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PubMed Journals Articles About "Opening Review Particle Size Reference Standards" RSS

05:06 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Opening Review Particle Size Reference Standards PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Opening Review Particle Size Reference Standards articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "opening review particle size reference standards" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Performance Comparison of Field Portable Instruments to the Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer Using Monodispersed and Polydispersed Sodium Chloride Aerosols.

This study compared the performance of the following field portable aerosol instrument sets to performance of the reference Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS): the handheld CPC-3007, the portable aerosol mobility spectrometer (PAMS), the NanoScan scanning mobility particle sizer (NanoScan SMPS) combined with an optical particle sizer (OPS). Tests were conducted with monodispersed and polydispersed aerosols. Monodispersed aerosols were controlled at the approximate concentration of 1 × 105 particles cm...


Physical fitness reference standards for preschool children: The PREFIT project.

Reference values are necessary for classifying children, for health screening, and for early prevention as many non-communicable diseases aggravate during growth and development. While physical fitness reference standards are available in children aged 6 and older, such information is lacking in preschool children. Therefore, the purposes of this study were (1) to provide sex-and age-specific physical fitness reference standards for Spanish preschool children; and (2) to study sex differences across this ag...

Particle size dependence of the physicochemical properties of biochar.

The inadequate definition of different particle sizes of biochar impedes the establishment of guidelines concerning the selection of suitable particle sizes. In this study, various properties of a series of ten biochar samples of varying particle size (5-5000 μm) from the same origin have been investigated and compared. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis based on all of the parameters were executed to evaluate the dissimilarity of different particle sizes of biochar, and to classify the si...


Floatable superhydrophobic AgO photocatalyst without a modifier and its controllable wettability by particle size adjustment.

In this research, a controlling mechanism of particle size on the wettability of Ag2O particles is reported, and an interesting floatable Ag2O photocatalyst with superhydrophobicity and superoleophilicity is prepared based on this mechanism. Stable superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic Ag2O without a low-surface-energy modifier can be obtained only by adjusting its particle size, and its wettability can switch mutually by changing the particle size. The wettability of Ag2O converts from superhydrophilic to ...

The influence of energy input on the particle size of disintegrated excess sludge in the ultrasonic disintegration process.

The objective of this research was to examine the influence of energy input on the particle size distribution of disintegrated sludge. The change of particle size distribution indicates the deagglomeration of flocs and disruption of micro-colonies. As the digestibility of sludge increases with dispersion, particle size analysis is an important factor in evaluating the disintegration process. Four different levels of energy input were used in the research: 10-100 kWh·m. All samples showed significant change...

Light-Scattering Sizing of Single Submicron Particles by High-Sensitivity Flow Cytometry.

Rapid and reliable size measurement of single submicron particles (100-1000 nm) is important for quality control of particulate matter, biomedical research, environmental study, and drug delivery system development. Though direct measurement of the elastically scattered light from individual submicron particles represents the simplest method for particle size measurement, the inadequate instrument sensitivity and complicated relationship between scattering intensity and particle size render it a great chall...

Investigation of the particle size-dependent near-infrared spectral features of binary mixture samples in conjunction with Monte Carlo simulation and the influence of particle size on the accuracy of quantitative analysis.

Near-infrared (NIR) spectral features of a target component can be influenced by its particle size as well as the particle sizes of the surrounding components in multi-component samples; therefore, understanding the essence of particle size-induced spectral variation is fundamental for robust quantitative analysis. For systematic investigation, two different types of binary-component samples were prepared. First, in ambroxol/lactose powders, only the particle size of lactose (surrounding filler) was varied,...

Peak Ventilation Reference Standards from Exercise Testing: From the FRIEND Registry.

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) provides valuable clinical information, including peak ventilation (VEpeak), which has been shown to have diagnostic and prognostic value in the assessment of patients with underlying pulmonary disease. This report provides reference standards for VEpeak derived from CPX on treadmills in apparently healthy individuals.

