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PubMed Journals Articles About "Killer Cells Cell Surface With Granzyme" RSS

22:58 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Killer Cells Cell Surface With Granzyme PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Killer Cells Cell Surface With Granzyme articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "killer cells cell surface with granzyme" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

Impairment of Vα24-Jα18Vβ11 natural killer T cells in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients.

Type I natural killer T (NKT) cells are attractive candidates for cancer immunotherapy. In this study, we examined the characteristics of type I NKT cells in patients with adult B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We first identified type I NKT cells as Vα24-Jα18 and Vβ11 double-positive CD3 lymphocytes. Using this method, we found that the adult B-cell ALL patients presented significantly lower level of type I NKT cells than the age- and sex-matching control subjects. The expression of IL-21 by t...


1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D downregulates cytotoxic effector response in pulmonary tuberculosis.

1,25-dihydroxyvitaminD [1,25(OH)D] modulates both the innate and adaptive immunity in tuberculosis. We explored the effect of 1,25(OH)D on cytolytic molecules like perforin, granulysin, and granzyme-B in T-cells and natural killer cells during M. tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 45 healthy controls (HCs) and 45 pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients were cultured with Mtb in the absence or presence of 1,25(OH)D for 72 h. The percentage of perforin, granulysin, a...

Sesamolin affects both natural killer cells and cancer cells in order to create an optimal environment for cancer cell sensitization.

In our previous study, we demonstrated that sesamolin can increase the level of cancer cell susceptibility to natural killer (NK) cell mediated cytolysis when it treats cancer cells. The present study attempted to demonstrate the direct influence of sesamolin on NK cells. To achieve the study goal, an NK cell (NK-92MI) or Raji cell was treated with sesamolin for use in the analysis of the cytolytic activity of NK cells. When NK-92MI cells were treated with sesamolin, the cytolysis activities of NK cells inc...


The Nrf2 activator tBHQ inhibits the activation of primary murine natural killer cells.

Tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) is a commonly used food preservative with known immunomodulatory activity; however, there is little information regarding its role on natural killer (NK) cell activation and function. tBHQ is a known activator of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which results in induction of cytoprotective genes. Activation of Nrf2 has been shown to modulate immune responses in a number of different models. In addition, studies in our laboratory have ...

Interactions Between KIR3DS1 and HLA-F Activate Natural Killer Cells to Control HCV Replication in Cell Culture.

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed by natural killer (NK) cells. Binding of KIR3DS1 to its recently discovered ligand, HLA-F, activates NK cells and has been associated with resolution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We investigated the mechanisms by which KIR3DS1 contributes to the antiviral immune response. Using cell culture systems, mice with humanized livers , and primary liver tissue from HCV-infected individuals, we found that the KIR3DS1 ...

Mass-Spectrometric Analysis of Proteome of Microvesicles Produced by NK-92 Natural Killer Cells.

Membrane extracellular microvesicles serve as carriers of a wide range of molecules, the most important among these are proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Cytotoxic proteins of natural killer cells play a key role in the realization of their cytolytic functions. An important stage in understanding of the distant communication of cells and mechanisms of its regulation is analysis of the proteome composition of microvesicles. We studied the proteomic composition of microvesicles produced by NK-92 natural ki...

SLAM family receptors in natural killer cells - Mediators of adhesion, activation and inhibition via cis and trans interactions.

SLAM family receptors are important for the fine-tuning of immune reactions. Their expression is restricted to cells of hematopoietic origin and most SLAM family receptors are their own ligand. Here we review how these receptors are involved in regulating the functions of Natural Killer (NK) cells. We discuss that promoting cellular adhesion may be a main function of SLAM family receptors in NK cells. The homophilic interactions of SLAM family receptors can not only occur in trans between different cells, b...

Rapid expansion in the WAVE bioreactor of clinical scale cells for tumor immunotherapy.

Cell-based immunotherapy using natural killer (NK) cells, cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells and dendritic cells (DCs) is emerging as a potential novel approach in the auxiliary treatment of a tumor. However, non-standard operation procedure, small-scale cell number, or human error may limit the clinical development of cell-based immunotherapy. To simplify clinical scale NK cells, CIK cells and DCs expansions, we investigated the use of the WAVE bioreactor, a closed system bioreactor that utilizes active p...

