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PubMed Journals Articles About "Infertility Crisis Beyond Doubt Scientists Must Find Cause" RSS

02:30 EST 24th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Infertility Crisis Beyond Doubt Scientists Must Find Cause PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Infertility Crisis Beyond Doubt Scientists Must Find Cause articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "infertility crisis beyond doubt scientists must find cause" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,300+

Delivering quality lung cancer care in crisis-wracked Greece.


UiO-66-NH2 MOF Nucleation on TiO2, ZnO, and Al2O3 ALD-treated Polymer Fibers: Role of Metal Oxide on MOF Growth and Catalytic Hydrolysis of Chemical Warfare Agent Simulants.

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) chemically bound to polymeric microfibrous textiles show promising performance for many future applications. In particular, Zr-based UiO-66-family MOF-textiles have been shown to catalytically degrade highly toxic chemical warfare agents (CWAs), where favorable MOF/polymer bonding and adhesion are attained by placing a nanoscale metal-oxide layer on the polymer fiber preceding MOF growth. To date, however, the nucleation mechanism of Zr-based MOFs on different metal oxides an...

Hybrid Structured Illumination Expansion Microscopy Reveals Microbial Cytoskeleton Organization.

Recently developed tissue-hydrogel methods for specimen expansion now enable researchers to perform super-resolution microscopy with ~65 nm lateral resolution using ordinary microscopes, standard fluores-cent probes, and inexpensive reagents. Here we use the combination of specimen expansion and the optical super-resolution microscopy technique structured illumination microscopy (SIM) to extend the spatial reso-lution to ~30 nm. We apply this hybrid method, which we call ExSIM, to study the cytoskeleton of ...


Synthesis and Reactivity of Propargylamines in Organic Chemistry.

Propargylamines are a versatile class of compounds which find broad application in many fields of chemistry. This review aims to describe the different strategies developed so far for the synthesis of propargylamines and their derivatives as well as to highlight their reactivity and use as building blocks in the synthesis of chemically relevant organic compounds. In the first part of the review, the different synthetic approaches to synthesize propargylamines, such as A(3) couplings and C-H functionalizatio...

A Redox Role for the 4Fe4S Cluster of Yeast DNA Polymerase δ.

A [4Fe4S]2+ cluster in the C-terminal domain of the catalytic subunit of the eukaryotic B-family DNA polymerases is essential for the formation of active multi-subunit complexes. Here we use a combination of electrochemical and biochemical methods to assess the redox activity of the [4Fe4S]2+ cluster in Saccharomyces cerevisiae polymerase (Pol) δ, the lagging strand DNA polymerase. We find that Pol δ bound to DNA is indeed redox-active at physiological potentials, generating a DNA-mediated signal electroc...

Structure and Affinity of Cu(I) Bound to Human Serum Albumin.

Human serum albumin (HSA) is a major Cu carrier in human blood and in cerebrospinal fluid. A major assumption is that Cu bound to HSA is in the Cu(II) oxidation state; thus, interactions between HSA and Cu(II) have been intensely investigated for over four decades. HSA has been reported previously to support the reduction of Cu(II) to the Cu(I) oxidation state in the presence of the weak reductant, ascorbate; however, the interactions between HSA and Cu(I) have not been explicitly investigated. Here, we cha...

Conformational dynamics of asparagine at coiled-coil interfaces.

Coiled coils (CCs) are among the best-understood protein folds. Nonetheless, there are gaps in our knowledge of CCs. Notably, CCs are likely to be structurally more dynamic than often considered. Here, we explore this in an abundant class of CCs, parallel dimers, focusing on polar asparagine (Asn) residues in the hydrophobic interface. It is well documented that such inclusions discriminate between different CC oligomers, which has been rationalized in terms of whether the Asn can make side-chain hydrogen b...

Laplace-transformed multi-reference second-order perturbation theories in the atomic and active molecular orbital basis.

In the present article, we show how to formulate the partially contracted n-electron valence second-order perturbation theory (NEVPT2) energies in the atomic and active molecular orbital basis by employing the Laplace transformation of orbital-energy denominators (OEDs). As atomic-orbital (AO) basis functions are inherently localized and the number of active orbitals is comparatively small, our formulation is particularly suited for a linearly scaling NEVPT2 implementation. In our formulation, there are two...

