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PubMed Journals Articles About "Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian" RSS

16:47 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Important Process Fueling Harmful Algal Blooms Investigated Canadian articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "important process fueling harmful algal blooms investigated Canadian" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 40,000+

Flocculating properties and potential of Halobacillus sp. strain H9 for the mitigation of Microcystis aeruginosa blooms.

Microcystis aeruginosa can cause harmful algal blooms in freshwaters worldwide. It has already seriously affected human lives and prevented the use of water resources. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop ecofriendly and effective methods to control and eliminate M. aeruginosa in aquatic environments. In this study, Halobacillus sp. strain H9, a bacterium that showed high M. aeruginosa flocculation activity, was isolated and selected to assess its potential for the removal of M. aeruginosa. The ...


Switching Harmful Algal Blooms to Submerged Macrophytes in Shallow Waters using Geo-Engineering Methods: Evidence from a 15N tracing study.

Switching the dominance from algae to macrophytes is crucial for lake management to human-induced eutrophication. Nutrients from algal sources can be utilized in the process of transition from algal blooms to macrophytes, thereby mitigating eutrophication. However, this process rarely occurs in algal bloom dominated waters. Here, we examined the hypothesis that the transition of algal blooms to macrophytes and the transfer of nutrients from algae at different temperatures (8°C and 25°C) can be facilitated...

Microbial community dynamics and assembly follows trajectories of an early spring diatom bloom in a semi-enclosed bay.

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are serious ecological disasters in coastal areas, significantly influencing biogeochemical cycles driven by bacteria. The shifts in microbial communities during HABs have been widely investigated, yet the assembly mechanism of microbial communities during HABs is poorly understood. Here using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, we analyzed the microbial communities during an early spring diatom bloom, in order to investigate the dynamics of microbial assembly process. , and wer...


Turn the potential greenhouse gases into biomass in harmful algal blooms waters: A microcosm study.

Carbon sources are a critical requirement for the proliferation of algae and the occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs), but are often turned into methane (CH) after the collapse of severe HABs. Here, we attempt to remove HABs, reduce algal-derived CH emissions, and repair the broken carbon biogeochemical cycle in aquatic systems using an integrated ecological approach including flocculation, capping, and submerged macrophyte induction, preliminary at a microcosm scale. This strategy sustainably reached ...

Biodegraded mackerel wastewater selectively inhibits harmful algal blooms.

Functional substances from mackerel wastewater were biodegraded and tested for inhibitory activity against harmful algal blooms (HABs) that are detrimental to aquaculture. The supernatant from a 48 h culture of mackerel wastewater had a half-maximal inhibitory concentration of 0.54-0.68 mg/ml for the three tested HAB organisms (Heterocapsa triquetra, Alexandrium fundyense and Prorocentrum minimum). This inhibitory effect was not observed form 48-h biodegraded nutrient broth culture supernatant, indicati...

High abundances of the nuisance raphidophyte Gonyostomum semen in brown water lakes are associated with high concentrations of iron.

Algal blooms occur frequently in lakes and oceans and the causes and consequences of those are often studied. In this study, we focus on a less well known type of algal bloom by the freshwater raphidophyte Gonyostomum semen. This species' abundance and occurrence is increasing, especially in brown water lakes, the most abundant lake type in the boreal zone. The aim of the study was to investigate which environmental factors are associated with G. semen by statistical evaluation of field data of 95 Swedish l...

Inhibitory effect and mechanism of linoleic acid sustained-release microspheres on Microcystis aeruginosa at different growth phases.

Environment-friendly algaecides based on allelopathy have been extensively studied to control harmful algal blooms (HABs). The inhibitory effects of linoleic acid (LA) sustained-release microspheres on different cell densities of Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) at different growth phases were studied. The results showed that the growth of M. aeruginosa could be inhibited within 4 days and the constant inhibitory rate with initial algal density of 8 × 10 cells∙mL (exponential phase) was up ...

Fate of four phthalate esters with presence of Karenia brevis: Uptake and biodegradation.

Phthalate esters (PAEs), one class of the most frequently detected endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in marine environment, have aroused wide public concerns because of their carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, and mutagenicity. However, the environmental fate of PAEs in the occurrence of harmful algal blooms remains unclear. In this research, four PAEs with different alkyl chains, i.e., dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), diallyl phthalate (DAP), and dipropyl phtalate (DPrP) were selected a...

