PubMed Journals Articles About "Launches Study African American Cancer Survivors" RSS

04:36 EST 17th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "launches study African American cancer survivors" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 80,000+

Health-related quality of life of African-American female breast cancer survivors, survivors of other cancers, and those without cancer.

The purpose of this study was to compare differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between African-American female breast cancer survivors, African-American female survivors of other cancers, and African-American women with no history of cancer.

Nonadherence to daily self-weighing and activity tracking is associated with weight fluctuations among African American breast cancer survivors.

Daily self-weighing (DSW) and daily activity tracking (DAT) are useful strategies for preventing weight gain among African American breast cancer survivors. However, self-monitoring behaviors vary over time, increasing risk of weight gain. This study explored the association of nonadherence to DSW and DAT with corresponding weight fluctuations among African American breast cancer survivors.

Individual, Social, and Societal Correlates of Health-Related Quality of Life Among African American Survivors of Ovarian Cancer: Results from the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study.

While the incidence of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is lower among African American (AA) women compared with European American (EA) women, AA women have markedly worse outcomes. In this study, we describe individual, social, and societal factors in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in AA women diagnosed with EOC in the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (AACES) that we hypothesize may influence a patient's capacity to psychosocially adjust to a diagnosis of cancer.

Promoting Team-Based Exercise Among African American Breast Cancer Survivors.

Physical activity benefits the health and well-being of breast cancer survivors (BCS). Yet, many African American survivors do not routinely exercise and have increased risk of poor outcomes. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to identify motivational factors compelling African American BCS to participate in a 14-week team walking program and to intend to continue exercise after the intervention concluded. Focus groups were held with participants ( n = 12) before and after training. Content analysis...

Adherence to American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity in Female Cancer Survivors: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial (Yale Fitness Intervention Trial).

The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes guidelines on nutrition and physical activity to minimize health risks in cancer patients and survivors. Studies show that high adherence to such guidelines is associated with a decrease in overall cancer incidence and mortality. However, there are sparse data on adherence to the ACS guidelines in cancer survivors.

Recruiting and engaging African-American men in health research.

Improving the health of black and minority ethnic (BME) men in the US continues to be a public health priority. Compared with men of other races and ethnicities, African-American men have higher rates of mortality and morbidity from chronic illness and diseases including cancer, heart disease, prostate cancer, diabetes and HIV/AIDS. One way to address these disparities is to include African-American men in health research, to elicit their perspectives on health risks and protective factors. These can then i...

Elevated cancer risk in Holocaust survivors residing in Israel: A retrospective cohort study.

The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of malignant diseases among Holocaust survivors in Israel compared with European and American immigrants who did not experience the Holocaust.

Benign gynecologic conditions are associated with ovarian cancer risk in African-American women: a case-control study.

The association between common benign gynecologic conditions and ovarian cancer remains under-studied in African Americans. Therefore, we examine the association between self-reported history of benign gynecologic conditions and epithelial ovarian cancer risk in African-American women.

Genetic Risk for Subsequent Neoplasms Among Long-Term Survivors of Childhood Cancer.

Purpose Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk of subsequent neoplasms (SNs), but the germline genetic contribution is largely unknown. We assessed the contribution of pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) mutations in cancer predisposition genes to their SN risk. Patients and Methods Whole-genome sequencing (30-fold) was performed on samples from childhood cancer survivors who were ≥ 5 years since initial cancer diagnosis and participants in the St Jude Lifetime Cohort Study, a retrospective hosp...

Perspectives on Factors Related to HIV Risk and Preventative Interventions at Multiple Levels: A Study of African Immigrant Women Survivors of Cumulative Trauma.

African immigrant women survivors of cumulative trauma are at high risk for HIV infection. This study aims to identify survivors' perceptions of (a) contextual (i.e., community, and relationship) and individual-level risk and protective factors for HIV among African immigrant women in the United States and (b) areas and strategies of HIV prevention intervention at contextual and individual levels. Qualitative data for this study were collected from African-born women (n = 39) in Maryland, Virginia, and Wash...

Adolescent survivors' information needs for transitions to postsecondary education and employment.

Adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of cancer and central nervous system (CNS) tumors endure major life disruptions with their diagnosis, treatment, and the burden of emerging learning difficulties. Survivors and their parents often struggle to obtain more academic support as survivors transition through school. This study explored the knowledge and experience survivors and their parents need as they progress through school to college.

Cancer-Related Cognitive Outcomes Among Older Breast Cancer Survivors in the Thinking and Living With Cancer Study.

To determine treatment and aging-related effects on longitudinal cognitive function in older breast cancer survivors.

