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PubMed Journals Articles About "Invasive Ventilation Decreases Mortality Children With Respiratory Distress" RSS

07:21 EDT 20th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Invasive Ventilation Decreases Mortality Children With Respiratory Distress PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Invasive Ventilation Decreases Mortality Children With Respiratory Distress articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "invasive ventilation decreases mortality children with respiratory distress" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Treatment Patterns and Clinical Outcomes in Neonates Diagnosed With Respiratory Distress Syndrome in a Low-Income Country: A Report From Bangladesh.

Respiratory distress syndrome remains a leading cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. This retrospective study describes practice patterns for respiratory distress syndrome in a resource-limited setting and seeks to identify both risk factors for mortality and beneficial treatment modalities. Health, demographic, and treatment data were collected. Potential associations were analyzed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression. Of 104 children included for analysis, 38 died. Although most child...


Mortality in acute non-invasive ventilation.

A prospective study of non-invasive ventilation at The Prince Charles Hospital outside of the intensive care unit from March 2015 to March 2016 was performed. Overall 69 patients were included. Acute hypercapnic respiratory failure was the most common indication (n = 59; 85%). 49 (71%) had multifactorial respiratory failure. 15 (22%) patients died. Premorbid inability to perform self-care (P = 0.001) and the combination of mean pH < 7.25 and mean PaCO2 ≥ 75 mmHg within 2 h of NIV initiation (P = 0.037) we...

RBC Transfusions Are Associated With Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Blood products are often transfused in critically ill children, although recent studies have recognized their potential for harm. Translatability to pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome is unknown given that hypoxemia has excluded pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome patients from clinical trials. We aimed to determine whether an association exists between blood product transfusion and survival or duration of ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.


A multi-institutional analysis of children on long-term non-invasive respiratory support and their outcomes.

To characterize a multi-institutional cohort of children with chronic respiratory failure that use long-term, non-invasive respiratory support, perform a time-to-event analysis of transitions to transtracheal ventilation and identify factors associated with earlier transition to transtracheal ventilation.

Biological Response to Time-Controlled Adaptive Ventilation Depends on Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Etiology.

To compare a time-controlled adaptive ventilation strategy, set in airway pressure release ventilation mode, versus a protective mechanical ventilation strategy in pulmonary and extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome with similar mechanical impairment.

Characteristics and mortality risk of children with life-threatening influenza infection admitted to paediatric intensive care in England 2003-2015.

Information is lacking about the severity of complications in children with influenza admitted to paediatric intensive care units (PICU) in the UK. In this study, we report risk factors for mortality, invasive ventilation and use of vasoactive drugs for children admitted to PICU with influenza.

Association of Response to Inhaled Nitric Oxide and Duration of Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Literature regarding appropriate use of inhaled nitric oxide for pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome is sparse. This study aims to determine if positive response to inhaled nitric oxide is associated with decreased mortality and duration of mechanical ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.

The Association Between Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Hospital Case Volume and Mortality in a U.S. Cohort, 2002-2011.

This study examines the relationships between hospitals' annual acute respiratory distress syndrome case volume with hospitals' acute respiratory distress syndrome case fatality rates and individuals' odds of acute respiratory distress syndrome hospital mortality.

Variable ventilation decreases airway responsiveness and improves ventilation efficiency in a rat model of asthma.

The optimal ventilation strategy in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for severe asthma remains unclear. The effect of conventional ventilation (with constant tidal volume and respiratory rate) and variable ventilation (with the same average but variable tidal volume and respiratory rate) on peak airway pressure and airway exacerbation induced by increasing doses of methacholine was compared in a rat model of asthma. The respiratory rate and tidal volume data were obtained from a spontaneously breat...

Early Identification of Acute Respiratory Distress Disorder in the Absence of Positive Pressure Ventilation: Implications for Revision of the Berlin Criteria for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

To assess whether patients breathing spontaneously under standard oxygen could be recognized early as acute respiratory distress syndrome patients according to the current Berlin definition.

High frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional mechanical ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome: A randomized controlled study.

El-Nawawy A, Moustafa A, Heshmat H, Abouahmed A. High frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional mechanical ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome: A randomized controlled study. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 130-143. The aim of this prospective randomized study is to compare the outcomes of the early use of either high frequency oscillation (HFO) or conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in patients with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS). We allocated two ...

Respiratory Failure: Innovations in Diagnostics and Therapy.

Acute and chronic respiratory failures require immediate diagnosis and preferably individualized ventilation therapy. If possible, non-invasive ventilation should be considered to avoid complications of invasive mechanical ventilation. Especially in patients with ARDS and moderate to severe cases, non-invasive ventilation may not be suitable and should not be used uncritically.Invasive mechanical ventilation parameters should be adjusted individually. In the future, additional parameters such as transpulmon...