Fishing in greener waters: Understanding the impact of harmful algal blooms on Lake Erie anglers and the potential for adoption of a forecast model.

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) pose public health risks worldwide, because of the toxins that they can produce. Researchers have explored the impact of HABs on local economies, but know relatively little about the decision-making that informs these behaviors that lead to financial losses. Understanding the factors that inform this decision-making is critical to developing mitigative solutions. This study seeks to understand how HABs in Western Lake Erie affect angler decision-making, before evaluating a possib...

Study on the metabolites of DH-e, a Halomonas marine bacterium, against three toxic dinoflagellate species.

Algicidal bacteria play an important role in mitigating harmful algal blooms (HABs). In the study, five bacterial strains were isolated from the East China Sea. One strain of algicidal bacterium, named DH-e, was found to selectively inhibit the motor ability of Prorocentrum donghaiense, Alexandrium tamarense (ATDH-47) and Karenia mikimotoi Hansen. Both 16S rDNA sequence analysis and morphological characteristics revealed that the algicidal DH-e bacterium belonged to Halomonas. Furthermore, results showed th...

Isolation and identification of a novel algicidal peptide from mackerel muscle hydrolysate.

To help remedy damage from harmful algal blooms, an attempt was made to isolate an algicidal substance previously observed to be present in mackerel muscle hydrolysate. Crude extract was obtained by cold acetone precipitation, and it dissolved best in water. Through molecular weight cut-off determination and tricine-SDS PAGE, the algicidal substance was determined to be a peptide of

Dynamics of phosphorus and bacterial phoX genes during the decomposition of Microcystis blooms in a mesocosm.

Cyanobacterial blooms are a worldwide environmental problem and frequently occur in eutrophic lakes. Organophosphorus mineralization regulated by microbial alkaline phosphatase provides available nutrients for bloom regeneration. To uncover the dynamics of bacterial alkaline phosphatase activity and microbial backgrounds in relation to organophosphorus mineralization during the decomposition process of cyanobacterial blooms, the response of alkaline phosphatase PhoX-producing bacteria were explored using a ...

Hybrid algal photosynthesis and ion exchange (HAPIX) process for high ammonium strength wastewater treatment.

A hybrid algal photosynthesis and ion exchange (HAPIX) process was developed that uses natural zeolite (chabazite) and wild type algae to treat high ammonium (NH) strength wastewater. In the HAPIX process, NH is temporarily adsorbed from the liquid, which reduces the free ammonia (FA) concentration below the inhibitory level for algal growth. The slow release of adsorbed NH subsequently supports the continuous growth of algae. In this study, a HAPIX reactor reduced NH-N concentrations in centrate from an an...

High resolution spatiotemporal sampling as a tool for comprehensive assessment of zinc mobility and pollution in sediments of a eutrophic lake.

To assess zinc (Zn) pollution risk from sediments, this study investigated the monthly changes of dissolved Zn and labile Zn in sediment-overlying water profiles in a eutrophic bay (Meiliang Bay) of Lake Taihu (China) using high-resolution dialysis (HR-Peeper) and diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) at a 4 mm vertical resolution. In February and March, Mn oxides reduction caused high concentrations of DGT-labile Zn (14 ∼ 235 μg L), as evidenced by the significant correlation between DGT-labile ...

Effective removal of emerging dissolved cyanotoxins from water using hybrid photocatalytic composites.

Harmful algal blooms are occurring more frequently in fresh water throughout the world. Certain cyanobacteria can produce and release potent toxic compounds, known as cyanotoxins, such as microcystins, cylindrospermopsin, saxitoxin, and anatoxin-a, and as such they have become a human and environmental health concern. Hybrid photocatalytic composites (HPCs) comprising carbon nanotubes on the surface of TiO nanotubes were designed in this study. The HPCs have a selective adsorption capacity to cyanotoxins an...

Fate and UF fouling behavior of algal extracellular and intracellular organic matter under the influence of copper ions.

Copper ion plays an important role in the outbreak of algal blooms. The aim of this research was to investigate the fate and fouling behavior of algal extracellular organic matter (EOM) and intracellular organic matter (IOM) under different copper concentrations during ultrafiltration (UF). Under the lowest copper concentration of 0.01 μmol/L, both the EOM and IOM caused the largest decrease in filtration flux, followed by EOM under high copper concentrations of 0.3 μmol/L and 0.1 μmol/L; less memb...

