PubMed Journals Articles About "Fight Coronavirus Expand Social Distancing Measures Scchak Explains" RSS

21:33 EDT 3rd April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "fight coronavirus expand social distancing measures scchak explains" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,600+

Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures.

Influenza virus infections are believed to spread mostly by close contact in the community. Social distancing measures are essential components of the public health response to influenza pandemics. The objective of these mitigation measures is to reduce transmission, thereby delaying the epidemic peak, reducing the size of the epidemic peak, and spreading cases over a longer time to relieve pressure on the healthcare system. We conducted systematic reviews of the evidence base for effectiveness of multiple ...

Achieve Research Continuity During Social Distancing by Rapidly Implementing Individual and Group Videoconferencing with Participants: Key Considerations, Best Practices, and Protocols.

The novel coronavirus has upended many traditional research procedures as universities and other research entities have closed to activate social distancing. Some social and behavioral research activities (e.g. data analysis, manuscript preparation) can be continued from other environments with appropriate security protocols in place. For studies involving in-person interactions, continuity may be more difficult. Phone-based interactions provide a low-tech solution that may suffice in some cases. Yet, video...

Self-distancing as a path to help-seeking for people with depression.

Three studies explored whether self-distancing, a method where the self is treated as an other, can impact help-seeking among those with depression. Self-distancing was expected to reduce the negative biases associated with depression by minimizing self-relevance through taking the perspective of an objective other. We hypothesized that when thinking about a past experience of help-seeking, a selfdistancing prompt would cause increased help-seeking intentions and more favorable help-seeking outcome expectat...

Senior Medical Students in the COVID-19 Response: An opportunity to be proactive.

On March 13th, the United States (US) declared the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic a national emergency. By March 18 , according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, COVID-19 had spread to all 50 US states, with 7,038 cases and 97 deaths. The trajectory of cases mirrors that of Italy, where doctors are forced to consider who is more deserving of a ventilator. In response, social distancing measures are being promoted across the US in the hopes of slowing the growth in new cases, i.e. "fl...

Isolated sudden onset anosmia in COVID-19 infection. A novel syndrome?

The amelioration of the current COVID pandemic relies on swift and efficient case finding as well as stringent social distancing measures. Current advice suggests that fever or new onset dry cough are the commonest presenting complaints.

Medical Education Adaptations: Really Good Stuff for Educational Transition during a Pandemic.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, educators around the globe are scrambling to adapt in ways that facilitate the ongoing knowledge and skill development of the next generation of health professionals while social distancing and other measures are dramatically disrupting standard practices.

Tens of thousands of scientists are redeploying to fight coronavirus.

Estimating Risk for Death from 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease, China, January-February 2020.

Since December 2019, when the first case of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was identified in the city of Wuhan in the Hubei Province of China, the epidemic has generated tens of thousands of cases throughout China. As of February 28, 2020, the cumulative number of reported deaths in China was 2,858. We estimated the time-delay adjusted risk for death from COVID-19 in Wuhan, as well as for China excluding Wuhan, to assess the severity of the epidemic in the country. Our estimates of the risk for d...

Are Aspects of Twitter Use Associated with Reduced Depressive Symptoms? The Moderating Role of In-Person Social Support.

In a two-wave, 4-month longitudinal study of 308 adults, two hypotheses were tested regarding the relation of Twitter-based measures of online social media use and in-person social support with depressive thoughts and symptoms. For four of five measures, Twitter use by in-person social support interactions predicted residualized change in depression-related outcomes over time; these results supported a corollary of the social compensation hypothesis that social media use is associated with greater benefits ...

Coronavirus Outbreak: What the Department of Radiology Should Know.

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus pneumonia emerged in Wuhan, China. Since then, this highly contagious coronavirus has been spreading worldwide, with a rapid rise in the number of deaths. Novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NCIP) is characterized by fever, fatigue, dry cough, and dyspnea. A variety of chest imaging features have been reported, similar to those found in other types of coronavirus syndromes. The purpose of the present review is to briefly discuss the known epidemiology and the imaging ...

Differential roles of the right and left brain hemispheres in the social interactions of a free-ranging ungulate.

Despite the abundant empirical evidence on lateralized social behaviours, a clear understanding of the relative roles of two brain hemispheres in social processing is still lacking. This study investigated visual lateralization in social interactions of free-ranging European bison (Bison bonasus). The bison were more likely to display aggressive responses (such as fight and side hit), when they viewed the conspecific with the right visual field, implicating the left brain hemisphere. In contrast, the respon...

The Fight Against HIV Is a Fight for Human Rights: A Personal Reflection.

The fight against HIV started and continues to be a fight for human rights. AIDS was observed first in the United States in marginalized and stigmatized populations such as men who have sex with men, injection drug users, and commercial sex workers. Next were the observations of generalized epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa, a continent crippled by the legacy of colonialism. AIDS appeared in post-World War II, which witnessed independence of the former European colonies and the creation of the United Nations....

