Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity" RSS

00:43 EDT 22nd August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Potential Genomics Restoring Ecosystems Biodiversity Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "potential genomics restoring ecosystems biodiversity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

The potential of genomics for restoring ecosystems and biodiversity.

Billions of hectares of natural ecosystems have been degraded through human actions. The global community has agreed on targets to halt and reverse these declines, and the restoration sector faces the important but arduous task of implementing programmes to meet these objectives. Existing and emerging genomics tools offer the potential to improve the odds of achieving these targets. These tools include population genomics that can improve seed sourcing, meta-omics that can improve assessment and monitoring ...


The potential of ecosystem-based management to integrate biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision in aquatic ecosystems.

Global aquatic biodiversity keeps declining rapidly, despite international efforts providing a variety of policies and legislations that identify goals for, and give directions to protecting the world's aquatic fauna and flora. With the H2020 project AQUACROSS, we have made an unprecedented effort to unify policy strategies, knowledge, and management concepts of freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystems to support the achievement of the targets set by the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. AQUACROSS has emb...

Changes in belowground biodiversity during ecosystem development.

Belowground organisms play critical roles in maintaining multiple ecosystem processes, including plant productivity, decomposition, and nutrient cycling. Despite their importance, however, we have a limited understanding of how and why belowground biodiversity (bacteria, fungi, protists, and invertebrates) may change as soils develop over centuries to millennia (pedogenesis). Moreover, it is unclear whether belowground biodiversity changes during pedogenesis are similar to the patterns observed for abovegro...


Environmental DNA Shaping A New Era of Ecotoxicological Research.

Aquatic ecosystems, such as rivers and lakes, are exposed to multiple stressors from anthropogenic activity and changes in climate, which have resulted in a general decrease in biodiversity, alteration of community structures, and can ultimately result in reduction of resources provided by natural ecosystems. Adverse outcomes caused by pollutants to ecosystems are determined not only by toxic properties, but also ecological contexts of ecosystems, including indigenous biodiversity and community composition....

Biodiversity assessments in the 21st century: The potential of insect traps to complement environmental samples for estimating eukaryotic and prokaryotic diversity using high-throughput DNA metabarcoding.

The rapid loss of biodiversity, coupled with difficulties in species identification, call for innovative approaches to assess biodiversity. Insects make up a substantial proportion of extant diversity and play fundamental roles in any given ecosystem. To complement morphological species identification, new techniques such as metabarcoding make it possible to quantify insect diversity and insect-ecosystem interactions through DNA sequencing. Here we examine the potential of bulk insect samples (i.e., contain...

Biodiversity of leaf litter fungi in streams along a latitudinal gradient.

Global patterns of biodiversity have emerged for soil microorganisms, plants and animals, and the extraordinary significance of microbial functions in ecosystems is also well established. Virtually unknown, however, are large-scale patterns of microbial diversity in freshwaters, although these aquatic ecosystems are hotspots of biodiversity and biogeochemical processes. Here we report on the first large-scale study of biodiversity of leaf-litter fungi in streams along a latitudinal gradient unravelled by Il...

Biological consequences of environmental pollution in running water ecosystems: A case study in zooplankton.

Biodiversity in running water ecosystems such as streams and rivers is threatened by chemical pollution derived from anthropogenic activities. Zooplankton are ecologically indicative in aquatic ecosystems, owing to their position of linking the top-down and bottom-up regulators in aquatic food webs, and thus of great potential to assess ecological effects of human-induced pollution. Here we investigated the influence of water pollution on zooplankton communities characterized by metabarcoding in Songhua Riv...

Relationship between ecological condition and ecosystem services in European rivers, lakes and coastal waters.

We quantify main ecosystem services (i.e. the contribution of ecosystems to human well-being) provided by rivers, lakes, coastal waters and connected ecosystems (riparian areas and floodplains) in Europe, including water provisioning, water purification, erosion prevention, flood protection, coastal protection, and recreation. We show European maps of ecosystem service capacity, flow (actual use), sustainability and efficiency. Then we explore the relationship between the services and the ecosystem conditio...

