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PubMed Journals Articles About "Sensor Plays Critical Role Cancer Immunotherapy Response Unexpected" RSS

09:23 EDT 18th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Sensor Plays Critical Role Cancer Immunotherapy Response Unexpected PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Sensor Plays Critical Role Cancer Immunotherapy Response Unexpected articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "sensor plays critical role cancer immunotherapy response unexpected" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 50,000+

Hypoxia-Induced TPM2 Methylation is Associated with Chemoresistance and Poor Prognosis in Breast Cancer.

Tropomyosin-2 (TPM2) plays important roles in functions of the cytoskeleton, such as cytokinesis, vesicle transport, cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis,and these functions imply that TPM2 also plays a role in cancer development. Indeed, it has been shown that TPM2 plays a critical role in some cancers. However, the role of TPM2 in breast cancer is still poorly characterized. Thus, we explored the role of TPM2 in breast cancer.


Adenosine signaling: Next checkpoint for gastric cancer immunotherapy?

Adenosine (ADO), generated by the ectonucleotidase CD39 and CD73 from ATP, interacts with its specific G protein-coupled receptors, which can impair anti-tumor immune responses inhibiting the infiltration and function of CD8 T cell and natural killer cell. Recent studies have also identified that ADO pathway plays a critical role in tumor immune surveillance, especially for some non-solid cancers. In addition, although immune checkpoint therapy targeting ADO pathway in gastric cancer is still in an early ph...

Could OX40 agonist antibody promote activation of the anti-tumor immune response in gastric cancer?

OX40, a membrane-bound molecule of the tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor superfamily, is a critical costimulatory receptor during the immune response, especially to T cells, but studies described their presence of OX-40 on neutrophils and monocytes, suggesting a potential role in the activation of immune response. Our aim was to characterize costimulatory receptors OX40 expression on circulating leukocytes in gastric cancer to identify novel targets for immunotherapy.


Synthesizing a genetic sensor based on CRISPR-Cas9 for specifically killing of P53-deficient cancer cells.

Cancer is still one of the greatest medical challenges in the world. The p53 protein plays an important role in the process of cancer formation. In addition, p53 is found as the most common mutant gene in cancers. Because of the central role of p53 in oncology, it is necessary to construct effective sensors to detect this protein. However, there are few methods to detect the wild type p53 protein or to distinguish the wild type and mutant p53 proteins. In our study, we designed and constructed a p53 genetic...

Bcl2L12 plays a critical role in the development of intestinal allergy.

The skewed T helper (Th) 2 response plays a central role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, while its initiating factors remain elusive. Recent studies indicate that Bcl2 like protein-12 (Bcl2L12) is associated with the Th2-biased inflammation. This study is designed to test a hypothesis that Bcl2L12 plays a critical role in the initiation of allergic response. In this study, peripheral CD4 T cells were isolated from food allergy (FA) patients and healthy subjects; A mouse FA model was developed to t...

Lower expression level of IL-33 is associated with poor prognosis of pulmonary adenocarcinoma.

Lung cancer is one of the deadliest malignancies. The immune checkpoint-blockade (ICB) tumor therapy has led to striking improvement of long-term survival for some lung cancer patients. However, the response rate of immunotherapy is still low for lung cancer. Studying the tumor microenvironment (TME) should shed light on improvement of immunotherapy of lung cancer. Interleukin-33 (IL-33), an "alarmin" cytokine, has been implicated in tumor associated immune responses and inflammatory diseases of the lung. T...

The evolving landscape of criteria for evaluating tumor response in the era of cancer immunotherapy: From Karnofsky to iRECIST.

The objective response is an important endpoint to evaluate clinical activity of new anticancer drugs. Standardized criteria for evaluating response are needed for comparing results of different trials and represent the basis for advances in cancer therapy. Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 are the most used in clinical practice and in clinical trials; however, they are not able to capture atypical responses seen with immunotherapy drugs. We describe the evolution of response criteri...

Immune tumor board: integral part in the multidisciplinary management of cancer patients treated with cancer immunotherapy.