Controlling relative polymorph stability in soft porous crystals with a barostat.

We use Monte Carlo simulations to investigate the thermodynamic behavior of soft porous crystal (SPC) adsorbents under the influence of an external barostat. We consider SPCs that naturally exhibit polymorphism between crystal forms of two distinct pore sizes. In the absence of barostatting, these crystals may be naturally divided into two categories depending on their response to stress applied by the adsorbate fluid: those which macroscopically deform and change the volume of their unit cell ("breathing")...

Origin of OER catalytic activity difference of oxygen-deficient perovskites A2Mn2O5 (A = Ca, Sr): A theoretical study.

Mn-based oxygen-deficient perovskite catalysts A2Mn2O5 (A = Ca, Sr) have been experimentally proved high oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activities for replacing Pt in oxygen electrocatalysis. Nevertheless, the correlation between the fundamental electronic structure at room temperature and the corresponding electrocatalysis is not fully accessible. In this paper, we combine the ground state density functional theory (DFT) method and dynamic mean-field theory (DFT+DMFT) at room temperature to investigate th...

Size effect on dynamics and glass transition in metallic liquids and glasses.

The relaxation dynamics and glass transition in finite-sized metallic liquid droplets were investigated via molecular dynamic simulations in model monoatomic Ta and binary Cu50Zr50 metallic liquids. We find that the droplet size has a significant impact on liquid dynamics and glass transition. Glass transition temperature and structural relaxation time exhibit strong size dependence and decrease drastically as the droplet is smaller than a certain size. It is revealed that this results from a liquid-like su...

Ionic versus metallic bonding in AlnNam and AlnMgm (m ≤ 3, n + m ≤ 15) clusters.

First principles electronic structure studies on the ground state geometries, stability, and the electronic structure of AlnNam and AlnMgm (m ≤ 3, n + m ≤ 15) clusters have been carried out to examine the nature of bonding between Na or Mg and Al. Identifying whether the bonding is ionic or metallic in bulk materials is typically straightforward; however, in small clusters where quantum confinement is important, the nature of bonding may become unclear. We have performed a critical analysis of the bondi...

String-like collective motion and diffusion in the interfacial region of ice.

We investigate collective molecular motion and the self-diffusion coefficient Ds of water molecules in the mobile interfacial layer of the secondary prismatic plane (112¯0) of hexagonal ice by molecular dynamics simulation based on the TIP4P/2005 water potential and a metrology of collective motion drawn from the field of glass-forming liquids. The width ξ of the mobile interfacial layer varies from a monolayer to a few nm as the temperature is increased towards the melting temperature Tm, in accordance w...

A study of the dense uniform electron gas with high orders of coupled cluster.

We investigate the accuracies of different coupled cluster levels in a finite model solid, the 14 electron spin-non-polarised uniform electron gas. For densities between rs = 0.5 a0 and rs = 5 a0, we calculate ground state correlation energies with stochastic coupled cluster ranging from coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) to coupled cluster including all excitations up to quintuples (CCSDTQ5). We find the need to add triple excitations for an accuracy of 0.01 eV/electron beyond rs = 0.5 a0. Quadrupl...

Pulling force and surface tension drive membrane fusion.

Despite catalyzed by fusion proteins of quite different molecular architectures, intracellular, viral, and cell-to-cell fusions are found to have the essential common features and the nearly same nature of transition states. The similarity inspires us to find a more general catalysis mechanism for membrane fusion that minimally depends on the specific structures of fusion proteins. In this work, we built a minimal model for membrane fusion, and by using dissipative particle dynamics simulations, we propose ...

Self-consistency of electron-THF cross sections using electron swarm techniques.

The drift velocity and first Townsend ionization coefficient of electrons in gaseous tetrahydrofuran are measured over the range of reduced electric fields 4-1000 Td using a pulsed-Townsend technique. The measured drift velocities and Townsend ionization coefficients are subsequently used, in conjunction with a multi-term Boltzmann equation analysis, as a further discriminative assessment on the accuracy and completeness of a recently proposed set of electron-THF vapor cross sections. In addition, the sensi...