Non-invasive ventilation and surfactant treatment as primary mode of respiratory support in surfactant deficient newborn piglets.

Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), forms of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for respiratory support, are increasingly being chosen as the initial treatment for neonates with surfactant (SF) deficiency. Our objective was to compare NCPAP with NIPPV with or without SF administration as a primary mode of ventilation.

Use of a modified bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) device for children in respiratory distress in low- and middle-income countries: a safety study.

While bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is commonly used in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) to support neonates with respiratory distress, there are limited non-invasive support options for non-neonatal children.

Respiratory Insufficiency: State of the Art - Diagnosis and Therapy.

The term "respiratory insufficiency" (RI) describes the inability of an organism to maintain the gas exchange between the ambient air and its peripheral organs. This causes a hypoxia and hypercapnia. The mechanisms that lead to RI are either an impaired gas exchange in the lung tissue or an alveolar hypoventilation caused by an insufficient ventilatory pump. Thus the RI is divided into a hypoxic or a hypercapnic RI. The diagnostic procedure for RI contains several examinations. One key aspect of the explora...

Use of Recruitment Maneuvers in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a deadly complication in critically ill patients that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Patients with ARDS are seen across intensive care unit settings, with treatment being largely supportive involving techniques through mechanical ventilation. Using low-tidal-volume ventilation is a standard of practice for patients with ARDS, as a lung protection strategy; however, alveolar decruitment may occur. Recruitment maneuvers can recruit collapsed alveoli a...

Effect of Audiovisual Distraction on Distress and Oxygenation Status in Children Receiving Aerosol Therapy.

Aerosol therapy, a treatment for children with disorders of the respiratory system, often causes distress, especially in young children. Distress during aerosol therapy can decrease the effectiveness of the treatment. This study aimed to determine the effect of audiovisual distraction on distress levels and oxygenation status (measured by oxygen saturation and respiratory frequency) in children who receive aerosol therapy for disorders of the respiratory system. A quasi-experimental design was employed, spe...

Assessing the impacts of total liquid ventilation on left ventricular diastolic function in a model of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome.

Filling the lung with dense liquid perfluorocarbons during total liquid ventilation (TLV) might compress the myocardium, a plausible explanation for the instability occasionally reported with this technique. Our objective is to assess the impacts of TLV on the cardiovascular system, particularly left ventricular diastolic function, in an ovine model of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome.

Pressure support ventilation vs Continuous positive airway pressure for treating of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: A pilot study.

Non-invasive ventilation is usually adopted as a support to medical therapy in patients with acute pulmonary edema, but which modality between Pressure Support Ventilation (PSV) and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) has better favourable effects is not been yet well known. Aim of this observational study was to provide data on these different non-invasive ventilation modalities in the management of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. One-hundred-fifty-three patients consecutively admitted to the Eme...

Presentation of life-threatening invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella disease in Malawian children: A prospective observational study.

Nontyphoidal Salmonellae commonly cause invasive disease in African children that is often fatal. The clinical diagnosis of these infections is hampered by the absence of a clear clinical syndrome. Drug resistance means that empirical antibiotic therapy is often ineffective and currently no vaccine is available. The study objective was to identify risk factors for mortality among children presenting to hospital with invasive Salmonella disease in Africa. We conducted a prospective study enrolling consecutiv...

Burden of Human Metapneumovirus and Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections in Asthmatic Children.

Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are the leading causes of acute respiratory illness in children. Clinical burden of each infection on the respiratory distress in asthmatic patients remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to clarify the effect of these infections on the severity of asthmatic children in the seasonal outbreaks.

British Thoracic Society Quality Standards for acute non-invasive ventilation in adults.

The purpose of the quality standards document is to provide healthcare professionals, commissioners, service providers and patients with a guide to standards of care that should be met for the provision of acute non-invasive ventilation in adults together with measurable markers of good practice.

ARDS - An Update - Part 2: Therapy and Outcome.

The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is defined by hypoxemic respiratory failure due to inflammatory response within the lung usually requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. Despite more than 50 years of scientific research numerous issues especially regarding mechanical ventilation as the most important treatment option remain unclear. Most important, adjustment of mechanical ventilation is challenging due to desirable beneficial effects on pulmonary gas exchange on the one hand and deleteriou...

Longitudinal changes in clinical characteristics and outcomes for children using long-term non-invasive ventilation.

To describe longitudinal trends in long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) use in children including changes in clinical characteristics, NIV technology, and outcomes.

Mortality risk associated with psychological distress and major depression: A population-based cohort study.

Few studies have examined the impact of psychological distress on mortality. We aimed to estimate mortality rates of psychological distress and major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to a referent group with no MDD or psychological distress.


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