PubMed Journals Articles About "Informed Horizons,LLC" RSS

08:00 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "informed horizons" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 815

Pb Adsorption on Soil Typical to an Ammunition Destruction Site.

Pb, one of the constituents of ammunition, was identified as a contaminant in an ammunition destruction site. The present study aimed to assess Pb adsorption in the horizons of an uncontaminated representative soil profile of the region where the ammunition destruction site is located. Batch test experiments were performed to determine Pb adsorption in soil horizons, using solutions with natural and modified pH. The ISOFIT software was used to select the isotherm model that best fit Pb adsorption in soil ho...

Patient reported measures of informed consent for clinical trials: A systematic review.

The subjective assessment of the adequacy of informed consent for clinical trials, and the potential difficulties associated with it, has led several studies to develop objective measures of informed consent for clinical trials. These objective measures of informed consent are often specific to a particular population or clinical condition and largely focus on understanding of (some or all of) the key elements of informed consent. Many of the developed tools are study-specific, but some validated measures e...

How Could Commercial Terms of Use and Privacy Policies Undermine Informed Consent in the Age of Mobile Health?

Granular personal data generated by mobile health (mHealth) technologies coupled with the complexity of mHealth systems creates risks to privacy that are difficult to foresee, understand, and communicate, especially for purposes of informed consent. Moreover, commercial terms of use, to which users are almost always required to agree, depart significantly from standards of informed consent. As data use scandals increasingly surface in the news, the field of mHealth must advocate for user-centered privacy an...

Considering the "Informed" in Informed Consent.

Taking Respect Seriously: Clinical Research and the Demands of Informed Consent.

There is broad agreement among research ethicists that investigators have a duty to obtain the informed consent of all subjects who participate in their research trials. On a common view, the duty to obtain this informed consent follows from the need to respect persons and their autonomous decisions. However, the nature of informed consent and the demands it places on investigators are open to dispute and recently have been challenged. Respect for persons, it has been claimed, does not require investigators...

Informed Consent in Obligatory Vaccinations?

Vaccinations cause controversies for numerous reasons: medical, religious, and even personal. The following paper focuses on one more, underestimated conflict between individual autonomy and public health in regard to obligatory childhood vaccinations. Every medical intervention should be preceded by informed consent; however, informed consent in the case of obligatory vaccinations cannot be voluntary and valid. Moreover, asking parents to sign an informed consent form is paradoxical in a situation where no...

Capacity to provide informed consent among adults with bipolar disorder.

Identifying correlates of capacity to provide informed consent among individuals with bipolar disorder is essential for patient protection. As part of a clinical trial involving approved, standard treatments, we investigated relationships between clinical characteristics and capacity to provide informed consent in adults with bipolar disorder using the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Clinical Research (MacCAT-CR). After administering the MacCAT-CR, continuing participants in the trial were capable ...

Examining mineral-associated soil organic matter pools through depth in harvested forest soil profiles.

Mineral-associated organic matter is associated with a suite of soil minerals that can confer stability, resulting in the potential for long-term storage of carbon (C). Not all interactions impart the same level of protection, however; evidence is suggesting that C in certain mineral pools is dynamic and vulnerable to disturbance in the decades following harvesting. The objective of this research was to describe and characterize organic matter-mineral interactions through depth in horizons of soils of contr...

New horizons in Glycobiology research.

Delving Deeper Into Informed Consent: Legal and Ethical Dilemmas of Emergency Consent, Surrogate Consent, and Intraoperative Consultation.

Informed consent is gaining an ever-important place in modern medicine. The practice of patient-centered medicine along with evidence-based medicine requires a balance between the patient's wishes and the physician's oath to do no harm. Surrogate consent, emergency consent, and intraoperative consultation are 3 situations prone to legal and ethical dilemmas in the fulfillment of informed consent. By examining the proposed models and legal precedents that address the challenges in informed consent, discussio...

Women's experiences of exercising informed choices as expressed through their sense of self and relationships with others in Ireland: A participatory action research study.

To explore women's experiences of the concept of informed choice during pregnancy and childbirth.