Skin resident memory CD8 T cells are phenotypically and functionally distinct from circulating populations and lack immediate cytotoxic function.

The in depth understanding of skin resident memory CD8 T lymphocytes (T ) may help uncover strategies for their manipulation during disease. We investigated isolated T from healthy human skin, which expressed the residence marker CD69, and compared them to circulating CD8 T cell populations from the same donors. There were significantly increased proportions of CD8 CD45RA CD27 T cells in the skin that expressed low levels KLRG1, CD57, perforin and granzyme B. The CD8 T in skin were therefore phenotypically ...

NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, γδ T-cell lymphoma, and CD8-positive epidermotropic T-cell lymphoma-clinical and histopathologic features, differential diagnosis, and treatment.

The cytotoxic lymphomas of the skin constitute a heterogeneous group of rare lymphoproliferative diseases that are derived from mature T cells and natural killer (NK) cells that express cytotoxic molecules (T-cell intracellular antigen- 1, granzyme A/B, and perforin). Although frequently characterized by an aggressive course and poor prognosis, these diseases can have variable clinical behavior. This review delivers up-to-date information about the clinical presentation, histopathologic features, differenti...

Natural Killer Cells Enhance Immune Checkpoint Blockade Efficacy.

Natural killer (NK) cell interactions with stimulatory dendritic cells (SDC) enhance immunotherapy.

Study of Natural Killer (NK) Cell Cytotoxicity Against Cholangiocarcinoma in a Nude Mouse Model.

Natural killer (NK) cells are one of the lymphocytes clinically used for various cancer types. Cytotoxicity of NK cells to cholangiocarcinoma (CC), however, has not yet been studied. Nor NK cell therapy against CC has been clinically applied. In this study, relevance of NK cell therapy for anti-tumor efficacy against CC was pre-clinically investigated.

MiR-506 Promotes Natural Killer Cell Cytotoxicity against Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells by Targeting STAT3.

It is well documented that natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells is impaired in HCC, which might account for the failure of anti-tumor immune response. miRNAs are considered as important regulators for the development and functions of NK cells. However, the entire role of miR-506 in NK cells remains far from being addressed.

Aurovertin B sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to NK cell recognition and lysis.

The natural killer group 2D (NKG2D) receptor on natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in immunosurveillance to cancer cells, which could mediate the eradication of tumor cells through specific interactions with NKG2D ligands on tumor cells. Here we report one natural compound aurovertin B from basidiomycete Albatrellus confluens significantly stimulates the expression of NKG2D ligands on tumor cells, which greatly sensitizes its recognition and lysis by NK cell. It is completely a novel role for ...

MYD88 L265P mutation promoted malignant B cell resistance against T cell-mediated cytotoxicity via upregulating the IL-10/STAT3 cascade.

The myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MYD88) signaling plays critical roles in the developments of B cells. Recent studies demonstrated that in the activated B cell subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), approximately one-third of the patients harbored somatically acquired MyD88 L265P mutation in their lymphomas. It remains unclear whether B cell lymphomas with MYD88 L265P mutation respond differently toward CD8 T cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Here, we demonstrated that, when incubated with autolo...

Natural killer cell-based immunotherapy: From transplantation toward targeting cancer stem cells.

Natural killer (NK) cells are key players of the innate immune system. NK cells provide protection against infectious pathogens and malignancies in cell. This characteristic may be attributable to their intrinsic diverse potentialities and also their cooperation with adaptive immune lymphocytes, known as B and T cells. The growth, recurrence, and metastasis of cancer cells, and the failure of cytoreductive therapies against cancer cells are due to the small population of intratumor stem-like cells, called c...

Innate Lymphoid Cell Development: A T Cell Perspective.

Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and natural killer (NK) cells have garnered considerable interest due to their unique functional properties in immune defense and tissue homeostasis. Our current understanding of how these cells develop has been greatly facilitated by knowledge of T cell biology. Models of T cell differentiation provided the basis for a conceptual classification of these innate effectors and inspired a scheme of their activation and regulation. In this review, we discuss NK cell and ILC develo...

CD107a Degranulation Assay to Evaluate Immune Cell Antitumor Activity.