Quantitative Response of Alexandrium catenella Cyst Dormancy to Cold Exposure.

Many dinoflagellate cysts experience dormancy, a reversible state that prevents germination during unfavorable periods. Several of these species also cause harmful algal blooms (HABs), so a quantitative understanding of dormancy cycling is desired for better prediction and mitigation of bloom impacts. This study examines the effect of cold exposure on the duration of dormancy in Alexandrium catenella, a HAB dinoflagellate that causes paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP). Mature, dormant cysts from Nauset Mar...

Cyanobacterial blooms act as sink and source of endocrine disruptors in the third largest freshwater lake in China.

Cyanobacterial blooms are of global concern due to the multiple harmful risks they pose towards aquatic ecosystem and human health. However, information on the fate of organic pollutants mediated by cyanobacterial blooms in eutrophic water remains elusive. In the present study, endocrine disruptive potentials of phytoplankton samples were evaluated throughout a year-long surveillance in a large and eutrophic freshwater lake. Severe cyanobacterial blooms persisted during our sampling campaigns. Estrogenic ag...

Evaluation of changes in Microcystis aeruginosa growth and microcystin production by urea via transcriptomic surveys.

The freshwater cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa), is well known to produce microcystins (MCs) and induce the formation of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in aquatic environments, but the effects that urea fertilizer has on cyanobacterial growth and toxin production from a molecular biology perspective remain poorly understood. We evaluated changes in the growth and toxicity of M. aeruginosa cultured under different conditions of nitrogen (N) starvation (NN), low nitrogen (LN), and high nitro...

The effect of body weight on employment among Canadian women: evidence from Canadian data.

This paper examines the impact of obesity on labour market participation among Canadian women by using various Canadian population health surveys.

Sox enters the picture.

The discovery of a gene that regulates two segmentation mechanisms in spider embryos is fueling the ongoing debate about the evolution of this crucial developmental process.

Formation of regulated and unregulated disinfection byproducts during chlorination of algal organic matter extracted from freshwater and marine algae.

Seasonal algal blooms in freshwater and marine water can increase the input of algal organic matter (AOM) to the pool of dissolved organic matter. The impact of bromide (Br) and iodide (I) on the formation of regulated and unregulated disinfection byproducts (DBPs) was studied from chlorination of AOM solutions extracted from three species of cultured isolates of freshwater and marine algae (Microcystis aeruginosa (MA), Synechococcus (SYN), and Alexandrium tamarense (AT)). Comparable concentrations of DBPs ...

Plastic-associated harmful microalgal assemblages in marine environment.

Plastic debris carry fouling a variety of class-size organisms, among them harmful microorganisms that potentially play a role in the dispersal of allochthonous species and toxic compounds with ecological impacts on the marine environment and human health. We analyzed samples of marine plastics floating at the sea surface using a molecular qPCR assay to quantify the attached microalgal taxa, in particular, harmful species. Diatoms were the most abundant group of plastic colonizers with maximum abundance of ...

Nitrogen limitation, toxin synthesis potential, and toxicity of cyanobacterial populations in Lake Okeechobee and the St. Lucie River Estuary, Florida, during the 2016 state of emergency event.

Lake Okeechobee, FL, USA, has been subjected to intensifying cyanobacterial blooms that can spread to the adjacent St. Lucie River and Estuary via natural and anthropogenically-induced flooding events. In July 2016, a large, toxic cyanobacterial bloom occurred in Lake Okeechobee and throughout the St. Lucie River and Estuary, leading Florida to declare a state of emergency. This study reports on measurements and nutrient amendment experiments performed in this freshwater-estuarine ecosystem (salinity 0-25 P...

Effects of nutrient temporal variations on toxic genotype and microcystin concentration in two eutrophic lakes.

Harmful cyanobacterial blooms are a growing threat to freshwater ecosystems worldwide due to the production of microcystin (MC), which can have detrimental effects on water quality and human health. The relations between MC-producing Microcystis, MC production, and environmental variables especially nutrient conditions in eutrophic lakes, Lake Taihu and Lake Yanghe, were investigated during the bloom season of 2015. Results showed that toxigenic cells contributed to 8.94-75.68% and 7.87-58.69% of the total ...


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