PubMed Journals Articles About "Pregnancy Endothelial Dysfunction Birth Outcomes Coronary Artery Risk" RSS

20:04 EST 20th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Pregnancy Endothelial Dysfunction Birth Outcomes Coronary Artery Risk PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pregnancy Endothelial Dysfunction Birth Outcomes Coronary Artery Risk articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "pregnancy endothelial dysfunction birth outcomes Coronary Artery Risk" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 26,000+

Association between endothelial function and cognitive performance in patients with coronary artery disease during cardiac rehabilitation.

Subtle cognitive deficits indicating early neural risk are common in the clinical presentation of coronary artery disease (CAD). Although deterioration may be mitigated by exercise, cognitive response to exercise is heterogeneous. Vasculopathy including endothelial dysfunction, is a hallmark of CAD and may play an important role in impairing neural adaptation to exercise. This study aimed to assess peripheral measurements of endothelial function as predictors of cognitive performance in CAD participants und...

Low Coronary Wall Shear Stress Is Associated With Severe Endothelial Dysfunction in Patients With Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease.

The study investigated the relationship between low wall shear stress (WSS) and severe endothelial dysfunction (EDFx).

Established coronary artery disease in systemic sclerosis compared to type 2 diabetic female patients: a cross-sectional study.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by endothelial dysfunction, which is also associated with other disorders, such as atherosclerosis. The direct role of SSc in facilitating cardiovascular events should be clarified. We compared the prevalence of established coronary artery disease (CAD) between SSc and type 2 diabetes, a well-known phenotype associated with high cardiovascular risk.

Regional coronary endothelial dysfunction is related to the degree of local epicardial fat in people with HIV.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is now an important cause of premature death in people with HIV but the causes of accelerated CAD are poorly understood. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is metabolically-active and thought to contribute to CAD development. We tested the hypothesis that abnormal coronary endothelial function (CEF), an early marker and mediator of atherosclerosis, is related to the amount of local pericoronary EAT in HIV.

Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Prescription in Symptomatic Patients with Non-Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease-a Systematic Review.

Non-obstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD) on coronary angiography is a common finding in patients with stable angina. Angina in NOCAD patients is thought to be caused by endothelial dysfunction of the epicardial coronary arteries and/or the microvasculature. Treatment is empiric, and 30% of patients remain symptomatic in spite of therapy. It is well known that physical exercise can improve endothelial function. The goal of this review was to assess the current literature on effects of physical exercis...

Endothelial nitric oxide synthase enhancer AVE3085 reverses endothelial dysfunction induced by homocysteine in human internal mammary arteries.

Homocysteine (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for endothelial dysfunction in cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that the eNOS transcription enhancer AVE3085 may protect the endothelial function damaged by Hcy in the human internal mammary artery (IMA). Cumulative concentration-relaxation curves to acetylcholine (-10 to -4.5 log mol/L) or sodium nitroprusside were established in IMA from patients undergoing coronary artery surgery precontracted by U46619 (-8 log mol/L) in the absence/presence of Hcy...

Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring: Current Status and Review of Literature.

Coronary artery calcium is a marker of overall atherosclerotic plaque burden, corresponding to approximately 20% overall atherosclerotic plaque burden. Coronary artery calcium screening, most commonly performed using the Agatston score, has been shown to be a predictor of future cardiovascular risk independent of conventional risk scores such as the Framingham risk score. Coronary artery calcium screening is also recommended on routine nongated, noncontrast chest computed tomography scans using several ordi...

Effect of hemorheological parameters on myocardial injury after primary or elective percutaneous coronary intervention.

Abnormal blood viscosity favors atherosclerosis owing to endothelial dysfunction and changes in shear stress. Its effect on coronary microvasculature during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still unknown. We aimed to investigate the role of hemorheological parameters in the incidence of microvascular obstruction (MVO) and the periprocedural necrosis after primary or elective PCI, and secondarily, we evaluated their prognostic significance.

Clinical usefulness of the angle between left main coronary artery and left anterior descending coronary artery for the evaluation of obstructive coronary artery disease.

A wider angle between the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) has been suggested to induce plaque formation in the arterial system via changes in shear stress. However, the relationship between the left main coronary artery (LM)-LAD angle and LAD stenosis has not been investigated. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the associations between the LM-LAD and LAD-LCX angles and LAD stenosis.

Coronary artery intimal thickening and ventricular dynamics in pediatric heart transplant recipients.

Pediatric heart transplant recipients are at risk of posttransplant coronary artery disease known as cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV), and also may develop diastolic dysfunction. As CAV begins with a process of progressive intimal thickening, these occult diffuse changes may be detected using optical coherence tomography (OCT). We hypothesized that the development of CAV, as identified via OCT, may be a mechanism of declining ventricular function. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to assess cor...

Association of lipoprotein(a) and coronary artery disease in 1003 patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease undergoing coronary angiography.

Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the role of Lp(a) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is not well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between Lp(a) levels and the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the severity of coronary artery stenosis (CAS) in patients with stage 3-5 CKD.

Genetic Risk Analysis of Coronary Artery Disease in a Population-based Study in Portugal, Using a Genetic Risk Score of 31 Variants.

Genetic risk score can quantify individual's predisposition to coronary artery disease; however, its usefulness as an independent risk predictor remains inconclusive.

Fistulae ligation and left main artery ligation for a bilateral giant coronary arterial fistulae-related aneurysm.