Recent progress in the understanding of immune responses to cancer and how tumor cells evade immune control have led to the successful introduction of cancer immunotherapy, in particular immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). Treatment of cancer patients with immunotherapy such as ICIs has led to new challenges, including starting and stopping rules for immunotherapy, the management of immune-related adverse events, and logistic issues for the production of cellular therapies and viral delivery vectors. These ...

Mouse Models for Studying Oral Cancer: Impact in the Era of Cancer Immunotherapy.

Model systems for oral cancer research have progressed from tumor epithelial cell cultures to in vivo systems that mimic oral cancer genetics, pathological characteristics, and tumor-stroma interactions of oral cancer patients. In the era of cancer immunotherapy, it is imperative to use model systems to test oral cancer prevention and therapeutic interventions in the presence of an immune system and to discover mechanisms of stromal contributions to oral cancer carcinogenesis. Here, we review in vivo mouse ...

The Third Institute for Cancer Vaccines and Immunotherapy (ICVI) symposium on immunotherapy: May 12-13, 2017, Royal Society, London, UK.

Pulse-Driven Semiconductor Gas Sensors Toward ppt Level Toluene Detection.

Improvements in the responses of semiconductor gas sensors and reductions in their detection limits toward volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are required in order to facilitate the simple detection of diseases, such as cancer, through human-breath analysis. In this study, we introduce a heater-switching, pulse-driven, micro gas sensor composed of a microheater and a sensor electrode fabricated with Pd-SnO-clustered nanoparticles as the sensing material. The sensor was repeatedly heated and allowed to cool b...

Differentiated embryo chondrocyte plays a crucial role in DNA damage response via transcriptional regulation under hypoxic conditions.

Tumor hypoxia contributes to a biologically aggressive phenotype and therapeutic resistance. Recent studies have revealed that hypoxia reduces expression of several DNA damage recognition and repair (DRR) genes via both hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-independent and -dependent pathways, and this induced genomic instability in cancer cells. We show here that one of the HIF-target genes-differentiated embryo chondrocyte (DEC)-plays a role in DNA damage response via transcriptional repression. Comprehensive ge...

Junctional adhesion molecules mediate transendothelial migration of dendritic cell vaccine in cancer immunotherapy.

In vitro generated dendritic cells (DCs) have been studied in cancer immunotherapy for decades. However, the detailed molecular mechanism underlying transendothelial migration (TEM) of DC vaccine across the endothelial barrier to regional lymph nodes (LNs) remains largely unknown. Here, we found that junctional adhesion molecule (JAM)-Like (JAML) is involved in the TEM of mouse bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs). Treatment with an anti-JAML antibody or JAML knock-down significantly reduced the TEM activity of ...

HOXD3 Plays a Critical Role in Breast Cancer Stemness and Drug Resistance.

Homeobox D3 (HOXD3) is a member of the homeobox family of genes that is known primarily for its transcriptional regulation of morphogenesis in all multicellular organisms. In this study, we sought to explore the role that HOXD3 plays in the stem-like capacity, or stemness, and drug resistance of breast cancer cells.

The role of gamma delta T lymphocytes in breast cancer: a review.

Gammadelta T (γδT) lymphocytes have provoked interest in oncology, particularly as regards their potential use in immunotherapy, because of their unique ability to recognise antigens without a requirement for major histocompatibility complex antigen presentation, and to quickly activate an anti-tumour response. However, work in some cancers has suggested that they also have pro-tumourigenic activity. Their role in breast cancer is unclear. This review outlines the evidence to date in in vitro studies, in ...

Mbd2 enables tumourigenesis within the intestine while preventing tumour-promoting inflammation.

Epigenetic regulation plays a key role in the link between inflammation and cancer. Here we examine Mbd2, which mediates epigenetic transcriptional silencing by binding to methylated DNA. In separate studies the Mbd2mouse has been shown to be (1) resistant to intestinal tumourigenesis and (2) have an enhanced inflammatory/immune response; observations that are inconsistent with the links between inflammation and cancer. To clarify its role in tumourigenesis and inflammation, we used constitutive and conditi...

