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PubMed Journals Articles About "Invasive Ventilation Decreases Mortality Children With Respiratory Distress" RSS

06:38 EDT 23rd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Invasive Ventilation Decreases Mortality Children With Respiratory Distress PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Invasive Ventilation Decreases Mortality Children With Respiratory Distress articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "invasive ventilation decreases mortality children with respiratory distress" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Treatment Patterns and Clinical Outcomes in Neonates Diagnosed With Respiratory Distress Syndrome in a Low-Income Country: A Report From Bangladesh.

Respiratory distress syndrome remains a leading cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. This retrospective study describes practice patterns for respiratory distress syndrome in a resource-limited setting and seeks to identify both risk factors for mortality and beneficial treatment modalities. Health, demographic, and treatment data were collected. Potential associations were analyzed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression. Of 104 children included for analysis, 38 died. Although most child...


Biological Response to Time-Controlled Adaptive Ventilation Depends on Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Etiology.

To compare a time-controlled adaptive ventilation strategy, set in airway pressure release ventilation mode, versus a protective mechanical ventilation strategy in pulmonary and extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome with similar mechanical impairment.

Acute Respiratory Distress in the Operating Room and Prone Ventilation: A Case Report.

There have been many advances in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome, a condition which Bellani et al, in the LUNG SAFE trial (Large Observational Study to Understand the Global Impact of Severe Acute Respiratory Failure), found represents up to 10.4% of intensive care unit admissions and 23.4% of patients requiring mechanical ventilation, with an unadjusted intensive care unit and hospital mortality of 35.3% and 40%, respectively. Studies have shown that prone positioning can improve oxyg...


Acute Respiratory Failure in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-A Multicenter Study.

Acute respiratory failure is common in pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant recipients and has a high mortality. However, respiratory prognostic markers have not been adequately evaluated for this population. Our objectives are to assess respiratory support strategies and indices of oxygenation and ventilation in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation and investigate how these strategies are associated with mortality.

Characteristics and mortality risk of children with life-threatening influenza infection admitted to paediatric intensive care in England 2003-2015.

Information is lacking about the severity of complications in children with influenza admitted to paediatric intensive care units (PICU) in the UK. In this study, we report risk factors for mortality, invasive ventilation and use of vasoactive drugs for children admitted to PICU with influenza.

Variable ventilation decreases airway responsiveness and improves ventilation efficiency in a rat model of asthma.

The optimal ventilation strategy in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for severe asthma remains unclear. The effect of conventional ventilation (with constant tidal volume and respiratory rate) and variable ventilation (with the same average but variable tidal volume and respiratory rate) on peak airway pressure and airway exacerbation induced by increasing doses of methacholine was compared in a rat model of asthma. The respiratory rate and tidal volume data were obtained from a spontaneously breat...

The Injurious Effects of Elevated or Non-Elevated Respiratory Rate during Mechanical Ventilation.

Respiratory rate is one of the key variables we set and monitor during mechanical ventilation. As part of our increasing efforts to optimise mechanical ventilation, it is prudent that we expand our understanding of the potential harmful effects not only of volume and pressures, but also of respiratory rate. The mechanisms by which respiratory rate may become injurious during mechanical ventilation can be distinguished in two broad categories. In the first well-recognised category, concerning both controlled...

Use of a modified bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) device for children in respiratory distress in low- and middle-income countries: a safety study.

While bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is commonly used in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) to support neonates with respiratory distress, there are limited non-invasive support options for non-neonatal children.

CALIPSO: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL OF CALFACTANT FOR ACUTE LUNG INJURY IN PEDIATRIC STEM CELL AND ONCOLOGY PATIENTS.

To assess if calfactant reduces mortality among children with leukemia/lymphoma or following hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial SETTING: Seventeen pediatric intensive care units (PICU) of tertiary care children's hospitals PATIENTS: Patients age 18 months to 25 years with leukemia/lymphoma or having undergone HCT who required invasive mechanical ventilation for bilateral...

Differences Between Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Multicenter Analysis.

Extrapulmonary pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome and pulmonary pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome are poorly described in the literature. We aimed to describe and compare the epidemiology, risk factors for mortality, and outcomes in extrapulmonary pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome and pulmonary pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Use of Recruitment Maneuvers in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a deadly complication in critically ill patients that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Patients with ARDS are seen across intensive care unit settings, with treatment being largely supportive involving techniques through mechanical ventilation. Using low-tidal-volume ventilation is a standard of practice for patients with ARDS, as a lung protection strategy; however, alveolar decruitment may occur. Recruitment maneuvers can recruit collapsed alveoli a...

