PubMed Journals Articles About "Drug Options Risk Factors Added Heart Guidelines" RSS

19:31 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "drug options risk factors added heart guidelines" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Nutritional status assessment in patients indicated to PTCA and after 3-month period of following dietary guidelines.

Despite of significant advances in medicine, ischemic heart disease caused 42% of cardiovascular deceases in 2012 year. The inclusion of ischemic heart disease treatment is intended to inhibit the progression by abolishing the condition of myocardial ischemia and to ensure secondary prevention by eliminating risk factors. Appropriate dietary guidelines can reduce the number of risk factors and the intensity of cardiovascular diseases.

Chronic Hyperkalemia in Cardiorenal Patients: Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and New Treatment Options.

Chronic hyperkalemia (HK) is a serious medical condition that often manifests in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure (HF) leading to poor outcomes and necessitating careful management by cardionephrologists. CKD, HF, diabetes, and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors use is known to induce HK. Current therapeutic options are not optimal, as pointed out by a large number of CKD and HF patients with HK. The following review will focus on the main risk factors for developing...

Added value of aortic pulse wave velocity index in a predictive diagnosis decision tree of coronary heart disease.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is among the main causes of death in the world. Individual study of cardiovascular risk is an important way to a predict CHD risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the added role of the aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) index in the prediction of CHD risk.

Association of Cardiac Injury and Malignant Left Ventricular Hypertrophy With Risk of Heart Failure in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study.

African Americans have a higher burden of heart failure (HF) risk factors and clinical HF than other racial/ethnic groups. However, the factors underlying the transition from at-risk to clinical HF in African Americans are not well understood.

Secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases: current state of the art.

Prevention strategies for cardiac events depend of the risk for such an event. A very high risk is defined by a risk >10% over 10 years. For example, a patient with known coronary artery disease has such a very high risk to die. However a patient with diabetes and severe hypertension without known coronary artery disease carries the same risk. Here, secondary prevention and primary prevention overlap. Prevention guidelines include a number of general recommendations such as changes in behavior, smoking inte...

Predictors of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support after surgery for adult congenital heart disease in children's hospitals.

Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients who undergo cardiac surgery are at risk for poor outcomes, including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support (ECMO) and death. Prior studies have demonstrated risk factors for mortality, but have not fully examined risk factors for ECMO or death without ECMO (DWE). We sought to identify risk factors for ECMO and DWE in adults undergoing congenital heart surgery in tertiary care children's hospitals.

What is the added value of the waist-to-hip ratio on top of the BIOSTAT risk prediction model in patients with heart failure? Reply.

Association of menopausal characteristics and risk of coronary heart disease: a pan-European case-cohort analysis.

Earlier age at menopause has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but the shape of association and role of established cardiovascular risk factors remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the associations between menopausal characteristics and CHD risk; the shape of the association between age at menopause and CHD risk; and the extent to which these associations are explained by established cardiovascular risk factors.

South African dyslipidaemia guideline consensus statement: 2018 update A joint statement from the South African Heart Association (SA Heart) and the Lipid and Atherosclerosis Society of Southern Africa (LASSA).

South Africa (SA) is home to a heterogeneous population with a wide range of cardiovascular risk factors. Cholesterol reduction in combination with aggressive management of modifiable risk factors, including nutrition, physical activity, blood pressure and smoking, can help to reduce and prevent morbidity and mortality in individuals who are at increased risk of cardiovascular events. This updated consensus guide to management of dyslipidaemia in SA is based on the updated European Society of Cardiology and...

Gene-environment interactions in Alzheimer's Disease: A potential path to precision medicine.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in the United States and afflicts greater than 5.7 million Americans in 2018. Therapeutic options remain extremely limited to those that are symptom targeting, while no drugs have been approved for the modification or reversal of the disease itself. Risk factors for AD including aging, the female sex, as well as carrying an APOE4 genotype. These risk factors have been extensively examined in the literature, while less attention has been paid to modif...

Pulmonary Vein Stenosis: Outcomes in Children with Congenital Heart Disease and Prematurity.

Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare condition that has been linked to prematurity and congenital heart disease (CHD). Despite these associations, treatment options are limited and outcomes are guarded. We investigated differences in PVS outcomes based on the presence of CHD and prematurity, and risk factors for mortality or lung transplantation in PVS.

A novel validated method for predicting the risk of re-hospitalization for worsening heart failure and the effectiveness of the diuretic upgrading therapy with tolvaptan.

Increased re-hospitalization due to acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a modern issue in cardiology. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for re-hospitalization due to worsening heart failure, and the effect of tolvaptan (TLV) on decreasing the number of re-hospitalizations. This was a multicenter, retrospective study. The re-hospitalization factors for 1191 patients with ADHF were investigated; patients receiving continuous administration of TLV when they were discharged from the ...

