PubMed Journals Articles About "Late Presentation Advanced Disease Among Patients With Newly" RSS

09:20 EDT 17th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "late presentation advanced disease among patients with newly" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 54,000+

Late presentation among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in Turkey.

Late presentation of the patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with less favourable treatment responses, more accelerated clinical progression, and a higher mortality risk. Although HIV prevalence is low in Turkey, it is steadily increasing and the information about late presentation among HIV-positives is limited. We aimed to analyze the status of late presentation among HIV-positive patients in Turkey.

Lessons learned: Retrospective assessment of outcomes and management of patients with advanced HIV disease in a semi-urban polyclinic in Epworth, Zimbabwe.

HIV continues to be one of the leading causes of infectious death worldwide and presentation with advanced HIV disease is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recommendations for the management of advanced HIV disease include prompt screening and treatment of opportunistic infections, rapid initiation of ART and intensified adherence support. We present treatment outcomes of a cohort of patients presenting with advanced HIV disease in a semi-urban Zimbabwean polyclinic.

The multimorbidity profile of South African women newly diagnosed with breast cancer.

Multimorbidity in women with breast cancer may delay presentation, affect treatment decisions and outcomes. We described the multimorbidity profile of women with breast cancer, its determinants, associations with stage at diagnosis and treatments received. We collected self-reported data on five chronic conditions (hypertension, diabetes, cerebrovascular diseases, asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis), determined obesity using body mass index (BMI), and tested HIV status, in women newl...

Niraparib in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Advanced Ovarian Cancer.

Niraparib, an inhibitor of poly(adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase (PARP), has been associated with significantly increased progression-free survival among patients with recurrent ovarian cancer after platinum-based chemotherapy, regardless of the presence or absence of mutations. The efficacy of niraparib in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer after a response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy is unknown.

Advanced Testis Cancer.

Management of advanced testis cancer requires dedicated attention to the nuances of the disease to not only optimize cure but also ensure lifelong health. We are rapidly entering an era of precision medicine with novel biomarker discoveries that will undoubtedly change the treatment paradigm in both early- and late-stage disease.

Mucosal and systemic immune profiles differ during early and late phase of the disease in patients with active ulcerative colitis.

Alterations in the immunopathogenesis in ulcerative colitis (UC) during the disease course have been proposed. We therefore aimed to determine mucosal and systemic immune profiles in individual patients at the time of diagnosis (early disease) and after 10 years (late disease).

Mild Behavioral Impairment in Parkinson's Disease: Data from the PArkinson's Disease COgnitive Impairment Study.

Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) have been frequently described in Parkinson's disease (PD), even in the earliest stages of the disease. Recently the construct of mild behavioral impairment (MBI) has been proposed as an at-risk state for incident cognitive decline and dementia. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of MBI in PD. Cross-sectional data from 429 consecutive PD patients enrolled in the PArkinson's disease COgnitive impairment Study (PACOS) were included...

Financial barriers in accessing medical care for peripheral artery disease are associated with delay of presentation and adverse health status outcomes in the United States.

Patient-reported difficulties in affording health care and their association with health status outcomes in peripheral artery disease (PAD) have never been studied. We sought to determine whether financial barriers affected PAD symptoms at presentation, treatment patterns, and patient-reported health status in the year following presentation. A total of 797 United States (US) patients with PAD were identified from the Patient-centered Outcomes Related to TReatment Practices in Peripheral Arterial Disease: I...

Antibody-mediated rejection 16 years post-cardiac transplantation: a case report of an uncommon late presentation in a middle-aged woman.

Very late antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in heart transplant patients (over 10 years post-transplant) is very rare. It is associated with high mortality, graft dysfunction, and fulminant coronary artery vasculopathy (CAV) and should remain in the differential for patients presenting with late graft dysfunction.

T helper cell subpopulations repertoire in peripheral blood and its correlation with sex of newly diagnosed arthritis patients: A gender based study.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder. Autoreactive T cells play a very significant role in the pathogenesis of RA. However, the exact mechanisms of disease severity and pathogenesis are poorly understood. We attempted to correlate T-helper cell activities with sexes of newly diagnosed patients with RA. The patients were divided based on their sex and disease severity. Examination of the expression of various factors using quantitative real-time PCR and FACS analysis of peripheral...

Identification of a Biomarker Panel for Early Detection of Lung Cancer Patients.

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer related mortality worldwide, characterised by late clinical presentation (49-53% of patients are diagnosed at stage IV) and consequently poor outcomes. One challenge in identifying biomarkers of early disease is the collection of samples from patients prior to symptomatic presentation. We used blood collected during surgical resection of lung tumours in an iTRAQ isobaric tagging experiment to identify proteins effluxing from tumours into pulmonary veins. 40 pro...

Late-age onset systemic sclerosis.

Systemic sclerosis is a multi-organ connective tissue disease characterised by dysfunction and impaired morphology of the blood vessels with non-specific inflammation and progressive fibrosis. In the majority of cases, the onset is observed between 30-50 years of age; in many cases, however, the diagnosis is established in patients < 20 years of age or > 75 years of age. The course of late-onset systemic sclerosis is markedly different from that in early- onset disease. In late-onset patients, limited syste...