Practical guidelines for the characterization and quality control of pure drug nanoparticles and nano-cocrystals in the pharmaceutical industry.

The number of poorly soluble drug candidates is increasing, and this is also seen in the research interest towards drug nanoparticles and (nano-)cocrystals; improved solubility is the most important application of these nanosystems. In order to confirm the functionality of these nanoparticles throughout their lifecycle, repeatability of the formulation processes, functional performance of the formed systems in pre-determined way and system stability, a thorough physicochemical understanding with the aid of ...

Digital health app development standards: a systematic review protocol.

There is currently a lack of clear and accepted standards for the development (planning, requirement analysis and research, design and application testing) of apps for medical and healthcare use which poses different risks to developers, providers, patients and the public. The aim of this work is to provide an overview of the current standards, frameworks, best practices and guidelines for the development of digital health apps. This review is a critical 'stepping stone' for further work on producing approp...

Particle Size Distribution Analysis of OTC Aerosol or Powder Drug Products with Potential for Inadvertent Inhalation Exposure to Consumers.

The potential for inadvertent inhalation of over-the-counter (OTC) aerosol/powder drug products for topical application requires understanding of the characteristic size distributions of the airborne particles or droplets generated when these products are used as per the directions on the product label. Particle/droplet size is an important factor in determining the depth of particle penetration into the respiratory system following inhalation. Because particles penetrating beyond the larynx into the lung m...

Monitoring cobalt-oxide single particle electrochemistry with sub-diffraction accuracy.

By partially overcoming the diffraction limit, super-localization techniques have extended the applicability of optical techniques down to the nanometer size-range. Herein, cobalt oxide-based nanoparticles are electrochemically grown onto carbon nanoelectrodes and their individual catalytic properties are evaluated through a combined electrochemical-optical approach. Using dark-field white light illumination, edges super-localization techniques are applied to quantify changes in particle size during elec-tr...

Effect of particle size and polymer loading on dissolution behavior of amorphous griseofulvin powder.

The effect of particle size on the dissolution behavior of the particles of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) of griseofulvin (GF), with 0-50% Kollidon® VA 64 as a crystallization inhibitor is investigated. Both the final dissolved GF concentration, and the dissolution rate of GF ASDs were found to be inversely proportional to the particle size. The solution concentrations for the smallest (45-75 μm) size group with different polymer loading were significantly higher than those for the largest (250-355 ...

Impact of percentage and particle size of sugarcane biochar on the sorption behavior of clomazone in Red Latosol.

Biochar is a carbonaceous material that has excellent potential as a fertilizer and soil conditioner. However, there is a lack of information concerning the effects of the amount and particle size of this pyrogenic material on the soil sorption capacity. In this work, evaluation was made of changes in clomazone (CMZ) sorption in a Red Latosol following soil conditioning using different percentages (0.25, 0.5, and 1% w/w) of sugarcane biochar in three particle sizes (

Particle-Size-Exclusion Clogging Regimes in Porous Media.

From observations of the progressive deposition of noncolloidal particles by geometrical exclusion effects inside a 3D model porous medium, we get a complete dynamic view of particle deposits over a full range of regimes from transport over a long distance to clogging and caking. We show that clogging essentially occurs in the form of an accumulation of elements in pore size clusters, which ultimately constitute regions avoided by the flow. The clusters are dispersed in the medium, and their concentration (...

Effective Method for Obtaining the Hydrosols of Detonation Nanodiamond with Particle Size < 4 nm.

Detonation nanodiamond is a commercially available synthetic diamond that is obtained from the carbon of explosives. It is known that the average particle size of detonation nanodiamond is 4⁻6 nm. However, it is possible to separate smaller particles. Here we suggest a new approach for the effective separation of detonation nanodiamond particles by centrifugation of a "hydrosol/glycerol" system. The method allows for the production of the detonation nanodiamond hydrosol with a very sharp distribution in s...