Simple Hysterectomy for Cervical Cancer: Risk Factors for Failed Screening and Deviation From Screening Guidelines.

The aim of this study is to describe risk factors associated with either false-negative cervical cancer screening or deviations from screening guidelines that result in incidentally found invasive cervical cancer at the time of simple hysterectomy for benign indications.

Validity of the Seattle Heart Failure Model after heart failure hospitalization.

Heart failure hospitalization is a sentinel event associated with increased mortality risk. Whether long-term heart failure risk models such as the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM) accurately assess risk in the post-hospital setting is unknown.

Psychosocial risk factors for suicidality in children and adolescents.

Suicidality in childhood and adolescence is of increasing concern. The aim of this paper was to review the published literature identifying key psychosocial risk factors for suicidality in the paediatric population. A systematic two-step search was carried out following the PRISMA statement guidelines, using the terms 'suicidality, suicide, and self-harm' combined with terms 'infant, child, adolescent' according to the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health classification of a...

Sex differences in risk factors for vascular contributions to cognitive impairment & dementia.

Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) is the second most common cause of dementia. While males overall appear to be at a slightly higher risk for VCID throughout most of the lifespan (up to age 85), some risk factors for VCID more adversely affect women. These include female-specific risk factors associated with pregnancy related disorders (e.g. preeclampsia), menopause, and poorly timed hormone replacement. Further, presence of certain co-morbid risk factors, such as diabetes, ...

Relationship of Neighborhood Greenness to Heart Disease in 249 405 US Medicare Beneficiaries.

Background Nature exposures may be associated with reduced risk of heart disease. The present study examines the relationship between objective measures of neighborhood greenness (vegetative presence) and 4 heart disease diagnoses (acute myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation) in a population-based sample of Medicare beneficiaries. Methods and Results The sample included 249 405 Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older whose location ( ZIP +4) in Miami-...

Machine Learning Outperforms ACC / AHA CVD Risk Calculator in MESA.

Background Studies have demonstrated that the current US guidelines based on American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Pooled Cohort Equations Risk Calculator may underestimate risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) in certain high-risk individuals, therefore missing opportunities for intensive therapy and preventing CVD events. Similarly, the guidelines may overestimate risk in low risk populations resulting in unnecessary statin therapy. We used Machine Learning (...

Assessing the awareness of Czechs, age 40+, on the link between lifestyle choices and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular diseases constitute the main cause of disability and premature death worldwide. Those diseases will continue to endanger health unless the public understands clearly and completely which risk factors contribute to the development of these diseases and what they can do to avoid these risks. This article assesses the understanding of risk factors that can lead to the development of heart and vessel diseases.

Relations of Microvascular Function, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors, and Aortic Stiffness in Blacks: The Jackson Heart Study.

Understanding individual differences in vulnerability to cigarette smoking is enhanced by attention to the intersection of common risk factors.

While smoking prevalence in the U.S. and other industrialized countries has decreased substantially, this change has been unevenly distributed, with dramatic decreases in certain subpopulations but little change or even increases in others. Accordingly, considerable attention has been fruitfully devoted to identifying important risk factors for smoking (e.g., mental illness, other substance use disorders). However, there has been little research on the intersection of these risk factors. As risk factors rar...

Prediction of Risk of Calcification of Heart Valve Bioprostheses on the Basis of Comprehensive Assessment of Recipients Clinical Factors and Their Compliance With Therapy.

The development of the prediction methods of calcification risk of heart valve bioprostheses (BP) based on comprehensive assessment of the impact of clinical factors of the recipients and their adherence to medication.

Extinction to amphetamine-associated context in female rats is dependent upon conditioned orienting.

Females are considered more susceptible to the reinforcing effects of drugs and subsequently at increased risk for drug abuse and relapse after treatment. Estrogen is known to facilitate drug effects in females. However, other factors which contribute to the incidence of drug abuse are important to identify in order to recognize early risk factors and develop effective prevention and treatment schemes. Cue-directed behavior (aka sign tracking) has been implicated as a behavioral phenotype which identifies p...

How to implement the recommendations of the 2018 ESC/ESH Hypertension Guidelines in a given patient: A Step by Step approach.

All clinical guidelines release general recommendations based on the best available evidence on the issue, usually obtained from epidemiological studies, randomized clinical trials or meta-analyses. However, the final data of these studies are averages of a given parameter from groups of patients whose clinical characteristics are not necessarily similar to those of a specific patient seen in daily practice. As the guidelines recommendations have to be implemented in patients, not in group of patients, the ...

Clinical activity is an independent risk factor of ischemic heart and cerebrovascular arterial disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the impact of established cardiovascular risk factors and disease-related factors on the risk of acute arterial events is still unclear. We aimed to identify risk factors of acute arterial events in patients with IBD.

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