Recall and Retention of Consent Procedure Contents and Decisions: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Residual tissue samples, i.e., samples excised for diagnosis or during treatment, are commonly used for medical research. In the Netherlands, they can be used provided the patient did not opt out of this use. Previous research has shown that recall of the informed consent procedure for tissue use is poor. Here, we investigate recall of three consent procedures: informed consent, opt-out, and opt-out plus (an opt-out procedure with an information procedure similar to that of informed consent).

The Italian law on informed consent and advance directives: New rules of conduct for the autonomy of doctors and patients in end-of-life care.

Italy has long lacked a law regulating patients' informed consent and advance directives (ADs). All previous attempts to introduce a law on this matter failed to reach positive outcomes, and aroused heated ideological debate over the exact meaning of life and death. We report on the new law on informed consent and ADs approved by the Italian Parliament on 14th December 2017.

Informed Consent and Phase I Trials: Cognitive Failure and Additional Challenges to Informed Decision Making.

Evaluation of the readability of informed consent forms used in urology: Is there a difference between open, endoscopic, and laparoscopic surgery?

The aim of this study is to evaluate the readability levels of informed consent forms used in Turkey before urological surgery and to compare the readability levels of open, endoscopic, and laparoscopic surgical informed consent forms.

A randomized controlled trial to determine whether a video presentation improves informed consent for hysterectomy.

Informed consent is an integral part of the preoperative counseling process. It is important that we know the best way to relay this information to patients undergoing surgery, specifically, hysterectomy.

Informed consent and nudging.

In order to avoid patient abuse, under normal situations before performing a medical intervention on a patient, a physician must obtain informed consent from that patient, where to give genuine informed consent a patient must be competent, understand her condition, her options and their expected risks and benefits, and must expressly consent to one of those options. However, many patients refrain from the option that their physician believes to be best, and many physicians worry that their patients make irr...

Informed Consent: Something Unresolved in the Penitentiary Setting.

The exercise of Informed Consent within the penitentiary environment contradicts the ordinary exercise of the same towards the rest of the population.

Consent for participating in clinical trials - Is it really informed?

The article explores the challenges of ensuring voluntary and informed consent which is obtained from potential research subjects in the north-eastern part of Romania. This study is one of the first empirical papers of this nature in Romania. The study used a quantitative survey design using the adapted Quality of Informed Consent (QuIC) questionnaire. The target population consisted of 100 adult persons who voluntarily enrolled in clinical trials. The informed consent form must contain details regarding th...

Should patients be informed about the side effects of psychotropic drugs? According to us: Yes.

In our daily clinical practice, we observe that patients who were informed about the probable side effects of any medication experience less side effects. For this reason, we decided to examine this in a systematic investigation.

Does informed consent given by healthy individuals when enrolling in clinical research feel less voluntary than for ill individuals?

Clinical research is predicated ethically on the authentic voluntarism of individuals who choose to enroll in human studies. Existing literature has focused on aspects of informed consent for clinical research other than voluntarism. The objective of this study was to compare the perspectives of clinical research participants who are in good health and who are ill regarding voluntarism-related aspects of informed consent and to assess situational influences that enable voluntarism in the process of obtainin...

Information needs of patients in spine surgery: development of a question prompt list to guide informed consent consultations.

Informed consent is mandatory before surgery and fundamental in physician-patient interaction. However, communication is sometimes suboptimal.

Are incoming pediatric interns ready to obtain the essential components of an informed consent for lumbar puncture?

In 2013, the Association of American Medical Colleges created the "Core Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) for Entering Residency" to more clearly define the set of activities that entering residents should be able to perform on day one of residency without direct supervision. EPA #11 is obtaining informed consent for tests and/or procedures. This EPA acknowledges that an entrustable learner should be able to document a complete consent among other components. The aim of this study is to explore if ...

Counting down while time flies: implications of age-related time acceleration for goal pursuit across adulthood.

Socioemotional selectivity theory (SST) is a life-span theory of motivation grounded in the subjective awareness of human mortality. The cardinal postulate is that time horizons shape the relative priority placed on emotionally meaningful and knowledge-seeking goals. Because goals are always set in temporal contexts, and time left in life is inversely related to chronological age, SST predicts systematic age differences in goal pursuit. The theory has garnered considerable empirical support. In this paper, ...

New Horizons for Occupational Health Surveillance.

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