will increase from 8.2 million people to 13 million people annually. However, systemic screening and follow-up services will promote ear...

Disgust sensitivity and kosher food preferences among the non-Jewish population in the US.

About $200 billion of kosher-certified foods are purchased each year in the US, and companies can pay up to $100,000 to private agencies to certify that their products meet kosher standards. Although kosher certification is ostensibly for the purpose of Jewish religious observance, the vast majority of kosher food purchases are made by people who are not Jewish. In this study, we examine the psychological drivers of these purchases among people who are not Jewish. Our study found that people with high level...

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