Analyzing protein glycosylation using UHPLC: a review.

Ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) uses small stationary-phase particle size (

Particle-scale understanding of cypermethrin in sediment: Desorption, bioavailability, and bioaccumulation in benthic invertebrate Lumbriculus variegatus.

Influence of sediment particle size on the desorption, bioavailability, and bioaccumulation potential of cypermethrin was investigated in the present study using two biomimetic techniques (Tenax extraction and solid-phase microextraction (SPME)) and bioaccumulation testing with Lumbriculus variegatus. A field-collected sediment was wet sieved to obtain five particle-size fractions (500 μm) and used for cypermethrin spiking. The finest sediment (

The Value of U.S. Pharmacopeial Standards: A Review of the Literature.

While there are many standard-setting health care organizations, the United States Pharmacopeia's (USP) role includes the creation of documentary and physical standards for therapeutics, including chemical drugs, excipients and biologics. Despite the ubiquity of these standards, little work has been done to characterize and quantify their value. We reviewed the peer-reviewed and grey literature relevant to such evaluations. The review yielded 36 articles, focused variously on accreditation and other standar...

Are normative sonographic values of kidney size in children valid and reliable? A systematic review of the methodological quality of ultrasound studies using the Anatomical Quality Assessment (AQUA) tool.

A plethora of research is available on ultrasonographic kidney size standards. We performed a systematic review of methodological quality of ultrasound studies aimed at developing normative renal parameters in healthy children, by evaluating the risk of bias (ROB) using the 'Anatomical Quality Assessment (AQUA)' tool.

High-Density Lipoprotein Subclasses and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Study of Outcome and aPolipoproteins in Dementia (STOP-Dementia)1.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) containing apolipoprotein A-I is associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). HDL particle size is modified in the presence of pathological conditions, while the significance of the HDL particle size remains controversial.

Effect of particle shape on fluid statistics and particle dynamics in turbulent pipe flow.

Anisotropic particles are present in many natural and industrial flows. Here we perform direct numerical simulation (DNS) of turbulent pipe flows with dispersed finite-size prolate spheroids simulated by means of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). We consider three different particle shapes: spheroidal (aspect ratio 2 and 3) and spherical. These three simulations are complemented with a reference simulation of a single-phase flow. For the sake of comparison, all simulations, laden or unladen have the same ...

Flow class analyses of suspended sediment concentration and particle size in a mixed-land-use watershed.

Knowledge gaps remain concerning fundamental suspended sediment physical processes/relationships, such as particle size class dynamics and hydroclimatic variability. Streamwater grab samples were collected four times per week (Oct. 2009-Feb. 2014) at nested-scale gauging sites (n = 5), representing contrasting dominant land use practices. Streamflow was monitored in situ. Grab samples were analyzed for total suspended sediment concentration and mean particle size using laser particle diffraction. Compar...

Effects of Magnetic Activated Carbon with Different Particle Sizes on Sludge Granulation in a SBR System.

In this paper, 1.5 g·L of magnetic activated carbon with different particle sizes being 80, 140, 200, and 300 mesh (numbered 2, 3, 4, 5) were inoculated into the same sequencing batch reactor (SBR). The sludge volume index (SVI), particle size distribution characteristics, changes of extracellular proteins (PN), polysaccharide (PS), and polymeric substances (EPS) and their decontamination capability were studied and compared with a control group without addition (numbered 1). The results show that differen...

Characteristics of Key Size Spectrum of PM Affecting Winter Haze Pollution in Taiyuan.

PM is generally considered as a main pollutant causing the formation of haze. Based on meteorological parameters, aerosol distribution, and PM monitoring data in Taiyuan during November and December 2016, the characteristics of the key size spectrum of PM affecting haze were discussed. During the observation period, haze was frequent and serious. Heavy haze time accounts for 25.35% of the total haze time. Haze events occurred frequently when the relative humidity was greater than 80% and wind speed was less...


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