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PubMed Journals Articles About "Pilot Study Released Raises Possibility That Some Young" RSS

22:02 EST 16th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "pilot study released raises possibility that some young" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 64,000+

Excessive substance use screening to encourage behaviour change among young people in primary care: Pilot study in preparation for a randomized trial.

Alcohol, cannabis and other substance use affects young people's health. Primary care physicians are encouraged to screen and provide brief interventions for substance use in this population, but implementation is often limited. Pre-consultation self-administered screening may decrease at-risk substance use and could have population-level benefits. A randomized controlled trial is planned to test this hypothesis. The present pilot study's objective was to assess the feasibility of methods for the future tri...


Biological ion exchange as an alternative to biological activated carbon for drinking water treatment.

Biological ion exchange (BIEX) has proved to remove natural organic matter (NOM) better than biological activated carbon (BAC). This raises the question if BIEX can be integrated into a full-scale drinking water treatment plant to remove NOM and ammonia. In this study, a pilot plant consisting of one BIEX filter, three GAC filters and one BAC filter was set up as second-stage filtration at the Sainte-Rose drinking water treatment plant (Laval, Canada). The pilot plant was operated for a period of nine month...

Ovarian hormones influence eating disorder symptom variability during the menopause transition: A pilot study.

Eating disorder symptoms change in a predictable pattern over the menstrual cycle such that changes in symptoms are triggered by changes in the ovarian hormones estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4). To date, work in this area has focused exclusively on young adult women. The objective of this pilot study was to examine the effect of E2 and P4 on eating disorder symptom change in midlife women during early perimenopause.


Acute Lower Leg Hot Water Immersion Protects Macrovascular Dilator Function Following Ischaemia-Reperfusion Injury in Humans.

•What is the central question of this study? The effect of lower leg hot water immersion on vascular I/R injury induced in the arm of young healthy humans has not been previously explored. •What is the main finding and its importance? Our findings demonstrate that lower leg hot water immersion successfully protects against vascular I/R injury in humans. This finding raises the possibility that targeted heating of the lower legs may be an alternative therapeutic approach to whole-body heating that is equ...

Assessment of Biventricular Function by Three-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Adolescents and Young Adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: A Pilot Study.

The purpose of the study was to assess biventricular parameters of wall deformation with three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) in adolescents and young adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on antiretroviral therapy in order to detect a possible subclinical myocardial dysfunction.

Cognitive Mechanisms in Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Patients and Survivors: Feasibility and Preliminary Insights from the Cognitions and Affect in Cancer Resiliency Study.

This cross sectional pilot study assesses the feasibility of conducting online research into cognitive mechanisms in adolescent and young adult cancer populations. Twenty-one participants, aged 18-39 years, answered questionnaires about mental defeat, rumination, cancer worry, anxiety, and experience participating in such research. Seven participants scored in the clinical range for anxiety. Cancer-related worry was common. Rumination and mental defeat were positively associated with anxiety. The participan...

A bibliometric analysis of the conversion and reporting of pilot studies published in six anaesthesia journals.

Pilot and feasibility studies are preliminary investigations undertaken before a larger study. We hypothesised that only a small proportion of pilot or feasibility studies published in anaesthesia journals were correctly labelled as such. We searched for papers published between 2007 and 2017 in six anaesthesia journals using the text words 'pilot' OR 'feasibility' and included 266 original articles with 26,682 human participants. Only 34 (12.8%) were correctly labelled as a pilot or feasibility study. They...

Searching for Flavor Dependence in Nuclear Quark Behavior.

The observed correlation between the EMC effect and the contribution of short-range correlations (SRCs) in nuclei suggests that the modification of the quark distributions of bound protons and neutrons might occur within SRCs. This raises the possibility that the EMC effect may have an isospin dependence arising from the np dominance of SRCs. We discuss previous attempts to test this possibility and perform a new analysis of existing data. We find no experimental support for the observation of an isospin de...

A Randomized Pilot Study of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in a Young Adult Cancer Sample: Feasibility, Acceptability, and Changes in Patient Reported Outcomes.

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of participation in a randomized waitlist-controlled intervention of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in a young adult cancer sample. A secondary aim was to examine patterns of change in patient reported outcomes (PROs) of physical, social and emotional functioning.

Early Self-Directed Home Exercise Program after Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Pilot Study.

Pilot randomized controlled trial.

Resilience in adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis: A pilot feasibility study of the promoting resilience in stress management intervention.