Cancer development is under surveillance by the immune system of the host. Tumor cells can be recognized and killed by cytotoxic lymphocytes- such as CD8+ T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells-mainly through the immune secretion of lytic granules that kill target cells. This process involves the fusion of the granule membrane with the cytoplasmic membrane of the immune effector cell, resulting in surface exposure of lysosomal-associated proteins that are typically present on the lipid bilayer surround...

Regulatory IFN-γ-producing killer dendritic cells are enhanced in B6.MLR-Faslpr/J lupus-prone mice.

A novel cell population denominated IFN-γ-producing killer dendritic cells (IKDCs), has been recently described. These cells are lymphocytes lacking B- or T- receptors, but they can be identified by the presence of B220 CD38 CD49b and low CD11c, among other cell surface markers. The main characteristics of IKDCs are the production of IFN-γ and the ability to spontaneously kill tumor cells. We found that this population increases in B6.MLR-Fas /J mice. Interestingly, IKDCs increase with age and are more ab...

Natural killer cell-mediated anticancer effects of an arabinogalactan derived from rice hull in CT26 colon cancer-bearing mice.

Rice hull polysaccharides (RHPS) have been reported to activate innate immunity in mice. This study investigated the effects of RHPS on natural killer (NK) cell-mediated cytotoxicity in vitro and the possible underlying anticancer mechanisms in vivo. The results showed that sustained exposure to RHPS increased NK-92MI cell-mediated cytotoxicity in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. In addition, RHPS upregulated the expression of Fas ligand, TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, perforin, and granz...

High-Parameter Mass Cytometry Evaluation of Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Patients Treated with Daratumumab Demonstrates Immune Modulation as a Novel Mechanism of Action.

Daratumumab is a CD38-targeted human monoclonal antibody with direct anti-myeloma cell mechanisms of action. Flow cytometry in relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients treated with daratumumab revealed cytotoxic T-cell expansion and reduction of immune-suppressive populations, suggesting immune modulation as an additional mechanism of action. Here, we performed an in-depth analysis of the effects of daratumumab on immune-cell subpopulations using high-dimensional mass cytometry. Whole-blo...

CXCR3-deficient natural killer cells fail to migrate to B16F10 melanoma cells.

Natural killer (NK) cells eliminate cancer cells in a contact-dependent manner. However, how NK cells find cancer cells remain unclear. Here, using time-lapse imaging, we investigated how individual NK cells migrate toward cancer cells. Although naïve B16F10 cancer cells produce low levels of chemokines, IFN-γ-treated B16F10 cells secreted high levels of CXCL10, low levels of CCL5, but did not secrete CCL2, CCL7, or CXCL12. Wild-type NK cells migrated well toward cancer cells and killed them, whereas NK c...

Rules to activate CD8T cells through regulating subunits of opioid receptors by methionine enkephalin (MENK).

The goal of this work was to investigate how MENK could regulate the functions of CD8T cells and to explore the relationship between this regulation and opioid receptor expression. Our results showed that the opioid receptors presented on the cell menbrane of CD8T cells were MOR and DOR. MENK promoted the expression of opioid receptors as well as the elevation of the surface molecules such as CD28, PD-1, CTLA-4 and FasL and intracellular granzyme B. Selectively blocking the MOR by CTAP or DOR by NTI could r...

Stimulation of natural killer cells with rhCD137 ligand enhances tumor-targeting antibody efficacy in gastric cancer.

Although many anticancer agents for gastric cancer have been developed, the prognosis for many patients remains poor. Recently, costimulatory immune molecules that reactivate antitumor immune responses by utilizing the host immune system have attracted attention as new therapeutic strategies. CD137 is a costimulatory molecule that reportedly potentiates the antitumor activity of tumor-targeting monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) by enhancing antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. However, it remains unclear wh...

Preparation and Culture of Human Liver Resident Immune Cells.

Co-cultivation of tumor cells and liver resident immune cells or other non-parenchymal cells (NPCs) from the same donor is important for the study of cancer metastasis. So far, little is known about the mechanism of tumor cell or pathogen clearance, leukocyte infiltration, and immune cell recruitment in the human liver. To investigate these processes in vitro, the use of primary human hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cell, especially immune cell, co-culture systems play essential roles in the establishment o...


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