Statistical mechanics of transport processes in active fluids: Equations of hydrodynamics.

The equations of hydrodynamics including mass, linear momentum, angular momentum, and energy are derived by coarse-graining the microscopic equations of motion for systems consisting of rotary dumbbells driven by internal torques. In deriving the balance of linear momentum, we find that the symmetry of the stress tensor is broken due to the presence of non-zero torques on individual particles. The broken symmetry of the stress tensor induces internal spin in the fluid and leads us to consider the balance of...

Communication: Recovering the flat-plane condition in electronic structure theory at semi-local DFT cost.

The flat-plane condition is the union of two exact constraints in electronic structure theory: (i) energetic piecewise linearity with fractional electron removal or addition and (ii) invariant energetics with change in electron spin in a half filled orbital. Semi-local density functional theory (DFT) fails to recover the flat plane, exhibiting convex fractional charge errors (FCE) and concave fractional spin errors (FSE) that are related to delocalization and static correlation errors. We previously showed ...

Photofragmentation of gas-phase acetic acid and acetamide clusters in the vacuum ultraviolet region.

Photofragmentation of gas-phase acetamide and acetic acid clusters produced by a supersonic expansion source has been studied using time-of-flight mass spectrometry and the partial ion yield (PIY) technique combined with tunable vacuum-ultraviolet synchrotron radiation. Appearance energies of the clusters and their fragments were experimentally determined from the PIY measurements. The effect of clusterization conditions on the formation and fragmentation of acetic acid clusters was investigated. Ab initio ...

Bat Biology, Genomes, and the Bat1K Project: To Generate Chromosome-Level Genomes for all Living Bat Species.

Bats are unique among mammals, possessing some of the rarest mammalian adaptations, including true self-powered flight, laryngeal echolocation, exceptional longevity, unique immunity, contracted genomes, and vocal learning. They provide key ecosystem services, pollinating tropical plants, dispersing seeds, and controlling insect pest populations, thus driving healthy ecosystems. They account for more than 20% of all living mammalian diversity, and their crown-group evolutionary history dates back to the Eoc...

The clinical effect of JetpPeel-assisted topical minoxidil in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia: A randomized pilot study.

We used JetPeel, combined with topical minoxidil to treat patients with AGA, in order to observe whether the JetPeel can accelerate the recovery of the disease and find a new method for AGA treatment.

Predator Persistence through Variability of Resource Productivity in Tritrophic Systems.

The trophic structure of species communities depends on the energy transfer between trophic levels. Primary productivity varies strongly through time, challenging the persistence of species at higher trophic levels. Yet resource variability has mostly been studied in systems with only one or two trophic levels. We test the effect of variability in resource productivity in a tritrophic model system including a resource, a size-structured consumer, and a size-specific predator. The model complies with fundame...

Rapid Diversification and Time Explain Amphibian Richness at Different Scales in the Tropical Andes, Earth's Most Biodiverse Hotspot.

The Tropical Andes make up Earth's most species-rich biodiversity hotspot for both animals and plants. Nevertheless, the ecological and evolutionary processes underlying this extraordinary richness remain uncertain. Here, we examine the processes that generate high richness in the Tropical Andes relative to other regions in South America and across different elevations within the Andes, using frogs as a model system. We combine distributional data, a newly generated time-calibrated phylogeny for 2,318 frog ...

Interoception and awareness of physiological sexual arousal in women with sexual arousal concerns.

Laboratory studies assessing physiological genital arousal have largely failed to find differences between women with and without female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD). Therefore, it is possible that women with FSAD may be unaware of their genital arousal response. The present study examined the extent to which women with FSAD can report their genital arousal response, as well as the role of interoception (body awareness) in this relationship. Additionally, this study examined the influence of interoception...

Mommy markets: Racial differences in lesbians' dating preferences for women with children.

Recent work shows that race is a critical factor in shaping sexual identities, partner preference, and family formation, suggesting there may be racial differences in whether lesbians already have children at the time that they look for companions. In this study, we draw on a sample of 1,923 lesbians on Match.com to quantitatively test whether there are racial differences in dating preferences for women with children, underscoring implications for family inequality through racial differences in who has chil...


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