PubMed Journals Articles About "Grows Range Media Staphylococci" RSS

06:25 EDT 20th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "grows range media staphylococci" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Small mammals as sentinels of antimicrobial-resistant staphylococci.

A total of 39 coagulase-negative staphylococci and seven Staphylococcus aureus strains were isolated from small mammal feces, i.e., the striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius) and the yellow-necked mouse (A. flavicollis) in two sampling areas, deciduous forest and karst plains. MALDI-TOF analysis revealed five species of coagulase-negative staphylococci: S. sciuri, S. hominis, S. warneri, S. haemolyticus, and S. xylosus. All strains were susceptible to tetracycline, linezolid, vancomycin, and teicoplanin. T...

Analyzing College Students' Social Media Communication Apprehension.

Research has shown that college students are heavy users of social media. Yet, very little has looked at the connection between college students' social media use and communication apprehension (CA). Due to the shortage of research concerning CA and social media, this study aims to test the relationship between social media CA and introversion in relationship to social media use and social media addiction. To test these relationships, 396 undergraduate students were surveyed. The survey consisted of instrum...

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight: a promising alternative method of identifying the major coagulase-negative Staphylococci species.

This study aimed to evaluate different methods for differentiation of species of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) that caused infections in hospitalized immunocompromised patients.

A non toxic natural food colorant and antioxidant 'Peonidin' as a pH indicator: A TDDFT analysis.

A computational inestigation on the difference in colors of two plants 'Peony' and 'Morning glory' by the same pigment 'Peonidin' has been performed by means of absorption characteristics. Peonidin imparts purple color to the flowers in Peony and blue to that in Morning glory. TDDFT tool in Gaussian 09 software package has been employed to analyze the UV-vis spectra and has shown that in acidic media Peonidin exists in its flavylium cationic form where as in alkaline media it exists in the quinoidal base fo...

Nitric oxide synthase: What is its potential role in the physiology of staphylococci in meat products?

Coagulase-negative staphylococci are frequently isolated from meat products and two species are used as starter cultures in dry fermented sausages. In these products, they face various environmental conditions such as variation of redox potential and oxygen levels that can lead to oxidative stress. Furthermore, when nitrate and nitrite are added as curing salts, staphylococci also experience nitrosative stress. A nos gene encoding a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is present in the genome of all staphylococci. ...

CoP@NiCoO bi-functional electrocatalyst with low overpotential for water splitting in wide range pH electrolytes.

The CoP@NiCoO bi-functional electrocatalyst was fabricated for hydrogen evolution reaction and oxygen evolution reaction in acidic, neutral and alkaline media. The CoP@NiCoO in alkaline media exhibites an extremely low overpotential of 170 mV in oxygen evolution to achieve a current density of 10 mA cm and produces stable water splitting nearly 30 h. The anchored-CoP can enhance the electrochemical performance of pristine NiCoO as well as increase the tolerance in acidic media of NiCoO. Additional, ...

Emergency preparedness collaboration on Twitter.

Agency collaboration is an important function in the management of disasters and catastrophes. For effective emergency management, the need for intergovernmental collaboration grows as the scale of the disaster increases. Several researchers have examined the use of social media by emergency management (and other governmental agencies) during large-scale disasters; however, few have examined the use of social media for intergovernmental collaboration. This study explores the use of social media platforms as...

In vitro activity of novel anti-MRSA comparator agents against staphylococci involved in prosthetic joint infections.

Ceftaroline and ceftobiprole are new parenteral cephalosporins with potent activity against methicillin-resistant (MR) staphylococci, which are the leading cause of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs). The aim of the study was to determine and compare in vitro activities of both molecules against staphylococcal isolates recovered from clinically-documented PJIs.

Higher intake of coagulase-negative staphylococci from maternal milk promotes gut colonization with mecA-negative Staphylococcus epidermidis in preterm neonates.

We aimed to determine factors associated with gut colonization of preterm neonates with coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) from maternal milk (MM).

Social media and health information sharing among Australian Indigenous people.

Despite the enormous potential of social media for health promotion, there is an inadequate evidence base for how they can be used effectively to influence behaviour. In Australia, research suggests social media use is higher among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than the general Australian population; however, health promoters need a better understanding of who uses technologies, how and why. This qualitative study investigates what types of health content are being shared among Aboriginal and...

Insta-grated Plastic Surgery Residencies: The Rise of Social Media Use by Trainees and Responsible Guidelines for Use.

Ethical guidelines for appropriate use of social media are beginning to be delineated. As social media becomes ingrained in plastic surgery culture, education of residents on appropriate use of social media is increasingly important. Recently, plastic surgery residency programs have begun to utilize social media.

Mobile lincosamide resistance genes in staphylococci.

Lincosamide resistance in staphylococci is based on the expression of a number of genes which specify three major resistance mechanisms: (i) enzymatic inactivation by lincosamide nucleotidyltransferases, (ii) ribosome protection by ABC-F proteins, and (iii) methylation of the ribosomal target site in the 23S rRNA by Cfr or Erm methylases. So far, only two lnu genes, lnu(A) and lnu(B), which code for different types of lincosamide nucleotidyltransferases have been found in staphylococci. The ABC-F proteins a...