Racial phenotypes in moyamoya disease: a comparative analysis of clinical presentation and natural history in a single multiethnic cohort of 250 hemispheres.

The authors aimed to determine whether differences exist in presentation and natural history when comparing Asian patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) to those of other ethnicities in North America.

Advanced parental age at conception and sex affects mitochondrial DNA copy number in human and fruit flies.

Aging is a multifactorial trait caused by early as well as late life circumstances. A society trend that parents deliberately delay having children is of concern to health professionals, e.g. since advanced parental age at conception increases disease risk profiles in offspring. We here aim to study if advanced parental age at conception affects mitochondria DNA content, a cross species biomarker of general health, in adult human twin offspring and in a model organism. We find no deteriorated mitochondria D...

Bright tongue sign in patients with late-onset Pompe disease.

Late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) is an often misdiagnosed inherited myopathy for which treatment exists. We noticed a bright tongue sign on brain MRIs of two patients who were admitted to the ICU for respiratory failure of unclear origin, and who were eventually diagnosed with LOPD. This led us to systematically review brain MRIs of patients with LOPD and various other neuromuscular disorders (NMD).

Development and Validation of Hepamet Fibrosis Scoring System-a Simple, Non-invasive Test to Identify Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty liver Disease With Advanced Fibrosis.

Fibrosis affects prognoses for patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Several non-invasive scoring systems have aimed to identify patients at risk for advanced fibrosis, but inconclusive results and variations in features of patients (diabetes, obesity and older age) reduce their diagnostic accuracy. We sought to develop a scoring system based on serum markers to identify patients with NAFLD at risk for advanced fibrosis.

Newly Diagnosed Crohn's Disease Treated with Standard Care or Enteral Nutrition: Psychological Outcomes over 6 Months.

Impaired health-related quality of life and higher rates of anxiety and depression are observed in patients with Crohn's disease. This single center study aimed to describe and compare longitudinal psychological outcomes of newly diagnosed Crohn's disease patients treated with standard care or enteral nutrition to induce remission.

Perspectives of patients, family members, and health care providers on late diagnosis of breast cancer in Ethiopia: A qualitative study.

Most women with breast cancer in Ethiopia are diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease, but the reasons for this have not been systematically investigated. This study, therefore, aimed to explore the main reasons for diagnosis of advanced stage breast cancer from the perspective of patients, family members, and health care providers.

Spending for Advanced Cancer Diagnoses: Comparing Recurrent Versus De Novo Stage IV Disease.

Spending for patients with advanced cancer is substantial. Past efforts to characterize this spending usually have not included patients with recurrence (who may differ from those with de novo stage IV disease) or described which services drive spending.

Predictors of Mortality in the Oldest Old Patients with Newly Diagnosed Alzheimer Disease in a Residential Aged Care Facility.

In Taiwan, the causes of death and related factors in the oldest old people with Alzheimer disease (AD) are not well characterized. We investigated the factors associated with mortality in the oldest old patients with newly diagnosed AD admitted to a long-stay residential facility.

Aerobic exercise effects in renal function and quality of life of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease.

To date, the therapeutic effects of exercise have not yet been evaluated regarding renal function parameters and quality of life specifically in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. Thus, the study aim was to evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise in renal function and quality of life in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease.

Advanced Lipid Thinking Before Incorporating Advanced Lipid Testing.

Lipid profiles help estimate patient's short and long-term atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk over the life course and inform treatment decisions. Advanced lipid testing can provide additional information in selected patients. New 2018 cholesterol guidelines suggest which patients may benefit from additional testing. In patients 40-75years, calculation of a 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk score begins the clinician-patient risk discussion. In those at intermediate risk (10-year ...

Comorbidities and relevant outcomes, commonly associated with cancer, of patients newly diagnosed with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer in Sweden.

The objective was to describe the prevalence of baseline comorbidities in patients with advanced NSCLC and the incidence rate of relevant outcomes commonly associated with NSCLC, and its treatments, in the year after diagnosis.

High-intensity focused ultrasound combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and radiotherapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: A case report.

Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies, only 10% to 20% of HCC patients are surgically resectable as most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced stages at presentation. The efficiencies of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), and three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) in patients with advanced HCC have been clinically confirmed. We here report a patient with HCC accompanied by venous tumor thrombu...

Capecitabine and temozolomide in patients with advanced pulmonary carcinoid tumours.

Background Temozolomide and capecitabine (CAPTEM) chemotherapy is known to be active in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NET). Objective This retrospective analysis set out to describe the efficacy and toxicity of CAPTEM in patients with advanced pulmonary carcinoids (PC). Methods Patients were included with advanced PC who had been treated with a maximum of 6 cycles of oral temozolomide 200 mg/m2 day 10-14 and capecitabine 750 mg/m2 BID day 1-14, repeated every 28 days, followed by monthly ...

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