Bilateral congenital coronary artery fistulae complicated with a giant coronary artery aneurysm is a very rare condition. A coronary artery aneurysm is a coronary artery dilatation that exceeds the diameter of normal adjacent segments or the diameter of the patient's largest coronary vessel by 1.5 times. The complications associated with a coronary artery aneurysm include thrombosis, embolization, rupture, vasospasm, congestive heart failure and infectious endocarditis. We report on a 63-year-old woman pres...

Endocan: a biomarker predicting successful reperfusion after coronary artery by-pass surgery of acute coronary syndrome patients.

Endothelial specific molecule 1 (Endocan) is a biomarker of the inflammatory process occurring in endothelial cells. It was shown that endocan was increased in acute coronary syndromes. We aimed at investigating the endocan levels in acute coronary syndrome patients after coronary bypass surgery.

Chest pain in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease: A critical review of current concepts focusing on sex specificity, microcirculatory function, and clinical implications.

Patients presenting with chest pain suggestive of coronary artery disease (CAD) who at coronary arteriography appear to be free of obstructive disease have presented a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge since the 1970's. Studies in female patient populations have suggested that this is predominantly a women's syndrome usually caused by microvascular endothelial dependent and independent dysfunction. A critical review of the literature focusing on studies including both women and men revealed that apart fr...

Protein biomarkers and coronary microvascular dilatation assessed by rubidium-82 PET in women with angina pectoris and no obstructive coronary artery disease.

While a plethora of biomarkers have been shown to be associated with coronary artery disease, studies assessing biomarkers in coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) are few. We investigated associations between cardiovascular protein biomarkers and non-endothelium dependent CMD assessed by positron emission tomography (PET).

Single Coronary Artery Arising from the Right Sinus of Valsalva and the Role of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography.

There are many variations of coronary anatomy encountered during coronary angiogram. Anatomy demonstrating a single coronary artery is a rare congenital coronary artery anomaly. The entire heart is supplied solely by a coronary artery with single coronary ostium. We present a rare case of single coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva. The patient had presented with atypical chest pain and a stress test was performed, which was abnormal. We proceeded with coronary angiography which showed a...

Association between maternal and umbilical cord serum cobalt concentration during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth: The Ma'anshan birth cohort (MABC) study.

Cobalt is an essential trace element and has been suggested to be involved in oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. However, researches have paid little attention to the association between serum cobalt levels during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth (PTB,

Diets with customary levels of fat from plant origin may reverse coronary artery disease.

The primary cause of death worldwide is heart disease and the most common type of heart disease is coronary artery disease. While coronary artery disease is treated with medications, it responds to lifestyle interventions. A low-fat plant-based diet was designed for reversing coronary artery disease and it is effective in reversing the disease. It has not been tested, however, as far as we know, whether diets with customary levels of fat can also reverse coronary artery disease. Nevertheless, evidence is ac...

Coronary risk assessment using traditional risk factors with computed tomography coronary artery calcium scoring: Illustrative cases.

A patient's coronary artery calcium score (CACS) is a strong independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. Used in conjunction with traditional measures of risk, the CACS helps the clinician discuss cardiovascular (CV) risk and recommend therapies with the patient. We present several cases in which measurement of the CACS and traditional risk factors were used to help guide the clinician-patient conversation and guide therapies.

Anger and Coronary Artery Disease in Women Submitted to Coronary Angiography: A 48-Month Follow-Up.

Anger control was significantly lower in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), regardless of traditionally known risk factors, occurrence of prior events or other anger aspects in a previous study of our research group.

Krüppel-like factor 14, a coronary artery disease associated transcription factor, inhibits endothelial inflammation via NF-κB signaling pathway.

Human genetic studies indicated that variations near the transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 14 (KLF14) gene locus are highly associated with coronary artery disease. Activation of endothelial cells (ECs) by pro-inflammatory molecules and pathways is a primary step in atherosclerosis development. We aimed to investigate the effects and mechanism of KLF14 on inflammatory responses in ECs.

Investigation of LPA sequence variants rs6415084, rs3798220 with conventional coronary artery disease in Iranian CAD patients.

Conventional coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the general population. In recent years, multiple CAD promising risk factors have been reported and used for risk stratification. Lipoprotein(a) [LPA] concentration in plasma was shown associated with CAD risk and LPA genetic variants in different ethnic groups remains less clear.

Pre-pregnancy or first-trimester risk scoring to identify women at high risk of preterm birth.

Objective To develop a pre-pregnancy or first-trimester risk score to identify women at high risk of preterm birth. Study design In this retrospective cohort analysis, the sample was drawn from California singleton livebirths from 2007 to 2012 with linked birth certificate and hospital discharge records. The dataset was divided into a training (2/3 of sample) and a testing (1/3 of sample) set for discovery and validation. Predictive models for preterm birth using pre-pregnancy or first-trimester maternal fa...

Historical Milestones in the Management of Stable Coronary Artery Disease over the Last Half Century.

Coronary revascularization for coronary artery disease dates to the introduction of coronary bypass surgery by Favaloro in 1967 and coronary angioplasty by Gruentzig in 1977 and first published in 1968 and 1978, respectively. There have been many technical improvements over the ensuing 5 decades, studied in clinical trials. This paper reviews the history of coronary revascularization, the development of optimal medical therapy, and points the way to the future of stable coronary artery disease management.

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