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PubMed Journals Articles About "Killer Cells Cell Surface With Granzyme" RSS

21:50 EDT 21st September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Killer Cells Cell Surface With Granzyme PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Killer Cells Cell Surface With Granzyme articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "killer cells cell surface with granzyme" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D downregulates cytotoxic effector response in pulmonary tuberculosis.

1,25-dihydroxyvitaminD [1,25(OH)D] modulates both the innate and adaptive immunity in tuberculosis. We explored the effect of 1,25(OH)D on cytolytic molecules like perforin, granulysin, and granzyme-B in T-cells and natural killer cells during M. tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 45 healthy controls (HCs) and 45 pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients were cultured with Mtb in the absence or presence of 1,25(OH)D for 72 h. The percentage of perforin, granulysin, a...


The Nrf2 activator tBHQ inhibits the activation of primary murine natural killer cells.

Tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) is a commonly used food preservative with known immunomodulatory activity; however, there is little information regarding its role on natural killer (NK) cell activation and function. tBHQ is a known activator of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which results in induction of cytoprotective genes. Activation of Nrf2 has been shown to modulate immune responses in a number of different models. In addition, studies in our laboratory have ...

Sesamolin affects both natural killer cells and cancer cells in order to create an optimal environment for cancer cell sensitization.

In our previous study, we demonstrated that sesamolin can increase the level of cancer cell susceptibility to natural killer (NK) cell mediated cytolysis when it treats cancer cells. The present study attempted to demonstrate the direct influence of sesamolin on NK cells. To achieve the study goal, an NK cell (NK-92MI) or Raji cell was treated with sesamolin for use in the analysis of the cytolytic activity of NK cells. When NK-92MI cells were treated with sesamolin, the cytolysis activities of NK cells inc...


Interactions Between KIR3DS1 and HLA-F Activate Natural Killer Cells to Control HCV Replication in Cell Culture.

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer (NK) cells. Binding of KIR3DS1 to its recently discovered ligand, HLA-F, activates NK cells and has been associated with resolution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We investigated the mechanisms by which KIR3DS1 contributes to the antiviral immune response. Using cell culture systems, mice with humanized livers , and primary liver tissue from HCV-infected individuals, we found that the KIR3DS1 ...

Weak vaccinia virus-induced NK cell regulation of CD4 T cells is associated with reduced NK cell differentiation and cytolytic activity.

Natural killer (NK) cells control antiviral adaptive immune responses in mice during some virus infections, but the universality of this phenomenon remains unknown. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection of mice triggered potent cytotoxic activity of NK cells (NK) against activated CD4 T cells, tumor cells, and allogeneic lymphocytes. In contrast, NK cells activated by vaccinia virus (VACV) infection (NK) exhibited weaker cytolytic activity against each of these target cells. Relative to NK cel...

Mass-Spectrometric Analysis of Proteome of Microvesicles Produced by NK-92 Natural Killer Cells.

Membrane extracellular microvesicles serve as carriers of a wide range of molecules, the most important among these are proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Cytotoxic proteins of natural killer cells play a key role in the realization of their cytolytic functions. An important stage in understanding of the distant communication of cells and mechanisms of its regulation is analysis of the proteome composition of microvesicles. We studied the proteomic composition of microvesicles produced by NK-92 natural ki...

Skin resident memory CD8 T cells are phenotypically and functionally distinct from circulating populations and lack immediate cytotoxic function.

The in depth understanding of skin resident memory CD8 T lymphocytes (T ) may help uncover strategies for their manipulation during disease. We investigated isolated T from healthy human skin, which expressed the residence marker CD69, and compared them to circulating CD8 T cell populations from the same donors. There were significantly increased proportions of CD8 CD45RA CD27 T cells in the skin that expressed low levels KLRG1, CD57, perforin and granzyme B. The CD8 T in skin were therefore phenotypically ...

Rapid expansion in the WAVE bioreactor of clinical scale cells for tumor immunotherapy.

