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12:25 EDT 20th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "opportunity dignity safety Experts emphasize multiple gaps facing" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Dignity work of older women caring for a husband with dementia at home.

In this study, we explored perceptions of dignity, and sources preserving dignity of six older Norwegian women caring for a home-dwelling husband with dementia. Through hermeneutic interpretation of in-depth interviews, "having personal integrity," "mastering everyday life," and "giving of one self" were identified as crucial intrapersonal aspects of dignity - while "acknowledging worthiness and uniqueness of each human being" was found to be an essential interpersonal aspect. Nine dignity-preserving source...

The Value and Dignity of Terminal Life. Philosophical Prolegomena for a Critique of Euthanasia.

The attitude we adopt towards the lawfulness of euthanasia depends on our position on the value and dignity of the life of the terminal ill patient. Contemporary moral debates lacks of a shared basic position, but it is not impossible to discuss. On human dignity there are two attitudes. For one of them, dignity depends on maintaining of one decisive quality, as autonomy, autodetermination or lack of intense suffering. For the other conception of dignity, it does not depend on any attribute of human life. S...

Translating the Patient Dignity Inventory.

The Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) is based on an empirically-driven dignity model that has been developed and used for clinically assessing the various sources of dignity-related distress. In a recent review, it received the highest score as a useful instrument in both practice and research in palliative care. The PDI has been adapted to and validated for use in various countries, but not yet Sweden.

Patient Dignity: Exploring Oncology Nurses' Perceptions During End-of-Life Care.

Research on nurses' perceptions of dignity is limited, with much work instead focusing on patients' experiences. Maintaining the dignity of patients is considered to be an important element of nursing care; however, it is often diminished by the acts and omissions of healthcare providers.

An Overview of High-Efficacy Drugs for Multiple Sclerosis: Gulf Region Expert Opinion.

This article discusses the opinions of the multiple sclerosis (MS) experts in the Gulf region on the use of high-efficacy disease-modifying drugs (DMDs; natalizumab, fingolimod, alemtuzumab, cladribine tablets, and ocrelizumab) in clinical practice. The experts reviewed the current literature including pivotal clinical trials and meta-analyses for high-efficacy DMDs, supplemented by the expert opinions on the usage of these DMDs in clinical practice. Several criteria were discussed by the panel based on dif...

Visual Search for People Among People.

Humans can effectively search visual scenes by spatial location, visual feature, or whole object. Here, we showed that visual search can also benefit from fast appraisal of relations between individuals in human groups. Healthy adults searched for a facing (seemingly interacting) body dyad among nonfacing dyads or a nonfacing dyad among facing dyads. We varied the task parameters to emphasize processing of targets or distractors. Facing-dyad targets were more likely to recruit attention than nonfacing-dyad ...

The Health Care Providers' Perspectives on End-of-Life Patients' Sense of Dignity. A Comparison Among Four Different Professionals' Categories.

The studies on terminally ill patients' dignity as perceived by health care providers (HCPs) in palliative care are growing. The comparison of different HCPs' perspectives in particular is necessary to explore how HCPs perceive patients' dignity in order to promote reflection on this core issue. This study aimed to investigate the perspectives on end-of-life patients' sense of dignity among four different categories of professionals: nurse assistants, nurses, psychologists, and physicians. A sample of 306 H...

Interdisciplinary Safety Evaluation and Quantitative Safety Monitoring: Introduction to a Series of Papers.

The American Statistical Association and DIA have created an interdisciplinary working group of drug safety experts from academia, industry and regulatory backgrounds to explore the future direction for safety monitoring. This introduction to the series explains the background and rationale for this special section.

Lay-people's knowledge about toxicology and its principles in eight European countries.

The procedures of risk assessment related to substances consumed or used by consumers (e.g., food additives, cleaning products) are highly complex and there exists some controversy between experts in regards to the uncertainty linked to it. This contributes to the well documented divergence in experts and lay-people's judgments, particularly for synthetic or man-made chemicals. By investigating lay-people's knowledge gaps and misconceptions related to toxicology, we hope to contribute to facilitating the co...

Efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab in Korean multiple sclerosis patients.

Efficacy and safety profiles of alemtuzumab for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) mainly come from Western countries and have not been reported in Asian populations. The aim of this study was to report the efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab for RRMS patients in a Korean population.

Dignity in life and care: the perspectives of Swedish patients in a palliative care context.

How patients preserve their sense of dignity in life is an important area of palliative care that remains to be explored.

National Institutes of Health Pathways to Prevention Workshop: Research Gaps for Long-Term Drug Therapies for Osteoporotic Fracture Prevention.

On 30 and 31 October 2018, the National Institutes of Health convened the Pathways to Prevention (P2P) Workshop: Appropriate Use of Drug Therapies for Osteoporotic Fracture Prevention to assess the available evidence on long-term (>3 years) use of drug therapies to prevent osteoporotic fractures and identify research gaps and needs for advancing the field. The workshop was cosponsored by the NIH Office of Disease Prevention (ODP), National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, and Na...