Mutation load estimation model as a predictor of the response to cancer immunotherapy.

The determination of the mutation load, a total number of nonsynonymous point mutations, by whole-exome sequencing was shown to be useful in predicting the treatment responses to cancer immunotherapy. However, this technique is expensive and time-consuming, which hampers its application in clinical practice. Therefore, the objective of this study was to construct a mutation load estimation model for lung adenocarcinoma, using a small set of genes, as a predictor of the immunotherapy treatment response. Usin...

The role of ErbB3 binding protein 1 in cancer: Friend or foe?

ErbB3, a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family, reportedly plays an essential role in the regulation of cancer progression and therapeutic resistance. Numerous studies have indicated that ErbB3 binding protein 1 (Ebp1), a binding partner for ErbB3, plays an important regulatory role in the expression and function of ErbB3, but there is no agreement as to whether Ebp1 also has an ErbB3-independent function in cancer and how it might contribute to tumorigenesis. In this review, we will discus...

Checkpoint blockade-based immunotherapy in the context of tumor microenvironment: Opportunities and challenges.

A dynamic and mutualistic interaction between tumor cells and tumor microenvironment (TME) promotes the progression and metastasis of solid tumors. Cancer immunotherapy is becoming a major treatment paradigm for a variety of cancers. Although immunotherapy, especially the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors, has achieved clinical success, only a minority of patients exhibits durable responses. Clinical studies directed at identifying appropriate biomarkers and immune profiles that can be used to predict imm...

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Immunotherapy.

Cancer immunotherapy has recently undergone rapid advances and has become an integral part of the treatment armamentarium in various malignancies. However, tissue-based biomarker development in this arena has been slow, and valid biomarker identification to guide immunotherapeutic management is desperately needed. "Liquid" or blood-based biopsies potentially offer more convenient and efficient means to judge the immune milieu of individual patients and identify who will benefit most from immunotherapy. The ...

Immunotherapy in Prostate Cancer: Teaching an Old Dog New Tricks.

Immunotherapy is rapidly transforming cancer care across a range of tumor types. Although Sipuleucel-T represented the first successful vaccine for the treatment of established cancer, other immunotherapeutic approaches for prostate cancer such as checkpoint inhibitors have been relatively disappointing to date. However, significant promise is on the horizon as there is a wide array trials evaluating immunotherapy in prostate cancer patients. These include both immune checkpoint inhibitors and antigen-speci...

STAT3 as a potential immunotherapy biomarker in oncogene-addicted non-small cell lung cancer.

Immune checkpoint blockade has modified the treatment landscape for many types of tumors, including lung cancer. Still our knowledge on the biology of the interaction between tumor cells and the microenvironment is limited, preventing the optimal use of these new compounds and the maximum benefit that the patients can derive from them. We have actively worked on the role of STAT3, a transcriptional factor that causes innate resistance to targeted therapies in oncogene-addicted tumors. In this short review w...

Nanoparticle-based photo-triggered cancer immunotherapy and its domino effect in the tumor microenvironment.

Immune system evasion by cancer cells is one of the hallmarks of cancers, and it occurs with the support of tumor-associated immune cells (TICs) in the tumor microenvironment that increase the growth and invasiveness of tumor cells. With recent advancements in the development of novel near infrared (NIR)-responsive nanoparticles, specifically eradicating TICs or inducing an inflammatory immune response by activating killer T cells has become possible. This review will discuss the mechanisms and applications...

DNA damage response signaling as a predictive biomarker and synergistic therapeutic target for anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer.

Galectin-9 is Critical for Mucosal Adaptive Immunity through the T17-IgA Axis.

Impairment of the intestinal mucosal immunity significantly increases the risk of acute and chronic diseases. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) plays a major role in humoral mucosal immunity to provide protection against pathogens and toxins in the gut. Here, we investigated the role of endogenous galectin-9, a tandem repeat-type β-galactoside-binding protein, in intestinal mucosal immunity. By mucosal immunization of Lgals9and littermate control mice, it was found that lack of galectin-9 impaired mucosal antigen-spe...


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