New Morbidity and Discharge Disposition of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Survivors.

Much of the research related to pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome has focused on inhospital mortality and interventions affecting this outcome. Limited data exist on survivors' morbidity, hospital disposition, and 1-year survival. The aim of this study was to determine new morbidity rate, discharge disposition, and 1-year mortality for survivors of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Respiratory Pathogens in Children 1 Month to 5 Years of Age Presenting With Undifferentiated Acute Respiratory Distress in 2 District-Level Hospitals in Ghana.

Ghanaian children (2176) aged

Lung injury does not aggravate mechanical ventilation-induced early cerebral inflammation or apoptosis in an animal model.

The acute respiratory distress syndrome is not only associated with a high mortality, but also goes along with cognitive impairment in survivors. The cause for this cognitive impairment is still not clear. One possible mechanism could be cerebral inflammation as result of a "lung-brain-crosstalk". Even mechanical ventilation itself can induce cerebral inflammation. We hypothesized, that an acute lung injury aggravates the cerebral inflammation induced by mechanical ventilation itself and leads to neuronal d...

Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in lung transplant recipients with acute respiratory failure: Beyond the perioperative period.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate outcomes in MICU lung transplant recipients with acute respiratory failure treated with non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) and identify factors associated with NPPV failure (need for intubation).

Pressure support ventilation vs Continuous positive airway pressure for treating of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: A pilot study.

Non-invasive ventilation is usually adopted as a support to medical therapy in patients with acute pulmonary edema, but which modality between Pressure Support Ventilation (PSV) and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) has better favourable effects is not been yet well known. Aim of this observational study was to provide data on these different non-invasive ventilation modalities in the management of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema. One-hundred-fifty-three patients consecutively admitted to the Eme...

Burden of Human Metapneumovirus and Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections in Asthmatic Children.

Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are the leading causes of acute respiratory illness in children. Clinical burden of each infection on the respiratory distress in asthmatic patients remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to clarify the effect of these infections on the severity of asthmatic children in the seasonal outbreaks.

British Thoracic Society Quality Standards for acute non-invasive ventilation in adults.

The purpose of the quality standards document is to provide healthcare professionals, commissioners, service providers and patients with a guide to standards of care that should be met for the provision of acute non-invasive ventilation in adults together with measurable markers of good practice.

German National Guideline for Treating Chronic Respiratory Failure with Invasive and Non-Invasive Ventilation - Revised Edition 2017: Part 2.

Today, invasive and non-invasive home mechanical ventilation have become a well-established treatment option. Consequently, in 2010, the German Respiratory Society (DGP) has leadingly published the guidelines on "Non-Invasive and Invasive Mechanical Ventilation for Treatment of Chronic Respiratory Failure." However, continuing technical evolutions, new scientific insights, and health care developments require an extensive revision of the guidelines. For this reason, the updated guidelines are now published....

Mortality risk associated with psychological distress and major depression: A population-based cohort study.

Few studies have examined the impact of psychological distress on mortality. We aimed to estimate mortality rates of psychological distress and major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to a referent group with no MDD or psychological distress.

German National Guideline for Treating Chronic Respiratory Failure with Invasive and Non-Invasive Ventilation: Revised Edition 2017 - Part 1.

Today, invasive and non-invasive home mechanical ventilation have become a well-established treatment option. Consequently, in 2010, the German Respiratory Society (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin, DGP) has leadingly published the Guidelines on "Non-Invasive and Invasive Mechanical Ventilation for Treatment of Chronic Respiratory Failure." However, continuing technical evolutions, new scientific insights, and health care developments require an extensive revision of the Guideline...

Short-term effects of non-invasive ventilation on cerebral blood flow and cognitive function in COPD.

Investigate the acute effects of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and on cognitive functions in COPD.

Optimal Conventional Mechanical Ventilation in Full-Term Newborns: A Systematic Review.

Most studies examining the best mechanical ventilation strategies in newborn infants have been performed in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome.

Noninvasive Ventilation Versus High-Flow Nasal Oxygen for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Where Next?

Progressive myocardial injury is associated with mortality in the acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Myocardial injury connotes worse prognosis in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), however the prognostic connotation of changes in cardiac troponin (cTn) levels in ARDS patients is not known.


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