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PubMed Journals Articles About "Evacuate American Citizens Aboard Quarantined Cruise Ship Japan" RSS

17:29 EDT 2nd April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "evacuate American citizens aboard quarantined cruise ship Japan" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Chronology of COVID-19 cases on the Diamond Princess cruise ship and ethical considerations: a report from Japan.

The Diamond Princess cruise ship has been anchored at the Yokohama port in Japan since February 3, 2020. A total of 691 cases of COVID-19 infection had been confirmed as of February 23. The government initially assumed that the infection was not spreading aboard and therefore indicated that any persons who either tested negative for the virus or were asymptomatic should immediately disembark. However, on February 5, the government set a 14-day health observation period because of the severity of the infecti...


Initial Investigation of Transmission of COVID-19 Among Crew Members During Quarantine of a Cruise Ship - Yokohama, Japan, February 2020.

An outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among passengers and crew on a cruise ship led to quarantine of approximately 3,700 passengers and crew that began on February 3, 2020, and lasted for nearly 4 weeks at the Port of Yokohama, Japan (1). By February 9, 20 cases had occurred among the ship's crew members. By the end of quarantine, approximately 700 cases of COVID-19 had been laboratory-confirmed among passengers and crew. This report describes findings from the initial phase of the cruise ship...

A cruise ship emergency medical evacuation triggered by handheld ultrasound findings and directed by tele-ultrasound.

Cruise ships travel far from shoreside medical care and present a unique austere medical environment. For the cruise ship physician, decisions regarding emergency medical evacuation can be challenging. In the event that a passenger or crew member becomes seriously ill or is injured, the use of point-of-care ultrasound may assist in clarifying the diagnosis and stratifying the risk of a delayed care, and at times expedite an emergent medical evacuation. In this report we present the first case reported in th...


Estimation of the reproductive number of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the probable outbreak size on the Diamond Princess cruise ship: A data-driven analysis.

Up to February 16, 2020, 355 cases have been confirmed as having COVID-19 infection on the Diamond Princess cruise ship. It is of crucial importance to estimate the reproductive number (R0) of the novel virus in the early stage of outbreak and make a prediction of daily new cases on the ship.

An acute coronary syndrome in Antarctica.

Cruise tourism to Antarctica is constantly growing. Passengers and crewmembers may experience illnessesor injuries while traveling to remote areas with harsh weather conditions from where prompt evacuationis mostly unavailable. While a small explorer ship was at Wilhelmina bay (64°39' South and 62°08' West)in the Antarctic Peninsula, a 73-year-old male passenger presented with acute chest pain after two shortexcursions off the vessel in cold weather conditions. He was treated on board and remained clinica...

Medical ultrasound on cruise ship.

Differentiating on port fees to accelerate the green maritime transition.

This study investigates conditions under which differentiating port fees based on vessels' environmental performance could be an additional driver for cruise-ship owners to invest in green technologies. Our case study on liquefied natural gas (LNG) as fuel for a cruise ship shows that port-based incentives could help reduce emissions to air and drive uptake of green technologies. Assuming an average rebate of EUR 1500 per port visit, the accumulated rebates globally for our case study ship exceed EUR 400,00...

From the frontlines of COVID-19 - How prepared are we as obstetricians: a commentary.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) - now known as Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) - as a global health emergency. Singapore currently stands as the country with the highest number of reported cases of COVID-19 outside of China , excluding patients on a cruise ship offshore of Japan.

Coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak on the cruise ship Diamond Princess.

Not applicable for Editorials.

COVID-19, guests and crews of cruise: observation on Thai citizens.

Limiting spread of COVID-19 from cruise ships - lessons to be learnt from Japan.

Mining ship deficiency correlations from historical port state control (PSC) inspection data.

Early warning on the ship deficiency is crucial for enhancing maritime safety, improving maritime traffic efficiency, reducing ship fuel consumption, etc. Previous studies focused on the ship deficiency exploration by mining the relationships between the ship physical deficiencies and the port state control (PSC) inspection results with statistical models. Less attention was paid to discovering the correlation rules among various parent ship deficiencies and subcategories. To address the issue, we proposed ...

Preparing Communities to Evacuate for Major Hurricanes.

Ship noise inhibits colour change, camouflage, and anti-predator behaviour in shore crabs.

Ship noise is a prominent source of underwater sound pollution. Carter et al. demonstrate that ship noise has multiple negative effects on animal traits that do not primarily rely on acoustics. In shore crabs, color change to improve camouflage and predator escape responses are adversely affected by ship noise but not by equally loud ambient noise.