The effect of administration media on palatability and ease of swallowing of multiparticulate formulations.

Multiparticulate formulations based on pellets, granules or beads, could be advantageous for paediatrics, geriatrics and patients with swallowing difficulties. However, these formulations may require suitable administration media to facilitate administration. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of administration media properties on palatability and ease of swallowing of multiparticulates. A range of vehicles were developed using xanthan gum (XG) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as model hydr...

From to : identifying a plurality of Muslim sources in the news media.

This article identifies a qualitative change in the diversity of actors who represent Muslims in British news media. Hitherto, the literature discussing Muslims and the media has tended to characterize media organizations as institutions which portray Muslims in an essentialized, monolithic way. In contrast, I propose in this article that the process of representation is more complex, including greater agency and engaging a wider diversity of Muslims than the prevailing literature suggests. Sociological stu...

Presence and molecular characteristics of oxazolidinone resistance in staphylococci from household animals in rural China.

To investigate the presence and molecular characteristics of oxazolidinone resistance genes cfr and optrA in staphylococci from household animals in rural China.

Acne treatment: analysis of acne-related social media posts and the impact on patient care.

Many patients use social media as a source of medical information on dermatologic diseases. Social media offers accessible methods of communicating with physicians, other patients, and pharmacies. The information gathered through social media posts has the potential to influence patients' views of their conditions and treatment options, though the source often is unknown. This systematic review examined the content and source of social media posts identified using the search terms and across all social me...

Copper Mediated Reversible Deactivation Radical Polymerization in Aqueous Media.

Key advances within the past 10 years have transformed copper mediated radical polymerization from a technique which was not very tolerant to protic media into a range of closely related processes capable of control over the polymerization of a wide range of monomers in pure water at ppm catalyst loadings; yielding water soluble macromolecules of desired molecular weight, architecture and chemical functionality, with applications ranging from drug delivery to oil field recovery. In this review we highlight ...

Universality of Critically Pinned Interfaces in Two-Dimensional Isotropic Random Media.

Based on extensive simulations, we conjecture that critically pinned interfaces in two-dimensional isotropic random media with short-range correlations are always in the universality class of ordinary percolation. Thus, in contrast to interfaces in >2 dimensions, there is no distinction between fractal (i.e., percolative) and rough but nonfractal interfaces. Our claim includes interfaces in zero-temperature random field Ising models (both with and without spontaneous nucleation), in heterogeneous bootstrap ...

Loving the love of boys: Motives for consuming yaoi media.

In recent years, yaoi has been increasingly popular among youth interested in Japanese media such as anime and manga. Yaoi is defined as commercial and fan-created media that thematically focus on the romantic love between two men, often in a sexually explicit way. Despite the widespread popularity of this Japanese subgenre, there is a lack of empirical studies on the motives for consuming yaoi media that analyze the full range of motives using reliable research methods. The present study aimed to explore a...

Media reporting of suicide and adherence to media guidelines.

International research consistently shows evidence for an association between sensationalised and detailed media reporting, and suicidal behaviour.

Iron chelation destabilizes bacterial biofilms and potentiates the antimicrobial activity of antibiotics against coagulase-negative Staphylococci.

The ability of certain bacteria to form biofilms underlies their capacity to cause medical device-associated infections. Most bacteria need the metal iron for their proliferation but also to form biofilms. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate whether iron restriction upon application of the iron chelator deferiprone (DFP) impacts on bacterial biofilm formation and whether such an intervention can exert synergistic effects towards the antibacterial activity of three antibiotic compounds against ...

The trend of resistance to antibiotics for ocular infection of Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, and Corynebacterium compared with 10-years previous: A retrospective observational study.

To retrospectively identify epidemiological trends of infection on the ocular surface and investigate trends of resistance to bacterial antibiotics compared with 10-years previous for Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), and Corynebacterium in Japan.

Integrating Social Media Into an Online Academic Program.

There is a noticeable gap in the literature regarding the programmatic integration of social media into health sciences education. Networked participatory scholarship theory supports the use of social media in higher education; associated benefits include promoting student engagement and real-time dissemination. This article describes the integration of social media use in a graduate online doctoral nursing program; specifically, blogging, microblogging, and ePortfolio integration are presented. The purpose...

Impact of Serum Vancomycin Trough Levels in the Treatment of Central Nervous System Shunt Infections Caused by Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci.

Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are a common cause of pediatric ventricular shunt infections. The Infectious Diseases Society of America recommends vancomycin serum troughs of 15-20 µg/mL when treating CoNS shunt infections in adult patients. We report a series of pediatric cases of CoNS shunt infections in which clinical cure was obtained with troughs < 15 µg/mL. These findings question the relevance of this recommendation in pediatric patients.

Potential of social media in promoting mental health in adolescents.

The growing prevalence of adolescent mental disorders poses significant challenges for education and healthcare systems globally. Providers are therefore keen to identify effective ways of promoting positive mental health. This aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceptions that social media might be leveraged for the purposes of mental health promotion amongst adolescents aged between 11 and 18 years. Utilizing focus groups conducted with adolescents (N = 54), educational professionals (N...

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