The Unmet Supportive Care Needs of Arab Australian and Arab Jordanian Cancer Survivors: An International Comparative Survey.

Research exploring the unmet supportive care needs of Arab cancer survivors is limited, with most conducted with immigrant groups. No study has compared the unmet supportive care needs of immigrant Arab cancer survivors with Arab cancer survivors living in their native country.

"On Your Own": Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors' Experience of Managing Return to Secondary or Higher Education in Denmark.

As a consequence of cancer treatment, many adolescents and young adults (AYA) patients are required to take leave or face setbacks from their education. While most AYA cancer survivors and survivors of childhood cancer are capable of successfully returning to the educational system, unsuccessful returns place AYA at an increased risk of social isolation, stigmatization, and financial burden. The perspective of AYA cancer survivors who have returned to education is valuable to understand the challenges faced...

Factors associated with self-reported history of depression diagnosis among cancer survivors aged 18 years and over in the United States.

According to the American Cancer Society, 25 percent of cancer survivors in the United States develop depression. The objective of this study is to assess factors associated with self-reported history of depression diagnosis among cancer survivors aged ≥18 years in the United States.

African American nurses describe pre-licensure education experiences: A qualitative study.

Greater diversity in the healthcare workforce enhances cross-cultural communication, diminishes bias and stereotyping, thereby improving health outcomes for African Americans. Diversifying the nursing profession has been a persistent challenge and the experiences of African American nursing students in not yet well understood. The aims of this study were to describe the experiences of pre-licensure nursing school, and the meaning of those experiences, retrospectively for African American nurses. The sample ...

Managing work and cancer treatment: Experiences among survivors of hematological cancer.

The current study was performed to characterize the employment status of survivors of hematological cancer who have an informal caregiver from the time of diagnosis through the first 6 months of treatment.

Validation of a genetic risk score for Arkansas women of color.

African American women in the state of Arkansas have high breast cancer mortality rates. Breast cancer risk assessment tools developed for African American underestimate breast cancer risk. Combining African American breast cancer associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) into breast cancer risk algorithms may improve individualized estimates of a woman's risk of developing breast cancer and enable improved recommendation of screening and chemoprevention for women at high risk. The goal of this stud...

Understanding the social and community support networks of American Indian women cancer survivors.

Cancer is the leading cause of death among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women. Although cancer disparities among AI women are alarming, there is littlle research focused on the topic of social support and cancer treatment and outcomes. A community advisory board was used to develop and administer the project, and a qualitative descriptive study methodology was used. This research was conducted in partnership with two community-based hospitals in the Northern Plains. The sample included 43 AI fe...

Risk of second primary neoplasm and mortality in childhood cancer survivors based on a national registry database.

Although overall childhood cancer survival has improved, survivors may still have an elevated risk for second primary neoplasm (SPN) and excess mortality. The aim of the current study was to estimate the risks for SPN and mortality in childhood cancer survivors in Israel as compared to the general population.

Prospective Study of Oral Microbiome and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Low-income and African American Populations.

Oral microbiome may play an important role in cancer pathogenesis. However, no study has prospectively investigated the association of the oral microbiome with subsequent risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a nested case-control study including 231 incident CRC cases and 462 controls within the Southern Community Cohort Study with 75% of the subjects being African-Americans. The controls were individually matched to cases based on age, Ethnic group, smoking, season-of-study enrollment a...

Fear of Recurrence in Turkish Breast Cancer Survivors: A Qualitative Study.

Fear of recurrence (FOR) of cancer is a distressing symptom and can negatively affect breast cancer survivors' quality of life and psychological well-being. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore Turkish breast cancer survivors' experiences related to FOR.

Prayer and Faith: Spiritual Coping among American Indian Women Cancer Survivors.

Although cancer disparities among American Indian (AI) women are alarming, research on spiritual coping among this population is virtually nonexistent. This is particularly problematic, given the importance of medical practitioners' discussing the topic with cancer patients, along with the centrality of spirituality to many AI patients. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors' spiritual coping with their experiences. Using a community-based participatory research approach, this ...

Physical symptoms in long-term survivors of rare cancer.

Advances in cancer detection and treatment have resulted in a growing population of long-term survivors, but even years after treatment has concluded, many survivors report physical symptoms that interfere with daily living. While there are studies of late effects following common cancers, less is known about these complications in rare cancers. This study focuses on the physical symptoms reported by long-term survivors enrolled in the NIH-sponsored Rare Cancer Genetics Registry.

Understanding the Use of Acupuncture for Insomnia Among Cancer Survivors: A Qualitative Study.

To understand cancer survivors' perceptions regarding the use of acupuncture for the treatment of cancer-related insomnia.

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