Cardiovascular Safety of Prucalopride in Patients with Chronic Constipation: A Multinational Population-Based Cohort Study.

The serotonin 5-HT receptor agonist prucalopride is approved in the European Union for the treatment of chronic constipation. This offered the unique opportunity to include real-world observational data on cardiovascular safety in the new drug application for approval of prucalopride in the USA.

Development and Feasibility Testing of a Device Briefing Tool and Training to Improve Patient Safety During Introduction of New Devices in Operating Rooms: Best Practices and Lessons Learned.

Introducing new surgical devices into the operating room (OR) can serve as a critical opportunity to address patient safety. The effectiveness of OR briefings to improve communication, teamwork, and safety has not been evaluated in this setting.

Role of Patient Safety Organizations in Improving Patient Safety.

Research into the incidence of harm and death resulting from medical error has continued after the release of "To Err Is Human." Although debate of the incidence of harm from medical errors continues, patient safety experts agree that medical errors still occur at considerable and unacceptable rates. Continued attention and examination of medical errors are required. Patient Safety Organizations are a federal program that enables providers across the health care delivery system to analyze and learn from err...

A Philosophical View on the Experience of Dignity and Autonomy through the Phenomenology of Illness.

In the context of the end of life, many authors point out how the experience of identity is crucial for the well-being of patients with advanced disease. They define this identity in terms of autonomy, control, or dependence, associating these concepts with the sense of personal dignity. From the perspective of the phenomenology of embodiment, Kay Toombs and other authors have investigated the ways disease can impact on the subjective world of patients and have stressed that a consideration of this personal...

Efficacy and safety of rituximab for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Social Aspects of Euthanasia.

This article analyzes the issue of euthanasia, but under a concrete point of view, that of its social implications. It is defended here that euthanasia is not exclusively an individual decision, but has, above all, an important social repercussion. If euthanasia were accepted and legalized, the very nature of the medicine and the physician's own identity would undergo a profound transformation. The doctor-patient relationship based on trust would be broken. Also, if euthanasia were endorsed, it would be enc...

Facing the Fluoroquinolone Facts: Safety Concerns Continue to Emerge.

Predictors of treatment outcome in patients with paediatric onset multiple sclerosis.

Disease-modifying therapies (DMT) are increasingly used for children with multiple sclerosis (MS) even though most double-blinded randomized controlled trials evaluating efficacy, safety and dosing strategy of a specific drug have included adults.

Building Road Safety Institutions in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: The Case of Argentina.

Traffic injuries remain a leading health concern in most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, most LMICs have not established institutions that have the legislative mandate and financial resources necessary to coordinate large-scale interventions. Argentina provides a counterexample. Argentina is a federal country where the decentralization of authority to provincial governments was a key barrier to effective national interventions. In 2008, Argentina passed a law establishing a national road ...

Habitat fragmentation experiments on arthropods: what to do next?

Habitat fragmentation has the potential to influence ecological and evolutionary dynamics in various ways. Fragmentation experiments explore these multiple influences and the underlying mechanisms. We review experiments used in arthropods and highlight gaps in biological focus, methodology and questions addressed. While the consequences on community structure were often reported, fewer studies focused on ecosystem functions and evolutionary processes, with striking gaps on genetic and eco-evolutionary dynam...

Priorities to reduce the burden of stroke in Latin American countries.

The large and increasing burden of stroke in Latin American countries, and the need to meet the UN and WHO requirements for reducing the burden from non-communicable disorders (including stroke), brought together stroke experts and representatives of the Ministries of Health of 13 Latin American countries for the 1st Latin American Stroke Ministerial meeting in Gramado, Brazil, to discuss the problem and identify ways of cooperating to reduce the burden of stroke in the region. Discussions were focused on t...

Medicine and the media: Medical experts' problems and solutions while working with journalists.

Medical experts are one of the main sources used by journalists in reporting on medical science. This study aims to 1) identify problems that medical experts encounter in contacts with the media representatives, 2) elucidate their attitudes about interactions with journalists and 3) reflect on solutions that could improve the quality of medical journalism. By using in-depth interviews, focus groups and a survey directed to 600 medical experts in 21 countries, this cohort study elucidates medical experts' ex...

Effect of different nap opportunity durations on short-term maximal performance, attention, feelings, muscle soreness, fatigue, stress and sleep.

The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of different nap opportunity durations on short-term maximal performance, attention, feelings, muscle soreness, fatigue, stress and sleep. Twenty physically active men (age: 21.1 ± 3.6 years, height: 176.4 ± 5.7 cm, body-mass: 72 ± 10.8 kg) performed the 5-jump and the digit-cancellation (i.e., attention) tests after four randomized nap opportunity conditions: no-nap opportunity (N0), 25 min of nap opportunity (N25), 35 min of...

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