Cell-based immunotherapy using natural killer (NK) cells, cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells and dendritic cells (DCs) is emerging as a potential novel approach in the auxiliary treatment of a tumor. However, non-standard operation procedure, small-scale cell number, or human error may limit the clinical development of cell-based immunotherapy. To simplify clinical scale NK cells, CIK cells and DCs expansions, we investigated the use of the WAVE bioreactor, a closed system bioreactor that utilizes active p...

NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, γδ T-cell lymphoma, and CD8-positive epidermotropic T-cell lymphoma-clinical and histopathologic features, differential diagnosis, and treatment.

The cytotoxic lymphomas of the skin constitute a heterogeneous group of rare lymphoproliferative diseases that are derived from mature T cells and natural killer (NK) cells that express cytotoxic molecules (T-cell intracellular antigen- 1, granzyme A/B, and perforin). Although frequently characterized by an aggressive course and poor prognosis, these diseases can have variable clinical behavior. This review delivers up-to-date information about the clinical presentation, histopathologic features, differenti...

Natural Killer Cells Enhance Immune Checkpoint Blockade Efficacy.

Natural killer (NK) cell interactions with stimulatory dendritic cells (SDC) enhance immunotherapy.

Study of Natural Killer (NK) Cell Cytotoxicity Against Cholangiocarcinoma in a Nude Mouse Model.

Natural killer (NK) cells are one of the lymphocytes clinically used for various cancer types. Cytotoxicity of NK cells to cholangiocarcinoma (CC), however, has not yet been studied. Nor NK cell therapy against CC has been clinically applied. In this study, relevance of NK cell therapy for anti-tumor efficacy against CC was pre-clinically investigated.

Autologous serum collected 1h post-exercise enhances natural killer cell cytotoxicity.

Natural Killer cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes that recognize and eliminate tumor cells. Exercise enhances NK cell cytotoxic activity (NKCA), yet the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Exercise-induced shifts in NK-cell subsets has been proposed as one mechanism. Alternatively, exercise alters stress hormone and cytokine levels, which are also known to affect NKCA.

Aurovertin B sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to NK cell recognition and lysis.

The natural killer group 2D (NKG2D) receptor on natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in immunosurveillance to cancer cells, which could mediate the eradication of tumor cells through specific interactions with NKG2D ligands on tumor cells. Here we report one natural compound aurovertin B from basidiomycete Albatrellus confluens significantly stimulates the expression of NKG2D ligands on tumor cells, which greatly sensitizes its recognition and lysis by NK cell. It is completely a novel role for ...

PD-1 Blocks Lytic Granule Polarization with Concomitant Impairment of Integrin 'Outside-in' Signaling in Natural Killer Cell Immunological Synapse.

Inhibitory receptor programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) is upregulated on a variety of immune cells, including natural killer (NK) cells, during chronic virus infection and tumorigenesis. Blockade of PD-1 or its ligands produces durable clinical responses with tolerable side effects in patients with a broad spectrum of cancers. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of how PD-1 regulates NK cell function remain poorly characterized.

Natural killer cell-based immunotherapy: From transplantation toward targeting cancer stem cells.

Natural killer (NK) cells are key players of the innate immune system. NK cells provide protection against infectious pathogens and malignancies in cell. This characteristic may be attributable to their intrinsic diverse potentialities and also their cooperation with adaptive immune lymphocytes, known as B and T cells. The growth, recurrence, and metastasis of cancer cells, and the failure of cytoreductive therapies against cancer cells are due to the small population of intratumor stem-like cells, called c...

Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 mediates enolase-1 cell surface trafficking in human lung adenocarcinoma cells.

Enolase-1-dependent cell surface proteolysis plays an important role in cell invasion. Although enolase-1 (Eno-1), a glycolytic enzyme, has been found on the surface of various cells, the mechanism responsible for its exteriorization remains elusive. Here, we investigated the involvement of post-translational modifications (PTMs) of Eno-1 in its lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-triggered trafficking to the cell surface.

Innate Lymphoid Cell Development: A T Cell Perspective.

Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and natural killer (NK) cells have garnered considerable interest due to their unique functional properties in immune defense and tissue homeostasis. Our current understanding of how these cells develop has been greatly facilitated by knowledge of T cell biology. Models of T cell differentiation provided the basis for a conceptual classification of these innate effectors and inspired a scheme of their activation and regulation. In this review, we discuss NK cell and ILC develo...