Training the Next Generation of Gerontological Social Worker Scholars.

The rapid growth of the aging population in the United States has produced concern over whether the social work profession will be able to meet the needs of elders and their caregivers. Currently, a shortage of gerontological social workers trained specifically to work with this population exists, and based on projections, this shortage will only become more critical over the next few decades. In order to address this shortage, one approach has been adopted that seeks to increase the number of gerontologica...

Social justice considerations for occupational therapy: The role of addressing social determinants of health in unstably housed populations.

Populations of those experiencing homelessness in the United States expand beyond those living in shelters and on the streets. Many individuals living in poverty experience housing instability, as well as refugee populations who experience deprivation of social resources due to displacement. These populations are significantly affected by social determinants of health (SDOH).

Local risk perception enhances epidemic control.

As infectious disease outbreaks emerge, public health agencies often enact vaccination and social distancing measures to slow transmission. Their success depends on not only strategies and resources, but also public adherence. Individual willingness to take precautions may be influenced by global factors, such as news media, or local factors, such as infected family members or friends. Here, we compare three modes of epidemiological decision-making in the midst of a growing outbreak using network-based math...

Patterns of social participation among older adults with disabilities and the relationship with well-being: A latent class analysis.

Living with a chronic condition or a disability at older age impacts social participation. Social connections and social activities seem interrelated leading to heterogeneous patterns in social participation. The aim of this study was to identify a typology in social participation among older adults with disabilities, and to relate this typology to their background characteristics and well-being measures.

Unique associations of social media use and online appearance preoccupation with depression, anxiety, and appearance rejection sensitivity.

Social media (SM) can create a climate of social comparison and preoccupation with appearance, which can pose risks for emotional problems, such as depression and social anxiety. In this study, 763 adolescents and young adults reported time spent and intensity of social media use and preoccupation with both general and appearance-related (AR) social media activities and content. Associations were investigated with markers of depression and social anxiety symptoms and appearance sensitivities - appearance an...

Social competence in newly diagnosed pediatric brain tumor patients.

Brain tumors (BTs) are a common pediatric malignancy. Improved treatment has resulted in higher survival rates. There is, however, increasing concern about adverse effects of the disease and its treatment, including effects on social competence (i.e. effective social functioning in everyday life). The aim of this study is to examine multiple levels of social competence (i.e. social skills and social adjustment) in newly diagnosed pediatric BT patients. Thirty newly diagnosed BT patients aged 5-12 years we...

Interactional Synchrony and Its Association with Social and Communication Ability in Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Social partners tend to coordinate their behaviors in time. This "interactional synchrony" is associated with a host of positive social outcomes, making it ripe for study in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty children with ASD and 17 typically developing (TD) children participated in conversations with familiar and unfamiliar adults. Conversations were rated for movement synchrony and verbal synchrony, and mothers completed measures regarding children's everyday social and communication skills. Children...

Using deliberative methods to establish a sufficient state of capability well-being for use in decision-making in the contexts of public health and social care.

Health maximisation is unlikely to be a relevant objective for social care, where service users and the workforce have distinct priorities and needs. NICE permit use of a small number of capability-based measures for the evaluation of social care, including ICECAP-A, a measure with five attributes, each with four levels.

Culture and personality revisited: Behavioral profiles and within-person stability in interdependent (vs. independent) social orientation and holistic (vs. analytic) cognitive style.

We test the proposition that both social orientation and cognitive style are constructs consisting of loosely related attributes. Thus, measures of each construct should weakly correlate among themselves, forming intra-individually stable profiles across measures over time.

Measuring social and occupational functioning of people with bipolar disorder: A systematic review.

Previous literature has focused on impaired social and occupational functioning in Bipolar Disorder (BD), however this ignores people who may be functioning well or even exceptionally. This paper presents the first systematic review of how functioning is measured and the range of functioning observed in BD to aid applied research and practice in this area. Identified measures from studies reporting use of a social and/or occupational functioning measure in BD were organised according to frequency of use ove...

The impact of the Luton social prescribing programme on mental well-being: a quantitative before-and-after study.

Social prescribing programmes expand the range of options available to primary care health professionals to address patients' psychosocial needs, impacting on their health and well-being. The objective of this study was to assess the change in the mental well-being of service users after participation in the Luton social prescribing programme.

Relations Between Tic Severity, Emotion Regulation, and Social Outcomes in Youth with Tourette Syndrome.

This study examined associations between tic severity, emotion regulation, social functioning, and social impairment in youth with Tourette Syndrome (TS). Emotion regulation was examined as a mediator between tic severity and social outcomes. Seventy-seven caregivers of youth with TS (M age = 13.1 years; SD = 2.29) were administered proxy-report measures of tic severity, emotion regulation, social functioning, and social impairment. Total and motor tic severity were negatively associated with emotion ...

Framing New Models to Expand Access to Radiotherapy in Limited Resource Settings-Social Entrepreneurship.

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