Comparison of knowledge of HIV status and treatment coverage between non-citizens and citizens: Botswana Combination Prevention Project (BCPP).

Non-citizens often face barriers to HIV care and treatment. Quantifying knowledge of positive HIV status and antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage among non-citizens in a high HIV-prevalence country like Botswana that is close to achieving UNAIDS "90-90-90" targets may expose important gaps in achieving universal HIV testing and treatment.

Case-Fatality Risk Estimates for COVID-19 Calculated by Using a Lag Time for Fatality.

We estimated the case-fatality risk for 2019 novel coronavirus disease cases in China (3.5%); China, excluding Hubei Province (0.8%); 82 countries, territories, and areas (4.2%); and on a cruise ship (0.6%). Lower estimates might be closest to the true value, but a broad range of 0.25%-3.0% probably should be considered.

Suicide, fatal injuries and drowning among the crews of United Kingdom and Bermuda registered cruise and passenger ships from 1976 to 2018.

Little has been reported about mortality among crews in passenger shipping. The aim of the study was to determine the detailed causes and circumstances of deaths from unnatural causes among crews employed in United Kingdom (UK) and Bermudan registered passenger shipping, their trends, how they relate to the type of passenger ship and crew rank and to discuss preventative measures.

Reducing whale-ship collisions by better estimating damages to ships.

Collisions between ships and whales raise environmental, safety, and economic concerns. The management of whale-ship collisions, however, lacks a holistic approach, unlike the management of other types of wildlife-vehicle collisions, which have been more standardized for several years now. In particular, safety and economic factors are routinely omitted in the assessment of proposed mitigation solutions to ship strikes, possibly leading to under-compliance and a lack of acceptance from the stakeholders. In ...

A case study on the characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons over the South China Sea: Implication of land-sea air exchange.

We present the characteristics of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) over the northern South China Sea (SCS) during a cruise campaign from September to October 2013. The mixing ratios of the total NMHCs ranged from 1.45 to 7.13 ppbv with an average of 3.54 ± 1.81 ppbv. Among the measured NMHCs, alkanes and aromatics were the major groups, accounting for 45.8 ± 8.7% and 28.7 ± 12.3% of the total NMHCs, respectively. Correlations of NMHCs with typical source tracers suggest that light alkanes a...

Current status of radiotherapy for patients with thoracic esophageal cancer in Japan, based on the Comprehensive Registry of Esophageal Cancer in Japan from 2009 to 2011 by the Japan Esophageal Society.

Although esophagectomy is the standard treatment for resectable esophageal cancer, chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone is also selected for some cases. However, there have been very few detailed studies conducted on a large scale on the efficacy of these treatments in Japan.

Climbing aboard.

Geographical distribution of family physicians in Japan: a nationwide cross-sectional study.

Geographical maldistribution of physicians, and their subsequent shortage in rural areas, has been a serious problem in Japan and in other countries. Family Medicine, a new board-certified specialty started 10 years ago in Japan by Japan Primary Care Association (JPCA), may be a solution to this problem.

Ecological labeling and wildlife conservation: Citizens' perceptions of the elephant ivory-labeling system in China.

Eco-labeling of products such as ivory contributes to conservation of wildlife species and is most effective when potential consumers of such products are made aware of the threats to wildlife and protections associated with the labels. This paper investigates factors affecting citizens' perceptions of China's eco-labeling system for elephant ivory, which was established in 2004, using unique datasets collected in 2015 and 2017. The results indicate that citizens in China have little understanding of the iv...

A novel approach for assessing effects of ship traffic on distributions and movements of seabirds.

Marine habitats are nowadays strongly affected by human activities, while for many species the consequences of these impacts are still unclear. The red-throated diver (Gavia stellata) has been reported to be sensitive to ship traffic and other anthropogenic pressures and is consequently of high conservation concern. We studied red-throated divers in the German Bight (North Sea) using satellite telemetry and digital aerial surveys with the aim of assessing effects of ship traffic on the distribution and move...

Small molecule targeting of SHIP1 and SHIP2.

Modulating the activity of the Src Homology 2 (SH2) - containing Inositol 5'-Phosphatase (SHIP) enzyme family with small molecule inhibitors provides a useful and unconventional method of influencing cell signaling in the PI3K pathway. The development of small molecules that selectively target one of the SHIP paralogs (SHIP1 or SHIP2) as well as inhibitors that simultaneously target both enzymes have provided promising data linking the phosphatase activity of the SHIP enzymes to disorders and disease states...


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