Varicella zoster virus productively infects human natural killer cells and manipulates phenotype.

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a ubiquitous human alphaherpesvirus, responsible for varicella upon primary infection and herpes zoster following reactivation from latency. To establish lifelong infection, VZV employs strategies to evade and manipulate the immune system to its advantage in disseminating virus. As innate lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells are part of the early immune response to infection, and have been implicated in controlling VZV infection in patients. Understanding of how VZV directl...

Reduced NK cell IFN-γ secretion and psychological stress are independently associated with herpes zoster.

The pathogenesis of herpes zoster is closely linked to reduced varicella-zoster virus-specific cell-mediated immunity. However, little is known about the interplay between natural killer cells and psychological stress in the pathogenesis of herpes zoster. This study aimed to investigate possible associations among natural killer cells, T cells and psychological stress in herpes zoster. Interferon-gamma secretion from natural killer cell, psychological stress events, stress cognition scale scores and cytomeg...

Purification and molecular characterization of a Metschnikowia saccharicola killer toxin lethal to a crab pathogenic yeast.

The marine yeast strain Metschnikowia saccharicola DD21-2, isolated from sediments in the Yalu River, produces a killer toxin with a lethal effect on Metschnikowia bicuspidate strain WCY, a pathogenic yeast strain that infects crabs. In this study, the killer toxin was purified and characterized. After sequential purification, the purity of the killer toxin was increased 72.2-fold over the purity of the yeast cell culture supernatant. The molecular weight of the purified killer toxin was 47.0 kDa. The optim...

CXCR3-deficient natural killer cells fail to migrate to B16F10 melanoma cells.

Natural killer (NK) cells eliminate cancer cells in a contact-dependent manner. However, how NK cells find cancer cells remain unclear. Here, using time-lapse imaging, we investigated how individual NK cells migrate toward cancer cells. Although naïve B16F10 cancer cells produce low levels of chemokines, IFN-γ-treated B16F10 cells secreted high levels of CXCL10, low levels of CCL5, but did not secrete CCL2, CCL7, or CXCL12. Wild-type NK cells migrated well toward cancer cells and killed them, whereas NK c...

SMAD4 promotes TGF-β-independent NK cell homeostasis and maturation and antitumor immunity.

SMAD4 is the only common SMAD (co-SMAD) in transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling that usually impedes immune cell activation in the tumor microenvironment. However, here we demonstrated that selective deletion of Smad4 in natural killer (NK) cells actually led to dramatically reduced tumor cell rejection and augmented tumor cell metastases, reduced murine cytomegalovirus clearance, as well as impeded NK cell homeostasis and maturation. This was associated with a downregulation of granzyme B (Gzmb), ...

Quantification of NK cell activity using whole blood: Methodological aspects of a new test.

Natural Killer (NK) cells are essential in the biological fight against cancer and intracellular pathogens, and their level of activity has in many settings been used as a biomarker for a functional immune response. Currently, NK cell activity is measured using either Cr-release assays or flow cytometry based assays revealing the cells´ cytotoxic capacity or by stimulating them to produce cytokines. Although very effective, these are cumbersome techniques not suitable for high volume clinical laboratories....

Preparation and Culture of Human Liver Resident Immune Cells.

Co-cultivation of tumor cells and liver resident immune cells or other non-parenchymal cells (NPCs) from the same donor is important for the study of cancer metastasis. So far, little is known about the mechanism of tumor cell or pathogen clearance, leukocyte infiltration, and immune cell recruitment in the human liver. To investigate these processes in vitro, the use of primary human hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cell, especially immune cell, co-culture systems play essential roles in the establishment o...

The clinical importance of CD4 CD7 in human diseases.

The CD7 antigen is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that expresses on the surface of all thymocytes, a majority of mature T cells, and also natural killer cells. Interestingly, under physiological and different pathological conditions, the loss of CD7 antigen occurred in the subset of CD4 memory T cells. Various functions have been proposed for CD7, including its role in the activation and intercellular adhesiveness of T cells. Several studies indicate that the number of CD4 CD7 T cells increases ...


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