Multiple plant diversity components drive consumer communities across ecosystems.

Humans modify ecosystems and biodiversity worldwide, with negative consequences for ecosystem functioning. Promoting plant diversity is increasingly suggested as a mitigation strategy. However, our mechanistic understanding of how plant diversity affects the diversity of heterotrophic consumer communities remains limited. Here, we disentangle the relative importance of key components of plant diversity as drivers of herbivore, predator, and parasitoid species richness in experimental forests and grasslands....

Plant diversity loss affects stream ecosystem multifunctionality.

Biodiversity loss is occurring globally at unprecedented rates, altering the functioning of the Earth's ecosystems. Multiple processes are often key components of ecosystem functioning, but it is unclear how biodiversity loss affects ecosystem multifunctionality (i.e., the ability of ecosystems to maintain multiple processes simultaneously). This is particularly true for some ecosystem types such as streams, which have been understudied, despite their key role in global biogeochemical cycles and their serio...

Fungal species boundaries in the genomics era.

Genomic data has opened new possibilities to understand how organisms change over time, and could enable the discovery of previously undescribed species. Although taxonomy used to be based on phenotypes, molecular data has frequently revealed that morphological traits are insufficient to describe biodiversity. Genomics holds the promise of revealing even more genetic discontinuities, but the parameters on how to describe species from genomic data remain unclear. Fungi have been a successful case in which th...

Pre-Columbian human occupation of Amazonia and its influence on current landscapes and biodiversity.

There is growing evidence that pre-Columbian humans had strong impacts on soils, plant and animal communities and ecosystem functioning in many parts of Amazonia, and that the legacies of these impacts still affect biodiversity and how ecosystems function today. Understanding the history of human/environment interactions in Amazonia is essential for analyzing the current state of these interactions and imagining scenarios for the future. This study gives a brief overview of these themes.

Comparing the impacts of climate change on the responses and linkages between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

Aquatic and terrestrial organisms are being exposed to a number of anthropogenically-induced environmental stresses as a consequence of climate change. In addition, climate change is altering various linkages that exist between ecosystems on land and in water. Here we compare and contrast how climate change is altering aquatic and terrestrial environments and address some of the ways that the organisms in these ecosystems, especially the primary producers, are being affected by climate change factors, inclu...

Drivers of pH variability in coastal ecosystems.

A synthesis of long-term changes in pH of coastal ecosystems shows that, in contrast to the uniform trends of open-ocean acidification (-0.0004 to -0.0026 pH units yr) driven by increased atmospheric CO, coastal ecosystems display a much broader range of trends (-0.023 to 0.023 pH units yr) and are as likely to show long-term increase as decline in pH. The majority of the 83 investigated coastal ecosystems displayed non-linear trends, with seasonal and interannual variations exceeding 1 pH unit for some sit...

Nanopore sequencing of long ribosomal DNA amplicons enables portable and simple biodiversity assessments with high phylogenetic resolution across broad taxonomic scale.

In light of the current biodiversity crisis, DNA barcoding is developing into an essential tool to quantify state shifts in global ecosystems. Current barcoding protocols often rely on short amplicon sequences, which yield accurate identification of biological entities in a community, but provide limited phylogenetic resolution across broad taxonomic scales. However, the phylogenetic structure of communities is an essential component of biodiversity. Consequently, a barcoding approach is required that unite...

Emerging Role of Genomics and Cell-Free DNA in Breast Cancer.

Precision Medicine is gaining momentum as the future gold standard healthcare strategy as it enables treatment optimization and consequently a potential improvement for quality of life and survival. This paradigm shift was possible thanks to new high-throughput genomics technologies, which provide prognostic and predictive information on tumor biology and potential treatment options, as standard pathological procedures are unable to capture both spatial and temporal tumor heterogeneity. As a result of decre...

The Expectations and Challenges of Wildlife Disease Research in the Era of Genomics: Forecasting with a Horizon Scan-like Exercise.