Disease burden in cystic fibrosis (CF) impacts quality of life, distress, and treatment adherence. The promoting resilience in stress management (PRISM), is a brief patient-focused intervention to promote resilience in adolescents and young adults (AYAs), which may mitigate the negative outcomes, and is proven to be feasible and acceptable in other diseases.

Eating disorder recovery in men: A pilot study.

This pilot study examined the validity of a comprehensive definition of recovery (physical, behavioral, and cognitive recovery indices) for the first time in men.

Is colorectal cancer a more aggressive disease in young patients? A population-based study from the Czech Republic.

The incidence of colorectal cancer in young patients is increasing. The goal of this study was to investigate whether clinicopathological features and survival differed between young, middle-aged and elderly patients.

Within-subject variability in human retinal nerve fiber bundle width.

With the growing availability of high-resolution imaging there has been increased interest in developing new metrics for integrity of the retinal nerve fiber layer. In particular, it has been suggested that measurement of width of retinal nerve fiber bundles (RNFBs) may be useful in glaucoma, due to low between-subject variability in mean RNFB width. However, there have also been reports of substantial within-subject variability in the width of individual RNFBs. To assess within-subject variability as a pot...

Effects of Distraction on Performance Validity: A Pilot Study with Veterans.

The purpose of this experimental pilot study was to evaluate whether distraction can affect results of performance validity testing.

A simple and flexible model to calculate annual merit raises for health sciences faculty.

The objective of this study was to develop and implement a simple and flexible mathematical model to generate merit-based salary increases as a percentage of the faculty base salaries, with the flexibility to choose the range of merit raises.

Exploring the protective effects of Judaism on risky behaviors in college students: A pilot study.

Common risky behaviors among college-aged young adults include risky sexual behaviors and substance use.

Validity of self-reported weight and height for BMI classification: A cross-sectional study among young adults.

The aim of this study was to validate self-reported anthropometric measurements and body mass index (BMI) classifications in a young adult population.

Young-onset type 2 diabetes and younger current age: increased susceptibility to retinopathy in contrast to other complications.

To examine the possibility of a residual increased susceptibility to complications in people with young-onset type 2 diabetes as compared to those with later-onset disease.

Strategies to alter the trajectory of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular disease prevention trials of lipid lowering with statins have shown unexpected long-term benefits after the formal randomized treatment stopped. This finding needs further exploration because it raises the possibility that the trajectory of the disease can be modified.

A complete physical mapping of the VDR gene for dental implant loss: a pilot study.

The aim of this pilot case-control study was to investigate the association of clinical variables and genetic polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) with dental implant loss.

Biomarkers Associated with Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Ischemic Stroke: A Pilot Study from the NOR-FIB Study.

Cardioembolic stroke due to paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) may account for 1 out of 4 cryptogenic strokes (CS) and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). The purpose of this pilot study was to search for biomarkers potentially predicting incident AF in patients with ischemic stroke or TIA.

Considerations in preparing a multicenter study: Lessons learned from the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit Comfort Questionnaire (EMUCQ) validation feasibility study.

It is recommended to perform a pilot testing before conducting a validation study of a novel questionnaire. Pilot studies may serve different purposes. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a multicenter validation study, to recruit additional study centers, and to undertake orientating descriptive item analysis of the 44-item Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) Comfort Questionnaire (EMUCQ).

Engaging Young Men in the HIV Prevention and Care Continua: Experiences From Young Men of Color Who Have Sex With Men.

Sexual minority individuals experience barriers to receiving equitable health care. Research also indicates that young men who have sex with men (YMSM), particularly young men of color, have limited engagement in the HIV care continuum and there are significant disparities across the continuum. This study aims to uncover how providers can engage YMSM of color in all forms of care, including primary care and HIV prevention through an HIV prevention continuum. This qualitative study reports data from the Heal...

Pilot Study Comparing the Efficacy, Safety, Convertibility, and Tacrolimus Trough Levels of Twice-Daily Tacrolimus (Prograf) to Once-Daily Tacrolimus (Advagraf) Among Standard-Risk Kidney Transplant Patients at the National Kidney and Transplant Institute.

Recently, a once-daily formulation of tacrolimus (Advagraf) was released in the Philippines. Studies have shown that these 2 formulations are bioequivalent at a 1:1 conversion. This study aims to determine the efficacy, safety, convertibility, and tacrolimus trough level of once-daily tacrolimus at the end of 6 months post transplant.


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