The outbreak and transmission of disease-causing pathogens are contributing to the unprecedented rate of biodiversity decline. Recent advances in genomics have coalesced into powerful tools to monitor, detect, and reconstruct the role of pathogens impacting wildlife populations. Wildlife researchers are thus uniquely positioned to merge ecological and evolutionary studies with genomic technologies to exploit unprecedented "Big Data" tools in disease research; however, many researchers lack the training and ...

Organic animal farms increase farmland bird abundance in the Boreal region.

Agriculture is a primary driver of biodiversity loss worldwide, and several expensive schemes have been designed to make modern farming landscapes more hospitable for wildlife. One such market-based mechanisms is the agri-environment-climate schemes (AES) in the European Union (EU). AES compensate farmers for reducing land-use intensity and maintaining or introducing biodiversity-rich habitats. Despite their high costs, impacts of AES vary by measure, region and taxonomic group considered, and have rarely b...

Spatial incongruence in the species richness and functional diversity of cricetid rodents.

Biodiversity is multidimensional and different mechanisms can influence different dimensions. The spatial distribution of these dimensions can help in conservation decisions through the location of complementary areas with high diversity. We analyzed congruence in spatial patterns of species richness and functional diversity of cricetid rodents in the state of Oaxaca, southern Mexico, at different scales, and environmental variables related. Potential distribution models were produced for 49 species of cric...

Rice Genomics: Over the Past Two Decades and Into the Future.

Domestic rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important cereal crops, feeding a large number of worldwide populations. Along with various high-throughput genome sequencing projects, rice genomics has been making great headway toward direct field applications of basic research advances in understanding the molecular mechanisms of agronomical traits and utilizing diverse germplasm resources. Here, we briefly review its achievements over the past two decades and present the potential for its bright future...

Genomic Medicine-Progress, Pitfalls, and Promise.

In the wake of the Human Genome Project (HGP), strong expectations were set for the timeline and impact of genomics on medicine-an anticipated transformation in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. In this Perspective, we take stock of the nascent field of genomic medicine. In what areas, if any, is genomics delivering on this promise, or is the path to success clear? Where are we falling short, and why? What have been the unanticipated developments? Overall, we argue that the optimism surro...

The impacts of agriculture on macroinvertebrate communities: From structural changes to functional changes in Asia's cold region streams.

The species composition of macroinvertebrate communities is sensitive to environmental changes. However, the influence of human activity over seasons on the functional characteristics of macroinvertebrate communities is poorly understood. To elucidate the effects of agriculture-induced environmental changes on stream ecosystems in cold regions, we conducted a comparative study of an agricultural stream and a forest stream in the Changbai Mountains in northeast China in the summer, autumn, and winter of 2016...

Climate change and the provision of biodiversity in public temperate forests - A mechanism design approach for the implementation of biodiversity conservation policies.

The provision of forest biodiversity remains a major challenge in the management of forest resources. Biodiversity is mostly considered a public good and the fact that societal benefits from biodiversity are private information, hinders its supply at adequate levels. Here we investigate how the government, as a forest owner, may increase the biodiversity supply in publicly-owned forests. We employ a mechanism design approach to find the biodiversity provision choices, which take into account agents' strateg...

We need more realistic climate change experiments for understanding ecosystems of the future.

Experiments that alter local climate and measure community- and ecosystem-level responses are an important tool for understanding how future ecosystems will respond to climate change. Here, we synthesized data from 76 studies that manipulated climate and measured plant community responses, and find that most climate change experiments do not correspond to model-projected climate scenarios for their respective regions. This mismatch constrains our ability to predict responses of plant biodiversity and ecosys...

Representation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in East Africa's protected area network.

The dramatic increase in anthropogenic activity severely threatens the biodiversity and life-support services that underpin human well-being. The broadened focus of protecting ecosystem services (ESs) better aligns the interests of people and biodiversity conservation. In this study, we used species richness as a surrogate for biodiversity and mapped the key ESs in East Africa with the goal to assess the spatial congruence between biodiversity and ESs, and evaluate the representation of current protected ar...


Quick Search